Vol. 1, No. 1-2, 2018
world, where local military conflicts had taken place
(Smith, Ryan, Wingard, Slymen, Sallis, and Kritz-
Silverstein, 2008; Rona, Jones, Iversen, and Hull,
2009; Wittchen et al., 2012). It acquired special
importance after the “Vietnam War”, in which US
troops participated, as well as other military conflicts
on the territory of Afghanistan and Iraq (Browne et al.,
2007; Milliken, Auchterlonie, and Hoge, 2007; Rona,
Jones, Sundin, Goodwin, Hull, Wessely, and, Fear,
2012; Sundin et al., 2014). According to American and
British scientists, after the fighting ended, tens of
thousands of veterans committed suicide; various
forms of PTSD often began to appear in other
combatants, many of which broke up families, various
manifestations of addictive behavior appeared
(alcoholism, drug addiction, etc.) (Rona, Jones, French,
Hooper, and Wessely, 2004; Schnurr, Lunney, and
Sengupta, 2004; Sareen, Cox, Afifi, Stein, Belik,
Meadows, and Asmundson, 2007; Hunt, Wessely,
Jones, Rona, and Greenberg, 2014). As the results of
the conducted research showed, such effects began to
arise in connection with the failure to conduct or poor-
quality conduct of measures for psychological recovery
and rehabilitation (Sundin, Fear, Iversen, Rona, and
Wessely, 2010; Schulte-Herbruggen and Heinz, 2012).
In connection with this, veterans of combat operations
and active military personnel began to develop hidden
and deployed mental disorders, in particular PTSD
(Andrews, Brewin, Philpott, and Stewart, 2007;
Brailey, Vasterling, Proctor, Constans, and Friedman,
2007; Brewin, Andrews, Hejdenberg, and Stewart,
2012; Marx et al., 2012). Following the development of
appropriate psychological rehabilitation programs,
foreign scientists point out that after their practical
implementation, the percentage of people who
experience significant personal psychological problems
and mental disorders is significantly reduced (Solomon
and Mikulincer, 2006; Sundin, Fear, Hull, Jones,
Dandeker, and Hotopf, 2010).
Thus, timely development and implementation of the
program of psychological rehabilitation of military
personnel – participants in combat operations, veterans
will be able to prevent the development of severe
mental disorders (PTSD, depression) or significantly
reduce their number, as well as improve the process of
reapplication of combatants to a peaceful life.
The proposed program of psychological rehabilitation
of military servicemen-combatants allows to restore
emotional self-regulation of an individual and to
improve the neutralization of aggressive
manifestations, to create higher tolerance to others, to
reduce the risk of maladaptation during extreme
conditions, to increase neuro-psychological stability, to
improve communicative qualities and control of
consciousness over behavior.
As a result of the activities of the psychological
rehabilitation program, not only personal and
professional qualities of the military servicemen
develop, but a well-differentiated professional image of
the world is being developed; in the future it is possible
to predict the events of one’s own life; to avoid
unwanted situations for self-realization; to develop the
socio-psychological environment according to their
own plan and to play a leading role in relations with
After conducting a psychological training for
restoration of the psychological security of an
individual, military service members become more
open to new experiences, new ways of interaction, they
are not afraid of new tasks, difficult life situations. The
constructed relationship with the surrounding
environment will not only allow the use of external
resources in extreme situations, but will also contribute
to the continuous enrichment of the soldier’s
Andrews, B., Brewin, C. R., Philpott, R., & Stewart, L.
(2007). Delayed-onset posttraumatic stress
disorder: A systematic review of the evidence.
American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(9), 1319–
Brailey, K, Vasterling, J. J, Proctor, S. P, Constans, J. I,
& Friedman, M. J. (2007). PTSD symptoms, life
events, and unit cohesion in US soldiers:
Baseline findings from the neurocognition
deployment health study. Journal of Traumatic
Stress, 20, 495–503.
Brewin, C. R, Andrews, B., Hejdenberg, J., &
Stewart, L. (2012). Objective predictors of
delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder
occurring after military discharge.
Psychological Medicine, 42(10), 2119–2126.
Browne, T., Hull, L., Horn, O., Jones, M., Murphy, D.,
Fear, N. T., ... Hotopf, M. (2007). Explanations
for the increase in mental health problems in
UK reserve forces who have served in Iraq.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 484–489.
Hunt, E. J. F., Wessely, S., Jones, N., Rona, R. J., &
Greenberg, N. (2014). The mental health of the
UK Armed Forces: where facts meet fiction.
European Journal Psychotraumatology, 5(1),
Lefterov, V. O. (2008). Psykholohichni treninhovi
tekhnolohii v orhanakh vnutrishnikh sprav
[Psychological training technologies in internal
affairs bodies]. Donetsk: DUI. [in Ukrainian]
Marx, B. P., Jackson, J. C., Schnurr, P. P.,
Nelson, M. M., Sayer, N. A., Keane, T. M., ...
Speroff, T. (2012). The reality of malingered
PTSD among veterans: Reply to McNally and
Frueh. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(4), 457–
Milliken, C. S., Auchterlonie, J. L., & Hoge, C. W.
(2007). Longitudinal assessment of mental
health problems among active and reserve
component soldiers returning from the Iraq War.
Journal of the American Medical Association,
Pasіchnik, V. І., Lіpatov, І. І., Shestopalova, L. F.,
Prykhodko, I. I., Moldavchuk V. S.,
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