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Freemasons on Canadian Postage Stamps with comments on conducting Masonic research in Ontario.

  • Oligochaetology Laboratory, Kitchener, Ontario, Canada


This paper presents Masons who have appeared on Canadian postage stamps with the history of the person plus the stamp data. Also, the process one of us undertook to get a Masonic licence plate for Ontario vehicles.
R. Ven. Bro. John W. Reynolds, KGC, F.C.F.
Medwayosh Council No. 62, Waterloo, Ontario
Ven. Bro. Louis N. Jansurik
York Council No. 133, Etobicoke, Ontario
Presented to Medwayosh Council No. 62 on April 29th, 2013
Presented to York Council No. 133 on March 9th, 2013
Masonry has a long history, a note worthy heritage, and a long list of famous members,
past and present. Masonic books1 and articles2 and even movies3 present various elements of
Freemasonry to the public. But one of the more subtle ways that the outside world becomes
familiar with Masonry is through the issuance of Masonic stamps and covers (Benesch, 2006).
Over the years many Masons have appeared on postage stamps, not only in Canada, but in many
countries around the world. This was summed up by Walker (2003):
What I have peered at through this window are the various aspects of our beloved
Freemasonry. I am not the only one. Many Masons have explored this aspect of the hobby.
Traditionally it has been set out in seven separate categories or classifications:
1) Stamps that have been issued commemorating Masonry itself, such as Shriners of Canada,
Prince Hall Masonry in Barbados, mixed Masonry (France), Masonry in Brazil, Anniversary of
Masonry in Barbados and Jamaica, anti Masonic Stamps (Serbia).
2) Stamps depicting Freemasons: Wolfe and Montcalm, Sir John A. MacDonald, PM Borden,
PM Abbot, PM Bowell, PM Diefenbaker, Kasimer Gzowski (railroading), Sir Sandford Fleming
(inventor of standard time and Canada's first postage stamp plus railroading), Ned Hanlan
(sportsman - rowing and also gave his name to Hanlan's point in the Toronto Islands), Josiah
Henson (underground railroad), the fathers of Confederation, many of which were Masons. The
forgoing are all Canadians. As for our American brethren, George Washington stands out,
Lafayette a French Mason was his ally (and Lafayette's wife fabricated Washington's Masonic
apron for him). We have a stamp showing Washington kneeling thanking the Almighty for his
victories. It is actually taken from a painting of Washington kneeling when taking his Masonic
obligation. Benjamin Franklin is well known for many accomplishments but also held the office
of Post Master General in British North America in pre-revolutionary times.
3) Stamps that refer to Freemasons, such as Tyrrell (a Canadian Explorer whose name is
mentioned on the stamp).
4) Stamps that refer to accomplishments of Freemasons such as the creator of the Statue of
Liberty (Frederic Bartholdi).
The following are examples as the list could be exhausting:
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1 Jones, B.E. 1957. Freemasons’ Guide and Compendium, rev. ed. London: Harrap, 604 p.;
Baigent, M. and R. Leigh. 1989. The Temple and the Lodge. London: J. Cape, xiv + 306 p.;
Brown, D. 2003. The DaVinci Code, a novel. Toronto: Doubleday, 454 p.; The Lost Symbol;
2 Hunter, C. and A.C. Ferguson. 1999. The Grail and the Lodge: Masonic Antecedents in the
12th Century. Ars Quatuor Coronatum 112: 157-169;
3 National Treasure; The DaVinci Code
5) Stamps that commemorate a certain event or undertaking in which a Freemason played a
major role. (e.g., Daniel Carter Beard - scouting).
6) Stamps that are designed by a Freemason (e.g., example three penny beaver by Sir Sandford
7) Stamps that intentionally or inadvertently show symbols associated with the Masonic order,
King George VI, Grand Master of England - trowel, square, and compasses; past master's jewel;
Pythagoras, Greece; Doric Column, Austria; Peace Bridge, Buffalo-Fort Erie; and the US flag
currently housed in the large room at York Masonic Temple.
In this paper, we will include Canadian stamps as well as selected stamps from other
jurisdictions. The stamps will be presented in chronological order based on their date of issue.
When more than one stamp has been issued for an individual, all stamps will be presented on the
date of the first stamp issue.
Initiated by the King of Sweden in 1868, later he
became the W.M. of Apollo University Lodge No.
357 (1872, Oxford), Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16
(1885, London) and Prince of Wales Lodge No.
259 (1874, London) (Mackey, 1927).
Scott/Unitrade No.: 89-91
Title: Edward VII
Denomination: 1¢, 2¢, 5¢
Date of Issue: 1 July 1903
Colour: 89 - deep green, 90 - brown, 91 - blue green
Note: There are also similar stamps for 7¢, 10¢, 20¢, and 50¢
Edward VII (born November 9th, 1841; died May 6th, 1910) eldest son of Queen Victoria
and Albert, Prince Consort, Albert Edward was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland and of the British dominions and emperor of India from 1901.
Initiated by the King of Sweden, at Stockholm in 1868, the rank of Past Grand Master of
England was conferred upon him in 1870. He was installed as Most Worshipful Grand Master
by the Earl of Carnarvon on April 28th, 1875, and served as Worshipful Master in the Apollo
University Lodge, Oxford; the Royal Alpha Lodge, London, and from 1874 was Worshipful
Master of the famous Prince of Wales Lodge, No. 259, "never losing an opportunity to publicly
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
show his attachment to the Masonic Fraternity". He was enrolled as Patron of the Grand Lodges
of Scotland and Ireland and was an honorary member of Lodge of Edinburgh No.1; member and
Patron of the Supreme Council of the Thirty- third Degree for England and Grand Master of the
Convent General of the Knights Templar.
In 1901 he ascended the throne, and then assumed the title of Protector of the Craft, while
his brother, the Duke of Connaught, succeeded him as Grand Master (Mackey, 1927).
General James WOLFE
Initiated in Minden Military Lodge No. 63 I.R.
General Montcalm claimed to be a Freemason, this cannot be
Scott/Unitrade No.: 100
Title: Quebec Tercentenary Issue, Montcalm and Wolfe
Date of Issue: 16 July 1908
Colour: olive green
This was one of eight stamps issued to celebrate the 300th Anniversary of Quebec. One other in
the series was Edward VII.
Major General James P. Wolfe (2 January 1727 - 13 September 1759) was a British
Army officer, known for his training reforms but remembered chiefly for his victory over the
French in Canada. The son of a distinguished general, Lieutenant-General Edward Wolfe, he
had received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe where he
fought during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland,
where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of
his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he
spent much of the next eight years in garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands.
The outbreak of the Seven Years' War in 1756 offered Wolfe fresh opportunities for
advancement. His part in the aborted attack on Rochefort in 1757 led William Pitt to appoint
him second-in-command of an expedition to capture Louisbourg. Following the success of this
operation he was made commander of a force designated to sail up the Saint Lawrence River to
capture Quebec. After a lengthy siege Wolfe defeated a French force under Montcalm allowing
British forces to capture the city. Wolfe was killed at the height of the battle due to injuries from
three musket balls.
Wolfe's part in the taking of Quebec in 1759 earned him posthumous fame and he
became an icon of Britain's victory in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion.
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He was depicted in the painting The Death of General Wolfe. This painting became very famous
around the world. Wolfe was posthumously dubbed "The Conqueror of Quebec", and also "The
Conqueror of Canada" since the capture of Quebec led directly to the capture of Montreal which
ended French control of the country.
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Saint-Veran (February 28th, 1712 -
September 14th, 1759) was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North
America during the Seven Years' War (whose North American theatre is called the French and
Indian War in the United States).
Montcalm was born near Nîmes in France to a noble family, and entered military service
early in life. He saw service in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian
Succession, where his distinguished service led to promotion to brigadier general. In 1756, King
Louis XV sent him to New France to lead its defence against the British in the Seven Years'
War. Montcalm met with notable successes in 1756, 1757 and 1758 but British mobilisation of
large numbers of troops against New France led to military setbacks in 1758 and 1759,
culminating in Montcalm's death at the Battle of Quebec.
Montcalm is a controversial figure among military historians, some of whom have
strongly criticized his decisions at Quebec. But he has also been much memorialized, especially
in France, Quebec and parts of New York.
Sir John Alexander MACDONALD
Initiated in St. John’s Lodge No. 5 (1844, Kingston)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 141
Title: 60th Anniversary of Confederation
Date of Issue: 29 June 1927
Colour: orange
Note: Canada’s first Prime Minister
Scott/Unitrade No.: 147
Title: Historical Issue
Denomination: 12¢
Date of Issue: 29 June 1927
Colour: green
Scott/Unitrade No.: 586
Title: Caricature Definitives 1973-1976
Date of Issue: 17 October 1973
Colour: orange
Sir John A. Macdonald, who served as Canada's first Prime
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Minister from 1867-73 and again from 1878 until his death in 1891, is probably the most
outstanding man in the modern history of Canada. It was Macdonald who was largely
responsible for forming a confederation of the provinces in 1867 - an extremely difficult job of
pulling together people of widely varied ethnic, political and religious backgrounds to form a
nation. Macdonald was an active Freemason and proud of his association with the Fraternity.
