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Reconsidering Utopia. On the Entanglement of Mind and History

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The first line of Carl Schmitt's Political Theology is perhaps the most famous sentence—certainly one of the most infamous—in German political theory: “Sovereign is he who decides on the exception” [ Souverän ist, wer über den Ausnahmezustand entscheidet ]. And yet the full significance of this famous sentence is often underestimated. I intend to focus upon 1) its significance in the overall trajectory of Schmitt's Weimar work, and 2) its potential significance for contemporary constitutional theories of emergency powers.
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Ich betrachte das System der bürgerlichen Ökonomie in dieser Reihenfolge: Kapital,Grundeigentum, Lohnarbeit; Staat, auswärtiger Handel, Weltmarkt. Unter den drei ersten Rubriken untersuche ich die ökonomischen Lebensbedingungen der drei großen Klassen, worin die moderne bürgerliche Gesellschaft zerfällt; der Zusammenhang der drei andern Rubriken springt in die Augen. Die erste Abteilung des ersten Buchs, das vom Kapital handelt, besteht aus folgenden Kapiteln: 1. die Ware; 2. das Geld oder die einfache Zirkulation; 3. das Kapital im allgemeinen. Die zwei ersten Kapitel bilden den Inhalt des vorliegenden Heftes. Das Gesamtmaterial liegt vor mir in Form von Monographien, die in weit auseinanderliegenden Perioden zu eigner Selbstverständigung, nicht fir den Druck niedergeschrieben wurden, und deren zusammenhängende Verarbeitung nach dem angegebenen Plan von äußern Umständen abhängen wird.
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In the most comprehensive examination to date of Heidegger's Nazism, Emmanuel Faye draws on previously unavailable materials to paint a damning picture of Nazism's influence on the philosopher's thought and politics. In this provocative book, Faye uses excerpts from unpublished seminars to show that Heidegger's philosophical writings are fatally compromised by an adherence to National Socialist ideas. In other documents, Faye finds expressions of racism and exterminatory anti-Semitism. Faye disputes the view of Heidegger as a naïve, temporarily disoriented academician and instead shows him to have been a self-appointed spiritual guide for Nazism whose intentionality was clear. Contrary to what some have written, Heidegger's Nazism became even more radical after 1935, as Faye demonstrates. He revisits Heidegger's masterwork, Being and Time, and concludes that in it Heidegger does not present a philosophy of individual existence but rather a doctrine of radical self-sacrifice, where individualization is allowed only for the purpose of heroism in warfare. Faye's book was highly controversial when originally published in France in 2005. Now available in Michael B. Smith's fluid English translation, it is bound to awaken controversy in the English-speaking world.