ArticlePDF Available

Informan dan Pemilihan Informan dalam Penelitian Kualitatif

Authors:

Abstract

Artikel ini merupakan materi dalam mata kuliah metodologi penelitian kualitatif.
A preview of the PDF is not available
... In this study, researchers will use qualitative research to examine the role and contribution of SP3OR's efforts in the SDP perspective for the future direction of sport development. Participants in qualitative research are better known as "informants", because the results of qualitative research are to get in-depth information on the selected research problem (Heryana, 2018). Heryana (2018) explains that in qualitative research, informants are divided into three, namely key informants, main informants and supporting informants. ...
... Participants in qualitative research are better known as "informants", because the results of qualitative research are to get in-depth information on the selected research problem (Heryana, 2018). Heryana (2018) explains that in qualitative research, informants are divided into three, namely key informants, main informants and supporting informants. According to him, the use of the three types of informants above is for the purpose of data validity using the triangulation method, and the data processing stage in this qualitative research will go through the stages of data collection, reduction, ...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine the SP3OR’s policy in the perspective of sport development and peace (SDP) for new directions of sports development in the future. Qualitative research was conducted, where semi-structured interview data were collected from participants, as were data from direct participant observations and organizational documents. Data analysis followed, according to triangulation. The results of this study indicate that the SP3OR’s program through its tasks or activities to the community has received a very positive response, an increase in the number of community participation in sports in West Java Province tends to increase every year. So that the SP3OR’s program is contained in the policy of Governor Regulation (Pergub) No.7 of 2018 so that the consistency of programs running in the community is maintained. Thus the SP3OR’s Program in West Java is expected to become an example for other provinces in Indonesia so that they can utilize human resources, especially youth, to build a human development index through sports activities.
... Pada penelitian kualitatif tidak mengenal adanya jumlah sampel minimum (sample size), umumnya menggunakan jumlah sampel kecil bahkan pada kasus tertentu menggunakan hanya 1 subjek saja. Pemilihan jumlah 4 orang subjek berdasarkan dua syarat yang harus dipenuhi dalam menentukan jumlah subjek yaitu kecukupan dan kesesuaian (Heryana, 2018). ...
Article
Full-text available
Strategi Coping yang baik pada masa sosial distancing wabah Covid-19 penting untuk mengurangi kejenuhan dan rasa bosan serta menghindari terjadinya stress. Untuk itu, strategi coping yang baik bagi mahasiswa dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan aplikasi Tik Tok untuk memperoleh dukungan sosial dan sebagai bentuk pengekspresian diri serta penyaluran perasaan di tengah kejenuhan kuliah online dan kesibukan tugas-tugas kuliah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi mengenai bagaimana gambaran strategi coping mahasiswa pengguna aplikasi Tik Tok yang menjalani sosial distancing pada Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda. Subjek yang digunakan sebanyak empat orang mahasiswa Universitas Mulawarman pengguna aplikasi Tik Tok dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling yaitu pemilihan subjek penelitian didasarkan atas ciri-ciri atau sifat-sifat tertentu. Pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancara mendalam semiterstruktur dan observasi. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan teknik analisis data yang dikemukakan Miles dan Huberman yakni pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gambaran strategi coping mahasiswa pengguna aplikasi Tik Tok selama menjalani sosial distancing wabah Covid-19 lebih cenderung menggunakan pendekatan emosional focus coping yakni menggunakan Tik Tok sebagai pengalihan atau penyaluran emosi ketika mengalami tekanan atau stres. Sehingga menggunakan aplikasi Tik Tok cukup efektif untuk strategi coping selama sosial distancing wabah Covid-19. A good coping strategy during the social distancing period of the Covid-19 outbreak is important to reduce boredom and boredom and avoid stress. For this reason, a good coping strategy for students can be done by using the Tik Tok application to get social support and as a form of self-expression and channeling feelings during saturation of online lectures and busy college assignments. This study aims to obtain information on how to describe the coping strategies of students using the Tik Tok application who undergo social distancing at Mulawarman University, Samarinda. The subjects used were four students of Mulawarman University users of the Tik Tok application using purposive sampling technique, namely the selection of research subjects based on certain characteristics or traits. The data collection used is semi-structured in-depth interviews and observation. The data collected were analyzed using data analysis techniques proposed by Miles and Huberman, namely data collection, data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The results showed that the description of the coping strategies of students using the Tik Tok application during the social distancing of the Covid-19 outbreak was more likely to use an emotional focus coping approach, namely using Tik Tok as a diversion or channeling of emotions when experiencing pressure or stress. So, using the Tik Tok application is quite effective for coping strategies during the social distancing of the Covid-19 outbreak.
