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Abstract

The worldwide development of space industry and a tendency of different countries to implement space projects jointly had led to the global space exploration resulted in multicultural mix of crew and ground specialists. International partnership on the design, operation and utilization of the International Space Station made it necessary to acquire the knowledge of the English language for most of the space industry specialists as approved by the international agreement. The English language proficiency directly affects the ability of cosmonauts, astronauts and other specialists from different cultural and linguistic communities to gain understanding in order to meet the mission goals and ensure required space flight safety. The article investigates specifics of formation of the professional English language communicative competence of Russian cosmonauts when preparing international crews for a joint space flight on board the station. The objective of this article is to identify ways for optimizing the methodological approach to organization of cosmonauts’ teaching process and the content of utilized materials. The objective is achieved through the development of a new teaching model, integration of information from various space mission-specific technical subjects and use of profession-oriented project-based learning. The teaching model is practically implemented by the electronic teaching and methodical complex developed on the basis of Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment educational platform using advanced information technologies. The newly developed complex is characterized by a high degree of functionality, professionally oriented content of the training texts, exercises, videos, glossary as well as targeted communicatively oriented project activities.

  


  
 


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
 
 
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
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



   


  
 

 






 



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


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   
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  
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   
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 
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       
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  

             

          
       
  

             

     

 
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         
 
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 
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                 

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             
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
             



              
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
  
              
  


            
       

           

              

               
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 

               
         



                  
            

 
               


              


            


               
 

             
   
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

               
           


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          

            
             
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
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  

 

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
           
      
              

          
   
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
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 
            
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          
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 
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         

             



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 
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 
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             
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           
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                
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            
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  

            
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      
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

       

        
               
      
               


 
 
               


    
   
   


              

           
             

            
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 
 
             

             
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 
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                
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             

               
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             



  
 
             



                

             
    

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
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    
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              


             
 
               
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  
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 
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 
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 
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 
 
    
            
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              
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           

            
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 
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 
              
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 
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
  
             
               
 
 
            

    

               


             
           
 
                
           
             

  
 
              

      
                

  

            


            
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
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
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             
      

             
 
             
      
 
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              
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             

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  
               

             
             
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         
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   
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        
               
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           
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   
            
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            
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           
   

     
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        
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
              
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     
             
            

                
               
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                 


  
               
           
               




              

              
              
           

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  
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      
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 
          

               
    
                  
          

                

                

               
    

                
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



                 
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
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              


    
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   
  
     
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  
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 
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 
           
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 
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  
              
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                    
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            
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               
           
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         
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

  

          
 
                
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          
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              
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    
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               
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              
     
            

               
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            
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          
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             
        
             
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           
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           
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           
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
... Features of the choice of coping behavior strategies used by military personnel in the course of solving their professional tasks were studied using the questionnaires "Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations" (CISS) [32] and "Strategic Approach to Coping Scale" (SACS) [33]. CISS includes five subscales describing generalized coping models: "taskoriented coping", "emotion-oriented coping", "avoidance-oriented coping", "distraction coping", and "social diversion coping". ...
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The article is devoted to the search for effective patterns of coping with stress in conscripts in different branches of Russian armed forces. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship between coping strategies and the perceived traumatic stress of conscripts (N = 118) serving in the Aerospace, Railway and Air Defense units of the ground forces. Significant differences in indicators of perceived stress and coping among conscripts serving in different types of troops, associated with differences in the conditions of their professional activity, are shown. Multivariate regression analysis revealed the existence of specific coping patterns that involve the rejection of ineffective strategies and the use of effective ones. It is shown that these patterns are not universal, i.e. the effectiveness of the chosen coping strategies differs among ordinary soldiers serving in different branches of the armed forces. Conclusions are drawn about the need to take into account the peculiarities of military service in specific types of units when training and psychological support of conscripts in ways of effective adaptation to the conditions of military service.
... Such important issues as barriers and motivation, as well as interactive teaching strategies and technologies of practice-oriented approach in foreign languages teaching and learning were investigated by many scholars (Biryukova, Yakovleva, Kolesova, Lezhnina, & Kuragina, 2015). Some researchers analysed a number of strategic documents, programs and legislation creating conditions for lifelong foreign languages education (Ctibor & Grofčíková, 2016), problems of teaching foreign languages to the seniors (Viktorova, Lashkul, Lahodynskyi, Nitenko, Sablina, 2019), development of electronic teaching and methodical complex for professional English language training (Mikheeva, Petrova, Dvoryadkina, 2019). ...
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The article deals with the methods of teaching English for specific purposes to border guard officers. Ability to communicate English is one of the core competences of border guards in order to provide the State border protection. The aim of the article is to characterise peculiarities and aim of the English language training of “Military Administration” masters. Particular attention is paid to the structure of educational program of the second (master’s) level of higher education on specialty “Military Administration (by branches of Armed Forces)” and development of working curriculum “English for specific purposes”. Our hypothesis is that it is efficacious to use modern methods of learning during the lessons of the English language that was verified by the experiment which was conducted from July 2017 to July 2018 in the form of a survey of the first year officers (47 people) in the Faculty of Executive Staff Training who were studying according to the new educational program on the basis of the Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine. Analysis of the results of graduation examinations of border guard officers has shown that due to the use of the modern communicative methods of teaching in the educational process of the Academy, the quality of officers’ knowledge increased significantly. The result of the experiment confirmed that the officers generally acquired a good level of texts reading and translation skills, knowledge of professional lexical material, military terminology, and ability to make decision according the current legislation in the professional situation. It has proved the effectiveness of the implementation of working curriculum of English for specific purposes especially due to use of modern learning methods, forms of compatible collective activity, friendly atmosphere, attentive attitude toward partners on a communication and mutual help.
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