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A Study On Internet Use By Students And Their Academic Achievements In The Present Education System


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Abstract: Technology has changed the present education system in India. Internet has provided access to social networking sites such as Facebook, twitter, educational websites which are very popular among all college or university going students. It is well known that success in academic is very necessary for students to get in to higher studies. The low academic achievement in exams is mostly due to the social networking that can be easily found on this kind of site. The current research paper explores the correlation between student’s academic performance and internet usage. Our finding shows that the marks obtained by these students during the semester examination are very poor. The present study also indicated the heavy internet usage by students (up to six hour) which could be correlated with their low academic achievements. It is suggested that a healthy balance between study and internet use has a positive impact on academic performance but excessive use of internet can be harmful for academic achievement.
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Page 175 | Email:
International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS)
Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2018
ISSN: 2394-4404
A Study On Internet Use By Students And Their Academic
Achievements In The Present Education System
Dr. Leena Muralidharan
Dr. Sangeeta Gaur
V. K. K. Menon College of Commerce and S.S. Dighe College of Science,
Bhandup (East), Mumbai
During ancient time, in India the education system was
very unique and with high qualities. This type of system can’t
be found anywhere in the world. This system had great
success because of a healthy and live relationship between
teachers and students. Teachers passed on their knowledge to
their student by three methods:
Sravana: means knowledge is gained by listening to
Manana: It means that after listen the lesson taught by
teacher it’s the time for student to think and analyse and
make their own interpretations.
Nidhyasana: The meaning of this word is whatever they
learnt by their teacher they have to use it into real life [1].
In the present time, technology has changed manner of
teaching. In ancient time students had to travel to their
Gurukul (Teaching centre) to obtain the precious knowledge,
however, today internet has become major source of
information. Even formal learning is also easily available
online. On the one hand, e-mail has helped in better
connectivity with people across globe and hence sharing of
knowledge and information thus their time is consumed
significantly [2]. On the other hand, internet has also provided
access to social networking sites such as Facebook, twitter
which are very popular among all age groups but college or
university going students are crazy about these social network
they can be easily found on these kind of site [3]. It was found
that the students of age group 18-29 years have accounts on
facebook and they use it daily [4]. It was also observed that
beside facebook students also spend their time on Instagram,
Snapchat, and Twitter on daily basis [5]. Students
approximately spend 2 to 3 hours online a day, 80 percent of
that time on social media [6].
Internet has both positive and negative effects. It also
affects their academic performance and social life [7, 8].
Internet use affects student’s ethics, behaviours, culture,
language and physical and psychological health [9]. They also
found that youngsters of age 16-25 years uses internet just for
enjoyment. It was suggested that students are more distracted
by online activity and they spend less time on their studies
[10]. It is well known that success in academic is very
Abstract: Technology has changed the present education system in India. Internet has provided access to social
networking sites such as Facebook, twitter, educational websites which are very popular among all college or university
going students. It is well known that success in academic is very necessary for students to get in to higher studies. The low
academic achievement in exams is mostly due to the social networking that can be easily found on this kind of site. The
current research paper explores the correlation between student’s academic performance and internet usage. Our finding
shows that the marks obtained by these students during the semester examination are very poor. The present study also
indicated the heavy internet usage by students (up to six hour) which could be correlated with their low academic
achievements. It is suggested that a healthy balance between study and internet use has a positive impact on academic
performance but excessive use of internet can be harmful for academic achievement.
Keywords: Academic performance, Education, Examination, Internet use, Website
Page 176 | Email:
International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS)
Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2018
ISSN: 2394-4404
necessary for students to get in to higher studies. The low
academic achievement in exams as “Low or weakness of the
student's mark under the normal average in a study subject
level as a result of a variety of reasons, including those related
to the student himself, or those related to family, social and
academic environment.” This low performance may lead to
frequently failure [11]. Aim of the present study is to identify
the causes and results of low academic achievement from
students in current era. We also tried to provide the suitable
solutions of this increasing problem.
Total 120 local students of the age 17-20 years were
selected for the present study. For the current research paper
we have designed a questionnaire to evaluate the relationship
between internet use by students and their academic
performance. The questions in questioners are as following:
What is your age?
What is your gender?
Do you know how to use computer?
Do you use internet?
Where do you use internet more?
How frequently do use the internet?
How much time per day you spend on internet?
For what you use internet?
How many times you use internet for e-mail in a week?
Do you use online chatting?
Your web searching is primarily related for what?
(Educational research/ Shopping/ For product related
Do you use internet just for time pass? (Communication
with friends/ Other; not by e-mail)
How much time you spend on social media?
Do you use internet for watching movies or videos?
Do you use books or newspaper for study purpose?
