Introduction: Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of cognitive disability, including speech disorders. EEG-Neurofeedback is one of the newest method in treatment of people after stroke. Material and methods: Altogether 58 patients after ischemic stroke were qualified for the study, divided into groups of experimental (n = 40) and control (n = 18). Neuropsychological therapy were used as rehabilitation method for all patients. The study group patients received additionally EEG-NFB therapy, conducted in a cycle of 15 sessions. Verbal fluency test was used to assessed therapy effectiveness in speech disorders rehabilitation. Results: The test results confirmed the thesis that the EEG-NFB training and neuropsychological therapy conducted together improve verbal fluency in adults after stroke and that they are more effective in this subject than the neuropsychological therapy used separately. It was also confirmed that the initial level of verbal fluency in stroke survivors has no significant influence on the effectiveness of EEG-NFB therapy. Conclusions: In regard to cognitive rehabilitation, EEG-NFB appears to hold great promise for the rehabilitation of speech in stroke patients.