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Investment Projects of Iraqi Mineral Resources 2019-2023



Investment Projects of Iraqi Mineral Resources 2019-2023
Ministry of Industry and Minerals
State Company for Mining Industries
Investment Projects of Iraqi Mineral Resources 2019-2023
Senior Chemical Eng
Raghd Muhi Al-deen Jassim
The State Company for Mining Industries was
established in 1992 specialized in asphalt
industries, modern construction chemicals and
The company's mineral extraction
department was connected to the company
after it was disassociated from the Iraqi
Geological Survey, which contributed to the
enhancement of the company's mineral
The General Company for Mining Industries
and That Al-Sawary Company for Chemical
Industries were merged into one company
under the name of State Company for Mining
Industries And append to the Ibn Sina factory
after disconnection from the Military
Industries Company.
The company has several sites: -
First - Main location - Company headquarters
- Baghdad governorate / North Kadhimiya -
Tajiyat area behind the lamps factory, includes
the general administration in addition to
supporting sections and production factories
(plant construction products, mining plant,
Industrial resins plant, rock wool factory).
Second. Al-Thaghar Factory- Basrah Governorate.
Third. Al-Ramah Factory - Nineveh Governorate.
Forth. Inks and color concentrates plant - Baghdad
province / Al-Khadraa district
Fifth. Mineral Extraction Department - Baghdad
Governorate / Andalus Square. It includes
the administration and divisions in several
production sites
a. Samawah Saltern / Muthanna Governorate.
b. Western desert mines / Al-Rutba - Anbar
c. Basrah Saltern / Al-Faw district - Basrah
d. Mines of Najaf Plateau / Najaf Governorate.
e. Bentonite activation project / Anbar province.
f. Bentonite Mill / Karma - Anbar Governorate
g. Sulfate Sodium Laboratory / Al-Dour District -
Salah Aldeen Governorate.
Sixth - Ibn Sina factory - and includes two sites:
A. Zour village / Tarmiya district 65 km north of
B. Baghdad - Waziriya near the General
Company for Electrical Industries.
The company has adopted an industrial
strategy to exploit the local raw materials and
Iraqi mineral resources to produce products
that benefit the development plan in Iraq.
The company has two industrial identities:
The first in the field of chemical industries
targeting the manufacture of chemical
products using local raw materials, a large
proportion of them.
The second is in the field of mining
industries aiming at exploiting the mineral
ores, waste metals, raw materials in Iraq to
convert them into useful products by
improving their quality and increasing their
value for use in the industrial applications.
The company operates within the quality
management processes and the application
of quality specifications. The quality system
certificate was obtained as follows:
A - Inks and color concentrates plant
obtained the ISO 9001: 2008 quality
certificate from BMTRADA on 2/4/2014.
Quality Management
B - Plants (construction products, rock
wool, industrial resins) obtained the
ISO9001: 2008 quality certificate from
VEXIL on 28/1/2017.
C. Plants (construction products, rock
wool, industrial resins) obtained the
certificate of quality ISO9001: 2015 from
VEXIL on 21/3/2018.
Mineral Products
The company produces many products
that are excavated from the ground &
quarries or from sea water such as raw
salt, ironstone ore, silica sand for glass &
ceramics, silica sand for white cement,
silica sand for black cement, kaolin, sands
for metal casting, standard sand, bauxite,
bentonite, and raw Bentonite.
Mineral Products
The value add of the activity is that these
materials are Iraqi materials taken from
the Iraqi land in addition to it provides a
high potential for use in the production of
glass, ceramics, refractories, Air aerated
Blocks, cement and water treatment in
addition to the petrochemical, oil, food and
chemical industries.
