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Coca Cola: A study on the marketing strategies for millenniums focusing on India


Abstract and Figures

Started in 1886, as a small patented medicine company based in Atlanta, USA to the world's largest soft drink manufacturer. Coca Cola with its rich history and legacy of over a decade, with its exceptional marketing strategies and a supreme portfolio consisting of over 500 beverages such as Sprite, Thumps Up, Maaza, Minute Maid and mineral water brands like Kinley known in India as Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages (HCCB) has been in Indian markets since 1987. In this study the researchers are trying to understand the marketing strategies used by Coca Cola that help it remain a market leader. Through this paper we were able to understand that social media marketing is the best way of marketing for Coca Cola and that a consumers satisfaction has a direct relationship with the price of the product. Making a perfect mix of these factors Coca Cola has remained the market leader for the beverage industry.
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International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
ISSN: 2455-4030; Impact Factor: RJIF 5.24
Received: 22-11-2018; Accepted: 24-12-2018
Volume 4; Issue 1; January 2019; Page No. 62-68
Coca Cola: A study on the marketing strategies for millenniums focusing on India
Rukmani Singaram1, Athul Ramasubramani2, Aaditya Mehta3, Pari Arora4
1-4 CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bannergatta Campus, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Started In 1886, as a small patented medicine company based in Atlanta, USA, to the world’s largest soft drink manufacturer.
Coca-Cola with its rich history and legacy of over a decade, with its exceptional marketing strategies and a supreme portfolio
consisting of over 500 beverages such as Sprite, Thumps Up, Maaza, Minute maid and mineral water brand like Kinley known
in India as Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages (HCCB) has been in Indian markets since 1987. Catering to the thirst and cravings
of millions of Indians annually, contributing a significant amount to the Indian economy in terms of investments and employment
opportunities. Coca Cola has come a long way using aggressive mass marketing strategies being the pioneers in the field of
adaptive marketing or marketing with accordance to the consumer behavioural trends is what built a strong brand image for coca
cola especially in the Asian markets. Coca Cola is the one brand which is recognized by everyone around the globe. When we
talk about brand equity then it is its value & it’s about stories, memories, associations, and human connections (although of
course, these connections would have been very carefully and deliberately engineered by talented marketers over many years
and countless board meetings).This is something that Coca-Cola has been the master of for over 100 years. This equity is derived
from people’s willingness to pay a premium for the brand and an unwillingness to accept substitutes. Coca-Cola’s marketing
strategy has always been to associate happiness, positivity and the good life with their products, & that’s how they are able to
create high TOMA (Top of mind awareness).In this research paper, we analyze the different marketing strategies being used by
coca cola, especially influence and usage of social-media and digital marketing techniques and the extent to which it is able to
influence a consumers behavior and how he or she reacts to the changing product or price made by the coca cola. We analyze
the impact of coca colas strategies from two points of view one that of a customer and second the company itself. We drew up
our conclusions based on 100 reliable respondents who are normal residents of India who have been active consumers of Coca
Cola as a product keeping aside other products like Thumps Up and Maaza. What we could conclude was price wasn’t a major
factor but the brand image created as an effect of advertisements and mental satisfaction after consumption was the
majorbehavioural factor for purchasing which the millenniums exhibit.
Keywords: portfolio, consumer behavior, social media, digital marketing
A customer is generally understood to be the person who
makes the decision to purchase a product or who pays for it.
In fact products are often bought by one person for
consumption by another, therefore the customer and the
consumer need not be the same person. The Coca Cola
company who is manufacturer, retailer and marketer of the
nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups focuses on
the consumers rather than the customers. Being a company
which is American by origin and with a rich history starting
from the year 1886 it must have been a very dynamic firm
which changes its strategies and tweaks its products
according to the needs and wants of the consumers.
In the recent market coco cola has identified what the
customer’s value in the market. “This generation values the
openness to new culture and sense. Even though they value
new cultures they have a love for their local products and
want to support their neighborhoods and communities and
keep the wealth within their region itself. In a way you can
say that they are moving back to a collectivist culture*3”. With
the collectivist mindset they want to revive folk traditions and
rituals starting from food to spirituality. Customers now
follow the YOLO concept where you only live once and they
want to experience personalized by unique experiences which
allow them to express their identity. The customers have also
become health conscious because of their increase in
awareness towards the world as a whole. This has made
customers scrutinize every ingredient present in the products
they consume and makes them weigh their pros and cons
before consuming it again. Consumers now value their time,
they believe time is money and have a burning desire to be
hyper productive especially when it comes to their shopping
habits and way of communication. Consumers want to be
productive but at the same time they want to have more
leisure in their lives and more moments of pleasure and even
indulgence. The utmost expectations from the brands they
consume is to engage with the brand through new experiences
and conversations .These insights are helping coco cola to
become a total beverage company.