Born January 11th, 1815 in Glasgow, Scotland, his family emigrated to Canada in 1820
and settled initially at Glenora, Ontario, and later at Kingston, where he received his education.
He was admitted to the bar and established a lucrative practice, which enabled him to become
active in politics, public affairs and governmental posts.
As a Canadian Conservative politician, Macdonald was Attorney-General for Canada
West (an office which he repeatedly held) in 1854, and Premier of Ontario, 1857-58. He was
responsible for the building of the great Canadian Pacific Railway and the opening of the
Canadian Northwest Territory. One of his outstanding accomplishments was the creation of the
Royal Northwest Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police). He was one of the
British commissioners who signed the Treaty of Washington. He was created K.C.B. in 1867
and G.C.B. in 1884. He died in Ottawa on June 6th, 1891 while still in office as Prime Minister.
He was initiated at the age of 29 in St. John's Lodge No.758 (EC) at Kingston on March
14th, 1844, passed April 22nd, 1844 and raised June 27th, 1844. In 1857 he affiliated with Zetland
Lodge No.326, Toronto, Ontario, and dimitted in 1884. He was a life member in 1888 of
Dalhousie Lodge No.52, Ottawa, Ontario.
He affiliated with Ancient Frontenac Royal Arch Chapter No.1, Kingston, and was an
honorary life member (1871) of Lafayette Chapter No.5, R.A.M., Washington, D.C. He became
a Knight Templar in 1854 in Hugh de Payens Encampment No.22, resigning in 1884.
Macdonald is depicted on the Canada issue of October 1973, one-cent orange; also on the
three-cent brown of September 1917; the two-cent green "The Fathers of the Confederation" and
the 12-cent green (Cunningham, 1975; Coucill, 1993).
Initiated in Naval Lodge No. 2612 (London) E.R.
Scott/Unitrade No.: n/a
Title: Edward VIII
Denomination: 1¢, 2¢, 3¢,
Date of Issue: prepared for 1936
Colour: red, green
On December 11th, 1936, Edward VIII, King of Great Britain, of the British Dominions
and Colonies, and Emperor of India, abdicated the throne in favour of his brother Albert, the
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Duke of York, who became George VI. The impact on the various governments within the
British Empire was untold. Edward's Coronation had been set for the 12t h of May 1937.
Preparations were well on their way for both his Coronation, and for the various philatelic and
numismatic items which would hear his portrait. Immediately following his abdication, the
governments of Great Britain and Canada moved swiftly to destroy or otherwise bury all images
of Edward that had been created for the coinage, stamp, and fiduciary tender of the Realm.
Preparations then began for the swift introduction of new materials to bear the portrait of the
new king (Henry, 1999).
Initiated in Naval Lodge No. 2612 (London) E.R.
Scott/Unitrade No.: 231-236
Title: King George VI Mufti Issue
Denomination: 1¢, 2¢, 3¢, 4¢, 5¢, 8¢
Date of Issue: 1 April 1937
Colour: green, brown,
carmine, yellow, blue,
Note: Past Grand Master
Grand Lodge of Scotland,
honorary Past Grand
Master of United Grand
Lodge of England. This
is only a sample of the
many Canadian stamps depicting George VI.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 –– 6 February 1952) was
King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11
December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India, and the first Head of the
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent
his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He served in the Royal Navy and Royal
Air Force during World War I, and after the war took on the usual round of public engagements.
He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and
George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII on the death of their father in
1936. However, later that year Edward revealed his desire to marry the divorced American
socialite Wallis Simpson. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for
political and religious reasons he could not marry Mrs Simpson and remain king. Edward
abdicated in order to marry, and George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of
On the day of his accession, the parliament of the Irish Free State removed the monarch
from its constitution. Further events during George's reign accelerated the break-up of the British
Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations. Three years after his accession, the
Empire and Commonwealth, except the Irish Free State, was at war with Nazi Germany. In the
next two years, war with Italy and Japan followed. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately
victorious, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the
British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, his title of
Emperor of India was abandoned in June 1948. Ireland was formally declared a republic in 1949,
and India followed suit the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the
Commonwealth. He was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. He was
succeeded by his elder daughter, Elizabeth II (Bradford, 1989; Sinclair, 1988).
Sir Robert Laird BORDEN
Initiated in St. Andrews Lodge No. 1 (1880, Halifax, NS)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 303
Title: Prime Ministers
Date of Issue: 25 June 1951
Colour: turquoise green
Scott/Unitrade No.: 588
Title: Caricature Definitives 1973-1976
Date of Issue: 8 November 1973
Colour: brown
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Canada's eighth Prime Minister, who served 1911-20, was Bro. Sir Robert Laird Borden.
Born June 26th, 1854 at Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, he was educated at Acacia Villa Academy,
Norton, Nova Scotia, and later taught school. He began the study of law in 1874 and was
admitted to the bar in 1878. He developed a large practice in Nova Scotia.
Brother Bordon represented Canada at the Washington Conference in 1921-22. He had
been chancellor of McGill University in 1918-20 and became chancellor of Queen's University
from 1924-30. He died June 10th, 1937 in Ottawa.
He received his degrees in St. Andrew's Lodge No.1, Halifax, Nova Scotia, at the age of
25. His degree dates were May 4t h, 1880, July 27th,1880 and May 21st,1881. Actually, he was a
Mason for only seven years, for he dimitted in April of 1888.
Borden is depicted on the three-cent issue of October 1973. This Canadian brown stamp
was a sketch portrait of Borden. He was previously honored with a three-cent issue in June 1951
of turquoise green (Cunningham, 1975; Coucill, 1993).
Initiated in Naval Lodge No. 2612 (London) E.R.
Scott/Unitrade No.: 315
Title: Royal Visit
Date of Issue: 26 October 1951
Colour: violet
Scott/Unitrade No.: 374
Title: Royal Visit
Date of Issue: 10 October 1957
Colour: black
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark on 10
June 1921) is the husband of Elizabeth II. He is the United Kingdom's longest-serving consort
and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning British monarch.
A member of the Danish-German House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg,
Prince Philip was born into the Greek royal family, but his family was exiled from Greece when
he was a child. After being educated in Germany, England and Scotland, he joined the British
Royal Navy at the age of 18 in 1939. From July 1939, he began corresponding with Princess
Elizabeth, the eldest daughter and heiress presumptive of King George VI. During World War II
he served with the Mediterranean and Pacific fleets.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Philip has held a number of titles throughout his life. Originally holding the title and style
of a prince of Greece and Denmark, Philip renounced these royal titles before his marriage, and
was thereafter created a British duke, among other noble titles. It was not, however, until the
Queen issued Letters Patent in 1957 that Philip was again titled as a prince (Heald, 1991;
Brandreth, 2005).
Sir Mackenzie BOWELL
Initiated in St. Lawrence Lodge No. 640 E.R. (1864, Montreal) [now St.
Lawrence-Zetland Lodge No. 14 GLC [affiliated Belleville Lodge No. 123
Scott/Unitrade No.: 350
Title: Prime Ministers
Date of Issue: 1 November 1954
Colour: blue
Bro. Sir Mackenzie Bowell (1823-1917) was Canada's fifth Prime Minister, serving from
1894 to 1896. He was born December 27th, 1823 at Rickinghall, Suffolk, England, of Irish-
Protestant stock, and moved with his parents to Canada in 1833. A journalist, he was editor and
publisher of the Belleville, Ontario, Daily Intelligencer for many years.
As a Canadian Conservative politician, he served in Parliament at Ottawa from 1867 to
1892 when he was appointed to the Senate. He saw service in the Fenian Raids, retiring from the
militia in 1874 with the rank of lieutenant colonel. At an early age he joined the Loyal Orange
Lodge, and for many years he was Grand Master of the Orange Association of British North
America and its spokesman in the Canadian Parliament, where he sat as a Conservative member
of North Hastings, Ontario, from 1867 to 1892.
His failure to be accepted by a Belleville lodge in 1862 because of politics resulted in his
joining in another Masonic jurisdiction. At the age of 40 he was initiated August 2nd, 1864 in St.
Lawrence Lodge No.640 (EC) (now No.14 under G.R.Q.), of Montreal. He was passed on
September 21st and raised September 28th of the same year. In 1897, when he was 73, he affiliated
with Belleville Lodge No.123, Grand Lodge of Canada in Ontario, and remained a member there
throughout his life. On his 90th birthday the three lodges of Belleville gave a banquet in his
honor. He died December 10th, 1917 and was buried with Masonic honours.
