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دولة البونت400-496هجرية

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Abstract

تتحدث الدراسة عن دولة البونت(Alpuente) كواحدة من دول الطوائف في الأندلس،التي كانت صغيرة الحجم مقارنة بجيرانها الكبار سواء من المسلمين والأسبان،أن الظروف التي ساعدت البونت(Alpuente) على الظهور والاستمرار على الساحة السياسية تمثلت بموقعها الجغرافي وحصانتها مما وفر لها الحماية الكافية بوجه هجمات الآخرين،إضافة الى سياسة حكامها التي اعتمدت سياسة عدم التدخل بشؤون الآخرين،ورغم أنهم دخلوا في حروب مع دول أخرى مثل بلنسية( Valence)،فأنها لم تكن ذات تأثير على أوضاعها الداخلية،والشيء الملفت للنظر أن حكامها من بني قاسم الفهريين حكموها بكل هدوء فلم نشهد صراعات بين أمرائها حول السلطة باستثناء حالة واحده فقط حدثت قبل تولي حاكم البونت(Alpuente) الأخير عبد الله الثاني.وكانت علاقاتها الخارجية متراجحة بين محاولة كسب صداقة دول الطوائف الأخرى وبين الدخول في حروب معها حسب الظروف السائدة آنذاك. أن حكام البونت (Alpuente)مارسوا سياسة التبعية والولاء لمملكة قشتالة وحليفها السيد الكمبيادور في محاولة لتجنب هجماتهم عليها فدفعت البونت الجزية جريا على عادة دول الطوائف في هذا العصر.ورغم ذلك تعرضت لهجمات السيد الكمبيادور مرارا،كما نهجت البونت(Alpuente) سياسة التقرب من المرابطين بعد عبورهم للأندلس في محاولة لكسب تأييدهم لاستمرارها في الوجود ومن اجل التخلص من الأسبان،ولكنهم أسقطوها بسبب رغبتهم بتوحيد شرقي الأندلس لمواجهة الخطر الاسباني. وأخيرا نشطت الحركة الفكرية في البونت(Alpuente) في مختلف العلوم وخاصة العلوم الشرعية (علوم القران الكريم والحديث الشريف)، وبرز فيها علماء أفذاذ افنوا أعمارهم في خدمة الدين الإسلامي ،ومما شجعهم على ذلك رعاية حكام البونت(Alpuente) لحركة العلم والفكر وخصوصا أنهم كانوا من بين أدباء البونت(Alpuente)، وقد أشاد بهم ابن حزم الأندلسي في رسالته الشهيرة حول فضائل الأندلس التي كانت ثمرة من ثمرات الأمير محمد يمين الدولة حاكم البونت(Alpuente).
ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ)٤٠٠ـﻫ/١٠٠٩
_٤٩٦ـﻫ/١١٠٢(
ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﻀﻭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ
ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍﻭ
..ﻱﺩﻭﻌﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺴﺤ لﻀﻓ ﺱﺎﺒﻋ
ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠ ﻰﻨﺜﻤﻟﺍ_ﺔﻴﺒﺭﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻜ_ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﻗ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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ﺹﺨﻠﻤﺙﺤﺒﻟﺍ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺙﺩﺤﺘﺘ)Alpuente( ﺎﻬﻔﺼﻭﺒ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺩﺤﺍﻭ ﻲﻓ
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،ﺎﻜ ﻲﺘﻟﺍﺀﺍﻭﺴ ﺭﺎﺒﻜﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﺍﺭﻴﺠﺒ ﺔﻨﺭﺎﻘﻤ ﻡﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻴﻐﺼ ﺕﻨ ﻥﻴﻤﻠﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺃﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ،ﻥﺃ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺩﻋﺎﺴ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻑﻭﺭﻅﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﺍﺭﻤﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺕﺎﻤﺠﻫ ﻪﺠﻭﺒ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟ ﺭﻓﻭ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺎﻬﺘﻨﺎﺼﺤﻭ ﻲﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻌﻗﻭﻤﺒ ﺕﻠﺜﻤﺘﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ،ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ
ﺘﻋﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺅﺸﺒ لﺨﺩﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺩﻋ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺕﺩﻤﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ،ﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻡﻏﺭﻥﻤﻡﻬﻨﺃ
لﻭﺩ ﻊﻤ ﺏﻭﺭﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺍﻭﻠﺨﺩﻯﺭﺨﺃﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ لﺜﻤ )Valence( ﻰﻠﻋ ﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻥﻜﺘ ﻡﻟ ﺎﻬﻨﺄﻓ،
ﺸﻟﺍﻭ،ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﻀﻭﺃ ﺭﻅﻨﻠﻟ ﺕﻔﻠﻤﻟﺍﻥﺃ ﻥﻴﻴﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻲﻨﺒ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﺎﻫﻭﻤﻜﺤ ﺀﻭﺩﻫ لﻜﺒ
ﺜﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ لﻭﺤ ﺎﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻋﺍﺭﺼ ﺩﻬﺸﻨ ﻡﻠﻓﺩﺤﺍﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺤ ﺀﺎﻨ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ ﻲﻟﻭﺘ لﺒﻗ ﺕﺜﺩﺤ ﻁﻘﻓ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ. ﺔﻟﻭﺎﺤﻤ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﺤﺠﺍﺭﺘﻤ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﻨﺎﻜﻭ
ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﺔﻗﺍﺩﺼ ﺏﺴﻜﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍ ﻑﻭﺭﻅﻟﺍ ﺏﺴﺤ ﺎﻬﻌﻤ ﺏﻭﺭﺤ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺨﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒﻭﺓﺩﺌﺎﺴﻟﺍ
ﻙﺍﺫﻨﺁ.
ﻥﺃ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ)Alpuente(ﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﺒﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺍﻭﺴﺭﺎﻤ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻔﻴﻠﺤﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤﻟ ﺀﻻﻭ
ﺩﻓ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻡﻬﺘﺎﻤﺠﻫ ﺏﻨﺠﺘﻟ ﺔﻟﻭﺎﺤﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻌ لﻭﺩ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻴﺭﺠ
ﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ.،ﺍﺭﺍﺭﻤ ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﺠﻬﻟ ﺕﻀﺭﻌﺘ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻡﻏﺭﻭ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺕﺠﻬﻨ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﻡﻫﺭﻭﺒﻋ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺏﺭﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺱﻟﺩﻨﻸﻟﻭﺎﺤﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺴﻜﻟ ﺔﻟ
ﻡﻫﺩﻴﻴﺄﺘﺎﻫﺭﺍﺭﻤﺘﺴﻻ ﻥﻤ ﺹﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍ لﺠﺍ ﻥﻤﻭ ﺩﻭﺠﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍﻡﻬﻨﻜﻟﻭ،ﺎﻫﻭﻁﻘﺴﺃ ﻡﻬﺘﺒﻏﺭ ﺏﺒﺴﺒ
ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﺩﻴﺤﻭﺘﺒﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻲﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﺭﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤﻟ.
ﺕﻁﺸﻨ ﺍﺭﻴﺨﺃﻭ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟﺍﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ)Alpuente( ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﻴﻋﺭﺸﻟﺍ)ﻑﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻴﺭﻜﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻋ( ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺯﺭﺒﻭ ،ﺫﺍﺫﻓﺃ ﺍﻭﻨﻓﺍﻡﻫﺭﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﻲﻓ
ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﺩﺨﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﺔﻴﺎﻋﺭ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻬﻌﺠﺸ ﺎﻤﻤﻭ،)Alpuente( ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟ
ﺎﺼﻭﺼﺨﻭ ﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍﻭﻡﻬﻨﺃ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤ ﺍﻭﻨﺎﻜﺀﺎﺒﺩﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺩﻗﻭ ،ﺩﺎﺸﺃ ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻡﻬﺒ
ﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﺌﺎﻀﻓ لﻭﺤ ﺓﺭﻴﻬﺸﻟﺍ ﻪﺘﻟﺎﺴﺭ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺜ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﻤﺜ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺭﻤﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﻴ)Alpuente(.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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ﺔﻤﺩﻘﻤﻟﺍ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺭﻤﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺎﺠﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ ﻁﻠﺴﺘ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍﺔﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺭﺤﺎﻨﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺤ ﻡﺜ ﻥﻤﻭ،
ﺎﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃﻥﻴﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍﺎﻤﻴﻓ،ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﺭﻭﻬﻅﻟ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﺩﻌﺒﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﻨﺎﻜﻓ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﻕﺭﺸ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺭﻬﻅ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ لﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﺘ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻥﻤﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺔﻨﺴ ﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﻲﻓ٤٠٠ـﻫ /
١٠٠٩ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﺤﺎﺴﻤ ﺭﻐﺼﺒ ﺕﺯﺎﺘﻤﺍﻭ،ﻡﺎﻬﺴﻴﺭﺎﻀﺘﻜﻤﺘﻭ،ﺔﻘﻫﺎﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻴﻭﻁ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ ﺩﻭﻤﺼﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺕﻨ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﻟﺍ ﻡﻏﺭ ﻥﻤﻭ ﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﻤﻭﺼﺨ ﺓﻭﻗ ﺓﻭﻗ ﺭﻭﺒﻋ ﻡﺜ ﻥﻤﻭ،ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤ
ﻡﻬﻌﻤ ﺎﻬﻨﻭﺎﻌﺘﻭ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻡﻫﺩﻴﺒ ﺎﻬﻁﻭﻘﺴ ﻡﺜ ﻥﻤﻭ.
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﻤﺴﻘﻨﺍﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﺘ ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻁﻘﻨﻟﺍ،ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭ ﻁﺎﻘﻨ ﺔﻌﺒﺭﺃ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻠﻟ)Alpuente(ﺘﻌﻴﺒﻁ ﺎﺤﻀﻭﻤ،ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺠﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﻔﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻁﺴﻭ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺎﻬ. ﺩﻘﻓ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﺎﻤﺃ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻡﺎﻴﻗ ﻥﻋ ﺕﺜﺩﺤﺘ)Alpuente(ﺘﻭ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁﻭ،ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﻀﻭﺃﻭ لﺴﻠﺴ
،ﻥﻴﻴﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻲﻨﺒ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻑﻴﻜﻭﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﺩﺍﺭﺃ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﺭﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺤ ﺀﺎﻨﺜﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺍﺩﺠ ﺔﺌﺩﺎﻫ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ
ﺍﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘﻤ،ﺭﻴﻐﺼﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺎﺼﻭﻟﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ ﻩﺩﻴﺒ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻘﺒﺃﻪﻤﺎﻤﻋﺃﻭ ﻪﺘﻭﺨﺃ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ
ﺎﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃ ﺭﺨﺃ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺓﺩﺎﻴﻘﺒ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﻭﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍ.ﺍﻭﺔﺜﻟﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﻘﻨﻟ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﻟﻭﺎﻨﺘ)Alpuente( ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ لﺜ )
Valece( ﻑﻴﻜﻭ،ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻔﻴﻠﺤﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤ ﻊﻤ ﺎﻬﺘﻗﻼﻋﻭ ﺔﻠﻁﻴﻠﻁﻭﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ
ﻭ،ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻨﺯﺍﻭﺘﻤ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻑﻴﻜﻭ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﺘﻗﻼﻋ ﻡﺜ ﻥﻤﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﻌﻤ ﺕﻨﻭﺎﻌﺘ
ﺒﺴ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺩﺘﻋﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤﻭ ﻲﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺠﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻟﺍ لﻴﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ، ﻙﻟﺫ ﻊﻤ ﺕﻁﻘﺴ ﻡﻫﺩﻴﺒ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﻨﺴ٤٩٦ـﻫ/١١٠٢.
ﺎﻤﺃ ﺔﻁﻘﻨﻟﺍﺓﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﺴﺭﺩ ﺩﻘﻓﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﻭﺭﻅﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﻀﻭﻤ
،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻊﻴﺠﺸﺘﻭ ﺎﻫﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺩﻋﺎﺴ ﻲﺘﻟﺍﺭﻬﺸﺃﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺍﻭﻋﺭﺒ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺌﺎﻤﻠﻋ
،ﻑﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺒﻨﻟﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻴﺭﻜﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ ﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻬﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ ﻰﻟﺍ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﺒ ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍﻭ)Alpuente(.
ﻲﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﻭﻤﻟﺍ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻘﺘ)Alpuente(ﻭﺃﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻕﺭﺸ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻨﺒﻟﺍ
)١(
،ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﺏﺭﻗ
)٢(
)Valece(
ﻲﻟﺍﻭﺤ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﺩﻌﺒﺘ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ١٠٠ﻐﻟﺍ ﻲﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﻩﺎﺠﺘﻻﺎﺒ لﻴﻤﻲﺒﺭ
)٣(
ﻭ، ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻤﺘﻨﺸ ﻊﻘﺘ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺏﻭﻨﺠﻟﺍ
ﻕﺭﺸﻟﺍ
)٤(
)Santa Maria(ﺔﻨﻭﻠﻁﺴﻗ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻁﺒﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻑﺼﺘﻨﻤ ﻲﻓ
)٥(
ﺔﻜﻨﻭﻗﻭ،
)٦(
)Cuero( ﺎﻤﻜ،
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٣
ﻥﺃ ﺭﻬﻨﻪﻴﺭﻭﻁﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺎﺒﻴﺭﻗ ﺭﻤﻴ
)٧(
ﺩﻌﺘﻭ ،ﺎﻴﺭﺍﺩﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﻜﻟ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘﺘﻨﺸﺔﻴﺭﺒ
)٨(
،)Santaver( ﻲﻓ
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ
)٩(
.
ﺕﺄﺸﻨﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺠﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﻔﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﺭﺎﻁﺨﻷﺍ
ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ
)١٠(
ﺎﻤ لﻜﺫﻫ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒ ﻥﻋﺎﻤﻠﻌ ﻥﻤﻴﻠﻨﺭ)Alpuente( ﺕﺴﻴﻟﻭ ﺔﻠﻴﻠﻗ ﻲﻫﻭ
ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻜﺀﺎﻁﻋﻹ ﻥﻋ ﺔﺤﻀﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﺭﻴﺜﺄ ﺭﻴﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻌﻗﻭﻤﺙﺍﺩﺤﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﺨﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ
ﻻ ﻥﺤﻨﻓ،ﺎﻬﻴﻓﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ ﻡﺩﻋ ﻡﻜﺤﺒ ﺎﻫﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺎﺌﻴﺸ ﻡﻠﻌﻨ.
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻔﺼﻭ)Alpuente( ﺓﺩﻌﺒﻑﺎﺼﻭﺃﺎﻨﺼﺤ ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜﺒ ﺓﺭﻤﻓ
)١١(
ـﺒ ﺓﺭﻤﻭ،)ﺔﻌﻠﻗ
ﺔﻨﻴﺼﺤ(
)١٢(
ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜﺒ ﺓﺭﻤﻭ)ﺩﻠﺒ(
)١٣(
ﻯﺭﺨﺃﻭ)ﺓﺩﻠﺒ(
)١٤(
ﺓﺭﻤﻭﻯﺭﺨﺃﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜﺒ)ﺔﻴﺭﻗ(
)١٥(
.
ﻥﺃﻑﺎﺼﻭﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺸﻤﻟﺍﺎﻬﻴﻟﺇﻩﻼﻋﺃﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﻭﻁﻨﺘ،ٍﻥﺎﻌﻤ ﻯﺩﻤﻭ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﺤ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ لﻭﺤ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ
ﻟﻭ،ﺎﻬﻋﺎﺴﺘﺍﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻌﻴ ﺏﺒﺴﻟﺍ لﻌﻴﺨﺭﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﻑﻼﺘﺨ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻴﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻡﺎﺠﺤﺃ ﻥﺩﻤ
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﺨﺍﺩﺘﻭ،ﻡﻬﻴﺩﻟ ﺎﻬﻓﺎﺼﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﺒﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻴﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﺤﻀﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻅ ﻲﻫﻭ،ﺔﻴﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ.
ﺎﻤﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺎﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴ ﺎﻤ)Alpuente(ﻭﻜﻟ ﺍﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺎﻗﺎﺒﻁﻨﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻕﺒﻁﻨﻴ ﻥﺼﺤﻟﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﻔﺼﻭ ﻥﺎﻓ
ﻯﺩﻟ ﻩﺎﻨﻌلﻫﺃﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺍﺩﺠ ﺔﻨﻴﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻨﻌﻴ
)١٦(
ﺒ،ﻥﺒﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﻔﺼﻭ لﻴﻟﺩﺩﻴﻌﺴ
)١٧(
ﻪﻟﻭﻘﺒ ))ﻕﻫﺍﻭﺸﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻌﻴﻓﺭﻟﺍ لﻗﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ لﻘﻌﺔﻌﻴﻨﻤﻟﺍ((،ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇلﺎﺒﺠﻟﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﺌﺎﻤﺘﺤﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ
)١٨(
. ﺩﺠﻭﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﺒﺘ لﻭﺤ ﻑﻼﺘﺨﺍ)Alpuente(ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﺓﺭﻭﻜ ﻰﻟﺍ
)١٩(
)Valece(ﻨﺸ ﺓﺭﻭﻜﻭ،
ﺔﻴﺭﺒ
)٢٠(
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ،ﺢﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﻱﺃﺭﻟﺍ لﻌﻟﻭ،)Alpuente( ﺓﺭﻭﻜﻠﻟ ﺔﻌﺒﺎﺘ ﺍﺀﺯﺠ ﺩﻌﺘ ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜﻟ ،ﺓﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ
ﺎﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺭﻐﺜﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﻁﺴﻭﻷﺍ
)٢١(
.
ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﻀﻭﺃﻭ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻡﺎﻴﻗ:
ﻥﻴﺒ ﺭﺤﺎﻨﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻭ، ﺔﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻟﺍ ﺕﺒﺭﻀ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻀﻭﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﻀﺨ ﻲﻓﺎﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃ ﺕﺭﻤﺘﺴﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ
ﺎﻤﺎﻋ ﻥﻴﺭﺸﻋ ﻥﻤ ﺭﺜﻜﻷ)٣٩٩_٤٢٢ ــﻫ( ـ ـ ـ ل ـ ٤٢٢ ــﻫ /١٠٩٠
)٢٢(
ﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﺭﻬﻅ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒ)Alpuente( ﻲﻓ ﺩﻭﺠﻭﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﺔ ﻨ ـ ﺴ٤٠٠-٤٠٩ ــﻫ /١٠٠٩-
١٠١٨
)٢٣(
ﻡـﺴﺎﻗ ﻭـﻨﺒ ﺎـﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻓ،ﺎﻬﺤﻟﺎﺼـﻟ ﺔـﺒﻁﺭﻗ ﻲـﻓ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺩﺤﻷﺍ ﺔﻠﻐﺘﺴﻤ،
ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ
)٢٤(
ﺩﻴ لﺸﺒﻓ ﺭﺍ ﻁ ﻥﻤ،
)٢٥(
ﺏـﻘﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩـﻤﺤﺍ ﻥـﺒ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺱﺴﺅﻤﻭ،
ـﺒ)ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ(
)٢٦(
ﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺞﻬﻨ ﻪﻨﺍ ﻭﺩﺒﻴ ﺎﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻱﺫﻟ ﻪﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺌﺩﻬﺘﻟﺍ ﺔ ﺎﻬﺌﺎﻨﺒﻭ ، ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﺎﻗ ﻥﻭﻜﺘﻟ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﺴ ﺱﺴﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺎﻬﺒ ﺔﻁﻴﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺨﻹﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ.
ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨﺘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻴﺒﺭﺎﻬﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃ ﻥﻀﺘﺤﺍ ﺙﻴﺤ ﻥﻴﻴﻭﻤﻸﻟ ﺀﻻﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺱﺭﺎﻤ
ﻰﻀﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ،ﻪﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﺓﺭﻀﺎﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺤﺍﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻤﺩﺨﻟﺎﺒ ﻡﻬﺼﺨﻭ،ﺔﺒﻁﺭﻗ
)٢٧(
ﺎﺠﻟ ﻪﻠﺘﻘﻤ ﺩﻌﺒﻭ،ﻩﻭﺨﺃ
ﻡﺎﺸﻫﺩﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ
)٢٨(
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﻰﻤﺘﺤﺍﻭﺎﻫﺭﻴﻤﺄﺒ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻲﻘﺒﻭﺭﺜﻜﺃ ﺭﺸﻋ ﺩﺤﺍ ﻥﻤ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٤
ﺎﻤﺎﻋ)٤٠٩ـھ/١٠١٨م-٤٢١ـھ/١٠٣٠(
)٢٩(
ﻥﻜﺎﺴ ﻭﻫﻭ ﺔﺒﻁﺭﻗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻠﻟ ﻪﺘﻌﻴﺒ ﻡﺘ ﻪﻨﺍ لﺒ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ)Alpuente(ﺔﻨﺴ٤١٨ـﻫ/١٠٢٧
)٣٠(
لﻘﺘﻨﻴ ﻡﻟﻭ،ﺎﻬﻴﻟﺇﻻﺃﺔﻨﺴ٤٢١ـﻫ/١٠٣٠
)٣١(
،
ﻲﻨﻌﻴﻭﻥﺃﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺩﻗﺕﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻠﻟ ﺍﺭﻘﺔﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﺔﻟﻻﺩ ﻲﻁﻌﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ،ﻥﻴﺘﻨﺴ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ
ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺡﺎﺠﻨ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻭﻟﻭﺎﺤﻴ ﺓﺩﺎﻘﻜ ﻲﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺡﺭﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻭﺭﺒﻟﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺙﺍﺩﺤﻷﺍ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ.
لﻤﺘﺤﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﻭﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜ)Alpuente(ﺍﻭﺩﺍﺭﺃ ﻡﻬﺘﻟﻭﺩ لﺨﺍﺩ ﺩﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺸﻫ ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻘﺒ ﻥﻤ
ﺘﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﻤﻜﺤﻟ ﺎﻴﻋﺭﺸ ﺍﺀﺎﻁﻏ ﻩﺫﺎﺨﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍﺕﻼﻴﻭﺩ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫﺭﻴﻏ لﻌﻓ ﺎﻤﻜﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ
)٣٢(
.
ﺓﺩﻤﻟ ﻡﻜﺤﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﺭﻤﺘﺴﺭﺜﻜﺃ ﺔﻨﺴ ﻪﺘﺎﻓﻭ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺎﻤﺎﻋ ﻥﻴﺭﺸﻋ ﻥ٤٢١ـﻫ /١٠٣٠
)٣٣(
، ﻪﻔﻠﺨﻓ
ـﺒ ﺏﻘﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻪﻨﺒﺍ)ﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﻴﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟ(
)٣٤(
،ﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻩﺩﻬﻋ ﺯﺎﺘﻤﺍﺀﻭﺩﻬﻟﺎﺒ لﺨﺍﺩﻟﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ، ﺩﻗﻭ ﺎﺒﺤﻤ ﻥﺎﻜ
ﺎﻬﻟ ﺎﻌﺠﺸﻤﻭ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻠﻟ
)٣٥(
ﻰﺘﺤ ﻡﻜﺤﻟﺎﺒ ﺭﻤﺘﺴﺍﻭ،ﻪﺘﺎﻓﻭﺔﻨﺴ٤٣٤ـﻫ/١٠٤٢
)٣٦(
.
ﺕﺜﺩﺤ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﻴ ﺓﺎﻓﻭ ﺩﻌﺒﻭلﻭﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩ ﺔﻨﺘﻓ)Alpuente( ﺩﺤﺍ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﺒ ﺕﻠﺜﻤﺘ
ﻻ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻭﻋﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﺌﺍﺭﺯﻭ ﻥﻋ ﻑﺭﻌﻨﻪﻠﺼﺃ ﻥﻴﻤﻴ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺏﻴﺼﻨﺘﺒ،ﺎﺌﻴﺸ لﻤﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﻪﻤﺴﺍﻭ
ﻋﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﻭ
)٣٧(
،ﺭﻭﻜﺫﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺕﻨﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
)٣٨(
ﺭﻤﺘﺴﺍﻭ،ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺈﺒ ﺔﺠﺤﺒ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺎﺼﻭﻟﺍﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍﺕﺍﻭﻨﺴ ﺕﺴ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ ﺭﻴﻐﺼﻟﺍ
)٣٩(
.
ﻥﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ لﻠﻋﻭ
)٤٠(
ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﺭﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﻏﺭﺒ ﺏﺒﺴﻟﺍ،ﺀﺎﻘﺒﺈﺒ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﻴ لﺴﻨ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ
ﻰﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻟﺎﻘﺘﻨﺍﻪﺘﻭﺨﺃ ﻭﺩﺒﻴ ﺔﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭ،ﻥﺃﻜ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﺭﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻁﻠﺴﺘﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺭﻴ ﻥ ﻡﺴﺎﺒ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ
ﻲﻨﺒ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﺘﻴﺎﺼﻭ ﺩﻨﻋ ﻭﻬﻓ،ﻡﺴﺎﻗﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍﻫﻭ،ﺏﻴﻗﺭ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺔﻘﻠﻁﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻤﻴ ﺩﻤﺤ
ﺔﻟﺎﺤﺔﻓﻭﻟﺄﻤﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ.
ﻥﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻀﻭﻓﺭﻤ ﻥﺎﻜ ﺏﻼﻘﻨﻻﺍ ﺍﺫﻡﺎﻤﻋﺃﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺀﻼﻴﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺍﻭﻨﻜﻤﺘ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﺭﻴﻐﺼﻟﺍ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺓﺩﺎﻴﻘﺒﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ
)٤١(
ﺭﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﻥﺠﺴﺒ ﻡﺎﻗ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
لﻌﺠﻭ،ﻡﺴﺎﻗﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻪﺘﻴﺎﻋﺭ ﺕﺤﺘ ﺭﻴﻐﺼﻟﺍﻥﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺝﻭﺯﺘﻪﻤﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﻓﺎﺤﻴ ﻲﻜ
ﻪﺘﺭﺴﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺎﺒ ﻪﻤﻜﺤ ﻡﻴﻋﺩﺘﻟ ﺎﻨﺎﻤﻀ)Alpuente( لﺨﺩﺘﻠﻟ ﺎﻌﻨﻤﻭ ﻲﻓﺎﻬﻨﻭﺅﺸ
)٤٢(
،ﻡﺩﻗﺃﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺓﻭﻁﺨﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻕﻼﻁﺃﻴﺯﻭﻟﺍ ﺡﺍﺭﺴ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﺭﺎﻤﺍﺭﻜﺃ ﻪﺘﺠﻭﺯﻟﻩﺩﺎﻋﺃﻭ ﻲﻟﻭﺘﻟﺓﺭﺍﺩﺃ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ
ﺕﺤﺘﻪﺘﺭﻤﺃ
)٤٣(
.
ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺡﺎﻨﺠ ﺏﻘﻠﺒ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻰﻤﺴﺘﻭﺃﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ
)٤٤(
ﺔﻠﻴﻭﻁ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ ﻡﻜﺤ ﺩﻗﻭ،)٤٤٠ـﻫ /
١٠٤٨م_٤٩٦ـھ /١١٠٢(
)٤٥(
ﺕﺴ ﻡﻜﺤﻴﻟ ﺓﺭﻜﺒﻤ ﻥﺴ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻜﺤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﻭﺘ ﻪﻨﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻟﺩﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ،
ﺎﻤﺎﻋ ﻥﻭﺴﻤﺨﻭ.ﺩﻬﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﺯﺎﺘﻤﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ ﻲﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺎﺒ ﻩ
لﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ
)٤٦(
،ﻻﺃﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ)Alpuente( ﻩﺭﺼﻋ ﻲﻓ لﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﻁﻭﻐﻀ ﺕﻀﺭﻌﺘ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٥
ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻭ،ﺎﻬﻟ ﺓﺭﻭﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍﻙﻟﺎﻤﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍﺍﺭﻴﺨﺃﻭ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﺕﻁﻘﺴﺃ ﻩﺫﻫ
ﻪﻨﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ٤٩٦ـھ/١١٠٢م
)٤٧(
.
-ﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟ ﺔﻴﺠﺭ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﻟﻭﺎ)Alpuente(ﻥﺃﻯﺄﻨﺘ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺭﺌﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﻉﺍﺭﺼﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺍﺩﻴﻌﺒ ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻨﺒ
ﻲﻓ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﻴﻭﺩﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﺴﻭﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺫﻭﻔﻨﻟﺍ لﻭﺤﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ ﺔﻠﻀﻔﻤ،ﻥﺃ ﻲﻨﺒﺘ
ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﺒﻭ ﺎﻬﻌﻤ ﺔﺒﻴﻁ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﺢﻟﺎﺼﻤﻭ ﺭﺍﻭﺠ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺎﻬﻁﺒﺭﺘﺔﻜﺭﺘﺸﻤ
)٤٨(
ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻜﻟ
ﺘ ﻡﻟ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍﺕﺎﻋﺍﺯﻨ ﺓﺭﺜﻜﺒ ﻑﻭﺭﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻲﻓ ﻕﻼﻁﻹﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺤﺠﺎﻨ ﻥﻜﻪﻤﺎﻜﺤ.