Coco Cola is known for mass targeting and not segmentation.
They don't spend their resources on market research rather
they spend it on observing the competitors performance and
negative public relations. When coke comes up with a new
strategy they tend to incorporate a counter strategy towards
their competitors while they show the positivity of the brand,
one such example of this is the anti-obesity campaign where
they used the campaign as a medium to launch their sugar-
free and diet worthy products. Negative public relations and
legal proceedings are the major factors that may affect the
wellbeing of the company in the near future if corrective
measures are not taken. Coke does not have a large base of
loyal customers which is another factor for cokes decline in
the near future.
The millenniums are the type of customers who may be
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
absolutely loyal or absolutely unloyal to your product. They
may love the product or they may hate it, there is a very less
chance of them being neutral towards a brand. Peer pressure
and word of mouth plays an important role but peer both of
them combined lead to social media marketing. People see
their friend post a picture with a new product and show the
difference between how they were before the product and
how they were after the product. This makes the person want
to purchase the product and use it to get the same effect. In
very simple terms we can state that the millenniums are very
easily influenced, it’s about how the product uses it to their
Coco-Cola has made use of this trait of the millenniums by
catering specifically to their interests, like the add where they
tweaked their packaging a bit by adding the name Bro or
Friends etc. They even created an advertisement to support
that idea where a boy and his father are traveling in a train
and the father asks his son to accept his friend request on
Facebook. But the boy is reluctant to accept his dad’s friend
request so the dad sets bait for his son with the coke and
because the boy is craving for a sip of the coco cola he
accepts his dad's friend request on Facebook. At the end of
the advertisement, the back of the coke bottle is shown with
a tag that says, friends, while the son and dad are bickering in
a friendly manner in the background.
“As Coco-Cola has realized the hunger the consumers have
for the product and how they have become more health
conscious in the recent times, it has decided to act upon the
needs of the consumers by offering more beverages with
natural attributes, fewer calories, anda functional benefit.
Coca-Cola's portfolio now includes organic tea, coconut
water, coffee, and many more products” *7. It has made a
conscious effort to reduce the amount of sugar people
consume by decreasing the sizes of the bottles and cans as
well as a product reformulation.
Coca Cola empathizes with the millenniums and their
concern for their bodies by bringing out the diet coke which
follows a niche marketing strategy rather than a mass
marketing strategy because diet coke only caters to those who
are extremely health conscious but still want the luxury of a
fizzy drink in their constricted diets.
One of the marketing strategies that coca- cola gives utmost
importance to is the one brand approach unlike companies
like Hindustan Unilever. This strategy is where they use a
single brand for all the variants and reinforce the fact that
people can enjoy coke as per their choice and preference.
As the market keeps changing the products must be in line
with these changes. Coca-cola has been serving the
consumers for more than four generations along with their
retailers who are helping the consumers to change the way
they shop and interact with the brand. Coca- Cola began with
the mom and pop stores which compete in terms of
relationships and proximity. These account for a significant
share of all the retail trade globally. As time went by it led to
the emergence of larger stores which competed in terms of
variety and value. When we look at the current scenario the
era of technology we can find everything we want at the
whisk of our hand. This allows the shoppers to operate
seamlessly across and between all stores.
The changes in the market scenario provide Coca Cola the
opportunity to create a stronger relationship with their retail
customers who are currently a click away from their desire
for our product.
The objectives of this paper are twofold. First, we outline the
marketing strategies of Coca-Cola which consist of current
and upcoming social media marketing trends among the
millenniums. We will also look at how Coca-Cola is
highlighting its product and using the brand name it has built
for itself as a competitive advantage. Secondly, we outline
the characteristics and consumer behavior pattern with Coca-
Cola being the company of our focus. We look at the
consumers perspective and the effectiveness of Coca-Cola's
marketing strategies.
Hypothesis 1: Is social media marketing the best source of
marketing for Coca-Cola?
Ho Social media marketing is the best way of marketing for
HA Social media marketing is not the best way of
marketing for coca-cola.
Hypothesis 2: Consumer Satisfaction with the brand has
direct relationship with price of the product? S
Ho- Consumer Satisfaction does have a direct relationship
with the price of the product.