His portrait is depicted on a five-cent light blue stamp issued by Canada on November 1st,
1954 (Cunningham, 1975; Coucill, 1993).
Richard Bedford BENNETT
Initiated in Miramichi Lodge No. 187 (1986, Chatham, NB)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 357
Title: Prime Ministers
Date of Issue: 8 November 1955
Colour: violet
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Scott/Unitrade No.: 590
Title: Caricature Definitives 1973-1976
Date of Issue: 8 November 1973
Colour: lilac
Canada's 12th Prime Minister was Viscount Richard Bedford Bennett (1870-1947), who
served in that office from 1930-35. He was born July 3rd,1870 in Hopewell Hill, Albert County, a
small village in southern New Brunswick.
He graduated from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. He settled in Chatham,
New Brunswick, as a young school teacher and soon began to "read law" with a local lawyer. He
was admitted to the New Brunswick bar in 1893. From 1920-39 he was governor of Dalhousie
University. As a Canadian Conservative, Brother Bennett served in the local legislature, going on
to become Minister of Justice, Attorney General, Minister of Finance and Prime Minister. He
also held the portfolio as Minister of External Affairs. In 1930 he led the Canadian delegation to
the Imperial Conference in London. He secured for Canada amended terms of the statute of
Westminster in 1931 and presided at the Imperial Economic Conference in Ottawa in 1932. In
1933 he led the Canadian delegation to the World Economic Conference in London and acted as
chairman of the Wheat Conference.
His government negotiated with the U.S. concerning the St. Lawrence Seaway, and in
1932 signed a treaty that was later rejected by the American Senate. He represented Canada at
the League of Nations assembly in 1934.
Bennett was a very generous man and donated large sums to religious and philanthropic
causes. He retired to Great Britain in 1939, where he became a member of the House of Lords. In
1941 he was created Viscount Bennett of Mickleham, Calgary and Hopewell. In 1944 he gave
$750,000 to Dalhousie University. His death came on June 26th, 1947 at Mickleham, Surrey,
Brother Bennett was initiated February 18th, 1896 at the age of 25 in Miramichi Lodge
No.18, Chatham, New Brunswick. He was passed March 19t h and raised May 19th of the same
year. He never took a dimit and remained in good standing until his death. When he moved to
Calgary, Alberta, he affiliated with Ashlar Lodge No. 28 of that city (Cunningham, 1975; Coucill,
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Sir Casimir Stanislaus GZOWSKI
Member of St. Andrew’s Lodge No. 16 (Toronto, ON) GLC.
Scott/Unitrade No.: 410
Title: Casimir Gzowski
Date of Issue: 5 March 1963
Colour: rose lilac
Note: Issued to mark the 150th anniversary of the birth of Sir Casimir Gzowski, engineer, soldier
and educator.
Sir Casimir S. Gzowski, engineer (born at St. Petersburg [Leningrad], Russia 5th March
1813; died at Toronto 24th August 1898). He began his Engineering career in Canada in 1842.
As a superintendent of public works of the Province of Canada, he improved waterways and
canals and constructed roads, harbours and bridges. Later he built the Canadian portion of the St.
Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (1846-53) and constructed the Grand Trunk Railway line from
Toronto to Sarnia (1852-60). He designed and built the international bridge between Fort Erie
and Buffalo, NY (1870-73), a difficult job because of strong currents, ice and winds. At the same
time he served on a commission to study inland waters from the Atlantic to Lake Superior; its
report of 1871 anticipates the system now known as the St. Lawrence Seaway. Gzowski was the
first chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission and planned the park system along the Canadian
bank of the river. Together with several other engineers he formed the Canadian Society of Civil
Engineers and later served as president (1889-91). Established during his term of office, the gold
Gzowski Medal has been awarded annually for outstanding written contributions to engineering.
Keenly concerned over the defence of Canada, Gzowski fought for the strengthening of the
Canadian militia and served in it as lieutenant-colonel and colonel. Appointed aide-de-camp to
Queen Victoria (1879), he was awarded a KCMG (1890) in recognition of his services in the
military and engineering fields (Kos-Rabcewicz-Zubkowski. and Greening, 1959).
Initiated into Studholm Lodge No. 1591 (24 May 1901, London)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 440
Title: Sir Winston Churchill
Date of Issue: 12 August 1965
Colour: brown
Note: first stamp printed by Duo-tone lithography
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Scott/Unitrade No.: 2271. 2273
Title: Sir Winston Churchill
Denomination: $1.60
Date of Issue: 21 May 2008
Colour: multicoloured
Note: photo of Churchill was taken by the famous Canadian photographer
Yousuf Karsh.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (born 30 November 1874, died 24 January
1965) was a British Conservative politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United
Kingdom during World War II. Widely regarded as one of the greatest wartime leaders of the
century, he served as Prime Minister twice (1940-45 and 1951-55). A noted statesman and
orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is
the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and was the first
person to be made an Honorary Citizen of the United States.
At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions.
Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary, and
First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he
continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign, which he had
sponsored, caused his departure from government. He then served briefly on the Western Front,
commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as
Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. After the War,
Churchill served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative (Baldwin) government of
1924-29, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war
parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Also
controversial were Churchill's opposition to increased home rule for India and his resistance to
the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII.
Bro. Churchill was initiated May 24th, 1901, passed July 19th, 1901 and raised March 5th,
1902. He was a regular lodge attender but never an office holder. Anti-masonic claims to the
contrary, there is no documentation extant that Churchill publicly renounced Freemasonry (Best,
2003; Toye, 2010).
Sir John Joseph Caldwell ABBOTT
Initiated in St. Paul’s Lodge No. 374, E.R. (1847, Montreal)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 318
Title: Prime Ministers
Date of Issue: 3 November 1972
Colour: lilac
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
On November 3rd, 1952, a three-cent rose-lilac stamp was issued by Canada honouring
Bro. Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott (1821- 93), who was Canada's third Prime Minister in
1891-92. Born March 12th, 1821 in St. Andrews, Quebec, he was educated there at McGill
College (now University), Montreal, receiving the degree of Doctor of Civil Law in 1847 and
being admitted to the bar. He was dean of the law faculty at McGill from 1855 to 1880.
Brother Abbott's political career began in 1849 and except for the years 1874-80, when he
was out of Parliament, he represented Argenteuil, Quebec, first in the legislative assembly of
Lower Canada, and then in the House of Commons from 1857 until his appointment as a member
of the Queen's Privy Council and the Senate in 1887.
He was counsel to the Canadian Pacific Railway, 1880-87. After being made a
government leader in the Senate he joined Macdonald's cabinet as Minister Without Portfolio.
On Macdonald's death in 1891, Abbott was chosen to succeed him as Prime Minister. His
conduct of the government was marked by great astuteness, but ill health compelled him to resign
in November 1892, and he died at Montreal on October 30th, 1893. He was created K.C.M.G. in
1892. From 1887-89 he was mayor of Montreal and served as president of both the Fraser
Institute and Royal Victoria Hospital In Montreal.
Abbott was initiated at the age of 25 in St. Paul's Lodge No.374 (EC), Montreal, Quebec,
on January 26th, 1847; passed March 9th and raised April 13t h, the same year. He retired in 1848,
rejoined in 1856 and retired again in 1859 (Cunningham, 1975; Coucill, 1993).
Initiated in Loge des Neuf Soeurs (1778, Paris), affiliated Lodge at
Tun Tavern (Philadelphia) also known as St. John’s Lodge No. 1
Scott/Unitrade No.: 691
Title: U.S. Bicentennial
Denomination: 10¢, 13¢
Date of Issue: 1 June 1976
Colour: multicoloured
Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17th,
1706. He was the tenth son of soap maker, Josiah Franklin.
Benjamin's mother was Abiah Folger, the second wife of Josiah.
Josiah intended for Benjamin to enter into the clergy.
However, Josiah could only afford to send his son to school for one year and clergymen needed
years of schooling. But, as young Benjamin loved to read he had him apprenticed to his brother
James, who was a printer. After helping James compose pamphlets and set type which was
gruelling work, 12-year-old Benjamin would sell their products in the streets.
"Father" of Canadian Post Office During the British military occupation from September
1759 until August 1763, a rudimentary postal system connected Quebec, Montreal and Albany,
N.Y. A Canadian courier and a soldier from the Montreal militia collected mail from New York
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
at Albany and transported it to Montreal. In winter these courier teams left Montreal or Albany
every two weeks: the trip either way took eight or nine days. Benjamin Franklin, Deputy
Postmaster General for the British Colonies in North America, on hearing that Canada was a
British possession by the Treaty of Paris 1763, left Philadelphia for Canada. He went to Quebec
to arrange for opening post offices in Quebec, Trois-Rivières and Montreal, and for regular
exchange of mail between those places and New York. By this act the versatile Franklin became
the "Father" of the Canada Post Office. Franklin believed in the postal service as an integrator:
. . . efficient postal service probably does more than anything else to mould the people of a
country together and to make each section feel that it is part of an original whole.