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﺩﺠﻭ ﺍﺫﻜﻫﻭ)Alpuente(ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺎﺠ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻨ
)٤٩(
)Valence(ﻴﻠﻋ ﺀﻼﻴﺘﺴﻻﺎﺒ ﻥﻭﺤﻤﻁﻴ ﺎﻬﺌﺍﺭﻤﺃ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ، ﻥﻴﻠﻐﺘﺴﻤ ﻡﻬﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻤﻀﻭ ﺎﻬ
ﻡﺩﻋﺠ ﺩﻗﻭ،ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻯﻭﻘﻟﺍ ﺅﻓﺎﻜﺘ ﻱﻷ ﺔﻤﺴﺎﺤ ﻥﻜﺘ ﻡﻟ ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﺸﻭﺎﻨﻤ ﺓﺩﻋ ﺕﺭ
ﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺭﻤﻷ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻻﺃ،ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻤﺕﻨﻭ)Alpuente( ﻡﻬﺘﻁﻠﺴ ﺕﺯﻜﺭﺘ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ
ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺓﺭﺼﺎﺨ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻜﻭﺸ ﺍﻭﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﺙﻴﺤﺒ،ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ
)٥٠(
)Valece(، ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻌﻴ ﺏﺒﺴﻟﺍ لﻌﻟﻭ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﺎﺼ)Alpuente(ﺎﻬﺘﺭﺩﻗﻭ ﻪﺠﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻭﻤﺼﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻰﺘﻋﺍلﻀﻔﺒ ﺵﻭﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺠﻭ
ﺔﻘﻫﺎﺸ ﺕﺎﻌﻔﺘﺭﻤ ﻲﻓ
)٥١(
.
ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻡﻠﻌﻨ ﻻﻭلﻭﺃ ﻡﻜﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺙﺩﺤ ﻪﻠﻌﻟﻭ،ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻡﺍﺩﺼﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋلﻭﻷﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ
ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﺔﻜﺭﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﻡﻜﺤﺒ،ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺭﻤﺘﺴﺍ ﻉﺍﺯﻨﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﺍﻭ،ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭ لﻴﻟﺩﺒ،
ﺩﻴﻌﺴ
)٥٢(
) ﻭﺫﺤ ﺍﺫﺤﻓﻪﻴﺒﺃﻪﻴﻠﻴ ﻥﻤﻤ ﻪﺘﺴﺎﻴﺭ ﻊﻨﻤﻭ ( ﺢﻀﻭﺘ ﻲﻬﻓﻥﺃﺯﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ،ﺔﻠﻴﻭﻁ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ لﻅ ﻉ
ﺭﻴﻏﻥﺃلﺨﺩﻴﺔﻤﺴﺎﺤ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻲﻓﺍﺫﻟﻭ، ﻰﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻜﺭﻟﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺱﻴﻠﻓﻱﺃﺭلﻴﻠﺨﻲﺌﺍﺭﻤﺎﺴﻟﺍ
)٥٣(
،
ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ لﻼﺨ ﺔﺒﻴﻁ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻥﻴﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺒ لﻭﻘﻴ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ.
ﺎﻤﺃ ﺕـﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻥﻋ)Alpuente( ﺔـﻠﻁﻴﻠﻁ ﻊـﻤ)Tolede( ـ ـ ـ
ﺔﻜﺭﺘﺸﻤ
)٥٤(
،ﺎﻨﻨﺄﻓ ﺔﻴﺅﺭ ﻱﺃ ﻙﻠﻤﻨ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﻤﻐﻟﺍ ﻡﻜﺤﺒ ﺎﻬﻟﻭﺤﻁﺎﺤﺃ ﺕـﻨﺎﻜ ﺎﻤﺒﺭﻓ،ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﺒ
ﻓﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻉﺍﺭﺼﻠﻟ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻤ ﻙﺎﻨﻫﻥﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﻥﺭﺎﻘﻴ ﻻ ﻥﺎﻉﺍﺯﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﺤﺒﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﻊﻤ.
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻬﺠﺍﻭ)Alpuente( ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺍﺭﺎﻁﺨﺃ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸـﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒـﺴﻻﺍ ﻙﻟﺎﻤﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﻠﺜﻤﺘﻤ
ﻭﺼﺨ ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﻀﺍﺭﻷﺍ ﻉﻼﺘﺒﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﺘﺒﻏﺭﻭ ﺎﺼﻥﺇ ﻭﺴـﻨﻭﻔﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺩﺘﺸﺍ ﺔﺒﻏﺭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ
ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻟﺍ
)٥٥(
)Alfonso VI(ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻨﺎﻜﻓ ،)Alpuente( ﻪﻁﻭﻐـﻀ ﻥﻤ ﺕﻨﺎﻋ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ لﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻯﺩﺤﺃ
ﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺃﺩﺒ ﻰﺘﻤ ﻡﻠﻌﻨ ﻻﻭ،ﻑﺌﺍ،ﻲﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﺭﻁﺨﻠﻟ ﺽﺭﻌﺘﺫﺇ ﺔﻴﺨﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻭﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺕﺘﻜـﺴ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٦
ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻫﺩﺭﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻥﻜﻟﻭ، ﺱﻭﺒﺩ ﺭﻜﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ
)٥٦(
ﺎﻫﺩﺎﻔﻤﻥﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ
ﺔﻨﺴ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﻙﻠﻤﻟ ﺔﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻓﺩﺒ ﺍﻭﻤﺎﻗ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﻙﻟﺎﻤﻤﻠﻟ٤٠٥ ــﻫ /١٠١٤ ﻥـﻜﻤﻴﻭ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻪﻨﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﺒ لﻻﺩﺘﺴﻻﺍ)Alpuente( ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤ ﺩﺎﻨﺘﺴﻻﺎﺒ،ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸـﻗ
ﻩﺎﺠﺘﻻﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﺒ ﺕﺭﺎﺴ ﺩﻗ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﻴﻭﺩ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ ﻥﺃ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﺏﺴﻜﺒ ﻲﻀﺎﻘﻟﺍﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ
)٥٧(
.
ﺕــﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔـﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﺎــﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﺯﺎـﺘﻤﺍ)Alpuente( ﺩﻴﺴــﻟﺍ ﺎــﻬﻔﻴﻠﺤﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸـﻗ ﺔــﻜﻠﻤﻤ ﻊـﻤ
ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ
)٥٨(
ﺔﻴﺴـﻨﻠﺒ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ،
)٥٩(
)Valece( ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ـ ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍﺩﻴﺴﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻓﺩﻴ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ
)٦٠(
.
ﻡﻏﺭﻭﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟ)Alpuente(ﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ ﻊﻓﺩﺘ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺕﻀﺭﻌﺘ ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻻﺃ ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟ
ﺔﻨﺴ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ﺎﻬﻴﻀﺍﺭﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺩﺎﺴﻓ ﺙﺎﻋ ﺙﻴﺤ ﺎﻫﺩﻀ ﻪﺘﻼﻤﺤﻟ ﺍﺭﺍﺭﻤ٤٨٢ـﻫ/١٠٨٩
)٦١(
.
ﻊﻗﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﻓﻭﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ)Alpuente( لﺒ ﺎﻬﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴ ﺞﻬﺘﻨﺘ ﻡﻟﺎﻬﻨﺃ
ﻯﺭﺨﻷﺍ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﺕﺎﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﻊﺒﺘﺘ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ،ﺎﻬﻟ ﺓﺭﻭﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ،ﻩﺎﺠﺘﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﻙﻟﺎﻤﻤﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﺭﻤﺘﻨﺸ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﺒﻭ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍﻕﺭﺸﻟﺍ
)٦٢(
،)Santa Maria( ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﺩﻀ ﺏﺴﺤﺘ ﺔﻁﻘﻨ ﻲﻫﻭ
لﺌﺎﺴﻭﻟﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤﺒ ﻡﻬﻨﺎﻁﻠﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﻘﺒﻟﺍ ﺍﻭﻟﻭﺎﺤﻓ،ﻲﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﺭﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻬﻨﻜﻤﺘ ﻡﺩﻋ ﺍﻭﻜﺭﺩﺃ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺎﺒﺴﻸﻟ ﻉﻭﻀﺨﻟﺎﺒ ﻭﻟ ﻰﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺩﻭﺠﻭﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺤﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ.
ﺕﻬﺒﺎﺠﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﺒﻋ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﻁﺨﻭﺭ ﻰﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻪﻨﺴ٤٧٩ـﻫ
/١٠٨٦
)٦٣(
،ﺔﻗﻻﺯﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﻌﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻜﺭﺎﺸ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﻥﺃ ﻡﻠﻌﻨ ﻻﺓﺭﻴﻬﺸﻟﺍ
)٦٤(
)Sacrajas(، ﺎﻤﻜﺎﻨﻨﺃ
ﺔﻨﺴ ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻡﻫﺭﻭﺒﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺕﻠﻤﺎﻌﺘ ﻑﻴﻜ لﻬﺠﻨ٤٨١ـﻫ/١٠٨٨
)٦٥(
.
ﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﺠﻨﺕﻨ)Alpuente( ﻊﻠﺨﺒ ﺍﻭﻤﺎﻗ ﻥﻴﺤ ﺕﻗﺅﻤ لﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺒ ﻁﻭﻘﺴﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ
ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤﺍﺀﺩﺘﺒﺍﻨﺴ ﻥﻤ٤٨٣ـﻫ/١٠٩٠
)٦٦(
ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜ ﻭﻫ ﺏﺒﺴﻟﺍ لﻌﻟﻭ، ﻡﻟ ﺓﺭﻴﻐﺼ
ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ لﻜﺸﺘﻕﺭﺸ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻋﻭﻗﻭ ﻡﺜ،ﻯﺭﺒﻜﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﻴﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻑﻼﺨﺒ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ
ﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻟﺍ ﻪﺠﺘﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻁﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺏﺭﻏﻭ ﻁﺴﻭ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺎﻘﺤﻻ ﻥﻭﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ
)٦٧(
،ﺭﺎﺸﺃﻭﻥﺒﺍ
ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ
)٦٨(
،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤ ﻰﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺔﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻭﻘﻟﺍ ﺏﻨﺎﺠ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﺴﻌﻟﺍﻑﺎﻘﻴﻹ
ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺩﺘﻋﺍﻰﻠﻋﻲﻀﺍﺭﻷﺍﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍﻭ،ﺎﻬﻨﺃ ﻲﻨﻌﻴ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻥﻤ ﺹﻠﺨﺘﻟ ﻰﻌﺴﺘ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ
ﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻨﺎﻌﺘﺴﻻﺎﺒ ﻭﻟ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁ ﻱﺄﺒ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺎﻀﻤﺎﻫﺭﻁﺎﺨﻤ ﻡﻏﺭ ﻥﻴﻁﺎﻬﻟﻼﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ
)٦٩(
.
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﻜﺭﺎ)Alpuente( ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﻭﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻴﺤ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺏﻨﺎﺠ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﺴﻋ ﺔﻗﺭﻔﺒ
ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ )Valece(،ﺔﻨﺴ٤٩٥ـﻫ/١١٠٢
)٧٠(
ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﻏﺭﻭ،ﺩﺍﺭﺃ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﺎﻬﺒ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(،ﻥﻭﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﺏﺴﻜ ﻕﻴﺭﻁ ﻥﻋ،ﻡﻬﺘﻁﻠﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻟﺍﻻﺃﻥﺃﺭﻴﻐﻴ ﻡﻟ ﻙﻟ
ﻥﻤ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﻴﻭﺩ لﻜ ﻡﻀﺒ ﻡﻬﺘﺴﺎﻴﺴﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺎﺒ ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﺒﻭ،ﻡﻬﺘﻟﻭﺩ ﻰﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘﻟ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٧
ﺩﻀ ﺓﺩﺤﻭﻤ ﺔﻬﺒﺠﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻁﻘﺴﻓ،)Alpuente( ﺔﻨﺴ٤٩٦ـﻫ/١١٠٣
)٧١(
ﻱﺩﻴﺄﺒ
ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺭﺎﺸﺃﻭ،
)٧٢(
،ﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﻲﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺌﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻰﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍﻥﺒﺍ
ﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ
)٧٣(
ﻟ ﻪﻨﺍﻭ،ﻕﻠﻴ ﻡﺭﻜﺫﺘ ﺔﻤﻭﺎﻘﻤ ﻱﺃ
)٧٤(
،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ ﻲﻔﻨ ﻡﺘﻭ)Alpuente( ﺩﻼﺒ ﻰﻟﺍ
ﻼﺴ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ
)٧٥(
ﻲﺘﻟﺍ،ﺭﺎﺸﺃ ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ
)٧٦(
ﻰﻟﺍﻥﺃﺭﻴﻤﻷﺍﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ
ﺓﺩﻴﺼﻗ ﻪﻟﻭ،ﻩﺎﻨﻜﺴﻟ ﺔﻴﻋﺍﻭﻁ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺘﺨﺍﺀﺎﻤﺩ ﻙﻔﺴ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻡﻜﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻌﻠﺨ ﻡﺘ ﻪﻨﺍ ﻥﻴﺒﺘ
)٧٧(
ﺎﻬﻌﻠﻁﻤﻭ
ﻨﻜﻟ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕﻌﻠﺨﻊﻠﺨﺍ ﻻ ﺩﺠﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺒﺼﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻲﻨ
)٧٨(
ﻥﻴﺒﺘﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﺭﻴﺼﻤ)Alpuente( ﺭﻴﺼﻤ ﺱﻔﻨ ﻥﺎﻜﺭﻗﺃﻡﻬﻨ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ ﻥﻤ
ﺍ ﺍﻭﻤﻭﺎﻘﻴ ﻡﻟﻲﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺵﻴﺠﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻼﺒ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻡﻬﻤﻅﻌﻤ ﻲﻔﻨ ﻡﺘ ﺙﻴﺤ.
-ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟﺍ)Alpuente(:
ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻴﺨﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﺕﺒﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻫﺯﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻥﺎﻜ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ
ﺘ ﻲﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋﻡﻏﺭﻥﻤﻲﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺴﻘﻨﻻﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺤ
)٧٩(
ﻓ ، ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻋ ﺔﻀﻬﻨ
ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺴﻨﻹﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻉﺍﻭﻨﺃ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺕﻠﻤﺸ ﺔﻌﺴﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻓﻭ
)٨٠(
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻭ)Alpuente(ﻭ ﺎﻬﻤﺠﺤ ﺭﻐﺼ ﻡﻏﺭ ﺔﻠﻗﻁﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ،ﺔﻘ
ﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺩﺤﺍﺯﺭﺒ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ لﻭﺩﻟﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ ﻥﻴﺭﻜﻔﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ
ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺩﻟﺍ
)٨١(
ﻥﻴﻤﺌﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﺠﺸﺘﻭ ﻪﺒﻼﻁﺒ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍﻭ ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﻙﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻊﺠﺸ ﺎﻤﻤﻭ،
لﺌﺎﺴﻭﻟﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤﺒ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ
)٨٢(
ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻁﺴﻗ ﺍﻭﻟﺎﻨ ﺩﻗﻭ ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍ لﻫﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻬﻨﻭﻜ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ،
ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻤﻴ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ
)٨٣(
ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،ﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺏﺘﻜ ﻪﻠﻀﻔﺒ
)٨٤(
ﺓﺭﻴﻬﺸﻟﺍ ﻪﺘﻟﺎﺴﺭ،
لﻭﺤﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﻫﺃ لﻀﻓ
)٨٥(
ﻥﻤ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘﺒ ﺔﻟﺎﺴﺭﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻟ ﻪﺘﺒﺎﺘﻜ ﺏﺒﺴ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺩﻜﺃ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ)Alpuente(ﺩﻼﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺌﺎﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺩﻼﺒ ﺎﻴﺍﺯﻤ ﻥﺎﻴﺒ
)٨٦(
.
ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺭﻬﺘﺸﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨﺭﺨﻨﺒ ﺀﺍﺭﻤﺃﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﺴﺎﻗﺕﻨ)Alpuente(
ﻗﻼﻁﺒ ﻪﻤﻅﻨ ﺩﻴﺠﻴ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺭﻌﺸﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺩﻷﺎﺒﻊﻴﻓﺭ ﻲﺒﺩﺃ ﺏﻭﻠﺴﺄﺒ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻪﻨﺍ ﺎﻤ
)٨٧(
ﻥﻤﻭ،
ﺩﺌﺎﺼﻗ: ﺔﻨﺴ ﻪﻌﻠﺨ ﻡﺘ ﻥﻴﺤ ﻪﻟﻭﻗ٤٩٦ـﻫ/١١٠٢ﻠﻋﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻴ
)٨٨(
:
ﻊﻠﺨﺍ ﻻ ﺩﺠﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﺒﺼﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻲﻨﻨﻜﻟ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺕﻌﻠ
ﻉﺯﺠﻴ ﻪﺒﻁﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻱﺭﻴﻏﻭ ﻪﺌﺍﺯﺭﺄﺒ ﻥﺎﻤﺯﻟﺍ ﻲﻨﺎﻤﺭ
ﺩﺍﺅﻓ ﺱﻴﻠﻓﻊﻤﺩﺘ ﺓﺭﺴﺤ ﻲﺘﻠﻘﻤ ﻻﻭ ﻰﻅﺘﻠﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﻱ
ﻉﺩﺨﻴ ﻡﻜﻭﺭﻔﻴ ﺍﺫ ﻡﻜ ﻥﻜﻴ ﻡﻟ ﻪﺘﻴﻟ لﻤﺃ ﻲﻟﻭ
)٨٩(
ﻪﻟﻭﺕﺎﻴﺒﺃﻬﻴﻓ لﻭﻘﻴ ﻯﺭﺨﺃ:
ﺎﻤﺃﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻴﺒﻨ لﻜﻟلﻴﺼﺒﻘﻨﻤ ﺀﺭﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺒ ﻲﻀﻘﺘ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩٨
ﺽﻔﺘﻨﻴ ﺱﻴﻟ ﺩﻬﻋﻭ ﻡﺎﻤﺫﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻅﻓﺎﺤﻤ ﻱﻭﺫ ﻥﻤﻓ ﺕﺌﺸ ﻑﻴﻜ ﻥﻜ
ﺤﺒ ﺎﻋﺭﺫ ﻕﻀﺘ ﻡﻟ ﺔﻤﻫﻭﺽﻬﺘﻨﻴ ﺕﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﻴﺭﻜﻟﺍ ﻥ ﺜﺩﺎ
ﺽﺭﻘﻨﻴ ﺀﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﻤﻋﻭ ﻰﻘﺒﻴ ﺭﻜﺫﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻅﺘﻨﻤ ﷲﺍ ﻊﻨﺼﻭ ﺭﺤ ﺭﺤﻟﺍﻭ
)٩٠(
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺯﺭﺒ)Alpuente( ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ
ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺡﻭﺘﻓ ﻥﺒ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻡﻫﺭﻬﺸﺃ ﻥﻤﻭ،ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺴﻨﻹﺍﻭ
)٩١(
ﻑﺼﻭ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،ﻪﻨﺄﺒ):ﻥﺎﻜ ﻥﻤلﻫﺃ
ﻡﻬﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﻅﻔﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤﻟﺍ(
)٩٢(
ﻪﻨﺍ ﺎﻤﻜ،ﻑﹼﻟﺍﻡﺎﻜﺤﻷﺍﻭ ﻕﺌﺎﺜﻭﻟﺍ لﻭﺤ ﺎﺒﺎﺘﻜ
)٩٣(
،ﻑﻟﺃﻭ
،ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺩﻌﻟ ﺕﺍﺭﺼﺘﺨﻼﻀﻓﻥﻋﻪﺘﻴﺍﻭﺭ
)٩٤(
ﺔﻨﺴ ﻲﻓﻭﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ،٤٦٢ـﻫ/١٠٦٩
)٩٥(
ﻲﻤﺨﻠﻟﺍ لﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻙﺎﻨﻫﻭ،
)٩٦(
ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻋﻭ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﺒ ﺭﻬﺘﺸﺍ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
ﺎﻬﺒﺍﺩﺁﻭﻭ،،ﺭﻌﺸﻟﺍ لﻭﻗﻥﻋ ﹰﻼﻀﻓﺔﻗﺍﺭﻭﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻬﻤﻟ ﻪﺘﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ
)٩٧(
ﺔﻨﺴ ﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻓﻭﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ،٤٩٠ـﻫ /
١٠٩٦
)٩٨(
ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻰﺴﻭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺡﻭﺘﻓﻭ ،
)٩٩(
ﺎﻤﺘﻬﻤ ﻑﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﺒ ﺭﻭﻬﺸﻤﻟﺍ،
ﻪﻤﻭﻠﻌﺒ
)١٠٠(
،ﺎﻤﺃﺔﻟﻭﻬﺠﻤ ﻲﻬﻓ ﻪﺘﺎﻓﻭ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻥﻋ.
ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﺴﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﻠﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻭ
)١٠١(
ﻟﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﺒ ﺭﻬﺘﺸﺍ، ﺔﻴﺎﻨﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﻴﺭﺸ
ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺎﺒ
)١٠٢(
ﻥﻤ ﻩﺫﺒﻨ ﺭﻜﺫﻭ،ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺒ ﻪﺨﻭﻴﺸ ﺓﺭﻴﺴﺒ ﻡﺘﻫﺍ ﻪﻨﺍ ﺎﻤﻜ،ﻡﻫﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻑﺼﻭ
لﻀﻔﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻘﺜﻟﺎﺒ
)١٠٣(
ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻭ،
)١٠٤(
ﺀﺎﻀﻗ ﻰﻟﻭﺘ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(ﻤﺘﺴﺍﻭﻠﻤﻌﺒ ﺭﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺒ ﺎﻬﻁﻭﻘﺴ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻰﺘﺤ ﻪ
)١٠٥(
ﻑﺼﻭ،ﻪﻨﺄﺒ) ﻥﻤلﻫﺃ
ﻓﺭﻌﻤﻟﺍﺔﻫﺎﺒﻨﻟﺍﻭ ﺔ(
)١٠٦(
ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﺒ ﺭﻬﺘﺸﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻪﻤﺴﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﻟﻭ،
)١٠٧(
ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻙﻟﺎﻨﻫﻭ،
ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ
)١٠٨(
ﻕﺭﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻋ ﺔﻠﺤﺭ ﻪﻟ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺩﻗﻭ،
)١٠٩(
ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺭﻌﺸ ﻥﻤﻭ،
ﻥﺎﻴﻔﺴ
)١١٠(
ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻥﺒ لﻭﻷﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺭﻴﻤﻸﻟ ﺍﺭﻴﺯﻭ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،
)١١١(
ﺔﻏﻼﺒﺒ ﺭﻌﺸﻟﺍ لﻭﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻑﺭﻋ،
ﺩﻴﺠ ﻡﻅﻨﻭ
)١١٢(
ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍﻭ،
)١١٣(
ﺵﺎﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺴﺤﻟﺍ ﻭﺒﺃﻭ،
)١١٤(
ﻪﻘﻔﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﻭﺭﺒ ﺭﻭﻬﺸﻤﻟﺍ،
ﺓﺀﺍﺭﻗ ﺩﻴﺠﻴ ﻥﺎﻜﻭﺭﻘﻟﺍﻪﺘﺀﺍﺭﻗ ﻥﻭﺭﻀﺤﻴ ﺀﺍﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻜ ﺙﻴﺤﺒ لﻴﻤﺠ ﺕﻭﺼﺒ
)١١٥(
ﻥﺎﻜ ﻪﻨﺍ ﺎﻤﻜ،
ﻪﺴﻟﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺯﺎﻐﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺭﻴ
)١١٦(
.
ﻥﻴﺒﺘﻴﻭﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ)Alpuente(،ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺕﺭﻫﺩﺯﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻋﻭ
ﻭﺭﻀ ﻡﻭﻠﻋ ﻲﻫﻭ،ﻕﻴﺜﻭ ﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﺍ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﻥﻴﻤﻠﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤﻡﺎﻜﺤﺃ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٢٩
٩
ﺔﻤﺘﺎﺨﻟﺍ
ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻕﺌﺎﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺕﻠﺼﻭﺘﺎﻫﺯﺎﺠﻴﺇﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﻨﻟﺎﺒﺔﻴﺘﻵ:
١-ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺨﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺭﻐﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﻔﻠﺘﺨﺍ)Alpuente( ﻥﻴﺤ،
ﺕﻘﻠﻁﺃﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻨﻴﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻠﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺭﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﺼﺤﻟﺍ لﺜﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻨﺘﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻤﺴﺘ
لﻌﻟﻭ،ﺢﺼﻷﺍ ﻥﺼﺤﻟﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﻔﺼﻭﺎﻬﻨﻷ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻤﺎﻗ ﺔﻨﺼﺤﻤ ﺓﺭﻴﻐﺼ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ
ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺠﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻌﻔﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ.
٢-ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﺕﻤﺎﻗ)Alpuente( ﺭﺼﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻭﻨﺒ ﺎﻬﺒ لﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻴﺤ
،ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍﻐﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﻴﻥﺃﺔﻨﺴ ﺩﻌﺒ ﻩﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ،ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻤ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺎﻫﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ
٤٠٠ـﻫ /١٠٠٩ﻨﺴ لﺒﻗﻭ،ﻡ٤٠٩ـﻫ /١٠١٨ ﻡﺴﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺩﺭﻭ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ،ﻡلﻭﺃ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ)Alpuente( ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ لﻭﻷﺍ.
٣- ﺕﺯﺎﺘﻤﺍﻉﺎﻀﻭﻷﺍ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟ ﺔﻴﻠﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ل ـ ـ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﻙﺴﺎﻤﺘﺓﺭﺴﻷ،ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻤﻜﺎﺤﻟﺍﺍﺩﻋﺎﻤﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﻜﺫ ﻡﺘ ﺓﺩﺤﺍﻭ ﺔﻟﺎﺤﺀﺎﻨﺜﺍﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ.
٤- ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ)Alpuente( ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﺘﺭﻴﻅﻨ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨﻟﺍ، ﺔـﺒﺫﺒﺫﺘﻤ
ﻥﻴﺒﺕﺎﻗﻼﻌﻟﺍﺔﺒﻴﻁﻟﺍﺔﻗﺍﺩﺼﻟﺍﻭﻥﻴﺒﻭ،ﺔﻤﺌﺍﺩﻟﺍﺔﻟﺎﺤﻉﺍﺭﺼﻟﺍﻱﺭﻜﺴﻌﻟﺍﻰﻠﻋﺩﻭﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺔـﺼﺎﺨ
ﻊﻤﺔﻟﻭﺩﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ )Valece(.
٥- ﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻨﺎﻋ)Alpuente( ﻊـﻓﺩ ﻰـﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻌﻓﺩ ﺎﻤﻤ،ﺍﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﺔﻜﻠ
ﻙﻭـﻠﻤ ﻪـﻴﻠﻋ ﺭﺎﺴ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﻕﻴﺭﻁﻟﺍ ﺱﻔﻨ ﺔﻜﻟﺎﺴ،ﺭﻭﺩﺎﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻔﻴﻠﺤ ﻰﻟﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﻴﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ
ﻓﺩﻴ ﺍﻭﻨﺎﻜ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻥﻭلﺍﻭﻤﻷﺍﻡﻬﺘﻁﻠﺴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻟﺍ لﺠﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﻙﻠﻤﻟ.
٦-ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﻟﻭﺎﺤ)Alpuente( ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻭ ﺏﺴﻜﺩﻌﻡﻫﺭﻭﺒﻋﻰﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ
ﺎﻫﺫﺎﻘﻨﻹ ﺩﻀ ﻡﻬﺘﻼﻤﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺕﻜﺭﺎﺸﻭ،ﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ ﻅﺎﻔﺤﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻟﻭﺎﺤﻤ ﻲﻓ،ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﺢﺘﻓﻭ
ﺕﺎﻤﺠﻫ ﻥﻤ ﺹﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻬﻨﺎﻁﻠﺴ ﻰﻠﻋﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍِﺩﺠﹸﺘ ﻡﻟ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻜﻟ ﻊﻤ ﺎﻌﻔﻨ
ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﻭﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﺔﻬﺒﺠ ﺩﻴﺤﻭﺘ لﺠﺍ ﻥﻤ ،
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺯﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤﻟﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤ ﺭﻁﺨ ﺩﺎﻴﺩ.
٧-ﺕﺭﻫﺩﺯﺍﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟﺍ)Alpuente( ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻜﺤ ﺔﻴﺎﻋﺭ لﻀﻔﺒ
،ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻠﻌﻟﺍﻥﻋ ﹰﻼﻀﻓ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻬﻨﻭﻜﺎﻬﺌﺎﺒﺩﺃ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤﺒ ﺓﺭﻤﺎﻋ ﻡﻬﺴﻟﺎﺠﻤ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍ
،ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍﺕﻓﻼﻟﺍﺭﻅﻨﻠﻟﻥﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ)Alpuente( ﺕﺩﺭﻭ ﻥﻴﺫﻟﺍﺎﻤﺴﺃﻡﻫﻲﻓ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٣٠٠
ﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻜ ﺔﻴﻋﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﺯﺭﺎﺒ ﺍﻭﻨﺎﻜ ﺔﺴﺍﻥﺁﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺒﻨﻟﺍ ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻴﺭﻜﻟﺍ
ﻲﺤﻭﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ،ﻑﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍﺔﻴﻤﻫﺄﺒ ﺓﺎﻴﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍﺀﺎﻨﺒﺃﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ)Alpuente(.\
٨-ﺵﻤﺍﻭﻬﻟﺍ
)١( ﺭﺼﻤﻭ ﻥﺍﺩﻭﺴﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﺍ ﺔﻔﺼ ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺔﻫﺯﻨ ﺏﺎﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺴﺒﺘﻘﻤ،
ﻁﻤ،ﻕﺎﻓﻷﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﺘﺨﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻕﺎﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍلﻴﺭﺒ ﺔﻌﺒ،ﻥﺩﻴﻟ،١٨٩٣ﺹ،ﻡ١٨٩ﻡﻗﺭ ﺔﻁﻴﺭﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،)١ (ﺹ ﻲﻓ١٨.
