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Formar la disponibilidad de ingenieros-gerentes para una actividad innovadora para la industria de alta tecnología (Forming the availability of engineers-managers to innovative activity for high-tech industry)

Authors:

Abstract

The article shows several approaches to the definition of innovative activity. According to different authors, the term "innovative activity" is considered as a type of activity, a process, a system of activities. The article presents the structure of components of a model of a specialist available for the innovative activity. The interpretation of the author of the structural components of the availability of engineers-managers to the innovative activity for the high-tech industry is presented. The relationship between all the components is defined. The result of the developed model of an engineer-manager for the high-tech industry provides a specialist that combines engineering training with knowledge in the field of management.
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Revista Dilemas Contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores.
http://www.dilemascontemporaneoseducacionpoliticayvalores.com/
Año: VI Número: Edición Especial Artículo no.:89 Período: Diciembre 2018.
TÍTULO: Formar la disponibilidad de ingenieros-gerentes para una actividad innovadora para la
industria de alta tecnología.
AUTORES:
1. Guliya N. Akhmetzyanova.
2. Irina I. Frolova.
3. Angelina O. Bagateeva.
RESUMEN. El artículo muestra varios enfoques para la definición de la actividad innovadora.
Según diferentes autores, el término "actividad innovadora" se considera como un tipo de actividad,
un proceso, un sistema de actividades. El artículo presenta la estructura de componentes de un
modelo de un especialista disponible para la actividad innovadora. Se presenta la interpretación del
autor de los componentes estructurales de la disponibilidad de ingenieros-gerentes a la actividad
innovadora para la industria de alta tecnología. Se define la relación entre todos los componentes. El
resultado del modelo desarrollado de un ingeniero-gerente para la industria de alta tecnología
proporciona un especialista que combina la capacitación en ingeniería con el conocimiento en el
campo de la gestión.
PALABRAS CLAVES: ingeniero-gerente, disponibilidad, actividad innovadora, industria de alta
tecnología, sector de innovación.
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TITLE: Forming the availability of Engineers-Managers to innovative activity for High-Tech
Industry.
AUTHORS:
1. Guliya N. Akhmetzyanova.
2. Irina I. Frolova.
3. Angelina O. Bagateeva.
ABSTRACT: The article shows several approaches to the definition of innovative activity.
According to different authors, the term "innovative activity" is considered as a type of activity, a
process, a system of activities. The article presents the structure of components of a model of a
specialist available for the innovative activity. The interpretation of the author of the structural
components of the availability of engineers-managers to the innovative activity for the high-tech
industry is presented. The relationship between all the components is defined. The result of the
developed model of an engineer-manager for the high-tech industry provides a specialist that
combines engineering training with knowledge in the field of management.
KEY WORDS: engineer-manager, availability, innovative activity, high-tech industry, innovation
sector
INTRODUCTION.
The modern stage of society development is characterized by the appearance of new industries and
the dynamic development of existing ones in the conditions of the increasing role and pace of
scientific and technological progress in science, technology and economics. At the same time, the
role of high-tech industries is intensifying, the production of innovative products is being increased,
and the quality of designs of products and services is improved.
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In these conditions, there is a real need for the forming of a fundamentally new type of engineers
capable, on the one hand, to understand in depth the object of high-tech business, be scientifically
substantiate and capable to organize work at all stages of the life cycle of high-tech products. On the
other hand, such an engineer should possess knowledge and skills of a manager, be able to cope with
groups of people, and establish business connections. Such a specialist should have theoretical
knowledge and practical skills of both an engineer and a manager. Therefore, the problem of
formation the availability of engineers-managers to innovative activity for high-tech production
becomes particularly relevant. System, complex approach to forming the availability of engineers-
managers for high-tech production to innovative activity give the chance to graduates to be
professionally mobile and demanded in the labor market of the high-tech industry enterprises.
DEVELOPMENT.
Methods.
The following research methods were used: observation, direct analysis, elementary-theoretical
analysis, and modeling. Observation as a method of cognition has allowed obtaining primary
information in the form of a set of empirical statements and establishing primary schematization of
the concept interpretation of "innovative activity". Direct analysis has shown that there is no
unambiguous interpretation of the concept of "innovative activity" in the theory and practice of
higher education.