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
Mineral Products
No Project name (investment
Type of
1Rehabilitate, renew and operate
Bentonite activation project
venture Al-Anbar
2Rehabilitate, renew and operate
Aluminum powder project
venture Baghdad
3Chlor-Alkali production project
venture Al-Muthana
Mineral Resources
No Project name (investment
Type of
time for the
1Rehabilitate, renew and operate
Bentonite ball mill Al-Anbar Joint venture 2019-2020
2Rehabilitate, renew and operate
Basrah saltern Basra Joint venture 2020-2021
3Sodium carbonate production
project Al-Anbar Joint venture 2019-2022
4Calcium carbonate production
project Baghdad Joint venture 2019-2020
5Industrial and table salt
production project Basra Joint venture 2020-2021
6Glass fiber production project Baghdad Joint venture 2021-2022
Mineral Resources
No Project name (investment opportunity) Project
Type of
time for the
7Extraction of Alumina from Kaolin project Al-Anbar Joint
venture 2019-2020
8Iron stone beneficiation project Al-Anbar Joint
venture 2020-2021
9Silica sand production project Al-Anbar Joint
venture 2019-2022
10 Foundry silica sand production project Al-Anbar Joint
venture 2019-2020
11 Ferro-silicon alloy production project Al-Anbar Joint
venture 2020-2021
12 Magnesium oxide production project Basra Joint
venture 2021-2022
13 Sodium sulfate production project Salah Al-
venture 2021-2022
Mineral Resources
The company aims to accomplish many researches in
the field of mining to prepare metals, alloys or chemicals
from the following industrial sources:
Metal Scrap
Bitter water
The company completed the following research in the
field of mining within a decade and at the laboratory and
pilot levels:
Scientific and Human
Electrolytic lead purification
Preparation of copper cathode by electrochemical
Preparation of dead burned magnesia from bitter
Preparation of chemical compounds of bitter water
Purification of silica sand by the chemical method
Preparation of alumina from kaolin at the pilot plant
Scientific and Human
The company is working on the implementation
of projects for the rehabilitation, development
and expansion of the mining industry aimed to
optimizing the exploitation of mineral ores in Iraq.
Below are the projects that the company has
planned to implement, some of which are under
construction now and the other are being
implemented over the next five years:
Scientific and Human
The company was concerned with high purity
silica sand, of the Iraqi Geological Survey efforts
resulted that large quantities of high silica sand
of 10 million tons ready for investment with large
quantities of reserves for this sands, which is
considered as an endless tree of independent
industries, One of the industries is photovoltaic
cells, which is one of the alternative sources of
energy that the countries of the world started
Silicon and
Ferrosilicon Projects
High-purity silica sand is found in the
western desert of Iraq, in the area of
Arduma, located in Anbar governorate for
the extraction of silica sand, located 15 km
west of the town of Rutba.
Silicon and
Ferrosilicon Projects
The research conducted in the company
to prepare the silicon metal and ferrolicon
alloy from Iraqi silica sand, indicates
technical and economic indicators to
encourage the establishment of projects to
produce these two products to meet the
domestic needs and export surplus and
hope that the company be the industrial
base on the silicon industry in the country.
Silicon and
Ferrosilicon Projects
The interest of the Ministry of Industry &
Minerals in the new and renewable energies in
Iraq coincides with the international attention
and direction of this kind of clean energies to
achieve sustainable development. Our region is
witnessing the establishment of projects for the
production of crystalline silicon but it does not
meet the global demand for crystalline silicon
which falls within the metals of the international
stock exchange.
Crystalline Silicon for
PV Project
The project aims to exploiting the high-purity Iraqi
sand to build a giant plant using modern technology,
which is monopolized by a few international
companies. For the purpose of ensuring balance in
global markets in terms of production and marketing,
international companies are being developed for the
purpose of establishing the Iraqi crystalline silicon
production project from high purity silica sand for use
in the production of solar cells with a capacity of 1
Giga Watt power and optic fibers.
Crystalline Silicon for
PV Project
- Iraq's proximity to world markets.
- High value added with the less return on
- High purity of silica sand up to 99% minimum.
- The possibility of beneficiate of silica sand to more
than 99% by using simple physical methods.
- Prices of raw materials in the industry.
Value Added Factors
Crystalline Silicon for
PV Project
- The global trend of energy production with new and
renewable sources.
- International seminars and conferences on finding
alternatives for oil fuel.
- International attention to silicon metal for its unique
properties of metal to produce clean energy i
- The global demand on silicon metal with raising in this
Global Economy Factors
Crystalline Silicon for PV
Reducing reliance on petroleum fuels for power
generation and directing new directions
Control the specifications of the silicon metal
product locally compared with imported silicon.