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah: 1) Menjelaskan ruang lingkup partisipasi masyarakat dalam perencanaan dan pelaksanaan Peningkatan Kualitas Rumah Tidak Layak Huni (PK-RTLH) di Payakumbuh. 2) Menganalisis faktor pendukung dan penghambat partisipasi dalam pelaksanaan program Peningkatan Kualitas Rumah Tidak Layak Huni (PK-RTLH) di Payakumbuh. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Payakumbuh. Waktu penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Januari sampai Februari 2020. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Informan penelitian berjumlah 22 orang yang terdiri dari 17 informan kunci dan 5 informan biasa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian bentuk partisipasi masyarakat dalam perencanaan Peningkatan Mutu Rumah Rehabilitasi Rumah Tidak Layak Huni adalah; a) Pembentukan kelompok penerima bantuan; b) Buka nomor rekening untuk penerima manfaat; c) Memanfaatkan sumber daya lokal. Bentuk partisipasi masyarakat dalam pelaksanaan Program Peningkatan Kualitas Rehabilitasi Rumah Tidak Layak Huni: a) Partisipasi berupa pendampingan dari pekerja; b) Partisipasi dalam bentuk bantuan material; c) Partisipasi dalam bentuk keterampilan atau keahlian. Faktor yang memungkinkan masyarakat untuk berpartisipasi adalah internal (intrinsik) dan eksternal (ekstrinsik). Dalam partisipasi juga terdapat faktor-faktor yang menghambat masyarakat untuk berpartisipasi, yaitu: a) Faktor ekonomi; b) Pengaruh modernisasi sehingga muncul individualisme; c) Informasi program tidak menjangkau seluruh elemen masyarakat.Kata kunci: Pembangunan, Partisipasi, Rumah, Miskin ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study are: 1) To explain the scope of community participation in planning and implementing Improvement of Quality of Non-Habitable Homes (PK-RTLH) in Payakumbuh. 2) To analyze the enabling and inhibiting factors of participation in the implementation of the Improvement of the Quality of Uninhabitable Homes (PK-RTLH) program in Payakumbuh. This research was conducted in the City of Payakumbuh. The time of the study was conducted in January to February 2020. This study used a qualitative method. There were 22 research informants consisting of 17 key informants and 5 ordinary informants. Based on the results of research the form of community participation in the planning of Improvement of the Quality of Rehab Homes for Non-Habitable Homes are; a) Formation of groups of aid recipients; b) Open account numbers for beneficiaries; c) Utilizing local resources. Forms of community participation in the implementation of the Improvement Program for the Quality of Rehabilitation of Non-Habitable Homes: a) Participation in the form of assistance from workers; b) Participation in the form of material assistance; c) Participation in the form of skills or expertise. Enabling factors for the community to participate are internal (intrinsic) and external (extrinsic). In participation there are also factors that inhibit people from participating, namely: a) Economic factors; b) The effect of modernization so that individualism emerges; c) Program information does not reach all elements of the community.Keywords: Development, Participation, House, Poor
Article
Full-text available
Perkembangan teknologi menimbulkan dampak yang besar dalam kehidupan manusia khususnya pada kegiatan pencarian informasi yang semula berbasis tradisional menjadi digital. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pola perilaku pencarian informasi generasi Z berperspektif Ellisian. Jenis penelitian adalah kualitatif deskriptif dengan mewawancarai tiga (3) orang informan yang berasal dari mahasiswa angkatan 2018 Program Studi Perpustakaan dan Ilmu Informasi, Universitas Negeri Padang. Dari hasil penelitian dinyatakan bahwa pola perilaku pencarian informasi generasi Z cenderung menggunakan sumber elektronik daripada sumber tercetak. Adapun alasan penggunaan sumber elektronik (google) dalam pencarian informasi adalah mudah dan cepat. Pada saat penelusuran informasi, mereka mencarinya menggunakan kata kunci yang sudah dirancang terkait dengan topik yang dibutuhkan. Untuk merancang kata kunci mereka biasanya tidak menggunakan rujukan atau referensi tetapi berdasarkan pemahaman masing-masing. Setelah melakukan pencarian dengan merawak, informan mengumpulkan semua hasil pencarian dan setelah itu baru di seleksi kembali berdasarkan kevaliditasan dan kebaharuannya. Namun para informan tidak terlalu mempertimbangkannya terutama untuk kebaharuan informasi.
Article
Sampling is central to the practice of qualitative methods, but compared with data collection and analysis its processes have been discussed relatively little. A four-point approach to sampling in qualitative interview-based research is presented and critically discussed in this article, which integrates theory and process for the following: (1) defining a sample universe, by way of specifying inclusion and exclusion criteria for potential participation; (2) deciding upon a sample size, through the conjoint consideration of epistemological and practical concerns; (3) selecting a sampling strategy, such as random sampling, convenience sampling, stratified sampling, cell sampling, quota sampling or a single-case selection strategy; and (4) sample sourcing, which includes matters of advertising, incentivising, avoidance of bias, and ethical concerns pertaining to informed consent. The extent to which these four concerns are met and made explicit in a qualitative study has implications for its coherence, transparency, impact and trustworthiness.
Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif
  • E Martha
  • S Kresno
Martha, E., & Kresno, S. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.