)٢(ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ: ﻥﺩﻤ ﻥﻤﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﺼﺘﺘ ﺓﺭﻭﻬﺸﻤﻟﺍﻩﺭﻭﻜﺒ ﺏﺍﺭﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺏﻘﻟ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻕﻠﻁﻴﻭ،ﺔﺒﻁﺭﻗ ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﺭﻴﻤﺩﺘ
ﺩﻗﻭ،ﺎﻬﺘﺍﺭﻴﺨ ﺓﺭﺜﻜﻟﺕﺤﺒﺼﺃ ﻥﻴﻤﻠﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻉﺍﺭﺼ ﺔﺤﺎﺴﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍﻭ ﺏﺒﺴﺒﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﻫﺃﺔﻴﺠﻴﺘﺍﺭﺘﺴﻹﺍﺭﻅﻨﻴ،: ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴ
ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﻬﺸ،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺭﺩﺎﺼ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻥﺍﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ،ﻲﻤﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍ١٩٧٧،ﻡ١/٤٩٠.
)٣(ﺭﻅﻨﻴ: ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﺩﻨﺴﻟﺍ لﻠﺤﻟﺍ،ﺏﻴﻜﺸ،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺭﺎﺒﺨﻷﺍﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍﻭﺔﻴﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،)١(ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،
،٣/١٧٩.
)٤(ﻕﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻤﺘﻨﺸ : ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻕﻠﻁﻴﻭﺎﻀﻴﺃ ﺔﻠﻬﺴﻟﺍ ﻡﺴﺍﻭﺃﺩﻤﻟ ﺎﻫﻭﻤﻜﺤ ﻡﻬﻨﻭﻜﻟ،ﻥﻴﺯﺭ ﻲﻨﺒ ﺔﻠﻬﺴ لﻼﺨ ﺔﻠﻴﻭﻁ ﺓ
ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﻊﻘﺘﻭ،ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺏﺭﻐﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﻭ لﺍﻭﺭﻴﺘ ﻕﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﻭ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ لﺎﻤﺸﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻫﺩﺤﺘ
ﺔﻴﺭﺒ ﺕﻨﺸﺭﻅﻨﻴ،:ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺍﺹ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﺍ ﺔﻔﺼ،١٨٩.
)٥(ﺔﻨﻭﻠﻁﺴﻗ : ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺔﻴﺭﻗﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻰﻤﺴﺘﻭ)calzone( ﺱﺭﺎﻨﻴﻟ ﻰﻤﺴﺘ ﺓﺩﻠﺒ ﺭﺍﻭﺠ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻊﻘﺘﻭ،
ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ)Linares(ﺭﺸ لﺎﻤﺸ ﻲﻓ،ﺎﻤﻴﺩﻗ ﺎﻬﻤﺴﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﻭ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺠ ﺔﻴﺭﻴﺩﻤ ﻕ)castu lonecastdo(ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،: ﻥﺒﺍ
ﺭﺎﺒﻵﺍ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﺀﺍﺭﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺤﻟﺍ،)٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﻨﺅﻤ ﻥﻴﺴﺤ١٩٨٥،ﻡ٢/٣٥١-
٣٥٢ﻡﻗﺭ ﺵﻤﺎﻫ،)٢.(
)٦(ﺔﻜﻨﻭﻗ : ﺓﺭﻭﻜ ﻥﺩﻤ ﻥﻤﺔﻴﺭﺒ ﺕﻨﺸ ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﻌﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻟﺍ ﺏﺴﻨﻴ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،لﻴﺼ: ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴ
،ﻥﺍﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍ٤/٤١٥.
)٧(ﺭﻅﻨﻴ:،ﺔﻴﺴﺩﻨﺴﻟﺍ لﻠﺤﻟﺍ ،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍ٣/١٧٩.
)٨(ﺔﻴﺭﺒ ﺕﻨﺸ: ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﺩﻌﺒﺘﻭ ﺔﺒﻁﺭﻗ ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺯﻭﺤﺒ لﺼﺘﺘ ﺓﺭﻴﺒﻜ ﺓﺭﻭﻜ٨٠ ﺓﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﺎﺨﺴﺭﻓ
،ﺔﻤﺨﻀﻭ ﺓﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﻥﻭﺼﺤ ﺎﻬﻟﻭ،ﺕﺍﺭﻴﺨﻟﺍﺭﻅﻨﻴ :،ﻥﺍﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴ٣/٣٦٦.
)٩(ﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ،ﺩﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍﻭ)٣(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﻥﻻﻭﻜ ﺝﺭﻭﺠﻭ١٩٨٣،ﻡ٣/٢١٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟﻭ ، : ﻥﺒﺍﺭﺎﺒﻵﺍ ﺔﻠﺤﻟﺍ ،
،ﺀﺍﺭﻴﺴﻟﺍ٢/١٠٩ﺵﻤﺎﻫ،)٢.(
)١٠(،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٧٩ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ،ﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﺭﺼﻋ،
،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﻲﺠﻨﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤ،ﻲﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺎﻬﻤﺎﻴﻗ ﺫﻨﻤ١٩٩٧،ﻡ٢/٢٦٠.
)١١ ( ﻥﺒ ﻥﻤﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻱﺩﺍﺩﻐﺒﻟﺍﻕﺤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﻼﻁﻻﺍ ﺩﺼﺍﺭﻤ،ﺀﺎﻤﺴﺃﺔﻨﻜﻤﻷﺍ، ﻉﺎﻘﺒﻟﺍﻭ)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﻲﻠﻋ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻱﻭﺎﺠﺒﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ١٩٩٢،ﻡ١/٢٣١،ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ ،٣/١٤٦،١٤٧،١٩١ﻭﻗﺎﻴ،
،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎ،١/٤٩٨ ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﻲﻨﺎﺴﻤﻠﺘﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻰﻤﺴﻤﻟﺍ
)لﺎﻤﻋﺃﻡﻼﻋﻷﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻼﺘﺤﻻﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻊﻴﻭﺒ ﻥﻤﻴﻓﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ)(٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:ﺭﺍﺩ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟﻑﻭﺸﻜﻤﻟﺍ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،١٩٥٦ﺹ،ﻡ١٣٨ ﻥﺼﻏ ﻲﻓ ﺏﻴﻁﻟﺍ ﺢﻔﻨ،ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻴﺯﻭ ﺭﻜﺫﻭ ﺏﻴﻁﺭﻟﺍ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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ﺴﻟ،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺎ)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ، :ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،لﻴﻭﻁ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻑﺴﻭﻴﻭ، لﻴﻭﻁ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻡﻴﺭﻤ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ١٩٩٥،٣/١٢.
)١٢( ﻥﺒ ﻰﺴﻭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ، ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ،)١( لﻴﻠﺨ ﻪﻴﺸﺍﻭﺤ ﻊﻀﻭ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺭﻭﺼﻨﻤﻟﺍ١٩٩٧،ﻡ٢/٣٢٠،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ، ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ
ﻴﺫﻟﺍ،ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ،ﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍﻭ لﻭﺼﻭﻤﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟ ﺔﻠﻤﻜﺘﻟﺍﻭ لﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ :،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺔﻔﻴﺭﺸ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ١٩٦٥،ﻡ٦/٢٣٩.
)١٣ (،ﻥﻭﺩﻠﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺭﺒﺭﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺒﺨﻟﺍﻭ ﺃﺩﺘﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﻴﺩﻭ ﺭﺒﻌﻟﺍ،ﻲﻤﺭﻀﺤﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥ
،ﺭﺒﻜﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺫ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫﺭﺼﺎﻋ ﻥﻤﻭ )(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺓﺫﺎﺤﺸ لﻴﻠﺨ٢٠٠٢،ﻡ٤/٢٠٣.
)١٤ (،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٧٩.
)١٥ (ﺎﻁﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺨﺘﻨﻤ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔﻔﺼ،ﻡﻌﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻱﺭﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﺭﺒﺨ ﻲﻓ ﺭ
ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺭﺎﻁﻗﻷﺍ:،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟ)٢(،،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ١٩٨٨ﺹ،٥٦ .
)١٦ (ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ : لﺎﻤﺸﻭ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ،ﻥﻭﻨﺫ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻪﻁ
ﺎﻴﻘﻴﺭﻓﺃ،)١( ،ﺩﺍﺩﻐﺒ،ﺭﺸﻨﻠﻟ ﺩﻴﺸﺭﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،١٩٨٠ﺹ،ﻡ٢٠٤-٢٠٦ﺹ،٢٢٠.
)١٧ (ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﺤ٢/٣٢٠ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،:،ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،١٨٩.
)١٨ (،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٧٩،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦٠.
)١٩ (،ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،١٨٩.
)٢٠(،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٣/٢١٥.
)٢١ ( ﺭﻐﺜﻟﺍﻁﺴﻭﻷﺍ:ﻰﻠﻋﻷﺍ ﺭﻐﺜﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻪﻋﻭﻗﻭﻟ ﻡﺴﻻﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﺒ ﻲﻤﺴ)ﺎﻬﻟﻭﺤ ﺎﻤﻭ ﺔﻁﺴﻗﺭﺴ (ﻰﻨﺩﻷﺍ ﺭﻐﺜﻟﺍ) ﺔﻠﻁﻴﻠﻁ
ﺎﻤﻭﺎﻬﻟﻭﺤ( ﺎﻫﺭﻭﻬﻅ ﺩﻌﺒ،ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤ ﻪﺠﻭﺒ ﺎﻴﻋﺎﻓﺩ ﺎﻌﻗﻭﻤ لﻜﺸﻭ ﺭﻐﺜﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﻟ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺕﻨﺎﻜﻭ،
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﺔﻴﺭﺒﺘﻨﺸ ﺓﺭﻭﻜ ﻡﻴﻟﺎﻗﺃ ﻡﻅﻌﻤ لﻤﺸﺘﻭ،ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﻀﺍﺭﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺭﻁﺨ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻜﺸﺘﻭ:ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺍ ﺽﺭﺍ ﺔﻔﺼ،
ﺹ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ١٨٩ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟﻭ ،ﺭﺜﻜﺃﺭﻅﻨﻴ:،ﻥﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺍﻭﺭﻤ ﻭﺒﺃ،ﻑﻠﺨ ﻥﺒ ﻥ لﻫﺃ ﺀﺎﺒﻨﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺱﺒﺘﻘﻤﻟﺍ
ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷ:،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺔﻌﺒﻁ ،ﻲﻜﻤ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ١٩٧٣ﺹ،ﻡ٥١٤ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ،ﺭﺎﺘﺨﻤ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻱﺩﺎﺒﻌﻟﺍ،
،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ١٩٧٥ﺹ،ﻡ٢٢٢-٢٢٣.
)٢٢ (ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ:ﺹ،ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ١٣٨.
)٢٣(،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ٣/٢١٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،:ﻴﻨﻤ،ﻲﻔﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ،ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺓﺭﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻓ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤ،
،ﺽﺎﻴﺭﻟﺍ،٢٠٠٢ﺹ،ﻡ٣١٢.
)٢٤ ( ﻩﺫﻫ ﺏﺴﻨ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﻔﻠﺘﺨﺍﺓﺭﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ،ﺭﻬﻓ ﻲﻨﺒ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺒﺎﺴﺘﻨﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﻬﻗﺎﻔﺘﺍ ﻡﻏﺭﺎﻫﺯﺎﺠﻴﺇ
ﺙﻼﺜ ﻲﻓﺀﺍﺭﺃ،لﻭﻷﺍ،ﺏﻴﻁﻟﺍ ﺢﻔﻨ ﻪﺒﺎﺘﻜ ﻲﻓ ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻘﻨﻭ،ﻱﺭﺎﺠﺤﻠﻟ٣/١٢ لﻭﻘﻴ ﻪﻴﻓﻭ،ﻡﻬﻨﺄﺒ لﺴﻨ ﻥﻤﺒﻋﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩ
ﺓﻻﻭ ﺩﺤﺍ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻁﻗ ﻥﺒﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،ﺓﻻﻭﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ لﻼﺨﻱﺃﺭﻟﺍﻭ ﺩﻘﻓ،ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻟﺍﻩﺩﺭﻭﺃ ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ،ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ
،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ،ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﻨﺍ ﺓﺭﻬﻤﺠ ﻪﺒﺎﺘﻜ ﻲﻓ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،٢٠٠٣،ﻡ٥٠٣ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻭﻨﺒ ﻥﺃ ﻩﺩﺎﻔﻤﻭ،
،ﺀﻻﻭﻟﺎﺒ ﺭﻬﻓ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻤﺘﻨﻴﻡﻬﻨﺃﻭ،ﺔﻤﺎﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺭﺒﺭﺒﺎﻤﺃﻱﺃﺭﻟﺍﺭﻴﺨﻷﺍ، ﻭﻫﻭﻱﺃﺭﻟﺍ لﻜ ﻩﺭﻜﺫ ﺩﻘﻓ،ﻱﺩﺎﻘﺘﻋﺎﺒ ﺢﺠﺍﺭﻟﺍ
ﻥﺒﺍ ﻥﻤﺭﺎﺒﻵﺍ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻲﻋﺎﻀﻘﻟﺍﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟ ﺔﻠﻤﻜﺘﻟﺍ، ﺔﻌﺒﻁﻤﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﻗﺭﺸﻟﺍ،،ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻟﺍ١٩١٩،ﻡ١٨٩ﻭ، ﻥﺒﺍﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻭ لﻴﺫﻟﺍ ﻪﺒﺎﺘﻜ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ،ﺔﻠﻤﻜﺘﻟﺍ٦/٢٣٩ ﻪﻴﻓﻭ ،ﻥﺃ ﻭﻨﺒ
ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﺔﻴﺭﺫ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫ ﻡﺴﺎﻗﺭﺨﺃﻷﺍ ﺓﻻﻭ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﺎﻜﺤ لﻭﺃ ﺏﺴﻨ ﺍﺭﻜﺫ ﺩﻘﻓ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﺓﺭﺴﻷﺍ
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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ﻲﺘﻷﺎﻜ:ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﺒ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﻥﺒﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻲﻬﺘﻨﻴ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ،ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ
ﻡﻼﻜﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺩﻀﻌﻴ ﺎﻤﻤﻭ،ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﻓﺎﻨ ﻥﺒ ﺔﺒﻘﻋ ﺢﺘﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﺩﺌﺎﻘﻠﻟ ﻪﺒﺴﻨﻥﺃ ﺕﺭﻜﺫ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍﻥﺃ ﻪﻟ ﻥﺎﻜ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ
ﺩﻀ ﺓﺭﻭﺜ ﺩﺎﻗ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻪﻤﺴﺍ ﺩﻟﻭ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍﺔﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍﻡﺎﻴﺃﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋلﺨﺍﺩﻟﺍ)١٣٨-١٧٢ـﻫ )(٧٥٥-٧٨٨(
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ، :،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ، ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ٢/٥٨-٦٢ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﺭﺎﺒ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٥٣.
)٢٥ (،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍ٣/٣٢٠.
)٢٦(ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ،٣/٢١٥.
