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CLINICAL, HEMATOLOGIC AND BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF GASTROINTESTINAL AND LUNG WORMS INFECTION IN LOCAL BUFFALOES IN MOSUL

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Abstract

A total of 175 local buffaloes breed aged from 6 month – more than 4 years, have been used in this study, which included 150 animals naturally infected with gastrointestinal and lung worms and 25 local Buffaloes breed were clinically normal served as control group. Fecal examinations revealed that buffaloes were infested with different specieses belonged to nematodes , cestodes and trematodes. The main EPG were 1432 by using McMaster method. Results indicate that diseased buffaloes exhibited diarrhoea, pale mucous membranes, emaciation, loss of body weight, decreased milk production, rough coat, easily detached hair, colicky pain, constipation, intramandibular edema, coughing with nasal discharge, moist ralse and strong heart beats. Animals from 6 month – 1 year old have been severely affected while those from more than 1 year to 4 years old and from more than 4 years old have represented the moderate and mild Infestation respectively . Statistically, significant increase (p<0.01) have been encountered between respiratory and heart rates of diseased buffaloes in comparison with control group. However statistical analysis shows significant decrease (p<0.01) in ruminal contractions between diseased and control animals, besides, no changes in body temperature among the two groups have been noticed. Moreover, significant decrease (p<0.01) were encountered in the RBCs, Hb, PCV and platelets of diseased buffaloes and significant increase (p<0.01) were also encountered in the sedimentation rates of RBCs, and there were a significant increase (p<0.01) in WBCs and eosinophils. Results of biochemical testes have been indicated a decrease in total protein, albumin and globulins values. This decrease was statistically significant (p<0.01); whereas ALT and BUN have increased significantly (p<0.01).
... The study also showed the effect of worms on biochemical parameters, where infected animals suffered a decrease in both total protein concentration and albumin. These results were agreed with Alsaad and Muwafag (28), it thought that The reason for this is the worms compete with the host on the protein sources as well as the intestinal dysfunction caused by the worms and their larvae, which leads to low absorption of the protein (29) adds that parasitic worms cause the lack of proteins in different ways, including changing the effectiveness of digestion enzymes and intestinal tract, which effects o41n the absorption of nutrients. ...
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The study included 70 local buffalo animals (between six months and two years), 50 buffalo were confirmed to be infected with gastrointestinal worms and 20 were considering as a control group. The results of the feces tests showed that local buffalo was infected with different types of worms. It was observed that worm incidence was as follows: 85% Nematodes, 10% Cestode and 5% Trematode. The results of the study showed a significant decrease in the total number of red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, total number of platelets, and significant increase was observed in the total number of white blood cells and was most likely caused by a significant increase in the rates of eosinophil's. Also the results showed that the effect of worms on some biochemical parameters was significant decrease in total protein concentration, albumin, and globulin. So, it could be concluding that buffalo spread in the city of Samarra suffers from parasitic diseases that affect the health of animals, through change the study criteria, so a therapeutic program must be adopted by cattle breeders to control parasitic diseases and thus improve the health and production of animals.
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