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Shoulder pain according to age, wheelchair use and years of injury in wheelchair basketball players

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... 18 However, studies with WB players with less than 20 years showed high index scores for SP. 9 There is a clear relationship between daily wheelchair use and the onset of SP, 5 affecting sedentary populations and athletes with SCI. 19 However, some studies have stated that sports activities could be affected by SP. 20,21 In this regard, SP initially does not limit a player's ability to independently perform activities; however, it may involve functional costs in wheelchair users by influencing the efficiency of movement, fatigue and neuromuscular disorders. 2 Therefore, it is important to describe the SP and ROM and how they affect the daily activities. ...
... In this study, 52.9% of the sample studied reported SP, which is consistent with previous studies. [4][5][6]9,21 The percentage of players who reported SP is troubling, especially in the preparation process for a WB championship. Eight of the nine subjects with SP (41.2 %) reported pain at the right shoulder and 11.8% reported bilateral pain. ...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate shoulder pain in a sample of elite wheelchair basketball players during their preparation for a major competition. Method: Seventeen male wheelchair basketball players, between 16 and 43 years of age, were studied during their athletic preparation for a wheelchair basketball championship. The shoulder pain questionnaire, impingement tests and shoulder range of motion were evaluated during a training camp. Spearman´s rank correlation coefficient was used to analyze the relationship between shoulder pain and range of motion indicating the value of the effect size. Results: Shoulder pain was evident in 52.9% of the sample and was significant and negatively correlated with range of motion, while 35.3% related to impingement tests player's reported pain. The correlation was moderate to high. Conclusions: In conclusion, the use of shoulder pain questionnaire, goniometric measurements and clinical test could be a useful approach for monitoring the shoulder injuries of wheelchair basketball players to explore the possible consequences of performing repetitive movements. Evaluación de dolor de hombro en jugadores de baloncesto en silla de ruedas de élite. RESUMEN Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el dolor de hombro en jugadores de baloncesto en silla de ruedas de élite durante su preparación para una competencia de alto nivel. Método: Diecisiete jugadores masculinos de baloncesto en silla de ruedas, entre 16 y 43 años, fueron evaluados con el cuestionario para el dolor de hombro en jugadores de baloncesto en silla de ruedas, las pruebas clínicas y el rango de movimiento del hombro durante la preparación para un campeonato. El coeficiente de correlación de Spearman se utilizó para analizar la correlación entre el dolor de hombro y el rango de movimiento, indicando el valor del tamaño del efecto. Resultados: El dolor de hombro fue evidente en el 52.9% de la muestra, siendo significativo. En tanto que, hubo una correlación negativa entre el dolor de hombro y el rango de movimiento, mientras que el 35.3% reportó dolor de acuerdo con las pruebas clínicas. La correlación fue de moderada a alta. Conclusiones: La utilización del cuestionario, las mediciones goniométricas y las pruebas clínicas podrían ser herramientas adecuadas para monitorear la condición del hombro en los jugadores de baloncesto en silla de ruedas, y así explorar las posibles consecuencias de los movimientos repetitivos. Palabras claves: discapacidad física, deporte adaptado, amplitud articular, pruebas clínicas, cuestionario.
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