Researchers define innovative activity in different ways:
As a type of activity associated with the transformation of ideas into technologically new or
improved products, services, introduced in the market, new or improved technological processes
or production methods [V.E. Andreev, 2011; Official website of information on innovations,
http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=341389].
As a process [V.V. Manuylenko, 2012; I. Polushkina, I. Malyavina, 2012].
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As a system of activities for the use of scientific, technical and intellectual potential in order to
obtain a new or improved product or service, a new method of their production [N.V. Sergeev,
2005].
The use of elementary-theoretical analysis method and modeling method has allowed us to study
and analyze the conceptual positions of building a model of a specialist (a model of a specialist,
including vocational training, personal qualities, physical, mental, moral health and general cultural
literacy [O.Yu Hatsrinova, 2010]; invariant model of an employee of automobile profile in the form
of an activity model and a personality model [G.N. Akhmetzyanova, 2009]; model of a specialist as
a description of the mandatory requirements for the future specialist on the part of the employer [B.
I. Seleznev, 2003]) and build our own model of an engineer-manager ready for innovative activity
for high-tech industry.
Results.
Availability of engineers-managers to innovative activity for high-tech industry is considered as
professional and personal quality, providing the use and commercialization of scientific researches
results and developments for expansion and updating of the nomenclature, improvement of quality
of products (goods, services) and the technology of their production with the subsequent
introduction and effective realization in domestic and foreign markets.
Despite the fact that a number of studies are devoted to the availability of graduates to innovative
activity; however, there is no single, generally accepted structure of availability to innovative
activity. Some researchers include cognitive, activity, motivational, praxiological components [I.V.
Dmitrieva, 2013] in the structure, others believe that availability to innovative activity is a set of
interrelated individual psychological characteristics of the individual, professional and special
knowledge and skills in the field of innovation [N.S. Ponomareva, 2011]. A number of authors
consider that availability to innovative activity as a total availability for various types of activity
including research, informational and analytical, informational and technical, organizational and
production, economic and managerial work [V. Manuylov, 2004].
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Other authors define availability to innovative activity as “a complex reflection of the level of the
innovative component formation of specialist professional activity which defines the system of key
professional competences [L.I. Gure, A.A. Kirsanov, V.V. Kondratev, I.E. Yarmakeev, 2006].
In our study, availability to innovative activity is defined as integrative characteristics of the
professional training of engineers and managers for high-tech industry, which includes the following
components: intellectual, activity, creative, innovative management, motivational, and
communicative components:
1. The intellectual component is necessary to ensure the effective implementation of the life cycle of
innovative products and includes:
The process engineering skills in high-tech industry.
The knowledge of information technologies, ability to use the global information resources.
The knowledge of the international standards, requirements imposed to the production made at
the enterprise in the world market.
The ability to understand various technical issues, be informed about technical terminology and
documentation.
The ability to conduct tests and quality control of high-tech products.
2. The activity component, which implies a professional individual style of activity to solve
innovative problems, consists of the following elements:
The constant research of production processes in high-tech industry in order to identify
productive actions and losses;
Identifying necessary improvements and developing new, more effective means of quality
control;
The ability to promote new product in the market.
3. The creative component involves the consideration of professional activity not as a combination
of ready-made forms and methods of work, but as the assimilation of a certain experience, and then
its change, transformation, and contains the following elements:
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The need to create something new.
The ability to constant self-development.
The ability to think outside the box and generate original ideas.
4. Innovative management, considered as a system of preparation and decision-making aimed at the
formation, support and development of innovative and technical potential of the enterprise, includes:
Forecasting of possible conditions of the object in the future, alternative ways of development,
obtaining scientifically based variants of trends in quality indicators, elements costs and other
indicators used in the development of strategic plans.
Planning a prospective strategy of the firm on the basis of forecasts.
The organization of a structure or restructuring of an enterprise sensitive to changes, scientific
and technological progress.
The methods of creation labor-intensive innovations possession and the ability to evaluate their
effectiveness.
Accounting, control and analysis to ensure the implementation of management decisions.
5. Motivational component characterizes meaningful attitude to professional activity, awareness of
its importance, the presence of strong cognitive interest in innovations and their use in the
professional sphere, and assumes:
The ability to work intensively and creatively.