At Quebec Franklin met an immigrant Scot, Hugh Finlay, whom he made postmaster of
the first Quebec post office and the subordinate offices at Trois-Rivières and Montreal. Under
Finlay the courier left once a month for New York where he placed Canadian mails on packets
for Great Britain. The courier in summer took nine or ten days, in a canoe and on foot, by way of
the St. Lawrence, Laprairie, St. Jean, Lake Champlain, Wood Creek, Lake George, and the
Now a man in his late seventies, Franklin returned to America. He became President of
the Executive Council of Pennsylvania. He served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention
and signed the Constitution. One of his last public acts was writing an anti-slavery treatise in
Franklin died on April 17th, 1790 at the age of 84. 20,000 people attended the funeral of
the man who was called, "the harmonious human multitude" (Canada Post, 1974).
Robert William SERVICE
Initiated in Yukon Lodge No. 45 (1912), Dawson City, YK
Scott/Unitrade No. 695
Title: Canadian Authors
Date of Issue: 17 August 1976
Colour: multicoloured (4 colours)
Robert W. Service (January 16th, 1874 –– September 11th, 1958) was a poet and writer
who has often been called "the Bard of the Yukon". Service is best known for his poems "The
Shooting of Dan McGrew" and "The Cremation of Sam McGee", from his first book, Songs of a
Sourdough (1907; also published as The Spell of the Yukon and Other Verses). "These humorous
tales in verse were considered doggerel by the literary set, yet remain extremely popular to this
day." Robert Service wrote the most commercially successful poetry of the century.
The stamp was issued in 1976 to honour Robert W. Service for his contribution to
Canadian literature (Klinck, 1976; Mackay, 1995).
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Sir Sandford FLEMING
Initiated into St. Andrew’s Lodge No. 1, York (May 9th, 1854).
Scott/Unitrade No. 739
Title: Sir Sandford Fleming, 1827-1915
Denomination: 12¢
Date of Issue: 16 September 1977
Colour: brown
Note: He designed the 3 penny stamp issued in 1851
Scott/Unitrade No. 1963
Title: The Pacific Cable, Fleming
Denomination: 48¢
Date of Issue: 31 October 2002
Colour: multicoloured
With the issue of a se-tenant pair of domestic rate (48¢) stamps, Canada Post honours two
significant events in the history of communications technology - on October 31st, 1902, the
Pacific Cable was opened, and on December 15th of the same year, Guglielmo Marconi sent the
first radio message across the Atlantic Ocean, from Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, to Poldhu, England.
The two stamps appear together in a pane of 16. Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) immigrated
to Canada in 1845 and became one of our greatest railway surveyors and engineers. Bonnie Ross
created the stylized map of Canada.(Canada Post Corporation. 2002. Canada's Stamp Details
11(4): 18-19).
Sandford Fleming was born in 1827 in Scotland, where he trained as an engineer. He
sailed for Canada in 1845.
The weather was so tempestuous that, despairing for his life, he wrote a final message and
threw it overboard in a bottle. Fleming survived, only to be informed that Canada had no work
for young engineers. Nevertheless, he did find employment and even helped rescue Queen
Victoria's portrait from being burned by rioters. About this time he designed Canada's first
stamp, the three Penny Beaver. Appointed to find a route for the Intercolonial Railway, he set out
in the winter of 1864, only to find out that someone had supplied his surveyors with canned meat
of Crimean War vintage, forcing them to live off the land. In later years, Fleming worked on the
CPR, invented a system of standard time, and promoted the Pacific cable. To further the latter
venture, he plotted to take over a Pacific island for one of the cable stations. This reflected his
dedication to the British Empire, which he regarded as "a union of free and enlightened
communities .... " The Fleming stamp was designed by Will Davies of Toronto. Mr. Davies'
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
design features a portrait of Sir Sandford Fleming in setting which relate to significant event in
his life. The Fleming stamp features a train crossing one of the steel bridges on the Intercolonial
Railway designed and surveyed by Sir Sandford Fleming. The design was interpreted in steel
engraving by Robert Couture from Mr. Davies' original line and wash drawing (Canada Post
Office, 1977, POSTAL 0715).
Fleming died July 22nd, 1915.
Captain James COOK
Alleged to be Mason, but this cannot be verified.
Scott/Unitrade No. 763
Title: Cook
Denomination: 14¢
Date of Issue: 26 April 1978
Colour: multicoloured
Scott/Unitrade No. 764
Title: Nootka Sound
Denomination: 14¢
Date of Issue: 26 April 1978
Colour: multicoloured
Captain James Cook (October 27, 1728 - February 14, 1779) British navel captain,
explorer and navigator, James Cook explored the coasts of Canada and conducted three
expedition to the Pacific Ocean: August 1768-71 in the Endeavour to observe the transit of venus;
July 1772-75 in the Resolution and the Adventure "to omplete the discovery of the Southern
Hemisphere"; and 1776-1779 in the Resolution to find out whether there existed a northeast
passage from Pacific to Atlantic Oceans (Ridley, 2011).
An expert surveyor and cartographer, he contributed papers to the Royal Society on
abstruse mathematical problems such as finding location by the moon. He was presented with the
gold medal of the Royal Society and a Fellowship.
Although no proof of his membership is available, he is often referred to as a freemason.
Claims that he was initiated into Lodge of Industry No 186 do not take into account that this
lodge was warranted on 15 January 1788, nine years after Cook died (Clemens, 1980).
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Initiated in Wakaw Lodge No. 166 (11 September 1922) Wakaw, SK
Scott/Unitrade No. 859
Title: John Diefenbaker
Denomination: 17¢
Date of Issue: 20 June 1980
Colour: dark blue
George Diefenbaker, PC, CH, QC (born September 18th, 1895 - August 16th, 1979) was
the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21st, 1957, to April 22nd, 1963. He was the
only Progressive Conservative (PC or Tory) party leader between 1930 and 1979 to lead the party
to an election victory, doing so three times, although only once with a majority of seats in the
Canadian House of Commons.
Diefenbaker was born in southwestern Ontario in 1895. In 1903, his family migrated west
to the portion of the Northwest Territories which would shortly thereafter become the province of
Saskatchewan. He grew up in the province, and was interested in politics from a young age.
After brief service in World War I, Diefenbaker became a lawyer. He contested elections through
the 1920s and 1930s with little success until he was finally elected to the House of Commons in
In the House of Commons, Diefenbaker was repeatedly a candidate for the PC leadership.
He attained leadership of the party in 1956, leading it for eleven years. In 1957, he led the party
to its first electoral victory in 27 years; a year later he called a snap election and spearheaded the
Tories to one of their greatest triumphs. Diefenbaker appointed the first female minister in
Canadian history to his Cabinet, as well as the first aboriginal member of the Senate. During his
six years as Prime Minister, his government obtained passage of the Canadian Bill of Rights and
granted the vote to the First Nations and Inuit peoples. In foreign policy, his stance against
apartheid helped secure the departure of South Africa from the Commonwealth of Nations, but
his indecision on whether to accept Bomarc nuclear missiles from the United States led to his
government's downfall. Diefenbaker is also remembered for his role in the 1959 cancellation of
the Avro Arrow project (Bird, 1989, Coucill, 1993; Bliss, 2004).
Initiated in 1879 in King Solomon’s Lodge No. 22 (Toronto, ON) GLC.
Scott/Unitrade No. 862
Title: Ned Hanlan
Denomination: 17¢
Date of Issue: 4 July 1980
Colour: multicoloured
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Note: issued to honour oarsman Ned Hanlan (July 12th, 1855-January 4th, 1908) first Canadian to
win an international championship.
When new technology arrives in a sport, the first person to understand and exploit it
properly will clean up. Ned Hanlan, the legendary Canadian sculler, was the first to understand
and exploit the sliding seat, developing a technique that made him world champion from 1880 to
1884. His sculling technique was so effective he won despite being, in rowing terms, a midget -
just 5ft 9in (175cm) tall and weighing in at about 10 stone (64kg).
Born in Toronto in 1855, Hanlan grew up rowing around Toronto Bay, starting in a boat
he built himself. At age 18, he was area champion, and in 1876, he won the enormously
prestigious Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition regatta, effectively becoming champion of the
USA. He rowed like "a small steam engine hissing through the water," according to the Toronto
Globe. In 1879 he came to England, beating champion sculler William Elliott on the Tyne before
a crowd said to be ten thousand strong and betting heavily. The following year he beat the world
champion, Australian Edward Trickett, on the Boat Race course on the Thames. Trickett was 6ft
4in (192cm) and 13 stone (82kg).