)٢٧ (ﻰﻀﺘﺭﻤﻟﺍ: ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﺒﻋﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺭﺼﺎﻨﻟﺍﻱﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺘﻔﻟﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻠﻟ ﻪﺤﻴﺸﺭﺘ ﻡﺘ،
ﻥﻴﻴﺭﻤﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻻﺃﻪﻠﺘﻘﻤﻭ ﻪﺘﻤﻴﺯﻫ ﺕﻨﺎﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﺍﺩ ﺔﻜﺭﻌﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻁﺎﻨﺭﻏ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺒﺭﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻤ ﻡﺩﻁﺼﺍ ﻪﻨﺍﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻨﺴ٤٠٩ـﻫ /
١٠١٨ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﻡﺭﺜﻜﺃ :،ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻱﺩﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ،ﻭﺒﺃ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻲﺒﺃ ﻥﺒ ﺡﻭﺘﻓ ﺭﺼﻨﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﺱﺒﺘﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﻭﺫﺠ، ﺭﻜﺫ ﻲﻓ
ﺓﻻﻭﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ)١(،ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ:ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻲﻔﻴﻭﺴﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺔﻴﺤﻭﺭ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ١٩٩٧ﺹ،٢١،ﻲﺒﻀﻟﺍ، ﻥﺒ ﻰﻴﺤﻴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍﻲﺒﺃ لﺎﺠﺭ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺱﻤﺘﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ،ﺓﺭﻴﻤﻋلﻫﺃ
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،١٩٩٧ﺹ،٣١،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﻭﺒﺃ،ﻲﻨﻴﺭﺘﻨﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺴﺤﻟﺍﺓﺭﻴﺨﺫﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ
ﻥﺴﺎﺤﻤلﻫﺃ،ﺓﺭﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ)١(،ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ١٩٧٩،١/٢٩٣.
)٢٨ (ﺩﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﺸﻫ: ﻥﺒ ﻡﺎﺸﻫﺭﺼﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﺔﻨﺴ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻟﺎﺒ ﻊﻴﻭﺒ،ﻱﻭﻤﻷﺍ٤١٨ـﻫ/١٠٢٧
ﺩﻌﺒﻪﺘﻤﺎﻗﺃ ﺔﻨﺴ ﺔﺒﻁﺭﻗ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﺎﻋﻭ ،ﺕﺍﻭﻨﺴ ﻊﺴﺘ ﺓﺩﻤﻟ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺎﺒ٤٢٠ـﻫ /١٠٢٩ﻻﺃ ﺔﻨﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﻊﻠﺨ ﻪﻨﺍ
٤٢٢ـﻫ/١٠٣٠ ﺔﻓﻼﺨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﻊﻀﺘﻟ ﻡﺔﻴﻭﻤﻷﺍ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻌﻟ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻭ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ: ﺩﺒﻋ ،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ
،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﺹﻴﺨﻠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺠﻌﻤﻟﺍ،ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ)٢(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،٢٠٠٥ﺹ،٤٢-
٤٣،ﺓﺭﻴﺨﺫﻟﺍ،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ،١/٢٩٣.
)٢٩(،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٤٢-٤٣،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،١/٢٩٣.
)٣٠(،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،١/٢٩٣،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦١.
)٣١(،ﻱﺩﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢١،ﻲﺒﻀﻟﺍ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣١،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ، ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ
ﻪﺴﻔﻨ،١/٢٩٣.
)٣٢(،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ٣/١٩٠-١٩٩ﺨﺸ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﺒﺸﺍ ﻡﻜﺎﺤ ﺩﻀﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺫﺨﺘﺍ ﻥﻴﺤ، ﻡﺎﺸﻫ ﻪﺒﺸﻴ ﺎ
ﺎﺸﻫ ﺔﻔﻴﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﻭﻫ ﻪﻨﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻌﻴﺎﺒﻭ،ﻱﺭﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﻑﻠﺨ ﻰﻋﺩﻴﻭ،ﺩﻴﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻭ ﺩﻴﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺫﺨﺍ ﺔﻴﻘﺒ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻟ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ:ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻜ ﺔﻠﺠﻤ،ﻑﻴﻀ ﻲﻗﻭﺸ،ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺱﻭﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﻁﻘﻨ،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ
ﺏﺍﺩﻵﺍﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،،١٩٥١ﺩﺩﻌﻟﺍ،ﻡ١٣٣،٢/٢٥.
)٣٣(،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟ،٣/٢١٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ ،:،ﻲﺒﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍ،ﺔﺒﻴﺘﻗﺏﺎﻘﻟﺃ ﻡﺠﻌﻤﺏﺎﺒﺭﺃلﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ
ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍﻥﻴﺭﺸﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻰﺘﺤ ﻥﻴﺩﺸﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻔﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ ﻥﻤ،ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺸﻨﻤﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ
،ﻕﺸﻤﺩ١٩٩٥ﺹ،٢٠١.
)٣٤(،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٣/٢١٥،ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ:،ﻲﺒﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠١.
)٣٥(،ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٧.
)٣٦(،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟ،٣/٢١٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ ،:،ﻲﺒﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺹ،٢٠١.
)٣٧ (،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨ﻥﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻥﻋ ﻼﻘﻨ ،.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٣٠٣
)٣٨(،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨.
)٣٩(ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨.
)٤٠ (ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨.
)٤١(،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨ .
)٤٢( ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨﺹ،٢٠٨.
)٤٣(ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٠٨ .
)٤٤(ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍ،٣/١٧٩.
)٤٥(ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،ﺹ،٢٠٨.
)٤٦(،ﻥﺎﻨﻋﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦٠.
)٤٧( ،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢١ﻲﺌﺍﺭﻤﺎﺴﻟﺍ ،، ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﺘﺭﺎﻀﺤﻭ ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﻥﻭﺭﺨﺁﻭ لﻴﻠﺨ ﻡﻴﻫﺍﺭﺒﺇ
،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺭﺍﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،٢٠٠٤ﺹ،ﻡ٢٥٦.
)٤٨( ،ﻥﺎﻨﻋﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦٠.
)٤٩(،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢٠
)٥٠(،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢٠،ﻥﻭﺩﻠﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٦/٢٣٩.
)٥١(،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٧٩.
)٥٢ (ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢٠.
)٥٣(ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٥٦
)٥٤ (ﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ،ﻲﻔﻴﻟ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ:ﺡﻼﺼ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ،ﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ
،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ،ﻲﻤﻠﺤ١٩٩٠ﺹ،١٢٣.
)٥٥(ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻭﺴﻨﻭﻔﻟﺍ: ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻤﻠﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻀ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﻀ ﺎﺒﺭﺤ ﺩﺎﻗ ،ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﻙﻠﻤﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﺤﻟ ﺎﻤﻋﺯﺘﻤﻭ،
ﺔﻨﺴ ﺔﻠﻁﻴﻠﻁ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍ،ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﻻﺍ٤٧٨ـﻫ /١٠٨٥ﻜ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ ﻡﻬﻨﻤ ﻰﻨﺎﻋﻭ،ﻡ ﻪﺘﻤﻴﺯﻫ ﻡﺘ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺍﺭﻴﺜ
ﺔﻨﺴ٤٧٩ـﻫ /١٠٨٦ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻗﻻﺯﻟﺍ ﺔﻜﺭﻌﻤ ﻲﻓ،ﻡ: ﻲﻤﻠﺴﻤ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺕﺭﺎﻬﻨﻴﺭ،ﻱﺯﻭﺩ
ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ:،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺭﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﻬﻟﺍ،ﻲﺸﺒﺤ ﻥﺴ١٩٩٥،٣/١٢٥-١٣٤.
)٥٦ (ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻱﺭﺯﻭﺘﻟﺍ،ﺀﺎﻔﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺄﺒ ﺀﺎﻔﺘﻜﻻﺍ،)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:ﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺔﻴﺎﺒﻭﺒ ﺭﺩ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ٢٠٠٩،ﻡ١/٣٩١-٣٩٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،:،ﻥﻭﺩﻠﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٦/٢٤٨.
)٥٧(ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ ،١/٣٩٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ ،:،ﻱﺯﻭﺩﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٢٥-١٣٠.
)٥٨(ﻴﺒﻤﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍﺭﻭﺩﺎ)El cid cameador(:ﺎﻴﺩ ﻭﺠﻴﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﻪﻤﺴﺍ)Redrigo Diaz( ﺩﺌﺎﻗ،
ﺎﺘﺸﻗﺭﻭﺩ ﺏﻌﻟ ﺭﻤﺎﻐﻤ ﻲ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤﻬﻤ ﺍﺙﺍﺩﺤﺃﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺍﻭﻤ ﻥﺎﻜ،ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ لﻼﺨ ﻭﺴﻨﻭﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﻙﻠﻤﻟ ﺎﻴﻟ
ﺱﺩﺎﺴﻟﺍ)Alfonso VI( ﺔﻨﺴ ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻰﻟﻭﺘﺴﺍ،٤٨٧ـﻫ/١٠٩٤ ﺔﻨﺴ ﻲﻓﻭﺘﻭ،ﻡ٤٩٢ـﻫ/١٠٩٩،ﻡ
،ﺭﻭﻴﺒﻁﻨﻘﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺎﺒ ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺎﺒ ﻰﻤﺴﻴﻭﺭﻅﻨﻴ: ﻥﺒﺍﺭﺎﺒﻵﺍ،ﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/١٣٥ﻭ، لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟﺭﺜﻜﺃ
ﺒ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟ١٦٦-١٩٧.
)٥٩(،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ٣/٣٠٦ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟﻭ،:ﻭﺒﺃ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺙﻭﺤﺒ،ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ لﺎﻤﻜ،ﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ
ﻹﺍ ﺯﻜﺭﻤ،ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻀﺤﻭ،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴ١٩٩٧،ﻡ٢٥-٣٧.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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٣٠٤
)٦٠ (،ﻥﺎﻨﻋﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦١ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،ﻲﺌﺍﺭﻤﺎﺴﻟﺍ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﺹ،٢٣٩.
)٦١ (ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٢٦١،ﻲﺒﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍ ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٤.
)٦٢(ﻭﺒﺃﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٥-٢٧.
)٦٣( ﻥﺒﺍﺭﻴﺜﻷﺍ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻼﻬﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ لﻤﺎﻜﻟﺍ،ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ،٢٠٠٣،ﻡ١٠/١٥١-١٥٤.
)٦٤(ﺔﻗﻻﺯﻟﺍ:ﻊﻘﻴ ﺢﻴﺴﻓ لﻬﺴ ﻲﺒﺭﻏ ﺱﻭﻴﻠﻁﺒ ﺏﺭﻗﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺍ ﺔﻌﻗﻭ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺕﺜﺩﺤ، ﺔﻨﺴ ﺓﺭﻴﻬﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﻻﺯ٤٧٩
ـﻫ /١٠٨٦ ﻥﻭﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ،ﻡﻥﻭﻴﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭﻭ ﺔﻬﺠ ﻥﻤﻭﺴﻨﻭﻔﻟﺍﺱﺩﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺕﻬﺘﻨﺍ،ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺜ ﺔﻬﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻟﺎﺘﺸﻗ ﻙﻠﻤ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻠﻟ ﻕﺤﺎﺴ ﺭﺎﺼﺘﻨﺎﺒ:ﻴﺯﺠ ﺔﻔﺼ،ﻡﻌﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻱﺭﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺨﺘﻨﻤ،
ﺽﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜ ﺭﺒﺨ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺎﻁﻌﻤﻟﺍﺭﺎﻁﻗﻷﺍﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:ﻁ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟ٢ﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،،ﺕ١٩٨٨ﺹ،ﻡ٨٣-٩٥.
)٦٥(ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ،ﻉﺭﺯ ﻲﺒﺃ ﻥﺒﺍ، ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺱﺎﻁﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﺒ ﺏﺭﻁﻤﻟﺍ ﺱﻴﻨﻷﺍ
،ﺔﻋﺎﺒﻁﻠﻟ ﺭﻭﺼﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺱﺎﻓ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ)،ﻁﺎﺒﺭﻟﺍ١٩٧٢(ﺹ،١٥٢.
)٦٦( ﻥﺒﺍﺭﻴﺜﻷﺍ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،١٠/١٨٦-١٨٧.
)٦٧( ﻥﺒﺍﻲﺒﺃ،ﻉﺭﺯﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،١٦٣.
)٦٨ ( ، ـ ـ ـ ـ ﺭﺎـﺒﺨﺃ ﺱﻟﺩـﻨﻷﺍ ﻕـﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ: ﻥﺎﺴـﺤﺃ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﺎـﺒﻋ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ١٩٨٤،ﻡ٤/٤١.
)٦٩ (،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٤/٤١،،ﷲﺍ ﺭﺼﻨ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻥﻭﺩﻌﺴﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﻲﻓ
،ﻥﻴﻔﺸﺎﺘ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﺩﻬﻋ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻀﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،١٩٨٥،ﻡ١٣٩-١٤٠.
)٧٠ (،ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ٤/٤١ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ،:،ﷲﺍ ﺭﺼﻨﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،١٤١.
)٧١ (ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ،٢/٢٦١.
)٧٢(ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﺩﻤ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ، ﺔﻴﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻴﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،١٩٨٤ﺹ،ﻡ٨٥ .
)٧٣ ( ﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ ﻥﺒ:ﻭﺒﺃ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ل ل ، ﺭﻴﻤﺃﻭ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ
ﻲﻤﺴﻭ،ﻥﻴﻔﺸﺎﺘ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻌﻴ،ﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ ﻪﻤﻻ ﺔﺒﺴﻨ ﻡﺴﻻﺍ ﺍﺫﻬﺒﻡﻅﻋﺃ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﻭﻗﻡﻫﺭﺜﻜﺃﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺏﻌﻟ،ﺓﺭﻬﺸ ﺍﺯﺭﺎـﺒ
ﺔﺒﺭﺎﺤﻤ ﻲﻓﻥﺎﺒﺴﻷﺍ ﻲﻗﺭﺸ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲـﺘﻟﺍ ﺵﻴـﻠﻗﺍ ﺔـﻜﺭﻌﻤ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻗ ﺩﺤﺍ ﻪﻨﺍ ﺎﻤﻜ،ﺔﻴﺴﺭﻤ ﻲﻓﻭ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﺔﻨﻭﻠﺸﺭﺒ ﺍﺯﻏﻭ،ﺎﻬﺠﺌﺎﺘﻨ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻗﻻﺯﻟﺍ ﺕﻫﺎﻀ: ـ ـ ـ ، ﻡﻅﻨ،ﻲ
ﻥــﻤ ﻑﻠـﺴ ﺎــﻤ ﺏـﻴﺘﺭﺘﻟ ﻥﺎـﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺎـﺒﺨﺃ ،ﻥﺎـﻤﺯﻟﺍ)٢(ﻕــﻴﻘﺤﺘ، : ﺏﺭــﻐﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻲـﻜﻤ ﻲــﻠﻋ ﺩﻭـﻤﺤﻤ
ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،١٩٩٠ﺹ،ﻡ٦٥ ﺵﻤﺎﻫ٢ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﻲﺒﺃ ،ﻉﺭﺯ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،١٤٢-١٥٤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻁﻀﺍ ﺩﻗﻭ،ﻡ
ﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻭﻭﺍﺩ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﺓﺭﻤﻭ ﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻭﻭﺍﺩ ﻪﻨﺍ لﻭﻘﻴ ﺓﺭﻤﻓ ﻪﻤﺴﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘﻯﺭﺨﺃﻭﺔﺸﺌﺎﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ..
)٧٤ (ﺎﺴ،ﻡﻟﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٨٥.
