Rationale, Design, and Methodologies

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Our decision to study foreign news implies, by de!nition, that we are engaged in comparative research, which itself is a rapidly growing area in the study of media and communication (Esser & Hanitzsch, 2012a; Gurevitch & Blumler, 2004). By delineating foreign news, we are ipso facto distinguishing it from domestic news. #is suggests that there must be di$erences between foreign and domestic news, making the comparison worthwhile and important. Studying how foreign news and domestic news may di$er from country to country could be interesting, of course. However, the moment we speak of foreign news, it would also be natural to consider a broader worldwide perspective, because what is domestic news in one country would be foreign news in another country, or even in several or many countries. Indeed, some events seem to possess properties that prompt journalists and editors to report on them even if they have nothing to do with their own country. #us, comparing how a variety of countries present news that has no bearing on them is a second dimension for comparison. A third dimension for comparison is media ownership—that is, the di$erence between public service broadcasting, state-owned broadcasting channels, and private (or commercial) broadcasting.

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... Global broadcasters like CCTV, France 24, BBC, and CNN "all send their signals around the globe", and they are "gaining in popularity, mostly among young adults in some countries" (xx). Further, Cohen et al. (2013) discuss how foreign news is becoming an increasingly important field of comparative communication research. The authors suggest that studying foreign news is important as it is one NEWS ORGANIZATIONS 2.0 way of distinguishing foreign and domestic news based on the location of events, yet such a distinction is always dependent on the audience receiving the news (3, 6). ...
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This study aims at understanding international news differences by studying the headlines of over 360,000 news stories posted on the Twitter pages of 12 Arabic and English news organizations. The most referenced countries as well as figures and political actors are examined in these headlines, and the results show that a number of news values elements provide insight into the nature of the news selection. While Arabic channels are mostly focused on the events taking place in the Middle East (proximity), some English-language channels show clear preference for the countries from which they are located, especially CNN and Sky News, as well as Arabic and English state-owned media outlets like France 24 and RT (agenda and ideology). The findings suggest that news content largely follows a number of news values criteria that can explain the news selection process.
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This paper focuses on news photos’ glocal production mechanisms as they are produced in Israel by the three largest international news agencies (Thomson Reuters, AP and AFP). Designed to make locally manufactured news photos internationally appealing, these mechanisms are required by the agencies if they are to survive in a complex business environment. Yet this environment also mobilizes forces which define the international news organization – not as a unified industrial unit, but as an arena in which different forms of social power constantly struggle. Combining in-depth interviews and interpretive methods while focusing on significant examples in the agencies’ processes of production and organizational structures, the paper explores (i) the glocal mechanisms that are activated in the production processes of news photos from Israel by international news agencies; (ii) the forces that affect their execution, and (iii) how these powers reflect on the international news organization.
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