CLINICAL, HEMATOLOGIC AND BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF GASTROINTESTINAL AND LUNG WORMS INFECTION IN LOCAL BUFFALOES IN MOSUL
A total of 175 local buffaloes breed aged from 6 month – more than 4 years, have been used in this study, which included 150 animals naturally infected with gastrointestinal and lung worms and 25 local Buffaloes breed were clinically normal served as control group. Fecal examinations revealed that buffaloes were infested with different specieses belonged to nematodes , cestodes and trematodes. The main EPG were 1432 by using McMaster method. Results indicate that diseased buffaloes exhibited diarrhoea, pale mucous membranes, emaciation, loss of body weight, decreased milk production, rough coat, easily detached hair, colicky pain, constipation, intramandibular edema, coughing with nasal discharge, moist ralse and strong heart beats. Animals from 6 month – 1 year old have been severely affected while those from more than 1 year to 4 years old and from more than 4 years old have represented the moderate and mild Infestation respectively . Statistically, significant increase (p<0.01) have been encountered between respiratory and heart rates of diseased buffaloes in comparison with control group. However statistical analysis shows significant decrease (p<0.01) in ruminal contractions between diseased and control animals, besides, no changes in body temperature among the two groups have been noticed. Moreover, significant decrease (p<0.01) were encountered in the RBCs, Hb, PCV and platelets of diseased buffaloes and significant increase (p<0.01) were also encountered in the sedimentation rates of RBCs, and there were a significant increase (p<0.01) in WBCs and eosinophils. Results of biochemical testes have been indicated a decrease in total protein, albumin and globulins values. This decrease was statistically significant (p<0.01); whereas ALT and BUN have increased significantly (p<0.01).