The development of new industries benefiting from
the products of the final and byproducts of Iraqi
Expected Gained factors
Crystalline Silicon for PV
Cheap electricity prices from renewable energy
systems because silicon price, represents half
the price of the solar cell
Creating employment opportunities for the labor
force in the country.
Exploitation of empty land near cities to install
solar cells that feed every city.
Developing educational curricula in the country
from the initial stages to university education
Crystalline Silicon for PV
The producing method of crystalline silicon is to
extract the metallurgical silicon from the high
purity Iraqi sand and then purify this silicon by
treating it with hydrochloric acid and then
depositing silicon in a well designed special
reactor to produce polycrystalline silicon.
Monocrystalline silicon can also be produced.
Both types are used in solar cells and the latter
in the production of electronics
Crystalline Silicon for PV
Silicon compounds can be produced from
metallurgical silicon
Optic fiber can be produced from the
reaction of the silicon tetrachloride formed
during the production process which is
pumped with the other chemical
compounds to the production reactor and
then drawing mechanically the resulting
material according to the type of optic fiber
Master alloy represent key alloy in iron and steel
The project aims to produce ferrosilicon alloy at
production capacity of 25,000 tons per year to meet the
needs of the iron and steel industry in Iraq and open
ways for export.
The project is one of the projects of the silicon industry
to exploit the high purity Iraqi sands, locally available
both coal and iron ore from the Husainiyat iron mine.
Ferrosilicon Project
The ferrosilicon alloy is produced by using the
same type of three-phase electric arc furnaces to
produce metallurgical silicon metal, which is
used as a precursor for the production of
crystalline silicon.
The raw materials are high purity silica sand,
mixed carbonaceous material for reducing
oxides and iron bearing material such as iron ore
Ferrosilicon Project
Produce both carbon steel, stainless steel and other
ferrous alloys as silicon repels oxygen as well as to
ensure stability of carbon in molten steel.
Producing ferroalloys such as magnesium ferrosilicon
and others.
Silicon production from alloy.
Magnesium production from dolomite by pidgeon
Uses of ferrosilicon alloy
Ferrosilicon Project
Production of silicon iron alloys for corrosion
resistance and high temperature resistance.
Making outer shell covering some types of
welding wires used in welding.
The ingot is used in the production of steel used
in the heart of transformers and electric motors.
Production of hydrogen gas for balloons by the
reaction of the alloy, water and sodium
Ferrosilicon Project
Strategic Projects
The project aims at activating calcium
bentonite with very encouraging reserves at
the site of Triefawi / Wadi Beshira in Rutba /
Anbar province - according to the American
API or the European standard OCMA
The design capacity of the project is 75,000
tons per year
Bentonite Activation
SiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3 CaO MgO Na2O K2O TiO2 P2O5 SO3 MnO LOI
56.77 15.67 5.12 4.48 3.42 1.1 0.6 0.85 0.65 0.95 0.65 9.49
Bentonite Activation
Insoluble sedimentary rocks used in cement,
glass, paper, plastics, paints, building
materials, iron and steel, petrochemicals, oil
wells drilling.
The reserve is estimated at millions of tons
for hundreds of years of production and with
good specifications.
Calcium Carbonate
The project aims to invest calcium carbonate
deposits by establishing of an integrated plant of
ground calcium carbonate with the possibility of
opening extension of future grinding lines to cover
all uses while finding outlets for export
The annual production capacity is 100,000 tons and
can be increased according to demand on the
The most suitable sites are Wadi Ghadaf in Anbar
Calcium Carbonate
Specification of GCC for oil wells drilling
CaCO3 98%
Fe2O3 0,09%
SiO2 0.37%
MgCO3 2.43%
Al2O3 0.2%
Mn 0.002%
LOI 44%
Solubility in 15% HCl 98%
Moisture 6 max
Density 2.7 gm/cc
Calcium Carbonate
Specification of GCC for paint and dye
Specific gravity 2.7 gm/cc
Tint White
+210 micron 0%
+149 micron 3%
+75 micron 20-30 %
+44 micron 50%
Solubility in 15% HCl 99% min
Calcium Carbonate
The project aims to establish integrated plant to
exploit bitter water for the purpose of producing
magnesium oxide in capacity of 1000 tons per
year in the province of Basra
Magnesium oxide is used in the production of
refractory bricks, refractory mortar, oil and
chemical industries, and vanadium inhibitors.
