O desafio do conhecimento. Pesquisa qualitativa em saúde

Source: OAI
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    • "Therefore, visits were made to places commonly frequented by homeless people, such as squares, streets, and abandoned/unattended sites, among other places, which under the circumstances of the context are considered as the natural environment of these individuals. Based on the ethnographic method, producing knowledge that results from longstanding contact with people in their natural environment, represents a central element in the research (Minayo, 2008; Nakamura, 2011). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Analyze the factors that form the basis of the ruptures separating homeless people from their social support networks, as well as to understand everyday living. Method: Qualitative ethnographic study, data collection consisted of open interviews about life stories and participants were 15 homeless people. Results: Participants were born in households whose past generations had already integrated areas of social vulnerability and poverty. Family relations were marked by violence and disintegration. The daily lives of these individuals included proximity to violence and crime, the presence of inequities and lack of access to decent living standards with the predominance of early death caused by murder, injuries, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. Conclusions: the instability of public policy, social assistance and health programs targeting this population and the tendency to medicate a problem that transcends the clinical setting, presenting as a result of social determinants that are historically constructed in contemporary society. Descriptors: social vulnerability, poverty, social inequalities, social determinants of health, alcoholism, street drugs
    Full-text · Research · Dec 2015
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    • "In order to understand the reality reported by the adolescents, this study used a qualitative approach. Objective data were collected by means of a documental analysis of medical records and reports, whereas subjective data on the values, attitudes and opinions of the subjects were obtained through semi-structured interviews (Minayo, 2010). Data were analysed using the Meaning Interpretation Method, which is a perspective of the comprehensive movements of social sciences that analyses words, actions, set of interrelationships, groups, institutions and situations, among other analytical bodies (Gomes, Souza, Minayo, & Silva, 2005). "

    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Revista de Enfermagem Referência
    • "Utilizou-se, como instrumento de coleta de dados, entrevistas semiestruturadas guiadas por um roteiro temático e aplicadas, posteriormente a assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido, por parte dos sujeitos da pesquisa. Este tipo de instrumento permite que o pesquisador colha informações contidas nas narrativas dos atores do estudo (Minayo, 2004), através de uma conversação técnica e realizada face a face (Marconi & Lakatos, 1996 ). Vale ressaltar que tais entrevistas foram registradas com o uso de gravador, aplicadas individualmente, de acordo com os horários disponibilizados pelos depoentes no Hospital, e, consequentemente, transcritas na íntegra. "
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    ABSTRACT: This research analyzes the influence of psycho-emotional factors in diabetic, considering the knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Emotions are an integral part of human life, but also they can influence on disease factors when these are excessively strong. The fundamentals of MTC indicate the mutual relationship between the body organs and a specific emotion. In diabetes, the main affected organs are the spleen and the pancreas, both related to mental aspects. The study presents descriptive and analytical character with a qualitative approach. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews. 12 people aged between 40 and 80 were involved in this research. According to data, most participants indicate an important frequency of concern feelings. Tendency to psycho-emotional susceptibility and lack of control of thoughts were found. Resumo Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo compreender a influência de fatores psicoemocionais em pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus (DM), considerando os conhecimentos da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC). As emoções são parte integral da vida humana e, quando excessivamente intensas, podem atuar como fatores de adoecimento. O estudo apresenta caráter descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, utilizando entrevista semi-estruturada e análise de conteúdo. Participaram 12 pessoas entre 40 e 80 anos de idade. Os fundamentos da MTC indicam a relação mútua entre os órgãos e uma emoção específica. No DM, os principais órgãos prejudicados são o baço e o pâncreas, relacionados com o pensamento. Os dados indicam importante frequência do sentimento de preocupação na maioria dos entrevistados, diante de problemas. Constatou-se tendência à susceptibilidade psicoemocional, com falta de controle dos pensamentos.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015
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