The awareness of the incompleteness of the existing results of professional activity, the desire to
improve them.
The need for novelty, self-expression, professional growth and achievement of high professional
results.
Gaining experience after the implementation of innovative projects.
6. The communicative component provides communication support of innovation activity and
includes:
The ability to obtain modern information from domestic and foreign sources.
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The ability to interact with international institutions involved in the innovation process in
languages of international communication [A.O. Bagateeva; G.N. Akhmetzyanova, 2017; A.O.
Bagateeva; G.N. Akhmetzyanova; N.Sh. Valeeva, K; 2014].
Discussion.
The effective formation of the availability of engineers-managers to innovative activity for high-tech
production should be based on the following conditions:
- The fundamental status of professional education, which gives the necessary for high-tech
production invariance in the training of specialists, providing the breadth of competence of
specialists in the related professional fields.
- Formation of intellectual, emotional and managerial potential of a specialist personality,
contributing to the development of skills of operational decision-making in the conditions of
constant changes in knowledge-based technologies, skills to integrate into the social and
international technological macro environment, showing leadership, mobility, language adaptability,
innovative thinking.
- A wide range of professional education, allowing to carry out in practice various types of
engineering and management activities, including: designing; production engineering and material
science; operational (maintenance, prevention and repair of equipment); applied research;
organizational and management, etc.
- Ensuring the compliance of training in higher education institutions for high-tech industries with
the requirements of production, which is achieved by improving the quality of technological and
technical training of future specialists, strengthening the practice-oriented approach to the learning
process.
- Formation of information environment and informatization of education, providing professional
training of engineers and managers in the information society and aimed at optimizing management
and engineering activities through the rationalization of intellectual activity of a specialist by the use
of ICT in the educational process.
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- Development of sustainable partnerships with enterprises of high-tech industries, which will
contribute to the continuity of education, training continuity, development of mobility and
professional adaptation of personnel to work in high-tech production.
- Interdisciplinary integration of management and technical knowledge in the process of engineer-
manager training, designed to provide a unified approach of the university teachers of various
disciplines and practice managers to solve professional educational problems based on the analysis,
synthesis and symbiosis of knowledge.
- Strengthening the scientific potential of higher education institutions, contributing to the formation
and development of innovative activities of the engineer-manager, allowing solving complex
problems of high-tech production.
- Formation of innovative educational and industrial environment, including associations of
professional educational institutions, experimental, scientific and educational, scientific and
technical laboratories and centers, industrial and innovative complex of the university (innovative
enterprises, technology parks), which allows to provide innovative and educational activities of
higher educational institutions (implementation of innovative educational programs, technologies in
education, etc.), scientific and innovative activities (carrying out fundamental and applied research,
introduction of high technologies in production, etc.).
CONCLUSIONS.
Thus, an engineer-manager for high-tech industry should combine engineering training with
knowledge in the field of economics, organization and management in the market environment, and
foreign languages; manage the development of new high technology products; conduct business
planning in the innovation sector; undertake a management audit of the functional units of high-tech
industry; develop strategic, tactical and operational plans, budgets, enterprises of high-tech
production; increase the efficiency of functioning of enterprises of knowledge-intensive industries,
etc.
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System, complex approach to forming the availability of engineers-managers for high-tech
production to innovative activity give the chance to graduates to have a wide choice of subject area
for the activity, and be professionally mobile and demanded in the labor market of the enterprises of
high-tech industries.
Acknowledgements.
The work is performed according to the Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of
Kazan Federal University.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES.
1. A.O. Bagateeva, G.N.Akhmetzyanova. Modular Technology Of Foreign Language Training Of
Technical University Students, Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods (MJLTM), Vol.
7, Issue. 9.2, September 018–022, рp. 157-160, 2017.
2. A.O. Bagateeva, G.N. Akhmetzyanova, N.Sh. Valeeva. K probleme formirovaniya
inoyazyichnoy kommunikativnoy kompetentnosti bakalavrov v tehnicheskom vuze [To the
problem of formation of foreign language communication competence of bachelors in a
technical college], Bulletin of Kazan technological University, No. 11, Vol. 17, pp. 251-253,
2014.B. I. Seleznev, Model organizatsii podgotovki spetsialistov v oblasti vyisokih tehnologiy
[Model of organization of training in the field of high technologies], University management:
practice and analysis, №5-6, pp. 89-94, 2003.