When Hanlan started his career, the sliding seat was very new. Scullers still pulled
mainly with their arms. According to the Canadian Dictionary of National Biography: "Hanlan's
genius was a superbly efficient stroke –– he was the father of the modern technique. He took full
advantage of the sliding seat, not only to obtain greater reach but to drive with the large muscles
of the legs in a coordinated, fluid motion so that the power of his whole body was marshalled into
every stroke." The powerful new technique gave Hanlan such a huge advantage he could indulge
in stunts to humiliate opponents he disliked.
He was idolised back in Toronto, helped by the fact that almost everyone "from judges to
peanut vendors", according to the Globe, had backed him by telegraph bet and had won big. It
could not last, of course. In 1884, he was beaten by Australian William Beech, a huge and
muscular blacksmith who had also cracked the correct way to use a sliding seat.
The headland where he started his rowing career is now called Hanlan's Point and he is
commemorated by a statue by Emanuel Otto Hahn (Mendenhall, 1980).
Initiated in Mount Moriah Lodge No. 4, (Dresden, ON) GLC
Scott/Unitrade No. 997
Title: Canadian Pioneers
Denomination: 32¢
Date of Issue: 16 September 1983
Colour: multicoloured
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Note: Josiah Henson (1789-1883) was instrumental in operating the ‘underground railroad’ which
brought American black slaves to Canada.
Josiah Henson (June 15th, 1789 –– May 5th, 1883) was an author, abolitionist, and
minister. Born into slavery in Charles County, Maryland, he escaped to Ontario, Canada in 1830,
and founded a settlement and labourer's school for other fugitive slaves at Dawn, near Dresden in
Kent County. At the time of his arrival, Ontario was known as the Province of Upper Canada,
becoming the Province of Canada in 1841, then Ontario in 1867, all within Henson's lifetime
there. Henson's autobiography, The Life of Josiah Henson, Formerly a Slave, Now an Inhabitant
of Canada, as Narrated by Himself (1849), is widely believed to have inspired the character of
the fugitive slave, George Harris, in Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852),
who returned to Kentucky for his wife and escaped across the Ohio River, eventually to Canada.
Following the success of Stowe's novel, Henson issued an expanded version of his life story in
1858, Truth Stranger Than Fiction. Father Henson's Story of His Own Life (published in Boston
by John P. Jewett & Co., 1858). Interest in his life continued, and nearly two decades later, his
life story was updated and published as Uncle Tom's Story of His Life: An Autobiography of the
Rev. Josiah Henson (1876) (Henson, 1858, 1962).
Initiated in St. Paul’s Lodge No. 374 E.R. (Montreal)
Scott/Unitrade No.: 1117
Title: John Molson and his main achievements
Denomination: $1.60
Date of Issue: 4 November 1986
Colour: multicoloured (dull)
Note: Issued on the 150th anniversary of his death (1763-1836). Provincial Grand Master 13t h,
June 1826 (Lower Canada)
Born in Spalding, England December 28th, 1763) and orphaned as a young child, John
Molson immigrated to Canada in 1782.
In 1782, at the age of 18, Molson immigrated to Canada, but he almost didn't make it.
The ship he was on was lost at sea, but fortunately Molson was rescued from the frigid ocean. In
1786 he returned briefly to England, and it was during that year that Molson picked up the book,
Theoretic Hints on an Improved Practice in Brewing by John Richardson. He used the money his
parents left him to buy a small brewery in Montreal. Molson returned to Canada with more
money and a new mind set. Many British Loyalists from the United States were immigrating to
Canada. This new influx increased the demand for beer. Molson worked harder than ever,
staying up long into the night. He hired an apprentice, Christopher Cook, and a loyalist
housemaid, Sarah Insley Vaughan, whom he was to marry.
His first steam ship, the Accommodation, was the first successful steamboat built entirely
in North America. In 1821, he built the colony's first distillery and financed the Champlain and
Saint Lawrence Railroad, the first railway in Canada. This railway opened in 1836 and ran 23
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
kilometers between the St. Lawrence and Richelieu Rivers. President of the Bank of Montreal
from 1826, he was also a member of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada from 1816 to 1820
and was appointed a member of the Legislative Council of Lower Canada in 1832.
Molson died on January 11th, 1836 at Boucherville, Quebec of cholera one day after
writing his will (Ward, 1983).
Joseph Burr TYRRELL
Member of Builders Lodge No. 177 (Ottawa, ON) GLC.
Scott/Unitrade No. 1235
Title: Exploration of Canada - 4 (Realizers)
Denomination: 38¢
Date of Issue: 22 March 1989
Colour: multicoloured
Joseph Burr Tyrrell, geologist, explorer, historian (born at Weston, Canada West 1st
November 1858; died at Toronto 26th August 1957). Tyrrell explored the vast areas of western
and northern Canada, consolidating information gathered by earlier explorers and filling in blank
spots on the maps, especially in the Northwest Territories, while working for 17 years for the
rivers to CHESTERFIELD INLET under considerable hardship, discovered the rich DINOSAUR
beds of southern Alberta and important coal beds at Drumheller, Alta, and Fernie, BC, and added
knowledge to the geography, botany, entomology, mammalogy and ornithology of many regions.
He discovered dinosaur (Albertosaurus) bones in Alberta's Badlands and coal around Drumheller
in 1884. He later became a mining consultant, and then a miner in the KLONDIKE GOLD
RUSH and in northern Ontario, eventually acquiring considerable wealth.
Highly regarded both in the field and by government officials in Ottawa and Toronto, he
was also involved in several historical publications, most notably in editing the diaries of Samuel
Hearne and David Thompson. He was president of the Champlain Society and received many
onours, including the Royal Society of Canada's Flavelle Gold Medal. Several physical features
and at least one community bear his name; the establishment of the Royal Tyrrell Museum of
Palaeontology at Drumheller (1985) provides an impressive monument to his discoveries a
century earlier (Robertson, 2007).
Initiated in Weyburn Lodge No. 20, (Weyburn, SK) G.L.S.
Scott/Unitrade No. 1709d
Title: Premiers of Canadian Provinces
Denomination: 45¢
Date of Issue: 18 February 1998
Colour: multicoloured
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Thomas Clement "Tommy" Douglas, PC, CC, SOM (20 October 1904 - 24 February
1986) was a Scottish-born Baptist minister who became a prominent Canadian social democratic
politician. As leader of the Saskatchewan Section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
(CCF) from 1942 and the seventh Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961, he led the first
social democratic government in North America which introduced single payer, universal health
care to Canada. When the CCF united with the Canadian Labour Congress to form the New
Democratic Party, Douglas was elected as its first federal leader and served in that post from
1961 to 1971. In a CBC survey on who they considered the greatest Canadian, Canadians voted
Douglas first largely in support of his advocacy of universal health care in Canada.
Douglas graduated from Brandon College in 1930, and completed his Master's degree
(M.A.) in Sociology from McMaster University in 1933. His thesis entitled, The Problems of the
Subnormal Family endorsed eugenics. The thesis proposed a system that would have required
couples seeking to marry to be certified as mentally and morally fit. Those deemed to be
"subnormal" because of low intelligence, moral laxity or venereal disease would be sent to state
farms or camps while those judged to be mentally defective or incurably diseased would be
Douglas rarely mentioned his thesis later in his life and his government never enacted
eugenics policies even though two official reviews of Saskatchewan's mental health system
recommended such a program when he became premier and minister of health. Instead, Douglas
implemented vocational training for the mentally handicapped and therapy for those suffering
from mental disorders. (It may be noted that two Canadian provinces, Alberta and British
Columbia, had eugenics legislation that imposed forced sterilization. Alberta's law was first
passed in 1928 while B.C. enacted its legislation in 1933. It was not until 1972 that both
provinces repealed the legislation.) (Stewart, 2003)
Joseph Roberts SMALLWOOD
Initiated in Lodge Northcliffe No. 1886, Prov. Gd. L. Newfoundland, S.R.
(6 June 1964)
Scott/Unitrade No. 1709e
Title: Premiers of Canadian Provinces
Denomination: 45¢
Date of Issue: 18 February 1998
Colour: multicoloured
Joseph Roberts "Joey" Smallwood, PC, CC (December 24th , 1900 - December 17th, 1991)
was the main force that brought Newfoundland into the Canadian confederation, and became the
first Premier of Newfoundland. As premier, he vigorously promoted economic development,
championed the welfare state, and emphasized modernization of education and transportation.
Smallwood abandoned his youthful socialism and collaborated with bankers, turning against the
militant unions that sponsored numerous strikes. The results of his efforts to promote
industrialization were mixed, with the most favourable results in hydroelectricity, iron mining
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
and paper mills Smallwood was charismatic and controversial. Never shy, he dubbed himself
"the last Father of Confederation."
