Digital literature review was made to review Spanish and English articles that were significant in the study subject, with the objective of identifying the theoretical referents on low vision and visual rehabilitation. Low vision is a condition that results in significant reduction of a person´s vision and thus it represents a challenge worldwide. The main causes are glaucoma, myopic maculopathy, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Visual rehabilitation involves a set of processes aimed at obtaining the maximum visual utilization from a patient with low vision, with a view to achieving his/her re-incorporation into the society. The causes of low vision are varied. The most common ones in Santi Spiritus province are glaucoma, myopic maculopathy, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The article theorized about the visual rehabilitation process that assures the use of the remaining useful vision that a patient preserves, by using optical and non-optical aids.