Ordnung, Kommunikation und Wandel in der Weltpolitik. Entwurf einer Theorie rhetorischer Felder

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This study deals with the evolution of different interpretations of nuclear restraint in the midst of a changing technological, strategic and normative environment. I differentiate between three degrees of nuclear restraint, i. e. taboo, categorical restraint and contingent restraint, and embed these in their material and intersubjective context. Empirical evidence strongly suggests that the overwhelming number of non-nuclear weapons states reproduces and even further strengthens the strongest form of nuclear restraint, i. e. the taboo. When it comes to nuclear weapons states, however, there are worrying indications that categorical and even contingent forms of restraint are weakening.
The international order for the control of nuclear energy has become more and more complex in the seven decades of its existence. It now consists of a multitude of parts that influence each other and thus the order as a whole. At the same time, it interacts with other orders in many ways. Although scholarship on the nuclear order has burgeoned in recent years, its complex nature has received very little attention. This article seeks to make a two-fold contribution to a better understanding of the nuclear order’s complexity. First, it distinguishes three levels of complexity of orders in world politics: sub-areas within orders (micro-complexes), functional and regional orders (meso-complexes) and finally the world order (macro-complex). Second, the article outlines three forms of relational mechanisms (material factors, actions, and rules) that give rise to these three levels of complexity. On the basis of this theoretical framework, the article first identifies three sub-areas within the nuclear order (deterrence, abolition, abstinence) and traces how these have evolved recently. It then analyzes relational mechanisms that affect these areas and finally looks at current changes in the nuclear order.
This book examines Africa’s internal and external relations by focusing on three core concepts: orders, diplomacy and borderlands. The contributors examine traditional and non-traditional diplomatic actors, and domestic, regional, continental, and global orders. They argue that African diplomats profoundly shape these orders by situating themselves within in-between-spaces of geographical and functional orders. It is in these borderlands that agency, despite all kinds of constraints, flourishes. Chapters in the book compare domestic orders to regional ones, and then continental African orders to global ones. They deal with a range of functional orders, including development, international trade, human rights, migration, nuclear arms control, peacekeeping, public administration, and territorial change. By focusing on these topics, the volume contributes to a better understanding of African international relations, sharpens analyses of ordering processes in world politics, and adds to our comprehension of how diplomacy shapes orders and vice versa. The studies collected here show a much more nuanced picture of African agency in African and international affairs and suggest that African diplomacy is far more extensive than is often assumed. This book will be of much interest to students of diplomacy studies, African politics and International Relations.
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