Raw materials are dolomite rocks and bitter
solution, which are local raw materials.
Magnesium Oxide
Vanadium Inhibiter
The project aims to exploit the salt produced in
Iraqi salters to produce chlorine and caustic soda
using membrane electrolysis cells to cover the
local needs of 15,000 tons per year of liquid
chlorine 19,500 tons of caustic soda
Chlorine is used in water purification, bactericidal
and paper-based industries. Caustic soda is
used in the food and chemical industries and in
the drilling of wells.
Chlor-Alkali Project
Total project power is 2.5 megawatts per
ton of chlorine output
Of the economic indicators of the project
break even point 46% and Simple Return
on Investment 20%
Chlor-Alkali Project
The project aims to exploit the industrial salt
produced in the salterns of the company to
produce sodium carbonate in both high and low
density by reacting with limestone, which is
abundant in southern Iraq.
The production capacity of the project is 200,000
tons per year in Solvay process. The project is
located in Basrah Governorate
Sodium Sulfate
Sodium carbonate is used in the glass industry,
textile industries, soap and detergent industry, oil
wells drilling, calcite bentonite activation.
The project needs 130 kilowatt hours and 2.4
cubic meters per tonne of carbonates produced
Project break even point 39%
Sodium Sulfate
The project aims to exploit deposits of
sodium sulphate in Al-Shari Lake in
Salaheddine Governorate.
In 1997, an industrial unit was established
at the site, where production reached
9000 tons then the plant was exposed to
sabotage in the beginning of 2003.
Sodium Sulfate
Estimated ore reserves are at about 200 million
tons, while sodium sulfate reserves, which
account for 10% of the crude, are 12.5 million
tons, which encourages investment in crude.
Sodium sulphate can be obtained with purity
NaSO4 NaCl CaSO4 MgSO4 I.R Fe ppm Bulk
99.7% 0.23% 0.038% 0.027% ND 2.1% 1.089
Sodium Sulfate
Company planning to establishment of an
integrated plant according to modern
technology to exploit the salt deposits
production capacity of 30,000 tons per
year to produce sodium sulphate purity
Sodium Sulfate
The project aims to extract alumina from white
kaolin clays of Dweikhla area in Anbar province
with a production capacity of 10,000 tons per
year according to modern methods of extracting
Studies were carried out by the Iraqi Geological
Survey for alumina extraction revealed the
possibility of extraction using hydrochloric acid in
yield 63%
Alumina Extraction
From White Kaolin
total resers of kaolin about 410 million
tonnes from geological data is available in
the Duweilah region according to the geo
logical information in the specifications
Al2O3 Fe2O3 SiO2
32% 1% 1.6%
Alumina Extraction
From White Kaolin
Rehabilitation projects
The project aims to increase the concentration of
iron ore excavated from the Husainiyat iron mine
in Al-Rutba area in Anbar province, which was
opened in 2013 with dimensions of 89 x 80 meters
and a depth of 31 meters.
The proven reserves of iron ore in the mine are
about 45,000 cubic meters, about 100,000 tons.
Crude reserves are estimated at about 200 million
Iron Ore
The exploitation of the ore containing 35%
iron oxide requires a process using
modern technology to raise the
concentration of the oxide to more than
60% for use in the cement industry in a
capacity of 200,000 tons per year.
Iron Ore
Silica sand for filters used in water filtering
units to produce potable water because it
separates solid particles from water.
The sand is found within the structure of
the substrate and can be obtained within a
granular scale ranging from 0.85 to 2 mm,
representing 25% of the overall gradient.
Filter sands Project
Chemical and physical analysis of filter’s sand
showed that it conforms to the Iraqi Standard
Specification 1555 for the year 2000, which
stipulates that the percentage of silica shall not
be less than 90%, the sulfate shall not exceed
1%, the acid loss shall not exceed 2%.