)٧٥ (ﻼﺴ: ﻰﻠﻋ لﺤﺍﺭﻤ ﻊﺴﺘ ﺵﻜﺍﺭﻤ ﻥﻴﺒﻭ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻐﻤ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺔﻤﻴﺩﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻲﻫﻭ،ﺭﺤﺒﻟﺍ لﺤﺎﺴ ﺎـﻬﻴﻓﻭ
ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜﺔﻴﻨﺒﻷﺍ ، ﻡﻫﺃﺊﻓﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻴﺭﺎﺠﺘﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺭﻅﻨﻴ،: ،ﻱﺭـﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ
ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣١٩-٣٢٠.
)٧٦( ،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻥﺒ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺴﺎﺤﻤﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺌﻼﻗ،ﻲﻠﻴﺒﺸﻻﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻥﺎﻴﻋﻷﺍ،)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﻑـﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﻴﺴـﺤ
،ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻡﻟﺎﻋ،ﺵﻭﺒﺭﺨﻥﺩﺭﻷﺍ،٢٠١٠ﺹ،٣٨٨.
)٧٧(،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢٠.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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٣٠٥
)٧٨ (،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،١٢٧-١٣٢.
)٧٩( ﺭــﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎــﺘ،ﺙﻟﺎﺜﻨﺠ لــﺨﻨﺍ،ﺎﻨﺜﻟﺎﺒﻲﺴــﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ،: ﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺔــﺒﺘﻜﻤ،ﺱﻨﺅﻤ ﻥﻴﺴــﺤﺔــﻓ
،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺩﻟﺍ١٩٥٥ﺹ،ﻡ١٣-١٤.
)٨٠(،ﻱﺯﻭﺩﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٣٠.
)٨١(،ﺎﻨﺜﻟﺎﺒﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢١٩-٢٢٠.
)٨٢(،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٨٨.
)٨٣( ،ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ ،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ،ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﺭﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ: ﻥﺎﺴـﺤﺃ ﺱﺎـﺒﻋ)١( ﺔـﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺴـﺴﺅﻤﻟﺍ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺭﺸﻨﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺴﺍﺭﺩﻠﻟ١٩٨١،٢/٣٧ﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ لﻴﺼﺎ: لﺌﺎﻀﻓ لﺌﺎﺴﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻠﺤﺘ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ،ﺕﻜﻭﺸ ﻯﺩﻫ،ﻡﺎﻨﻬﺒ
لﻫﺃﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،ﺩﺩﻌﻟﺍ،ﺭﺌﺎﺨﺫﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻭﺸﻨﻤ ﺙﺤﺒ،١١_١٢،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،٢٠٠٣ﺹ،ﻡ٥٣.
)٨٤( ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ: ، ﺔﻴﻤﺃ ـ ،
ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﺯﺭﺒﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻡﻫﺭﺜﻜﺃﻭ ﻪﺘﻋﺍﺭﺒﺒ ﻑﺭﻋ،ﺓﺭﻬﺸ ﻭﻠﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺭﻴﺴﻟﺍﻭ ﻡﻼﻜﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻋ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻭ،
ﻥﻤ،لﻠﻤﻟﺍﻭﺭﻬﺸﺃ ل ـ ـ ل ـ ، ، ﺀﺍﻭـﻫﻷﺍﻭ ﺔـﻤﺎﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﻁﻭ،لـﺤﻨﻟﺍﻭ
ﺔﻨﺴ ﻲﻓﻭﺘﻭ،ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ٤٥٦ـﻫ /١٠٣٥ﺭﻅﻨﻴ ،ﻡ:ﺹ،ﺱﻤﺘﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ،ﻲﺒﻀﻟﺍ٣٢-٣٤.
)٨٥( ،ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٧.
)٨٦ (ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﺴـﻔﻨ،٢/٣٧ ﻴـﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ، ﺭـﻅﻨﻴ ل:،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻥﺎﺴـﺤﺃ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺏﺩﻷﺍ ﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻑـﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼـﻋ،
ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻭ،)٢( ،،ﻕﻭﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ١٩٧٧ﺹ،٣١٦-٣١٧.
)٨٧(،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٧٧.
)٨٨(ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٧٧.
)٨٩ (،ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/٣٢٠
)٩٠ (،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٧٧.
)٩١( ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ :ﻭﺒﺃ ﺤﻤ ﺩﻤ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻲﺒﺃ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ
لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﻥﻤ،ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ:ﺭﻅﻨﻴ:،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻭﺒﺃ،ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻑﻠﺨ ﻡﺴﺎﻘﻟﺍﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ
ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،)١( ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﺭﺼـﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤﻟﺍ،ﻱﺭﺍﻭﻬﻟﺍ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﺡﻼﺼ،ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﻭ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ،٢٠٠٣ﺹ،٢٣٥-
٢٣٦.
)٩٢(ﻀﻟﺍ،ﺀﻲﺒﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٠٢ﺭﻅﻨﻴﻭ، :،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٣٥.
)٩٣(،ﺎﻀﺭ ﺭﻤﻋ،ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻜ،ﻥﻴﻔﻟﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ ﺭﺍﺩﺀﺎﻴﺤﺃ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺭﺘﻟﺍ).(،٦/١٠١،
)٩٤(،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٢٣٦.
)٩٥(،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٨٢.
)٩٦(ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻤﺨﻠﻟﺍ لﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ :ﻭﺒﺃ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﺒﻋﷲﺍ ﺩﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺴ،ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻤﺨﻠﻟﺍ ﺢﺘﻓ ﻡﺒ ﺭﻤﻋ ﻥﺒ ل ﻥﻜ
ﻥﻋ ﻯﻭﺭ ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﻭﺒﺃ،ﻲﺸﻗﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﻟﻭﻟﺍﻭﺒﺃﻭﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻯﻭﺭﻭ،ﻥﻻﻭﺭ ﻥﺒﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻭﺒﺃﻲﻨﺍﺩﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴ
،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟ،١/٤٥٦ﺍ،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟ،٣/١٨٢.
)٩٧ (،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٨٢.
)٩٨(ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٨٢.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٣٠٦
)٩٩ (ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻰﺴﻭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺡﻭﺘﻓ:ﻭﺒﺃ ﻥﺒ ﻰﺴﻭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺡﻭﺘﻓ ﺭﺼﻨﻲﺒﺃ،ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ ﻯﻭﺭ
ﻥﻋ ﺔﻠﻁﻴﻠﻁﺒﻲﺒﺃ ﻥﺒ ﺢﺘﻓ ﺭﺼﻨﻡﻴﻫﺍﺭﺒﺇﻭﺒﺃﻭﻕﺎﺤﺴﺇ ﻪﺒﺤﺎﺼﻭ ﺭﻴﻅﻨﺸ ﻥﺒﻲﺒﺃ ﺭﻔﻌﺠﻭﺒﺃﻭ ﻥﺍﻭﺭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﺭﻜﺒ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﻡﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ ﺭﻫﺯ ﻥﺒ:،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٣٦٩.
)١٠٠(،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍﻤﻟﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﺹ،٣٦٩.
)١٠١(ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﺴﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﻠﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ:ﻭﺒﺃ ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﺴﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﻰﻴﺤﻴ ﻥﺒ ﻥﺍﻭﺭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻥﺎﻤﻴﻠﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ
ﻥﻋ ﻯﻭﺭ ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﻥﻜﺴﻭﺒﺃ،ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻭﻭﺍﻭﺒﺃﻭﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺝﺭﻓ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻭﺒﺃﻭ ﻲﻨﺎﺴﻐﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋﻭﺒﺃﻭ ﻲﻠﻋ
،؟ﻲﻓﺩﺼﻟﺍﻭﺒﺃﻭ،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﺥﻭﻴﺸﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫﺭﻴﻏﻭ ﺏﺎﺘﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺹ،٤٥٥.
)١٠٢(،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺹ،٤٥٥،ﺀﻲﺒﻀﻟﺍ،ﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٦٧.
)١٠٣ (ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﺹ،٤٥٥.
)١٠٤( ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ:ﻭﺒﺃﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻰﻟﻭﺘ،ﻱﺭﻬﻔﻟﺍ لﺎﻘﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ
ﺏﺼﺎﻨﻤﺔﻴﺭﺍﺩﺃﺭﻅﻨﻴ،ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻋﻭ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ ﻲﻓ:،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٨١.
)١٠٥(،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍ ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ،٣/١٨١.
)١٠٦ (ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ،٣/١٨١.
)١٠٧(ﻊﺠﺭﻤﻟﻪﺴﻔﻨ،٣/١٨١.
)١٠٨( ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ: ﻭﺒﺃﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﺭﻜﺒﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻲﺘﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍﻱﺭﺎﺼﻨﻷﺍ،ﺭﻅﻨﻴ:،ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ
،٣/١٢٢
)١٠٩(،ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٣/١٢٣.
)١١٠( ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻥﺎﻴﻔﺴ: ﻥﻤﺀﺎﺒﺩﺃ ﻊﻴﺩﺒ ﺭﺜﻨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺒﺩﻷﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺎﺘﻜ ﺓﺭﺜﻜﺒ ﻑﺭﻋ،ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻟﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺭﺯﻭ ﺩﺤﺍﻭ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ، ﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﺒﺩﺃ ﻊﻤ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﻭﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺭﻴﺜﻜ ﻪﻟﻭ لﻴﻤﺠ ﺏﻭﻠﺴﺃﻭ:،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ
ﺹ،٣٩١،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ، ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ،٢/١٢٢.
)١١١(،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٢/١٢٣.
)١١٢(ﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ،ﻥﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍﺹ،٣٩١،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ، ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٣/٩٠٣.
)١١٣(ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ:ﻪﻴﻓ ﻉﺭﺒ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ لﺎﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﻑﺭﻌﻴ ﻡﻟﻭ،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻩﺭﻜﺫ،ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﻥﻤ،
لﻴﺼﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟﺭﻅﻨﻴ:ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ،١/٦٧.
)١١٤(ﻭﺒﺃﺵﺎﻘﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺴﺤﻟﺍ:ﻲﻠﻋ ﻱﻭﺭ ﺔﻴﺴﻨﻠﺒ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻜﺴ ﺕﻨﻭﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﺴﻨﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﺭﻤﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒﻥﻋ ﺭﻤﻋ ﻲﺒﺃ
ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ ﻪﻟ ﺯﺎﺠﺃﻭ ﺭﺸﺎﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻲﺒﺃﻭ ﺩﺴﺃ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺭﻜﺒ ﻲﺒﺃ ﺩﻴ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﻘﻔﺘﻭ،ﻍﺎﺒﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻴﻟﻭﻟﺍ ﻲﺒﺃﻭ ﻲﻨﻭﺘﻤﻠﻟﺍ
ﺭﻅﻨﻴ، ﻥﻭﺭﺨﺁ:،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻕﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٥/٣٧٤-٣٧٥
)١١٥(،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٥/٣٧٤-٣٧٥.
)١١٦(ﻪﺴﻔﻨ ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ،٤/٣٧٥.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٣٠٧
ﻡﻗﺭ ﺔﻁﻴﺭﺨ)١(
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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٣٠٨
ﺭﺩﺼﻤﻟﺍ:ﺩ،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ ﺔﻟﻭﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﻓﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ)ﻥﻴﺩﺤﻭﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ(،٣/١٢\
ﺙﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﺠﺍﺭﻤﻭ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤ
ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ:
-ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﺭﺎﺒﻵﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ )٦٥٨ ـﻫ /١٢٥٩(
١-،ﺭﺌﺍﺯﺠﻟﺍ،ﺔﻴﻗﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺒﻁﻤﻟﺍ،ﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟ ﺔﻠﻤﻜﺘﻟﺍ١٩١٩.
٢-،ﺀﺍﺭﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺤﻟﺍ)٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﻨﺅﻤ ﻥﻴﺴﺤ١٩٨٥.
- ﻥﺒﺍﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ،ﺭﻴﺜﻷ )٦٣٠ ـﻫ /١٢٣٢(
-٣،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻼﻬﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ لﻤﺎﻜﻟﺍ٢٠٠٣
-ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻲﺴﻴﺭﺩﻹﺍ )٥٦٠ ـﻫ /١١٦٤(
٤- ﻲﻓ ﻕﺎﺘﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻫﺯﻨ ﺏﺎﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺴﺒﺘﻘﻤ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺭﺼﻤﻭ ﻥﺍﺩﻭﺴﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﺭﺍ ﺔﻔﺼ
،ﻥﺩﻴﻟ، لﻴﺭﺒ ﺔﻌﺒﻁﻤ،ﻕﺎﻓﻷﺍ ﻕﺍﺭﺘﺨﺍ١٨٩٣.
-،ﻡﺎﺴﺒ ﻥﺒﺍﻭﺒﺃﻲﻨﻴﺭﺘﻨﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺴﺤﻟﺍ)٥٤٢ـﻫ/١١٧٨:(
٥- ﻥﺴﺎﺤﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺭﻴﺨﺫﻟﺍلﻫﺃ،ﺓﺭﻴﺯﺠﻟﺍ)١(،ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ١٩٧٩.
-ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻑﻠﺨ ﻡﺴﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﻭﺒﺃ،لﺍﻭﻜﺸﺒ ﻥﺒﺍ)٥٧٨ـﻫ/١١٨٣(:
٦- ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،)١( ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﺡﻼﺼ،ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﻭ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤﻟﺍ،ﻱﺭﺍﻭﻬﻟﺍ٢٠٠٣.
-ﻕﺤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻥﻤﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻱﺩﺍﺩﻐﺒﻟﺍ )٧٣٩ ـﻫ /١٣٣٨(
٧-، ﻉﺎﻘﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻨﻜﻤﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﺴﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﻼﻁﻻﺍ ﺩﺼﺍﺭﻤ)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻲﻠﻋ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻱﻭﺎﺠﺒﻟﺍ١٩٩٢.
- ﻥﺒﺍﻲﻠﻋ ،ﻡﺯﺤﻥﺒﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍﺩﻴﻌﺴ )٤٥٦ ـﻫ /١٠٦٣(
٨- ،ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﻨﺍ ﺓﺭﻬﻤﺠ)١(ﺍﺩ،،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭ٢٠٠٣
٩-ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﻡﺯﺤ ﻥﺒﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﺭ:ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ)١( ﺕﺎﺴﺍﺭﺩﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻟﺍ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺭﺸﻨﻟﺍﻭ١٩٨١.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
_____________________________________________________
٣٠٩
١٠-ﻁﻘﻨﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺱﻭﺭﻌﻟﺍ:ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﺏﺍﺩﻵﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻜ ﺔﻠﺠﻤ،ﻑﻴﻀ ﻲﻗﻭﺸ،١٩٥١.
-،ﻱﺩﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﻭﺒﺃ ﻥﺒﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤﻲﺒﺃ ﻥﺒ ﺡﻭﺘﻓ ﺭﺼﻨﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ )٤٨٨ ـﻫ /١٠٩٥(
١١- ﺓﻻﻭ ﺭﻜﺫ ﻲﻓ ﺱﺒﺘﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﻭﺫﺠﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ،:ﺍﺩ،ﻲﻔﻴﻭﺴﻟﺍ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺔﻴﺤﻭﺭ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ١٩٩٧.
-ﻡﻌﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻱﺭﻴﻤﺤﻟﺍ )٧٢٧ ـﻫ /١٣٢٦(
١٢-،ﺭﺎﻁﻗﻷﺍ ﺭﺒﺨ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺎﻁﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﻟﺍ)٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﻊﺒﺎﻁﻤ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻍﺭﺒﻟﺩﻴﻫ١٩٨٤.
١٣-ﻔﺼﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺭﺎﻁﻗﻷﺍ ﺭﺒﺨ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺎﻁﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺨﺘﻨﻤ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺔ: ﻲﻔﻴﻟ
،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ)٢( ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،لﻴﺠﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،١٩٨٨.
- ،ﻥﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺒﺍﻭﺒﺃ ﻑﻠﺨ ﻥﺒ ﻥﺎﻴﺤ ﻥﺍﻭﺭﻤ )٤٦٩ـﻫ/١٠٧٦(
١٤-ﺒﻨﺃ ﻥﻤ ﺱﺒﺘﻘﻤﻟﺍﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﻫﺃ ﺀﺎ:،ﻲﻜﻤ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺔﻌﺒﻁ١٩٧٣.
-ﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ،ﻥﺎﻗﺎﺨ ﻥﺒﺍﻲﻠﻴﺒﺸﻻﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒ )٥٢٩ـﻫ /١١٣٤(
١٥- ﻥﺴﺎﺤﻤﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺌﻼﻗﻥﺎﻴﻋﻷﺍ،)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻡﻟﺎﻋ،ﺵﻭﺒﺭﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﻥﻴﺴﺤ
،ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍﻥﺩﺭﻷﺍ،٢٠١٠
-ﻲﻨﺎﺴﻤﻠﺘﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ )٧٧٦ ـﻫ /١٣٧٤(
١٦- ﻰﻤﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺎﻴﻨﺎﺒﺴﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ )ﻼﺘﺤﻻﺍ لﺒﻗ ﻊﻴﻭﺒ ﻥﻤﻴﻓ ﻡﻼﻋﻷﺍ لﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﻥﻤ ﻡ
ﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ)(٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:ﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟ،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻑﻭﺸﻜﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓ١٩٥٦.
-ﻲﻤﺭﻀﺤﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻥﻭﺩﻠﺨ ﻥﺒﺍ )٨٠٨ ـﻫ /١٤٠٥(
١٧- ﻥﺎﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺫ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻫﺭﺼﺎﻋ ﻥﻤﻭ ﺭﺒﺭﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺒﺨﻟﺍﻭ ﺃﺩﺘﺒﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﻴﺩﻭ ﺭﺒﻌﻟﺍ
،ﺭﺒﻜﻷﺍ )(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺓﺫﺎﺤﺸ لﻴﻠﺨ٢٠٠٢.
-ﻉﺭﺯ ﻲﺒﺃ ﻥﺒﺍﻲﻠﻋ ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ)ﺔﻨﺴ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺕ٧٢٦ـﻫ/١٣٢٦:(
١٨- ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﺱﺎﻓ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﻭﻠﻤ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺱﺎﻁﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺽﻭﺭﺒ ﺏﺭﻁﻤﻟﺍ ﺱﻴﻨﻷﺍ
،ﺔﻋﺎﺒﻁﻠﻟ ﺭﻭﺼﻨﻤﻟﺍ)،ﻁﺎﺒﺭﻟﺍ١٩٧٢.(
-ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻰﺴﻭﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ، ﺩﻴﻌﺴ ﻥﺒﺍ )٦٨٥ ـﻫ /١٢٨٦(
١٩-ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻠﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ،)١(ﻪﻴﺸﺍﻭﺤ ﻊﻀﻭ، ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺭﻭﺼﻨﻤﻟﺍ لﻴﻠﺨ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ١٩٩٧.
- ﻥﺒ ﻰﻴﺤﻴ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻲﺒﻀﻟﺍﻲﺒﺃﺓﺭﻴﻤﻋ )٥٩٩ ـﻫ /١٢٠٢(
٢٠-ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﻫﺃ لﺎﺠﺭ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺱﻤﺘﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻐﺒ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،١٩٩٧.
-ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ،)٧٠٣ـﻫ /١٣٠٣(
٢١-ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ، ﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍﻭ لﻭﺼﻭﻤﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟ ﺔﻠﻤﻜﺘﻟﺍﻭ لﻴﺫﻟﺍ : ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺔﻔﻴﺭﺸ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ١٩٦٥.
-ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻯﺭﺍﺫﻋ ﻥﺒﺍ )٦٦٧ ـﻫ /١٢٦٨(
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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٢٢- ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍﺭﺎﺒﺨﺇﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍﻭ)٣(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،: ﺝﺭﻭﺠﻭ لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ ﻲﻔﻴﻟ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﻥﻻﻭﻜ١٩٨٣.
٢٣-ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ: ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ١٩٨٤.
-ﻲﻤﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺒ ﻥﺴﺤ،ﻥﺎﻁﻘﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍ )٦٢٨ـﻫ/١٢٣٠(
٢٤- ﻥﻤ ﻑﻠﺴ ﺎﻤ ﺏﻴﺘﺭﺘﻟ ﻥﺎﻤﺠﻟﺍ ﻡﻅﻨﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ،ﻥﺎﻤﺯﻟ)٢(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ، : ﺭﺍ،ﻲﻜ ﻲﻠﻋ ﺩﻤﺤ
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺏﺭﻐﻟﺍ١٩٩٠.
-ﺩﺭﻜﻟﺍ ﻥﺒﺍﻱﺭﺯﻭﺘﻟﺍ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﺱﻭﺒ )٥٧٣ ـﻫ /١١٧٧(
٢٥-،ﺀﺎﻔﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺄﺒ ﺀﺎﻔﺘﻜﻻﺍ)١(ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ،:،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﺔﻴﺎﺒﻭﺒ ﺭﺩﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ٢٠٠٩.
-ﻲﻠﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ،ﻲﺸﻜﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ) ﻟﺎﺍ ، ﻱﺭﺍ ﻊﺒﺎﺍ ﻥﺭﻘ ﻲﻨ ﻲﻓ
ﻱﺩﻼﻴﻤﻟﺍ. (
٢٦-ﻴﺨﻠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺏﺠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ،ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﺃ ﺹ)٢(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ ،٢٠٠٥.
-ﺩﻤﺤﻤ ﻥﺒ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻱﺭﻘﻤﻟﺍ )١٠٤١ ـﻫ /١٦٣١(
٢٧-،ﺏﻴﻁﺨﻟﺍ ﻥﺒ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﺴﻟ ﺎﻫﺭﻴﺯﻭ ﺭﻜﺫﻭ ﺏﻴﻁﺭﻟﺍ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﺼﻏ ﻲﻓ ﺏﻴﻁﻟﺍ ﺢﻔ)١( ،
ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ :،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،لﻴﻭﻁ ﻲﻠﻋ ﻑﺴﻭﻴﻭ، لﻴﻭﻁ ﻡﺴﺎﻗ ﻡﻴﺭﻤ١٩٩٥.
-ﺎﻴﺎﻬﺸ،ﻱﻭﻤﺤﻟﺍ ﺕﻭﻗﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﻥﺒ ﺕﻭﻗﺎﻴ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ ﺏﻲﻤﻭﺭﻟﺍ )٦٢٦ ـﻫ /١٢٢٦(
٢٨-،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ ﺭﺩﺎﺼ ﺭﺍﺩ،ﻥﺍﺩﻠﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ١٩٧٧.
ﻊﺠﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ:
١-،ﺔﻴﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺜﻵﺍﻭ ﺭﺎﺒﺨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﺩﻨﺴﻟﺍ لﻠﺤﻟﺍ،ﺏﻴﻜﺸ،ﻥﻼﺴﺭﺍ)١( ﺏﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ١٩٩٧
٢-،ﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺭﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺙﻟﺎﺜﻨﺠ لﺨﻨﺍ،ﺎﻨﺜﻟﺎﺒﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ: ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤ،ﺱﻨﺅﻤ ﻥﻴﺴﺤ
،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﺔﻴﻨﻴﺩﻟﺍ١٩٥٥
٣-ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ،ﻲﻔﻴﻟ،لﺎﺴﻨﻓﻭﺭﺒ: ﺩﻼﺼ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ،ﻡﻟﺎﺴ ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺩﻭﻤﺤﻤ
،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ،ﻲﻤﻠﺤ ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍ١٩٩٠
٤-ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻤﻠﺴﻤ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺕﺭﺎﻬﻨﻴﺭ،ﻱﺯﻭﺩ: ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺭﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﻬﻟﺍ،ﻲﺸﺒﺤ ﻥﺴﺤ
ﺔﻤﺠﺭﺘﻟﺍﻭ،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،١٩٩٥.
٥-،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻬﺘﺭﺎﻀﺤﻭ ﺏﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﻥﻭﺭﺨﺁﻭ لﻴﻠﺨ ﻡﻴﻫﺍﺭﺒﺇ ﻲﺌﺍﺭﻤﺎﺴﻟﺍ)١( ﺭﺍﺩﻤﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،
،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ٢٠٠٤.
٦-،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ،ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻴﺩﻤ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﺯﻴﺯﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻡﻟﺎﺴ١٩٨٤.
٧-ﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﻬﻓ ﻙﻠﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺀﺎﻤﻠﻋ،ﻥﻤﺤﺭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺓﺭﻴﻨﻤ،ﻲﻔﻴﺭﺸﻟﺍ،ﺽﺎﻴﺭﻟﺍ، ﺔﻴﻨﻁ٢٠٠٢.
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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٨- ﻥﻴﺩﺸﺍﺭﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻔﻠﺨﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ لﻭﺩﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﺎﻁﻠﺴﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺭﺃ ﺏﺎﻘﻟﺃ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ،ﺔﺒﻴﺘﻗ ،ﻲﺒﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍ
ﻥﻴﺭﺸﻌﻟﺍ ﻥﺭﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﻰﺘﺤﺕﺍﺭﻭﺸﻨﻤ،ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ،ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍ،ﻕﺸﻤﺩ١٩٩٥.
٩-،ﺎﻴﻘﻴﺭﻓﺃ لﺎﻤﺸﻭ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ،ﻥﻭﻨﺫ ﺩﺤﺍﻭﻟﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ،ﻪﻁ)١( ﺭﺍﺩ،
ﻟ ﺩﻴﺸﺭﻟﺍ ،ﺩﺍﺩﻐﺒ،ﺭﺸﻨﻠ١٩٨٠.
١٠- ﺏﺎﺒﺸ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤ ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ،ﺭﺎﺘﺨﻤ ﺩﻤﺤﺍ،ﻱﺩﺎﺒﻌﻟﺍ
،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ١٩٧٥.
١١-،ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ ﺭﺼﻋ،ﻲﺴﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺏﺩﻷﺍ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ،ﻥﺎﺴﺤﺃ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ)٢( ﺭﺍﺩ ،
،ﻕﻭﺭﺸﻟﺍ١٩٧٧.
١٢-ﺎﻴﻗ ﺫﻨﻤ ﻑﺌﺍﻭﻁﻟﺍ لﻭﺩ ﺭﺼﻋ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ،ﷲﺍ ﺩﺒﻋ ﺩﻤﺤﻤ،ﻥﺎﻨﻋ ﺢﺘﻔﻟﺍ ﻰﺘﺤ ﺎﻬﻤ
،ﺓﺭﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ،ﻲﺠﻨﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤ،ﻲﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ١٩٩٧.
١٣-،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﻲﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺙﺍﺭﺘﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻴﺤﺃ ﺭﺍﺩ ،ﻥﻴﻔﻟﺅﻤﻟﺍ ﻡﺠﻌﻤ،ﺎﻀﺭ ﺭﻤﻋ،ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻜ)..(
١٤-ﻭﺒﺃﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤلﺎﻤﻜ ، ﺯﻜﺭﻤ،ﻲﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ ﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻀﺤﻭ ﺦﻴﺭﺎﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺙﻭﺤﺒ،ﺩﻴﺴﻟﺍ
،ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ،ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺭﺩﻨﻜﺴﻹﺍ١٩٩٧.
١٥- ﻥﻭﺩﻌﺴ،ﷲﺍ ﺭﺼﻨ ﻥﺒ ﻑﺴﻭﻴ ﺩﻬﻋ ﻲﻓ ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍﻭ ﺏﺭﻐﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻁﺒﺍﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻭﺩ،ﺱﺎﺒﻋ
،ﻥﻴﻔﺸﺎﺘ)١(،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻀﻬﻨﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ،١٩٨٥.
ﺕﺎﻴﺭﻭﺩﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﺠﻤﻟﺍ:
١- ﺔﻠﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻭﺸﻨﻤ ﺙﺤﺒ،ﺱﻟﺩﻨﻷﺍ لﻫﺃ لﺌﺎﻀﻓ لﺌﺎﺴﺭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻠﺤﺘ ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ،ﺕﻜﻭﺸ ﻯﺩﻫ،ﻡﺎﻨﻬﺒ
،ﺩﺩﻌﻟﺍ،ﺭﺌﺎﺨﺫﻟﺍ١١_١٢،ﺕﻭﺭﻴﺒ،٢٠٠٣
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ﺔﯿﺑﺮﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻠﻛ ﺔﻠﺠﻣﻊﺳﺎﺘﻟا دﺪﻌﻟا
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Abstract
٤٠٠ ١٠٠٩
THE ALPUENTE STATE( A.H./ A.D.-
٤٩٦
١١٠٢
A.H./ A.D.)
A POTITICAL AND INTELLECTUAL STUDY
The study looks into the state of Alpuente as one of the sectarian
states in Andalusia. It was well-distinguished in reference to its little area
in comparison to the nearby vast Muslim and Spanish states. Due to the
geographical location and impregnable, the Alpuente state had acquired a
sovereign authority where sufficient protection had been provided to stand
against attacks. In reference to the state rulers, they preferred a
nonintervention policy in spite of their wars such as against Valence. It is
well-known that the state rulers were descended from BEN-KASIM AL-
FEHREEN who quietly ruled the state. It is worth to mention that an
example of confliction had taken place before, Abd Allah the second, the
last ruler's reign. Based on the current circumstances , the state foreign
affairs were unstable , that was to wage or to establish friendly relations.
The Alpuente rulers were loyal and quite subjected to the kingdom of
Kishtala and its ally Al-Kembiadur to avoid war. As so tribute had been
paid yet Alpuente suffered the wars. Hence , it was preferred to establish
effective relations with MURABETEEN, as they invaded Andalusia , in
an attempt to keep entity and to get rid of Spain but the Alpuente state
was defeated by the Al-MURABETEAN
Finally , the intellectual movement had advanced , especially in
legitimacy ( Qura'an and Hadith). Well-known scientists had
came out to save Islamic traditions . Moreover, the Alpuente
rulers had seriously considered the intellectual and scientific
movement for they were part of the intellectuals. In his
widespread treatise concerning Andalusia Virtue , ABN HAZIM
ANDALUSY praised the rules that was one of the prince's
Muhamed achievements
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