HA- Consumer Satisfaction does not have a direct
relationship with price of the product.
Hypothesis 3: Does the age have a significant impact on the
consumption of Coca-Cola?
Ho- Age does have a significant impact on the consumption
of Coca-Cola.
HA-Age does not have a significant impact on the
consumption of Coca-Cola.
The scope of the study
The study claims the effective impact of the unconventional
yet creative marketing strategies adopted by Coca-Cola
segmented towards the Indian market and targeted towards
the millennial whose ages range from 15-25 and positioned
as a beverage suiting multiple occasions whether be it family
gatherings or friendly outings. The study aims to create an
equilibrium between the segmentation and targeting of
different types of customers in a specific geographic location
and expresses the effect of different types of marketing
strategies on different types of customers subjected towards
the manner in which the product, in this case,Coca-Cola, is
positioned in the market. The study, thereby, also explains
that the millennial are the targeted customers which are the
most responsive individuals in the market for ideation
beverages such as Coca Cola which is at the top of the
industrial food chain as per customer preferences because of
the popular brand image and the footfall that the company
Literature Reviews
A study on customer satisfaction towards Coca Cola
Company, Chennai 2015 By K. Pavitra, Sangita Dasand
A K Subramani.
The author clearly mentions that the study is based on the
Coca Cola Company with respect to customer satisfaction.
Coca Cola began its global network in the 1920s where it
changed its packaging from cans to plastic bottles, as well as
diversifying into sports drinks, tea, and coffee. The author
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
further states that his objective in this study was to find
consumer preference with respect to price, packaging,
demographic variable, factors and the services rendered by
the company. The author also mentions that this study lacks
proper representatives of the population, the effect of
dynamic market conditions, and a limited area of study
(Chennai). After analyzing the samples it’s been seen that
there is no significant difference in gender with respect to
consumer satisfaction but there is a significant difference
with respect to the age groups. The author concludes by
saying that most of the customers are satisfied and loyal
towards Coca Cola Company.
Consumer Preference Coca-Cola versus PepsiCo By:
Abdul Munam Jamil Paracha, Muhammad Waqas, Ali
Raza Khan and Sohaib Ahmed 2012 Issue
This study covers the comparative analysis of Coca-Cola and
PepsiCo of the beverage industry of Pakistan who is also the
leaders of the market. In the soft drinks market, there are two
major players’ Coca Cola and PepsiCo. In the market,
PepsiCo is struggling with Coca-Cola to become dynamic
and to be preferred by the younger age group. Coca-Cola has
been witnessed by history 112 years back, it has its own
bottling and canning operations and also offers a variety of
products. But if we go back in history we can see that in the
year 1984 PepsiCo was reconstructed to focus on its three
businesses: soft drinks, snack foods, and restaurants when
they entered the market initially. Pepsi and Coca Cola are
offered in 150 countries all over the world. One of the
founders of Coca-Cola also stated that it can cure many
diseases such as a headache, impotence, and neurasthenia.
According to the author, the methodology used for this paper
is ‘Simple Random Sampling’ where 400 samples were taken
into account and the targeted respondents were youngsters.
After the results it’s seen that Coca-Cola is more preferred by
youngsters as they are more aware, the taste is very good with
that they also have the brand name Coca-Cola due to its price,
advertisement, promotion scheme and discount as the
youngsters become loyal and prefer only one brand when the
brand offers them availability convenience, popular brand
ambassador. The importance of Coca-Cola that customers
feel is that it fills their basic thirst. The author concludes that
PepsiCo has to work harder to be a competitor of Coco-Cola
and to remain a part of the market.
A Research paper on ‘scope for horizontal expansion for
Coca-Cola in upcountry region’ byd. b. bagul
december 2013 issue
This paper talks about the horizontal expansion of Coca-Cola
in the upcountry regions and its scope. It’s also important for
Coca-Cola as a market leader to take care of the needs and
wants of the customers. The researchers also discuss that this
paper focuses on activating new outlets for Coca-Cola, their
selling and distribution function and retailers. They focus
equally on the branding and equity aspects of Coca Cola. It’s
also been seen that there is a scope of expansion in rural areas
as its still untapped by the leading companies and this can be
done by creating brand awareness in these areas. The FMCG
branch deals in a two-way system. The researcher talks about
the horizontal expansion of Coca-Cola (amount of sales is
increased by increasing the number of outlets) and outlet
activation (through Acquisition, Retention, and Activation).