The first two areas are located in Khan al-
Ruba'a, the second in Muhayor, near the Hawran
Filter sands Project
Reserves of Filter’s sands in Khan al-
Ruba area about 240,000 tons can reach
60,000 tons. These reserves can be
strengthened if the areas of investigation
are expanded towards the Kifil area
Filter sands Project
The project aims to attract the investment
companies to establish a standard sand
production project to meet the needs of the local
market and open outlets for export using modern
production methods
Standard sand is a vital material for checking
cement molds from cement factories. These
sand are silica products from Husainiyat and
Mahayor areas.
Standard sand
The amount of crude containing standard
sand is about 3,000,000 tons, contains 10%
of standard sand in the range of required
granular size
The physical and chemical properties of the
ore are part of the syntactic unit for the
formation of Husseiniat. The silica ratio in
the sand is not less than 96%.
Standard sand
Standard sand is produced according to
Iraqi standard 2080 for the year 1989, with
granular size ranging from -850 to + 600
600 micron (under) 850 micron (under) Acid loss
10% max 98% max 25%
Standard sand
The project aims to produce sand for metal
casting in the foundries for different metals
because silica has perfect resistant to high
temperature and melting resistance
The sands are found in a large area, which
is easy to extract and process compared to
other types of sand
Foundry Sands
The sand specification is divided into
chemical specifications
The physical specification represents the
particle size gradient ranging from 500 to 106
microns according to Iraqi Standard 2100
SiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3 Alkali Silt
97-98 % 0.55% 0.04% 0.03% 0.5%
Foundry Sands
The project aims at establishing an
integrated production line that adopts modern
methods to increase the purity of silica sand
in the Ardema area to more than 99% Silica
at production capacity 60,000 tons per year.
To suit the requirements of the glass &
ceramic industry, Silicon industry, fiberglass,
white and black cement, and filter sand.
Silica sand
The reserve of silica sand is 390 million
tons of the purest sand available in Iraq.
Specification of producing sand
SiO2 Fe2O3 Al2O3
99% min 0.02% max 0.05% max
Silica sand
The project aims to establish the red brick industry
with a capacity of 36 million cubic meters per year
by modern industrial methods by exploiting the
deposits of red cauliflower, which are present in
very encouraging reserves in the following
- Hussianiyat site 50 million tons
- Amaj site 30 million tons
- Qaraa site 10 million tons
- Dweikhla site 7 million tons
Red Bricks form red
Kaolin Project
Specifications of Red Kaolin
Specification of bricks
- very lite
- High endurance
- long operational life
- Good heat insulation
- Green industry
Fe2O3 SiO2 Al2O3
11% avg. 51% avg. 24% avg.
Red Bricks form red
Kaolin Project
The project aims to exploit the deposits of bauxite
and flint, which accompany bauxite through the
successful investment to establish a specialized
industry to manufacture raw materials to meet the
needs of the local market and open outlets for export
and competition in the international markets.
Bauxite and cements are found in the form of
sediments filled with residues deposited in rocks of
about 200 million years old. Bauxite consists of
boehmite and gypsum.
Bauxite and Flint
production Project
The estimated reserves of bauxite ore is 1 million
tons, while the reserves of flint are 9 million tons.
The site of the deposition of bauxite ore and silicate
flint in the province of Ramadi, northeast of al-
Determination of use in the manufacture of
refractories, firecrackers and many other industries.
Bauxite and Flint
The project aims to exploiting Kaolin to produce
meta kaolin to improve Portland Cement properties
at annual capacity of 10,000 tons.
There is a large reserve of the kaolin in the Dweikhla
area of about 410 million tons.
Meta kaolin is used for construction, airport runways
and highways.
Production project
The project aims to establish a plant to raise the purity
of attapulgite to appropriate specifications required by
the oil companies.
The deposition of the attapulgite in the Okashat and
Najaf governorates in good quantities and need to be
activated to comply with the American standard and a
reserve quantity of 500,000 tons.
Used in oil industry and bleaching of vegetable oil.
Attapulgite Clays
SiO2 CaO Fe2O3 MgO
ة41.6% max 18.1% max 4.4% max 3.8% max
ف50.8% max 6.2% max 6.4% max 6.0% min
Attapulgite Clays
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