3. G.N. Akhmetzyanova. Kompetentnostnyiy podhod k sisteme nepreryivnogo professionalnogo
obrazovaniya pri podgotovke rabotnikov dlya avtomobilnoy otrasli [Competence approach to
the system of continuing professional education in the training of employees for the automotive
industry], Bulletin of Kazan technological University, No. 4, pp. 349-355, 2009.
4. I.V. Dmitrieva. Struktura innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti v sostave inzhenernoy podgotovki
bakalavra [Structure of innovative activity as a part of engineering training of the bachelor],
Modern problems of science and education, No. 1, pp. 262-264, 2013.
10
5. I. Polushkina, I. Malyavina. Suschnost innovatsiy i problemyi perehoda k innovatsionnoy
ekonomike v Rossii [The essence of innovations and problems of transition to innovation
economy in Russia], Bulletin of Nizhny Novgorod University. n.a. N.I. Lobachevsky, No. 2,
2012.
6. L.I. Gure, A.A. Kirsanov, V.V. Kondratev, I.E. Yarmakeev. Integrativnyie osnovyi
innovatsionnogo obrazovatelnogo protsessa v vyisshey professionalnoy shkole [Integrative
framework of innovative educational process in higher professional schools]: monograph,
Moscow, VINITI, 288 p., 2006.
7. N.V. Sergeev. Ekonomika predpriyatiy [Economy of enterprise]: textbook. 2nd ed., Finance and
statistics, 310 p., 2005.
8. N.S. Ponomareva. Formirovanie gotovnosti buduschih inzhenerov k innovatsionnoy
deyatelnosti v obrazovatelnom protsesse vuza [Forming the availability of future engineers to
innovation in the educational process of the university]: thesis ... of the candidate of
pedagogical sciences, Bryansk, 190 p., 2011.
9. O. Yu Hatsrinova. Podgotovka konkurentosposobnyih spetsialistov-inzhenerov v usloviyah
laboratornyih praktikumov po tehnologii kompozitsionnyih materialov [Training of competitive
engineers in the conditions of laboratory practicum on technology of composite materials],
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11. V.E. Andreev. Innovatsionnyiy menedzhment [Innovation management]: textbook, Yaroslavl
State university named after P.G. Demidov, 160 p., 2011.
12. V.V. Manuylenko. Suschnost innovatsiy, innovatsionnogo protsessa v retrospektive i v
sovremennyih usloviyah [The Essence of Innovation, Innovation Process in Retrospect and in
Modern Conditions], Finances and Credit, No. 41 (521), pp. 21-31, 2012.
11
13. V. Manuylov. Modeli formirovaniya gotovnosti k innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti [Models of
formation of availability to innovative activity], Higher education in Russia, No. 7, pp. 56-64,
2004.
DATA OF THE AUTHORS.
1. Guliya N. Akhmetzyanova. Email: agnineka@yandex.ru
2. Irina I. Frolova. Kazan Innovative University. Email: fii@mail.ru
3. Angelina O. Bagateeva. Kazan Federal University. Email: angel803@yandex.ru
RECIBIDO: 4 de noviembre del 2018. APROBADO: 17 de noviembre del 2018.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Modular Technology Of Foreign Language Training Of Technical University Students
  • A O Bagateeva
  • G N Akhmetzyanova
A.O. Bagateeva, G.N.Akhmetzyanova. Modular Technology Of Foreign Language Training Of Technical University Students, Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods (MJLTM), Vol. 7, Issue. 9.2, September 018-022, рp. 157-160, 2017.