In his retirement Smallwood resumed writing; publishing several books including an
autobiography titled I Chose Canada. Late in life he began an ambitious project compiling a
comprehensive Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. The five volume set was
completed by a charitable foundation after Smallwood's death. Smallwood's publishing firm,
Newfoundland Book Publishers (1967) Ltd., published Volumes 1 and 2; the Smallwood Heritage
Foundation completed and published Volumes 3, 4, and 5 (Gwyn, 1972).
William Andrew Cecil (W.A.C.) BENNETT
Initiated in St. George Lodge No. 41 (1932, W.M. 1944) Kelowna, BC
Scott/Unitrade No. 1709g
Title: Premiers of Canadian Provinces
Denomination: 45¢
Date of Issue: 18 February 1998
Colour: multicoloured
William Andrew Cecil Bennett, PC, OC (September 6t h, 1900 - February 23rd, 1979) was
the 25th Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. With just over 20 years in office,
Bennett was and remains the longest-serving premier in British Columbia history. He was
usually referred to as W.A.C. Bennett, although many referred to him either affectionately or
mockingly as "Wacky" Bennett. To his close friends, he was known as "Cece".
Bennett was born in Hastings, Albert County, New Brunswick, Canada, one of five
children born to Andrew Havelock Bennett and Mary Emma Burns. His father was a third cousin
of Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada.
Social Credit Party won seven consecutive elections during W.A.C. Bennett's involvement
and leadership: 1952, 1953, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1966, and 1969. The only election Bennett lost as
a member of Social Credit was in 1972, the last election in which he was a candidate. In 1960,
the Bennett government introduced British Columbia's first provincial flag, the first official
provincial flag adopted west of Quebec (Mitchell, 1983; Bowering, 1996).
Hart Almerrin MASSEY
Member of Ontario Lodge in Sackets Harbor, NY; Secretary 1805.
Scott/Unitrade No. 1830a
Title: Hart Massey, Hart House, U of T
Denomination: 46¢
Date of Issue: 17 February 2000
Colour: multicoloured
Note: manufacturer of farm implements
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Hart Almerrin Massey (April 29th, 1823 - February 20th, 1896) was a Canadian
businessman and philanthropist born in Haldimand Township (now Alnwick/Haldimand, Ontario)
in what was then known as Upper Canada. His parents were Daniel Massey and Lucina Bradley.
Hart Massey was an industrialist who built the firm that became Massey-Harris, the farm
equipment giant that is now Varity. The Massey Manufacturing Co. had been founded by his
father, Daniel Massey; Hart Massey became sole owner in 1855 and moved it from rural
Newcastle to the city of Toronto.
Charitable gifts in his will led to the creation of the Massey Foundation, whose first major
project was the completion of a student centre for the University of Toronto, which was given the
name Hart House. The foundation also contributed to Massey Hall, a cultural landmark in
Toronto, and more recently endowed Massey College, also at University of Toronto (Collins,
October 31st, 1902, the Pacific Cable was opened, and on December 15th of the same year,
Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio message across the Atlantic Ocean, from Glace Bay, Nova
Scotia, to Poldhu, England. The two stamps appear together in a pane of 16. Sir Sandford
Fleming (1827-1915) immigrated to Canada in 1845 and became one of our greatest railway
surveyors and engineers. Bonnie Ross created the stylized map of Canada.(Canada Post
Corporation. 2002. Canada's Stamp Details 11(4): 18-19).
Charles Joseph Sylvanus APPS
Initiated in University Lodge No. 495 (Toronto) on May 13th, 1942
Scott/Unitrade No.: 1885f
Title: NHL All Stars - 1
Denomination: 47¢
Date of Issue: 18 January 2001
Colour: multicoloured
Syl Apps, the Hall of Fame centre of the Toronto Maple Leafs when they dominated the
National Hockey League in the 1940's and one of Canada's finest all-round athletes of his era,
born 18 January 1915, died 24 December 1998 at his home in Kingston, Ontario.
In his 10 years in the N.H.L., Apps had 201 goals and 231 assists and was renowned for
his gentlemanly play.
''Apps is the cleanest player I've ever known,'' said his coach, Hap Day. ''He never bends
an elbow except to twist his stick over an opponent's wrist. The strongest language he ever uses
is 'by hum' and 'jiminy Christmas.' ''
Conn Smythe, the Leafs' general manager, would introduce him at gatherings as ''Syl
Apps, our captain, who does not smoke or drink.''
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Apps once flattened a Boston Bruin defenseman who had knocked out two of his teeth
with his stick, but he proved that players did not have to fight in order to win. In the 1941-42
season, when he won the Lady Byng Trophy for sportsmanship and did not incur a single penalty,
he was a first-team All-Star and a runner-up for the Hart Trophy as most valuable player. And he
led the Maple Leafs to their first Stanley Cup championship in 10 seasons (Kaufman, 2001). [The
Leafs could use another Apps today!]
Initiated into Kroy Lodge No. 676, (Thornhill, ON) G.L.C.
Scott/Unitrade No. 1935a
Title: NHL All Starts
Denomination: 48¢
Date of Issue: 12 January 2002
Colour: multicoloured
Note: Designed by Stéphane Huot of Montreal, and with illustrations by
Charles Vinh and Pierre Rousseau, these glorious, stamps reflect the history and personalities of
some of hockey's most enduring legends. Each of the six stamps includes an detailed head-and-
shoulder portrait superimposed on a silver star. (Canada Post Corporation. 2002. Canada's
Stamp Details 11(1): 12-14).
Miles Gilbert "Tim" Horton (January 12t h, 1930 - February 21st, 1974) was a Canadian
professional ice hockey defenceman. He played in 24 seasons in the National Hockey League for
the Toronto Maple Leafs, New York Rangers, Pittsburgh Penguins, and Buffalo Sabres. He was
also a businessman and a co-founder of fast food chain Tim Hortons. He died in an automobile
crash in St. Catharines, Ontario, in 1974 at the age of 44.
Between February 11th , 1961, and February 4th, 1968, Horton appeared in 486 consecutive
regular-season games; this remains the Leafs club record for consecutive games and was the NHL
record for consecutive games by a defencemen until broken by Karlis Skrastins on February 8th,
2007. On March 12th, 1955, he had suffered a broken leg and jaw after being checked by Bill
Gadsby of the New York Rangers. The injuries were so severe that he missed much of the
following season, and there had been some doubt as to whether he would ever be able to return to
the game.
Horton had a reputation for enveloping players who were fighting him in a crushing bear
hug. Boston Bruins winger Derek Sanderson once bit Horton during a fight; years later, Horton's
widow, Lori, still wondered why. "Well," Sanderson replied, "I felt one rib go, and I felt another
rib go, so I just had to, well, get out of there!"
Injuries and age were little more than minor inconveniences to Horton, who was generally
acknowledged as the strongest man in the game while he was playing. Chicago Blackhawks
winger Bobby Hull declared, "There were defensemen you had to fear because they were vicious
and would slam you into the boards from behind, for one, Eddie Shore. But you respected Tim
Horton because he didn't need that type of intimidation. He used his tremendous strength and
talent to keep you in check." (Cole, 2006; Quinlan, 2010).
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Oscar Emmanuel PETERSON
Initiated in Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 24 (Montreal, Quebec) Prince Hall
Grand Lodge, Province of Ontario and Jurisdiction.
Scott/Unitrade No.: 2118
Title: Oscar Peterson
Denominations: 50¢
Date of Issue: 15 August 2005
Colour: multicoloured
The postage stamp commemorates the life and achievements of internationally renowned
Canadian jazz composer and musician. The date of issue marked Peterson’s 80th birthday.
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson CC, CQ, OOnt, was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer.
He was called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington, "O.P." by his friends.
Peterson was born (15 August 1925) to immigrants from the West Indies; his father
worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. Peterson grew up in the neighbourhood of
Little Burgundy in Montreal, Quebec. It was in this predominantly black neighbourhood that he
found himself surrounded by the jazz culture that flourished in the early 20th Century. At the age
of five, Peterson began honing his skills with the trumpet and piano. However, a bout of
tuberculosis at age seven prevented him from playing the trumpet again, and so he directed all his
attention to the piano.
He released over 200 recordings, won eight Grammy Awards, and received other
numerous awards and honours over the course of his career. He is considered to have been one of
the greatest jazz pianists of all time, having played thousands of live concerts to audiences
worldwide in a career lasting more than 60 years (Simpson, 1983).
Oscar Peterson died 23 December 2007.
Col. Robert Samuel McLAUGHLIN
Initiated in Cedar Lodge No. 270 (Oshawa, ON) G.L.C.