To find out accurate results, questionnaires, personal and
records of the organization are used as a means of data
collection. The results show that Coca-Cola is the most
preferred beverage in the market whereas water and soda are
the least preferred ones. Customers always look forward to
different packaging of their favorite product, which also helps
in increasing the sales and brand awareness, this also leads to
the willingness of most of the outlets to keep Coca-Cola as
their main product, but then, a hindrance in opening a new
outlet is the unavailability of chilling capacity units. The
author concludes that Coca Cola has been opened to new
opportunities in terms of horizontal and vertical market and
there is a large scope for market penetration in rural areas.
The Analytical Study of Decline in Sales of Coca-Cola
Based on Customer’s Inclination towards the Product
By Snehal Galande August 2017 Issue
This paper try’s to find out possible reasons of decline in sales
of Coca-Cola based on assumptions such as shifts towards
healthier drinks, faulty distribution network, and lack of
availability of availability of variants of the brand. In 2016,
the sales of Coca-Cola declined due to growing health
conscious and awareness of the customers. It’s also important
for Coca-Cola to treat Indian market cautiously as their US
counterpart and bring in variation in their marketing and
products here as well. In 2016 it’s also seen that within
carbonated beverages, smaller players such as Red Bull have
expanded their market share and consumers have started
seeking alternatives. After this, Coca-Cola had also come up
with other variant products according to the customer
preferences (Diet Coke, Sugar-less Coke), even then the
customers are always waiting for products better than the
existing ones. To find out the customer preferences a
‘Descriptive Research Design’ and ‘Non-Probability
Sampling’ technique have been used where they surveyed 50
respondents. The results show that people consume Coca-
Cola occasionally, they are health conscious, very few people
prefer the taste, but there are people that would look for Coca-
Cola’s substitute. The author concludes that the shift of
people to healthier drinks can be an advantage for Coca-Cola
to introduce new products in the markets with a slight
variation in taste.
Coca-Cola: International Business Strategy for
GlobalizationBy: Michael Ba Banutu Gomez
November 2012 Issue
This paper analyses the six effective global strategies that are
necessary for firms to become successful while expanding in
terms of differentiation, marketing, distribution,
collaborative strategies, labor, management strategies, and
diversification. The paper also focuses on Coca-Cola’s
operations in the USA, China, Belarus, Peru, and Morocco.
Coca Cola has planned successfully in implementing
strategies regardless of the country but didn’t effectively
utilize all of them in each of the above-mentioned countries.
The market has seen Coca-Cola expanding internationally
over the last 50 years. Talking about the international
differentiation strategy, branding, cost leadership expand,
successful positioning, advertising slogan and patriotic image
of Coca-Cola in the market help it to maintain loyal
customers in the USA. In China, Coca-Cola had to revise its
name to attract the customers.
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Coming to Belarus, Coca-Cola had to guarantee the highest
quality of its products. Coca-Cola used strong branding and
employment excellence to enter markets in Peru. Social
bonding, inspirational messages, and targeting small and
rural towns, and investing in soccer teams were marketing
techniques to enter Moroccan markets. Coca-Cola has also
planned three frameworks (ethnocentric, polycentric and
geocentric) to staff their international operations and become
a prime leader in the international market. But then, Coca-
Cola made few mistakes while planning its frameworks,
which were: misunderstanding the new customer base and
losing the means of original brands. But then to rectify these
mistakes Coca-Cola launched different products in these
different countries according to the authentic taste of
customers there. In the end, the author concludes that Coca-
Cola has succeeded in its planned strategies which was” think
globally, act locally, especially focusing on local cultures
and customs.
Research Methods and Methodologies
A total of 100 samples were selected from different
populations belonging to the millennium category. They were
different populations as they belong to different universities
and various universities have various cultures followed that
it impacts their buying strategies. For example, Christ
(Deemed to be University) does not allow the students to
drink coca- cola or any other fizzy drink for that matter in the
campus. This will lead to students wanting to drink fizzy
drinks even more as it is not something that is approved of by
the management and being in the rebellious age the
millenniums are currently residingin, it is a big driving factor.
The samples have been collected in such a way that it was
only distributed to the millenniums who drink coca- cola. We
have used probability sampling and under this, the technique
we have adapted is the stratified sampling technique where
proportional sampling was used.
The sampling distribution strategy we have used is sampling
distribution of the mean. The reason we have chosen this
method is because it takes all the possible means of random
samples of the given sample of the population in which its
100 in our case. When we used this method we were able to
cover aspects of the central limits of the theorem. Since the
sample size is 100, the curve will be more like a normal
distribution curve, irrespective of the shape of the parent
population. The parent population, in this case, would be the
young and the middle ages people.