K probleme formirovaniya inoyazyichnoy kommunikativnoy kompetentnosti bakalavrov v tehnicheskom vuze [To the problem of formation of foreign language communication competence of bachelors in a technical college
  • A O Bagateeva
  • G N Akhmetzyanova
  • N Sh
  • Valeeva
A.O. Bagateeva, G.N. Akhmetzyanova, N.Sh. Valeeva. K probleme formirovaniya inoyazyichnoy kommunikativnoy kompetentnosti bakalavrov v tehnicheskom vuze [To the problem of formation of foreign language communication competence of bachelors in a technical college], Bulletin of Kazan technological University, No. 11, Vol. 17, pp. 251-253, 2014.B. I. Seleznev, Model organizatsii podgotovki spetsialistov v oblasti vyisokih tehnologiy [Model of organization of training in the field of high technologies], University management: practice and analysis, №5-6, pp. 89-94, 2003.
Kompetentnostnyiy podhod k sisteme nepreryivnogo professionalnogo obrazovaniya pri podgotovke rabotnikov dlya avtomobilnoy otrasli
  • G N Akhmetzyanova
G.N. Akhmetzyanova. Kompetentnostnyiy podhod k sisteme nepreryivnogo professionalnogo obrazovaniya pri podgotovke rabotnikov dlya avtomobilnoy otrasli [Competence approach to the system of continuing professional education in the training of employees for the automotive industry], Bulletin of Kazan technological University, No. 4, pp. 349-355, 2009.
Suschnost innovatsiy i problemyi perehoda k innovatsionnoy ekonomike v Rossii [The essence of innovations and problems of transition to innovation economy in Russia
  • I Polushkina
  • I Malyavina
I. Polushkina, I. Malyavina. Suschnost innovatsiy i problemyi perehoda k innovatsionnoy ekonomike v Rossii [The essence of innovations and problems of transition to innovation economy in Russia], Bulletin of Nizhny Novgorod University. n.a. N.I. Lobachevsky, No. 2, 2012.
Integrativnyie osnovyi innovatsionnogo obrazovatelnogo protsessa v vyisshey professionalnoy shkole
  • L I Gure
  • A A Kirsanov
  • V V Kondratev
  • I E Yarmakeev
L.I. Gure, A.A. Kirsanov, V.V. Kondratev, I.E. Yarmakeev. Integrativnyie osnovyi innovatsionnogo obrazovatelnogo protsessa v vyisshey professionalnoy shkole [Integrative framework of innovative educational process in higher professional schools]: monograph, Moscow, VINITI, 288 p., 2006.
Ekonomika predpriyatiy [Economy of enterprise]: textbook
  • N V Sergeev
N.V. Sergeev. Ekonomika predpriyatiy [Economy of enterprise]: textbook. 2nd ed., Finance and statistics, 310 p., 2005.
Formirovanie gotovnosti buduschih inzhenerov k innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti v obrazovatelnom protsesse vuza
  • N S Ponomareva
N.S. Ponomareva. Formirovanie gotovnosti buduschih inzhenerov k innovatsionnoy deyatelnosti v obrazovatelnom protsesse vuza [Forming the availability of future engineers to innovation in the educational process of the university]: thesis... of the candidate of pedagogical sciences, Bryansk, 190 p., 2011.
Podgotovka konkurentosposobnyih spetsialistov-inzhenerov v usloviyah laboratornyih praktikumov po tehnologii kompozitsionnyih materialov
  • Yu Hatsrinova
O. Yu Hatsrinova. Podgotovka konkurentosposobnyih spetsialistov-inzhenerov v usloviyah laboratornyih praktikumov po tehnologii kompozitsionnyih materialov [Training of competitive engineers in the conditions of laboratory practicum on technology of composite materials], Bulletin of Kazan technological University, No. 12, pp. 358-363, 2010.
Innovatsionnyiy menedzhment [Innovation management]: textbook, Yaroslavl State university named after P.G. Demidov, 160 p
  • V E Andreev
V.E. Andreev. Innovatsionnyiy menedzhment [Innovation management]: textbook, Yaroslavl State university named after P.G. Demidov, 160 p., 2011.
Suschnost innovatsiy, innovatsionnogo protsessa v retrospektive i v sovremennyih usloviyah [The Essence of Innovation, Innovation Process in Retrospect and in Modern Conditions
  • V V Manuylenko
V.V. Manuylenko. Suschnost innovatsiy, innovatsionnogo protsessa v retrospektive i v sovremennyih usloviyah [The Essence of Innovation, Innovation Process in Retrospect and in Modern Conditions], Finances and Credit, No. 41 (521), pp. 21-31, 2012. 11