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Some theoretical frameworks that explore the possible formation of dense exotic electron clusters in E-Cat SK are presented. Some considerations on the probable role of Casimir, Aharonov-Bohm and vacuum polarization effects in the formation of such structures are proposed. Dense electron clusters are introduced as a probable precursor for the formation of proton-electron aggregates at pico-metric scale, stressing the importance of evaluating the plausibility of special electron-nucleon interactions, as already suggested in [14]. An observed isotopic dependence of a particular spectral line in the visible range of E-Cat plasma spectrum seems to confirm the presence of a specific proton-electron interaction at electron Compton wavelength scale.

A new semiclassical model of the electron with helical solenoid geometry is presented. This new model is an extension of both the Parson Ring Model and the Hestenes Zitterbewegung Model. This model interprets the Zitterbewegung as a real motion that generates the electron’s rotation (spin) and its magnetic moment. In this new model, the g-factor appears as a consequence of the electron’s geometry while the quantum of magnetic flux and the quantum Hall resistance are obtained as model parameters. The Helical Solenoid Electron Model necessarily implies that the electron has a toroidal moment, a feature that is not predicted by Quantum Mechanics. The predicted toroidal moment can be tested experimentally to validate or discard this proposed model.

Eugene Wigner is one of the few giants of 20th-century physics. His early work helped to shape quantum mechanics, he laid the foundations of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, and he contributed significantly to solid-state physics. His philosophical and political writings are widely known. All his works will be reprinted in Eugene Paul Wigner's Collected Workstogether with descriptive annotations by outstanding scientists. The present volume begins with a short biographical sketch followed by Wigner's papers on group theory, an extremely powerful tool he created for theoretical quantum physics. They are presented in two parts. The first, annotated by B. Judd, covers applications to atomic and molecular spectra, term structure, time reversal and spin. In the second, G. Mackey introduces to the reader the mathematical papers, many of which are outstanding contributions to the theory of unitary representations of groups, including the famous paper on the Lorentz group.

This paper introduces a Zitterbewegung (ZBW) model of the electron by applying the principle of Occam's razor to Maxwell's equations and by introducing a scalar component in the electromagnetic field. The aim is to explain, by using simple and intuitive concepts, the origin of the electric charge and the electromagnetic nature of mass and inertia. A ZBW model of the electron is also proposed as the best suited theoretical framework to study the structure of Ultra-Dense Deuterium (UDD), the origin of anomalous heat in metal-hydrogen systems and the possibility of existence of "super-chemical" aggregates at Compton scale.

In this paper a straightforward application of Occam's razor principle to Maxwell's equation shows that only one entity, the electromagnetic four-potential, is at the origin of a plurality of concepts and entities in physics. The application of the so called "Lorenz gauge" in Maxwell's equations denies the status of real physical entity to a scalar field that has a gradient in space-time with clear physical meaning: the four-current density field. The mathematical formalism of space-time Clifford algebra is introduced and then used to encode Maxwell's equations starting only from the electromagnetic four-potential. This approach suggests a particular Zitterbewegung (ZBW) model for charged elementary particles. .

We present a theory for how nucleon polarizability could be used to extract energy from nucleons by special electromagnetic conditions. A presentation of an experiment that validates the theory is presented. Also an new theory for a long range strong force is introduced by enhance the role of the $\sigma_{I=2}$ meson in nucleon nucleon potential made from mixed isospin $\sigma$ meson.

High-energy particles are detected from spontaneous processes in an ultra-dense deuterium D(0) layer. Intense distributions of such penetrating particles are observed using energy spectroscopy and glass converters. Laser-induced emission of neutral particles with time-of-flight energies of 1–30 MeV u−1 was previously reported in the same system. Both spontaneous line-spectra and a spontaneous broad energy distribution similar to a beta-decay distribution are observed. The broad distribution is concluded to be due to nuclear particles, giving straight-line Kurie-like plots. It is observed even at a distance of 3 m in air and has a total rate of 107–1010 s−1. If spontaneous nuclear fusion or other nuclear processes take place in D(0), it may give rise to the high-energy particle signal. Low energy nuclear reactions (LENR) and so called cold fusion may also give rise to such particles.

We discuss the isotopic abundances found in the E-Cat reactor with regard to
the nuclear mechanisms responsible for excess heat. We argue that a major
source of energy is a reaction between the first excited-state of 7Li4 and a
proton, followed by the breakdown of 8Be4 into two alphas with high kinetic
energy, but without gamma radiation. The unusual property of the 7Li4 isotope
that allows this reaction is similar to the property that underlies the
Mossbauer effect: the presence of unusually low-lying excited states in stable,
odd-Z and/or odd-N nuclei. We use the lattice version of the
independent-particle model (IPM) of nuclear theory to show how the geometrical
structure of isotopes indicate nuclear reactions that are not predicted in the
conventional version of the IPM. Finally, we speculate on similar mechanisms
that may be involved in other low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR).

We are told that our present understanding of physical law was ushered
in by the Quantum Revolution, which began around 1900 and was brought to
fruition around 1930 with the formulation of modern Quantum Mechanics.
The photon" was supposed to be the centerpiece of this revolution,
conveying much of its conceptual avor. What happened during that period
was a rather violent redirection of the prevailing world view in and
around physics|a process that has still not settled. In this paper I
critically review the evolution of the concepts involved, from the time
of Maxwell up to the present day. At any given time, discussions in and
around any given topic take place using a language that presupposes a
world view or zeitgeist. The world view itself limits what ideas are
expressible. We are all prisoners of the language we have created to
develop our understanding to its present state. Thus the very concepts
and ways of thinking that have led to progress in the past are often the
source of blind spots that prevent progress into the future. The most
insidious property of the world view at any point in time is that it
involves assumptions that are not stated. In what follows we will have a
number of occasions to point out the assumptions in the current world
view, and to develop a new world view based on a quite di erent set of
assumptions.

The Dirac equation has a hidden geometric structure that is made manifest by reformulating it in terms of a real spacetime algebra. This reveals an essential connection between spin and complex numbers with profound implications for the interpretation of quantum mechanics. Among other things, it suggests that to achieve a complete interpretation of quantum mechanics, spin should be identifled with an intrinsic zitterbewegung.