Scott/Unitrade No. 2284
Title: McLaughlin-Buick, McLaughlin
Denomination: 52¢
Date of Issue: 8 September 2008
Colour: multicoloured (7 colours)
Colonel Robert Samuel McLaughlin, CC, ED, CD (September 8th, 1871 - January 6th,
1972) was an influential Canadian businessman and philanthropist. He started the McLaughlin
Motor Car Co. in 1907, one of the first major automobile manufacturers in Canada, which
evolved into General Motors of Canada.
Born near Bowmanville in the hamlet of Enniskillen, Ontario, the son of Robert
McLaughlin, he started working in 1887 for his father's company, McLaughlin Carriage Works,
at one time the largest manufacturer of horse-drawn buggies and sleighs in the British Empire.
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
With engines from William C. Durant of Buick he produced the McLaughlin-Buick Model F,
establishing The McLaughlin Motor Car Company, incorporated on November 20th, 1907. In
1908, its first full year of operation, it produced 154 cars. In 1910 he became a director of
General Motors and sold his company in 1918 becoming president of General Motors of Canada,
which continued to sell cars under the McLaughlin-Buick brand until 1942. He retired in 1945,
but remained chairman of the board until his death.
He remained on the Board of General Motors until the early 1960s, and was
coincidentally replaced by Royal Bank of Canada President Earle McLaughlin, his first cousin
once removed. His brother, chemist J.J. McLaughlin, founded the Canada Dry company. After
J.J.'s death in 1912, Sam also became President of this company briefly until it was sold about
McLaughlin was appointed Honorary Lieutenant Colonel of the 34th Ontario Regiment in
1921 and held this position until 1931, at which time he was appointed Honorary Colonel of same
unit, later designated as The Ontario Regiment (RCAC), a reserve armoured regiment based in
Oshawa. Affectionately known as "Colonel Sam," McLaughlin served
In 1951, he established the McLaughlin Foundation which donated nearly $200 million
alone to the University of Toronto from 1953 to 2003, various causes, including the McLaughlin
Planetarium to the Royal Ontario Museum. His mansion, Parkwood Estate, begun in 1916, was
designed by the Toronto architectural firm of Darling and Pearson. In 1989, the Parkwood estate
was officially designated a National Historic Site of Canada. He was also a major contributor to
Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario. The University's Mechanical Engineering Department
is housed in McLaughlin Hall which was his donation in 1948. The McLaughlin Hall in the
Queen's University's John Deutsch University Centre is also named for him. His wife Adelaide
McLaughlin was honoured in 1957 by Queen's, which named the women's residence Adelaide
Hall for her (Robertson, 1995; Canada Post Corp., 2008).
Alleged to be Masons, but this cannot be verified.
Scott/Unitrade No. n/a
Title: The War of 1812
Denomination: 61¢ + HST = 69¢
Date of Issue: 15 June 2012
Colour: multicoloured (7 colours)
An earlier stamp of Sir Isaac Brock.
Scott/Unitrade No. 501
Title: Sir Isaac Brock
Date of Issue: 12 September 1969
Colour: yellow brown, brown and pale salmon
Issued on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Sir Isaac Brock.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Sir Isaac Brock KB (6th October 1769 13th October 1812) was a British Army officer
and administrator. Brock was assigned to Canada in 1802. Despite facing desertions and near-
mutinies, he commanded his regiment in Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) successfully for
many years. He was promoted to major general, and became responsible for defending Upper
Canada against the United States. While many in Canada and Britain believed war could be
averted, Brock began to ready the army and militia for what was to come. When the War of 1812
broke out, the populace was prepared, and quick victories at Fort Mackinac and Detroit defeated
American invasion efforts.
Brock's actions, particularly his success at Detroit, earned him a knighthood, membership
in the Order of the Bath, accolades and the sobriquet "The Hero of Upper Canada". His name is
often linked with that of the Native American leader Tecumseh, although the two men
collaborated in person only for a few days. Brock died at the Battle of Queenston Heights, which
was nevertheless a British victory (Berton, 1980). .
When war was declared in 1812, he took decisive action and, together with War Chief
Tecumseh, won a decisive and bloodless victory at Detroit despite being outnumbered and
A visionary leader and superb orator, War Chief Tecumseh (born 1768, died 5th October
1813) united warriors from several First Nations in order to save their lands and their cultures.
Born into the Shawnee Nation, he grew up surrounded by war. His father, also a War Chief, was
killed by settlers when Tecumseh was a child. Trained as a warrior and skilled at motivating
others to follow him, his goal was to create a confederacy of First Nations that would stop
American expansion. Once the Americans declared war in 1812, Tecumseh and his confederacy
supported the British in exchange for their help establishing and protecting native-held lands.
Tecumseh was killed at the Battle of the Thames on October 5th, 1813, the only battle he fought in
what is now Canada (Canada Post Corp., 2012).
While there is no record of Tecumseh's initiation or association with Freemasonry,
Denslow notes his doubts but records the following anecdote:
A Past Grand Master of Virginia, Robert G. Scott, before that Grand Lodge in 1845, related an
incident "well authenticated, and vouched for by several witnesses now living" wherein
Tecumseh, recognizing the cry of a free mason amongst prisoners taken after his victory over a
detachment of the Northwestern Army lead by General Winchester, halted their slaughter by his
warriors (Denslow, 1956).
There is one stamp which is related to Masons, but many might not have made the
connection. It is the Shrine stamp issued to honour the Shriners and their network of Children’s
Hospitals. In order to be a Shriner one must first be a Mason which is the only criterion today.
Until recently, one had to be a 32o Scottish Rite Masons or a Knights Templar in order to become
a member of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Mystic Shrine (Shriners). This change in policy by
the Shrine cost a significant number of Masons to leave the Order and there are those who believe
in time, becoming a Mason may no longer be a prerequisite to becoming a Shriner.
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Scott/Unitrade No. 1917
Title: Shriners
Denomination: 47¢
Date of Issue: 19 September 2001
Colour: multicoloured (5 colours)
Several years ago (April 28th, 2000), Canada Post permitted
individuals and groups the opportunity to create their own personal postage
stamps or post cards (Garfield Portch, in litt., May 28th, 2012). Although
these are legal stamps, they are not recognized as official Canadian postage stamps. Our 73rd
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, Dr. Allan J. Petrisor
availed himself of this opportunity to spread the image of Freemasonry by the use of his personal
postage stamp.
Dr. Allan John PETRISOR
Initiated September 25th, 1970 in Mercer Wilson Lodge No. 678 (Woodstock, ON) G.L.C.
Scott/Unitrade No. n/a
Title: n/a
Denomination: 52¢ + GST
Date of Issue: 7 August 2007
Colour: multicoloured
Most Worshipful Bro. Allan John Petrisor was born in Hamilton, Ontario, February
2nd,1944 (Groundhog day) and was raised on a farm in Orkney (just west of Hamilton). He
attended Dundas District High School and graduated from the University of Toronto in 1967 with
a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree. He served one-year in Sioux Lookout with the Red Cross
Youth Dental Coach, then in 1968 opened his dental practice at 22 Wellington St. North,
Woodstock. He maintains membership in Local, Provincial and National Dental Associations
and has served as President of the Oxford County Dental Society. Married to Mary, they reside
on a couple of acres outside of Woodstock, have five adult children and six grandchildren (three
in Canada and three in the United Kingdom). Both enjoy their leisure time travelling and at their
cottage on the Lake of Bays (Proceedings Grand Lodge, 2008).
Not all stamp issues have been flattering or supporting Freemasonry. A prime example of
this was the issue of anti-Masonic or Hate issues in Serbia.
On January 1st, 1942, Serbia issued four stamps to commemorate the Grand Anti-Masonic
Exhibition, which opened in Belgrade on October 22nd , 1941. These stamps depict a strong and
victorious Serbia crushing an evil Masonic-Communist-Jewish plot for world domination.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
The surtax on this issue was used for
Anti-Masonic, Anti-Communist, and Anti-
Jewish propaganda. Each stamp bore the
opening date 22 x 1941 and was labelled
"Anti-Masonic Exhibition" and "Serbia" in
Cyrillic letters.
These stamps, with their juxtaposition
of Masonic, Communist, Jewish and Serbian
symbols (Nazi symbols are notably absent),
provide a remarkable window into the Serbian
wartime world view. Even after the
Communist takeover of Yugoslavia in May
1945 Masons were regarded with suspicion
and contempt by the Serbian dominated
Yugoslav authorities and Masonry remained
outlawed for the next 45 years - until the
summer of 1990.
The first stamp shows Masonry, allegorically clad as a hooded figure wearing an apron
and star of David upon its bosom. This hooded figure is shown cringing from a strong ray of
light, which emanates from a circular cabalistic design apparently representing the forces of Anti-
Masonry. Nowhere in Masonry does a hooded figure appear. Also any Mason could readily see
the fallacy of "Cringing from Light" - did we not ask for light at least three times? Then too, the
attempt to link Jewry with Freemasonry is very evident by the Star of David on the figure's
The second stamp of the series shows a hand emanating from a silvery light, as in the first
stamp, and grasping the neck of a huge viper whose head rests on a square and compasses. This
viper or snake is covered with the Stars of David rather than scales. Biblically, the snake
represents the forces of evil (Jews and Masons) and here is symbolically being stopped by the
hand of Nazism.
