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The 2015 Parliamentary Election in Poland: A Political Déjà vu

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Abstract

In 2015, Polish political actors and society faced the challenge of “double elections” for the second time since the transformation of the political system in 1989. It happened for the first time in 2005. The accumulation of two elections in one year was not the only similarity between the 2005 and 2015 elections in Poland. In fact, the 2005 elections provided many contextual factors determining the course of the election campaigns, including fierce competition between two political parties: Prawo i Sprawiedliwość and Platforma Obywatelska. This chapter discusses the findings of the analysis of the media coverage of the 2015 parliamentary election in Poland. The findings showed that the media mirrored the political scene by focusing on inter-party relations and campaign tactics, as well as framing politics as a strategic game. The data also supports previous observations on an interpretative model of Polish journalism.

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Celem niniejszej publikacji jest ukazanie nie tylko owej różnorodności definicji i poglądów na status ontologiczny populizmu, ale także perspektyw badawczych oraz metod i narzędzi stosowanych w analizach populizmu ujmowanego jako zjawisko dyskursywne (Hawkins, 2009; Hidalgo-Tenorio, Benítez-Castro i De Cesare, 2019; Macaulay, 2019). Należy przy tym podkreślić, iż przedmiotem zainteresowania nie jest tutaj po prostu zjawisko populizmu, jego przyczyny, przejawy, efekty czy sieci zależności przyczynowo-skutkowych, w jakich pozostaje. Prace dotyczące tych kwestii są już zresztą obecne w polskiej i międzynarodowej literaturze przedmiotu. W przypadku tej książki chodzi przede wszystkim o rekonstrukcję strategii analitycznych oraz logiki badań służących analizie zjawiska. Dodać również należy, iż książka nie ma charakteru encyklopedycznego i z pewnością nie omawia wszystkich możliwych kierunków badawczych. Ze względu na dużą dynamikę tego pola badań i wielość publikowanych na bieżąco analiz byłoby to zresztą niezwykle trudne do zrealizowania.
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Celem niniejszej publikacji jest ukazanie nie tylko różnorodności definicji i poglądów na status ontologiczny populizmu, ale także perspektyw badawczych oraz metod i narzędzi stosowanych w analizach populizmu ujmowanego jako zjawisko dyskursywne. Należy przy tym podkreślić, iż przedmiotem zainteresowania nie jest tutaj po prostu zjawisko populizmu, jego przyczyny, przejawy, efekty czy sieci zależności przyczynowo-skutkowych, w jakich pozostaje. Prace dotyczące tych kwestii są już zresztą obecne w polskiej i międzynarodowej literaturze przedmiotu. W przypadku tej książki chodzi przede wszystkim o rekonstrukcję strategii analitycznych oraz logiki badań służących analizie zjawiska.
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Bardzo krótka kampania
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Elections news in six European countries: What is covered and how?-Study for research project
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