As the sample size remained 100 we didn’t need to worry
about the binomial distributions beginning to assume the
characteristics of the normal distribution.
The market research we conducted had 150 respondents in
total out of which 50 respondents had to be removed as they
did not give proper answers and so it could not be used to be
a part of our analysis. Through this research, we have
understood that coke has become like chai for Indians as
62.4% of the consumers drink Coca Cola at least once a week
but the downside of this is that 30.7% have never drunk Coca-
Cola or it’s rarely on various occasions that they consume
coke. There is approximately 8% of our target sample that
consumes Coco- cola on a daily or alternate day basis.
Fig 1
Fig 2
The sales of Coco-cola seems to be more dependent on the
number of units they sell rather than the quantity of Coca
Cola they sell. There are barely any customers who buy the
1500ml Coca-Cola bottles, most of this generation’s
customers stick to buying Coca Cola as per their cravings, it’s
like a one-time thing, where they purchase it for that
moment's satisfaction and are always willing to come back
and repurchase it when they crave for it again. In a way, we
can say that the millennia want the maximum marginal utility
that they can derive from a product. That is the driving force,
to get the most satisfaction out of one unit of the product.
Fig 3
When we focused on the qualitative aspects to understand
which aspect of Coca-Cola actually draws the customers to
it, we understood that the taste was the first thing that inspired
a person to buy Coca-Cola over Pepsi. The second most
important factor was the brand, Coca Cola has built its brand
name in such a way that just for the sake of prestige or status
people prefer a Coca Cola over a Limca as such.
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
Fig 4
The millenniums are easily influenced by the new trends yet
when it came to Coca-Cola 80% of the population preferred
the normal coke over the variants of Coca Cola. Obviously,
the price is still an important factor as we can say that the
demand is equally proportionate to the price of the product.
Frequency table
Table 1: Are you influenced by advertisement during the festival
Table 2: How to often do you drink cake in a Week
Table 3: what attracts you to Cake
Univariate analysis of variance
Table 4: between. Subject factors
Tests of between-subjects effects
Table 5
Table 6: One-sample statistics
Table 7: One sample test
Hypothesis Testing Outcome
1. Social media marketing is the best way of marketing for
2. Consumer Satisfaction does have a direct relationship
with the price of the product.
3. Age does have a significant impact on the consumption of
Learning Outcome
To analyze the customer behavior of a particular target
market segmented and restricted in a specified
geographical location.
The effectiveness of unconventional marketing strategies
on millennial.
The ability of a company to capitalize on its footfall and
brand image.
Risk management and protection of brand image through
popularity in majority customer population.
Knowing the seasonal effects on the sales of the product.
Analyzing the fast-paced customer trend changes in the
millennial target segment.
Limitations of the study
Every paper has a scope of improvement and every paper
with the reference to other papers has touched upon a new
aspect of the research conducted on the specific topic and has
opened its doors to a whole new forum for research. When a
whole new form of research is opened there are definitely
limitations that lead to more papers in that field.
International Journal of Advanced Research and Development
The limitations of this paper would be the lack of resources
as we did not have any funding for this project so other than
the data we gathered we were not able to look into other
marketing aspects of coca- cola.
Choosing a specific company represents one of our major
limitations because it did not allow us to compare the
efficiency of the competitors marketing strategies. The
collection of data also posed as a limitation because we had
to constrict this research to India instead of the international
marketing strategies of Coca Cola.
We also had biased errors is our paper due to the faulty
process of selection because the entire target audience who
were a part of the sample did not respond to the questionnaire.
We faced Non-Sampling errors when the respondents did not
take the questionnaire seriously and did not provide accurate
information. Out of the 150 respondents we had to scrap 50
respondents as they were not valid answers to the questions
and were done for the sake of it.
Through this research paper, we have concluded that
millennials are easily influenced by social media marketing
but they are extremely influenced during the festive season
because of the number of online offers that happen during
those periods. India being the price sensitive market it makes
its customers extremely sensitive to the minute changes in the
prices of a product which leads to a decrease in demand if the
price is high and an increase in demand if the price is low.