How much time you spend on reading your study books/
How much marks you get at the end of term exams? (0-20
marks; 20-40 marks; 40-60 marks; 60-80 marks; 80-100
How much time you spend personally with your parents/
How many time you interact with your relatives/
neighbours in a week?
What do you think about internet effects on your study?
(Positive/ Negative)
Do you have exam fear?
According to you what are the reasons for this exam's
In the present research survey we found that students use
internet for different activities and studies. They used the
websites approximately one to six hours (Table 1; Graph 1)
per day for different kind of activities like studies, document
writing, movies and videos, internet surfing for shopping,
online games, e-mails, online chatting and creating
Students reported that due to all above activities they have
less time to spend with their family. They live with their
parents in same house but they don’t spend their time with
parents or sibling due to these activities. In our survey we
found that 30% students spent almost 4 hours with family
whereas 10% student told that they have just 1 hour for family
(Table 1; Graph 2).
In questioner student answered that they spent their time
in study too but they have their phone with them while
studying. Due to these online messages and phone calls they
are distracted by their academic activity. 20% student told that
they spend 30 minutes daily for their study but they are unable
to fully concentrate on study due to their phone/ internet. 35%
students manage approximately 40 minutes for academic
purpose. 8% students give 1 hour (60 minutes) to their study.
Only 2% students spend 3 hours (180 minutes) for studies
(Table 2; Graph 3).
After survey we found that highest number of students
used this technology for watching movies and videos and for
chatting on social media (90% Students) followed by online
shopping (80%). Only 30% students uses internet for
educational purpose to prepare study documents or reports and
class activities. 4% students reported that they use internet for
clarifying doubts about topics or grammar (Table 2; Graph 4).
Present study also revealed the marks obtained by
students during the semester examination. 30 % students
scored 0-20 marks, 40% students scored 20-40 marks, 20 %
students scored 40-60 marks, 8 % students scored 60-80
marks, and only 2 % students scored 80-100 marks (Table 2;
Graph 5).
The students who performed significantly low in
academics told that they have suffered from exam anxiety due
to family issues and exam phobia. 70% students blamed
improper preparations whereas 80% student told wastage of
time in chatting is the cause of their low academic
performance (Table 1; Graph 6).
It is observed from our studies that one of the challenges
of the students is their academic performance. Educational,
social, cultural, psychological, lack of positive environment
and support, intelligence, behaviour, attitude, confidence level
and self concept are related with this lower achievement in
examination. [11] [12]. Numerous research works had been
done in past regarding low academic progress and factors
associated with them.
In present study students showed heavy internet usage up
to six hours. It can be correlated with their low academic
achievements. Most of the student’s low performance was due
to loneliness, wake up till late night, fatigue, sleepiness and
missing class which can also be correlated with internet
caused destruction [13]. It was also observed that some
students uses internet just for passing time or for playing
online games. This can be significantly correlated with
internet addiction [14]. Scientist suggested that these kinds of
activities are more addictive than other online activities like
Page 177 | Email:
International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS)
Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2018
ISSN: 2394-4404
communication by e-mail or web-surfing [14]. The present
research work shows that heavy internet user cannot
concentrate on their studies and that’s why they lag behind
their counter peers. It was noticed that student who uses
internet for more time are more likely to be depressed,
physically ill, and introverted. Our studies also showed that
students who spend more time on internet were isolated from
society which letter on can fall in depression. It was reported
that students who are socially active are happier and healthier
[9] [10]. Heavy use of internet has negative impact on
student’s academic achievements [15] [16] [17] [18]. Few
students got higher marks at the end of the term exams which
was due to their limited use of internet. It can be suggested
that healthy and wise use of internet is helpful for studies.
Time on Internet
Time spent with
Reasons for exam anxiety
% of
Time in
% of
% of
Wastage of
Family issues
exam phobia
Table 1
Purpose of Internet use
Marks obtained at the
end of the term exams
Time spent on study
% of
% of
Time spent
on study in
% of
Movies and
Table 2
Graph 1: Time spend on internet (hour/day)
1-2 hr.
1-3 hr
2-5 hr
Graph 1
Graph 2: Time spend with family (hour/day)
Graph 2
% of students
Time spent on study in
Graph 3
Graph 4: The purpose of internet use
Moveis and videos
Educational Pur pose
Social media
Online Shopping
Clairyfing douts
Graph 4
Graph 5: Marks obtain at the end of term exams
Graph 5
Graph 6: Reasons for exam anxiety
Improper prepar ation
Wastage of time
Fsmily issues
exam phobia
Graph 6
In present work it is concluded that use of internet should
be limited and healthy. A person can be internet addict by
excessive use of this. It is recommended to the students that
they should use this facility for educational purpose not for
Graph 3: Time spent on study (min./day)
Page 178 | Email:
International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS)
Volume 5 Issue 4, April 2018
ISSN: 2394-4404
time pass or online surfing. Teachers also give some projects/
task to their students to use the internet for educational
purpose that can give a positive impact on student’s point of
view towards uses of internet. Healthy balance between study
and internet use is perfectly good. Spending little bit time on
internet is fine as long as it doesn’t harm real in any aspect.
