Conference Paper

An inventive method for eco-efficient operation of home energy management system

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Abstract

Home energy management systems (HEMSs) based on demand response (DR) synergized with renewable energy sources (RESs) and energy storage systems (ESSs) optimal dispatch (DRSREOD) are used to implement demand-side management in homes. Such HEMSs benefit the consumer and the utility by reducing energy bills, reducing peak demands, achieving overall energy savings and enabling the sale of surplus energy. Further, a drastically rising demand of electricity has forced a number of utilities in developing countries to impose large-scale load sheddings (LSDs). A HEMS based on DRSREOD integrated with an LSD-compensating dispatchable generator (LDG) (DRSREODLDG) ensures an uninterrupted supply of power for the consumers subjected to LSD. The LDG operation to compensate the interrupted supply of power during the LSD hours; however, accompanies the release of GHGs emissions as well that need to be minimized to conserve the environment. A 3-step simulation based posteriori method is proposed to develop a scheme for eco-efficient operation of DRSREODLDG-based HEMS. The method provides the tradeoffs between the net cost of energy (CEnet) to be paid by the consumer, the time-based discomfort (T BD) due to shifting of home appliances (HAs) to participate in the HEMS operation and minimal emissions (T EM iss) from the local LDG. The search has been driven through multi-objective genetic algorithm and Pareto based optimization. The surface fit is developed using polynomial models for regression based on the least sum of squared errors and selected solutions are classified for critical tradeoff analysis to enable the consumer by choosing the best option and consulting a diverse set of eco-efficient tradeoffs between CEnet, T BD and T EM iss.

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