The third stamp shows a sheaf of wheat superimposed on a cross, which has a pointed
lower leg, together with the hammer, and sickle all resting upon and splitting a star that
symbolizes Serbia. This attempts to show that the Jew, Mason, and Communist are alike in ideal
if not one and the same.
The last stamp of the series shows a Star of David upon the curved surface of the earth
between two pillars which are being put asunder by a zealous modern Serbian Samson. These
pillars presumably refer to the two pillars in the porch of King Solomon's Temple (Koljanin,
It seems strange that so many countries have seen fit to recognize Freemasons on their
postage stamps and/or first day covers, e.g. Australia, Barbados, Brazil (150th Anniversary of
their G.L.), Cuba, Dominica, France (200th Anniversary of their G.O.), Honduras (50th
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Anniversary of their G.L.), Israel, Italy, Luxembourg (175th Anniversary of their G.L.),
Netherlands Antilles, Philippines, Surinam (Dutch Guiana), United States, Yemen and others (see
pictures below). Many of these are issued on special occasions such as 50th, 100th etc. anniversary
of the Grand Lodge, or to commemorate a Masonic Conference (Arrington, 1980; Horne, 1980;
Benesch, 2006).
Where has our Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario been? In 1955 it was
our 100th Anniversary and in 2005 our 150th Anniversary, but no stamps!!! True, many
Freemasons have appeared on Canadian postage stamp, but none have been identified as
The Knights of Columbus had a stamp issued to celebrate the first hundred years of their
existence in Canada.
Scott/Unitrade No. 1656
Title: Knights of Columbus
Denomination: 45¢
Date of Issue: 5 August 1997
Colour: multicoloured (6 colours)
One of us (LNJ) attempted to request Grand Lodge to petition for a Masonic postage
stamp, without success. The initial letter to Canada Post was sent on September 11th, 1997 is seen
in Appendix I (p. 36). Copies of the letter were sent to Grand Lodge (Appendix II, p. 37) and
West Gate Lodge No. 734 (Appendix III, p. 38) and the local M.P. On September 23rd , a follow-
up letter to West Gate Lodge stating that preliminary research indicated the idea of a stamp was
popular (Appendix IV, p. 39). On September 24t h a letter was written by the Grand Secretary
stating that Grand Lodge could not support efforts to proceed with a request for a postage stamp
at that time (Appendix V, p. 40). A letter from the Hon. Andre Ouellet, P.C., Q.C., Chairman of
the Board of Canada Post (Appendix VI, p. 42) indicating his support to bring the Mason’s
request for a commemorative stamp to the Committee. A follow-up letter was sent to the local
member of Parliament seeking clarification of several previous letters (Appendix VII, p. 43). On
December 17th a letter was received from Canada Post indicating that a commemorative stamp
honouring the Masons was not accepted (Appendix VIII, p. 44). In anticipation of a positive
response from Grand Lodge, postcards were prepared for insertion into the Ontario Mason
Magazine (Appendix IX, p. 45). In hind sight, it is difficult to say whether support from Grand
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Lodge would have made a difference in the outcome, but we wonder if suggestions that come
from outside “Grand Lodge” get the support that they deserve.
We as Masons have raised concerns about declining membership and gone to holding
open houses etc. to raise awareness. But these are short-lived opportunities. Stamps are not the
only way to place our fraternity in the public eye. A more enduring opportunity is specialized
licence plates which are seen by many as we drive each day. We lagged behind several other
The first to have such licence plates was the Shriners International (September 23rd, 1996)
followed by Grand Lodge of Ontario Independent Order of Odd Fellows on May 14th, 1997 and
the Knights of Columbus on October 17th, 1997, but it was not until twelve years later on
November 29th , 2009 that the Masons finally made the move to have specialized Ontario licence
plates. If we want to have the Masons seen by others, we need to have more opportunities for a
public presence.
We complain about declining members and the need to undertake masonic research to
inform our members as well as the public the public about who we really are. Our own ritual
states, “. . . consider yourself called on to make a daily advancement in Masonic knowledge.”
(Anonymous, The Work, 2012; pp. 108-109).
The Toronto Society for Masonic Research in 1927 made the following proposal
(McLeod, 1980, p. 232, emphasis in italic is ours):
It has been suggested that an organization on the lines of the Round Table, entirely
voluntary, and composed of those who have similar tastes and the spirit of research
and a desire to advance the real interest of the craft, in its history, literature,
philosophy and administration, might be formed in groups of active workers, who
would share with their brethren the results of their studies and conferences together.
The Canadian Masonic Research Association in 1949 went further proposing (McLeod,
1980, p. 233):
Is it advisable to organize an All-Canadian Lodge of Research following the lines of
the American Lodge of Research, New York, and the great English Research
Lodges, such as Quatuor Coronati?
The Canadian Masonic Research Association was founded that year with the following aims:
(1) to encourage Masonic research and study;
(2) to present findings at meetings;
(3) to publish proceedings and transactions;
(4) to publish Masonic books;
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
(5) to reproduce or print Masonic documents;
(6) to reprint scarce Masonic books;
(7) to assist in and encourage the preservation of Masonic materials of historical value
Note that the first aim is to encourage Masonic research and study.
In a recent book (McLeod and Jenkyns, 2010, pp. 130-131) stated, “Lodge activities,
supplemented by more formal masonic education (sic) pursuits, can assist members enhance their
life skills . . . .” They also state that the Grand Lodge Library contains research materials which
may be consulted on the premises.
It has been our experience that members of the Grand Lodge Library are a hindrance to
conducting Masonic research. A Mason who is an experience researcher can’t consult all
research materials, even on the premises under supervision. He has even been told initially that
these materials do not exist, only to have the library staff subsequently admit they do in fact exist,
but someone on the staff will have to obtain the information. The deadlines for producing the
information are rarely met. In conducting the research for this and other papers, we have had to
contact the Prince Hall Masons of Ontario. In an e-mail to the Grand Master, who is not known
to us, a response was obtained within 24 hours stating that he did not have that information but
would pass it on to several of his senior officers. Within 24 hours after that, we had the
information from one of those senior officers.
We are fortunate to be attracting new younger members who are skilled in conducting
research, particularly electronically. They are also coming to the Craft more knowledgeable than
many who have been members for years. They are not going to be impressed with delays, denials
and deflections in their requests for information from Grand Lodge. Several years ago a member
from Manitoba was brought to our Grand Lodge to explain how to upgrade information retrieval
from our Grand Lodge Library. Our information indicates that nothing has been done in this area.
If Grand Lodge is serious about assisting members in conducting and publishing Masonic
research, maybe it is time to evaluate the Library committee membership.
Anonymous. 2012. The Work. Hamilton: Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario.
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Berton, P. 1980. The Invasion of Canada. Volume 1, 1812-1813. Toronto: McClelland and
Stewart, ix + 363 p.
Best, G. 2003. Churchill: a study in greatness. New York: Oxford University Press, xii + 370 p.
Bird, K. 1989. John George Diefenbaker the Mason. The Canadian Freemason 108(Fall): 16.
Bliss, M. 2004. Right Honourable Men: The Descent of Canadian Politics from Macdonald to
Chrétien (rev. ed.). Toronto: HarperPerennial Publ. Ltd., xx + 360 p. + 8 p. of plates
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Bradford, S. 1989. The reluctant king: the life and reign of George VI, 1895-1962. New York:
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Initial Letter to Canada Post.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Copy of Letter to Grand Lodge.
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Copy of Letter to West Gate Lodge.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Follow-up letter to West Gate Lodge
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Letter to Member of Parliament.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Letter from Canada Post.
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
From Grand Lodge.
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Follow-up letter to Member of Parliament
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
Letter from Canada Post December 17th
Reynolds & Jansurik Masons on Postage Stamps
Postcards to Ontario Mason Magazine.
(2013) No. 50 Records of Medwayosh Council A.M.D., No. 62
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BestGeoffrey. Churchill: A Study in Greatness. New York: Hambledon & London; dist. by New York University Press. 2001. Pp. xiii, 370. $29.95. ISBN 1-85285-253-4. - Volume 34 Issue 3 - William Anthony Hay
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Stamp: Masonry on your hobby
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Masonic stamps and covers. The spreading of Freemasonry by Masonic Stamp Clubs
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The Invasion of Canada
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John George Diefenbaker the Mason
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Right Honourable Men: The Descent of Canadian Politics from Macdonald to Chrétien (rev
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