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... Inquiry learning often demands searching for information over the Internet, whether that is for the purpose of knowing the state-of-the-art of a subject, collecting background information, further understanding a topic, etc. Internet research, understood as the practice of using the World Wide Web, has nowadays become the most common way of gathering formal and informal information. Moreover, learning using the Internet has become one of the most vital factors for academic success in HE [14][15][16]. ...
... Learning using the Internet is a crucial factors for academic success in HE [14,15]. Prior research has shown that each student's Internet-based learning includes diverse requirements with regard to planning the search, collecting, comparing, evaluating, selecting, and applying information in a critical manner [19,65]. ...
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... Many studies have shown that learning in an online environment assisted by technology can increase activity, interest, and motivation in students (Moreno & Bartolomo, 2021). Inquiry learning often requires searching for information through the internet such as collecting background information, and further understanding a topic, so that research via the internet can also be understood as a practice using the world wide web, as a way of collecting information (Muralidharan et al., 2018). ...
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... Even if we use the internet in professional way, there still be a limitation in using the internet. Excessive use of the internet, more than 6 hours a day, will adversely affect student academic achievement (Muralidharan L., & Gaur S., 2018). Therefore, the role of parents is also very important in dealing with this. ...
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This study examined the relationships between university students' Internet use and students' academic performance, interpersonal relationships, psychosocial adjustment, and self-evaluation. The study was based on data drawn from a national survey of college students in Taiwan. A stratified sample of 49,609 students (2005-2006 academic year juniors) was randomly selected from 156 universities (174,277 students). Students completed a questionnaire online. Heavy Internet users and nonheavy Internet users differed significantly on a number of dimensions. Nonheavy users had better relationships with administrative staff, academic grades, and learning satisfaction than heavy Internet users. Heavy users were more likely than non-heavy Internet users to be depressed, physically ill, lonely, and introverted.
Although previous studies have concluded that Internet use can help students in learning and research, a number of empirical investigations have confirmed that Internet addiction or excessive Internet use has negative effect on students. Thus, if the Internet does not always benefit students, under which conditions can Internet use have positive effects? Since students’ beliefs in their academic self-efficacy and their abilities to begin, continue, and complete their studies are as important as their academic successes and performances, this study hypothesizes that academic self-efficacy acts as a mediator for Internet use and academic performance. Based on Social cognitive theory, we argue that student academic performance will be mediated by academic self-efficacy with respect to Internet use. Two kinds of Internet use, general and professional, are considered to be antecedents of academic self-efficacy. Survey data from 212 twelfth-grade vocational high school students in Taiwan indicate that general Internet use has an indirect positive effect on student academic performance, which is also mediated through academic self-efficacy. In contrast, general Internet use has no significant direct impact on students learning performance. This study also shows that Internet anxiety moderates the relationship between academic self-efficacy and learning performance. In students with low Internet anxiety, the relationship is moderated, which results in enhanced learning performance.
New research identifies online users who became hooked on chat rooms, interactive games, and even eBay only to see their lives become increasingly unmanageable because of the Internet. Prior research explores the addictive qualities sustaining drug and alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, and even video game addiction; however, given the relative newness of Internet addiction, little is understood about the habit-forming nature of the Internet and its potential for abuse. As the Internet permeates our lives at home, school, and work, this article takes a closer look at how the Internet can create marital-, academic-, and job-related problems. This article outlines a workable definition of Internet addiction and as a clinical new phenomenon, explores the major consequences created by Internet addiction, including online affairs, student Internet abuse, and employee Internet abuse. Future areas for research and practice are also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Recent research at colleges and universities has suggested that some college students’ academic performance might be impaired by heavier use of the Internet. This study reviews the relevant literature and presents data from a survey of 572 students at a large public university. Heavier recreational Internet use was shown to be correlated highly with impaired academic performance. Loneliness, staying up late, tiredness, and missing class were also intercorrelated with self-reports of Internet-caused impairment. Self-reported Internet dependency and impaired academic performance were both associated with greater use of all Internet applications, but particularly with much greater use of synchronous communication applications such as chat rooms and MUDs, as opposed to asynchronous applications such as email and Usenet newsgroups.
Education system in ancient India
  • K Chouhan
Chouhan K. (2016): Education system in ancient India. International Journal of History and Research (IJHR) 6: 1-4. ISSN(P): 2249-6963;