Through our study we understood that a direct relationship
exists between the price of a product and consumer
satisfaction. Looking at the aging aspects, the major
consumers of Coca-Cola are the youth and teenagers whereas
the middle aged and above consumers are health conscious,
making Coca-Cola an unfavorable drink for them, engaging
them in consumption of healthy drinks like normal tea, green
tea and lemon tea. The millennials have come to a point in
their life where their satisfaction is what matters to them most
and if the product of their desire is moderately priced, they
are willing to pay for it and get the satisfaction. Coca-Cola
has also been noticed for not providing any promotional
offers which is making it lose its customers because all fizzy
drinks give the customers the same satisfaction, but most
importantly customers have been attracted to it because of its
taste and brand, so it will have to use these factors to its
advantage to remain as a duopoly in the market.
The future researches should focus on the international
marketing aspects of Coca Cola while reviewing the
additional strategies for global expansion. The quantitative
analysis should focus on the entire industry rather than taking
just one company. This will give the future researchers an
outlook of that entire industry. The Quantitative analysis
should be utilized in terms of monitoring their performance
levels while using different strategies.
Suggestions to Coca- Cola
The Company can now focus on its sensory marketing as it’s
an important aspect of marketing but Coco-Cola has been
banking its brand name and brand loyalty.
As many of the papers identified, Coco-Cola hasn’t tapped
into the rural markets and the best way for them to increase
their market coverage is by increasing their target audience.
To attract the customers of the rural market they will need to
change their marketing strategies and move from mass
marketing to a narrow minded mass marketing as rural people
still believe in a lot of things being a taboo starting from a girl
with short clothes being the model for the advertisement of
Coca Cola.
The advantage that Coco-Cola will get by moving to the rural
areas is that Coca Cola will become a symbol of status where
the everyone drinks. The Indians have this mindset that if
people in the Rural Areas can afford a coke why can’t we.
This leads Coca Cola being a status symbol which has a
stronger effect than their brand name.
Coca- Cola should focus on its pricing strategy and move
from competitive pricing strategies to providing more
discounts to the customers which gives them an incentive to
buy the product that they like. This also gives the customer a
feeling that they got more than they paid for.
Coco-Cola has catered to its customers by providing more
variants as per their needs but they have not kept the price
range in mind. If the price is too expensive regardless of what
satisfaction it provides the customers, customers who are
price sensitive like India will not be attracted or motivated to
buy the product. This may even lead them to other
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... They also discovered that when all types of compatibility are used as predictors at the same time, brand compatibility remains a major predictor of life satisfaction. Singaram et al. (2019) suggested that. Coca-Cola should concentrate on its pricing policy, moving away from aggressive pricing and toward offering more discounts to consumers, incentivizing them to purchase the commodity they want. ...
Full-text available
The study is based on the satisfaction of Coco-Cola Company with its customers. A sample survey of 52 respondents was undertaken to find out the satisfaction of Coco-Colin Chennai city. The main objective of the study is to identify the customer satisfaction towards Coco-Cola drink. The major findings of the study are majority (66%) say that coco cola comes to their mind when they think of soft drinks, 46% of the respondents say that they prefer 200-250 quantity to buy and majority of the respondents say that Coco-Cola product range is good (60%). Finally 38% of the respondents said that they prefer Coco-Cola during parties.
There are numerous organizational structures within Universities designed to create and disseminate knowledge. We explore the role of centers or institutes, primarily focusing on the Coca-Cola Center for Marketing Studies (CMS) at the University of Georgia. The CMS seeks to advance marketing research education, to identify and develop new programs and methods to serve the marketing community, and to maintain and strengthen relations with the business community. Perhaps the most important role the CMS plays is in the administration of the Masters of Marketing Research (MMR) Program. Through a brief exploration of the histories of the CMS and the MMR Program, we illustrate the unique collaboration that exists between industry and academy, concentrating on the unique features and functions of the CMS and providing examples of how this center and the associated MMR program at its core can serve as models for other academic units (e.g., in terms of disseminating knowledge).
This paper builds on consumer storytelling theory and childhood memory research by proposing that earliest childhood memory stories are useful for developing brand myths and providing relevance to iconic brands. This article investigates consumers' childhood memories with Coca-Cola and finds that memories from early childhood are more predictive and insightful for understanding current brand attitudes than memories coming from adolescence. A focus group is unable to elicit memories from as early in life as the childhood memory session. In addition, the memories elicited by the group interviewer are not as relevant and meaningful to participants. When participants read experiences coming from the childhood memory session, those who connect with the earliest childhood memory stories have the strongest attitudes toward Coca-Cola. A discussion describes how this research method aids in generating insights about iconic brands and brands aspiring to become iconic.
Coca-Cola Marketing Case Study
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