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Efficient routing for corona based underwater wireless sensor networks

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Abstract and Figures

The imbalance energy consumption and high data traffic at intermediate nodes degrade the network performance. In this paper, we propose: energy grade and balance load distribution (EGBLOAD) corona, EG without corona and DA without corona based schemes to distribute data traffic across the network nodes for efficient energy consumption. The dynamic adjustment of transmission range in first scheme helps in reducing data load. Additionally, the transmission range is purely based on distance, energy and data load of the receiver node for achieving maximum network lifetime. Second scheme divides a data packet into three fractions; small, medium and large for transmitting from various paths to evenly distribute the data load on the network nodes. In third scheme, depth adjustment of void node is performed to resume network operations, whereas, the load distribution and transmission range mechanisms are the same. The extensive simulations are carried out to show the effectiveness of proposed schemes in terms of PDR, energy consumption, and load distribution against the baseline scheme.
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Computing (2019) 101:831–856
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00607-018-0690-x
Efficient routing for corona based underwater wireless
sensor networks
Zahoor Ali Khan1
·Ghazanfar Latif2
·Arshad Sher2
·Imran Usman3
·
Mahmood Ashraf4
·Manzoor Ilahi2
·Nadeem Javaid2
Received: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published online: 2 January 2019
© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019
Abstract
The imbalance energy consumption and high data traffic at intermediate nodes degrade
the network performance. In this paper, we propose: energy grade and balance load
distribution corona, EG without corona and DA without corona based schemes to
distribute data traffic across the network nodes for efficient energy consumption. The
dynamic adjustment of transmission range in first scheme helps in reducing data load.
Additionally, the transmission range is purely based on distance, energy and data
load of the receiver node for achieving maximum network lifetime. Second scheme
divides a data packet into three fractions; small, medium and large for transmitting
from various paths to evenly distribute the data load on the network nodes. In third
scheme, depth adjustment of void node is performed to resume network operations,
whereas, the load distribution and transmission range mechanisms are the same. The
extensive simulations are carried out to show the effectiveness of proposed schemes in
terms of PDR, energy consumption, and load distribution against the baseline scheme.
Keywords Underwater wireless sensor networks ·Energy grade ·Load distribution ·
Adaptive transmission power
Mathematics Subject Classification 65D99
BZahoor Ali Khan
Zahoor.khan@hct.ac.ae
1Computer Information Science, Higher Colleges of Technology, Fujairah Campus 4114, Abu
Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
2COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
3College of Computing and Informatics, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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