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Mini-Review
Volume 2- Issue 3 - January 2018
DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587
Curr Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng
Copyright © All rights are reserved by Suzylawati Ismail



School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Penang, Malaysia
 December 14, 2017;January 23, 2018
 Suzylawati Ismail, School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal,
Penang, Malaysia, Tel: +604-599 6458; Fax: +604-5996908; Email:
Curr Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng 2(3): CTFTTE.MS.ID.555587 (2018) 001
Introduction
Daily clothes such as blouses, T-shirts, sweater, robes,
under garments and even sheets or blanket mainly originated
        
         
        
and matched with weather in Asia and perfect for wearing in the


wearable and breathable cloth, since it able to draw heat away
from skin, easily absorb body moisture and evaporate in the air,

irregularly causes allergic responses and wearing cotton cloth
 

In addition to that, cotton cloth is the best choice of fabric when
         
circulation that discourages fungi from growing in dark and
        
         
with various advantages has make it a perfect choice for people

The rapid growth and exploration of emerging technology
nowadays allows cotton cloth to be further explored, designed
        
       
       
instances, it is applicable in wastewater treatment technology
[4-6], medical and surgery devices [1], electronic applications [7-
9], enzyme and lipase production [10,11], in crop and harvesting
procedure [12], energy storage devices [9] and the number keep


The specialty of cotton cloth includes less in weight, very
       
mechanical strength, and lower cost, have good breathability,
abundance in nature, renewability, versatility and easily to get
  


radioactive ions such as uranium which mainly comes from

by acrylonitrile and methacrylic acid onto cotton cloth using
mutual irradiation technique and the subsequent amidoximation
        
cotton/cellulose materials have several advantages due to high



          

especially in the area of wastewater treatment technology, medical and surgery devices, electronic applications, enzyme and lipase production,



Keywords: 
 GOS: Galacto-Oligo Saccharides; RGO: Reduced Graphene Oxide; ISTA: International Seed Testing Association
Current Trends in
Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
ISSN: 2577-2929
How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
002
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
and possesses good morphology and chemical stability which is
        
     

Figure 1: SEM images of cotton cloth lter for the removal of uranium ion from radioactive waste treatment 13].
The enormous use of fossil fuels can cause severe
consequences toward environment such as air pollution and
          
fuels, the expansion of high-performance electrochemical energy
storage devices is required for renewable energy and electric
  
       
        

constructing wearable super capacitors because of its low cost,
      
   
process of wearable super capacitor using cotton textile as

Figure 2: Schematic illustration of the fabrication process of wearable super capacitor using cotton textile as substrate [8].
Galacto-OligoSaccharides (GOS) production from lactose by

        
      
with enzyme immobilizing on a solid support using reactor,
it provides many advantages including enzyme reusability,
      
     
more economic compare to free enzyme reactor due to higher
productivity and able to minimize the downtime, enzyme costs
       
spiral form in the reactor, it has produce lower pressure drop,
         
order to get clear understanding of enzyme cotton-cloth reactor,

The lipase from thermo myceslanuginosus is a single chain
        
biotechnology relevant and is widely used in many industries



high porosity, large surface area, good mechanical strength and


003 How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
Figure 3: Schematic diagram of the immobilized enzyme cotton-cloth reactor [10].
Nanomaterial offer comprehensive potential applications
when assimilated with fabric substrates such as to be used
        
Reduced Graphene Oxide (RGO) nanosheets coated on cotton

The fabric cloth coated nanomaterials being an interactive
material for heating elements due to their special and exceptional
properties such as large surface to volume ratio, less in weight,
      
the common problem faced by the device like heavyweight,
    
all the advantages, the textile electronic devices can be employed
     

can be vast, for instances as medical blankets for patients, jacket
   
the fabricated RGO coated cotton cloth for heating element

Figure 4: Image show the fabricated cotton cloth coated with RGO coated used for heating element devices [1].
Practically, microalgae cultures are sustained using a variety
of techniques which include serial subculture, lyophilisation
     
       
Due to several limitations, researchers have developed an
easy and convenient method for long-term preservation and
conservation of microalgae which is by using cotton fabric for
        
culture of microalgae immobilized on cotton cloth and SEM

How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
004
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
Figure 5: Cultures of microalgae (A) Chlorella minutissima (D) Chlamydomonas sp. With cotton cloth pieces, exhibite the immobilization
of microalgae cell. (B) and (E) the SEM images of cotton cloth with immobilized algal cells [15].
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L     

    
      
common practice, sorghum seed germination test has to be
conducted using International Seed Testing Association (ISTA)

        
cotton cloth is used as a substrate since the seed germination

The cotton cloth has minimized the cost of importing ISTA paper
    
the Sorghum seedlings laboratory germination tests using cotton

Figure 6: Cotton cloth (A) and ISTA paper (B) used in Sorghum seedlings laboratory germination tests [12].
          
      
textile and other dyeing industries such as paper, printing,
leather, food and plastic industries, the presence of dyes
create an environmental problem due to their high visibility,
         

Researchers coated the adsorbent on the cotton cloth as a
    
the adsorption process as well as improving the surface area
to weight ratio of the adsorbent and minimizing the quantity
         
substrate due to its large surface area, thin, light weight, easy
     

005 How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
Figure 7(A): Illustration of adsorption process ow from adsorbent coating strip coated cotton cloth for the Methylene Blue dye removal
from aqueous solution from time to time,
Figure 7(B): (a) bare cotton cloth, (b) adsorbent coating strip with Methylene Blue dye (in bottle), (c) adsorbed striped with clear water
after adsorption (in bottle) [6].

Table 1: Summary of usage, function and advantages of cotton cloth in various eld of application.
Field of
 Usage Function of Cotton Cloth  Sources

treatment
Low-level
radioactive waste
treatment
 
 [13]
Oil-absorption
material for water /
oil mixture separation
Cotton was modify to
be superhydrophobic and


friendly, biodegradability [16]

adsorbent 
3-D porous structure, sheet-like
lamilar cellulose network offer promising
heavy metal removal, fast kinetic,
large adsorption capacities, reversible

[4]
Dyes removal Adsorbent coating substrate

adsorbent to be coated, good mechanical
strength
[6]
How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
006
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering
Energy
storage device

performance
Electrochemical
Energy Storage
devices (EES)/
current collector/
wearable super
capacitor
Starting material for the
assembly of wearable super
capacitor

strength, good breathability, abundance,
renewability and versatility
[8]

electronic and Energy
storage device

and easy processing electrode  [9]
Electrochemical
capacitor electrode
Serve as 3-D binder-free

nanostructure material

morphology, high surface area [7]
Enzyme
and lipase
production
Lipase
bimolecular
aggregation to
form multi layers of

Support matrix for

high porosity, large surface area,
good mechanical strength and relatively
inexpensive
[11]


for Galacto-
OligoSaccharides
(GOS) production
from lactose
Support matrix for enzyme
immobilization


little diffusion limitation, high mechanical
strength, inexpensive support
[10]
Cotton
surfaces

Antimicrobial
cotton textile
Modify surface material into
antimicrobial and antifouling

Antibacterial and antifouling
cotton fabric, mechanical properties,
hydrophilicity and air permeability of


[17]
Fabricating
superhydrophobic
coating
Effective to separate oil/water
mixture
Demonstrate intrinsic porous, rough,

absorption ability
[18]
RGO coated
cotton cloth based

element for wearable
body warmer
application
Cotton cloth as substrate
Light weight, corrosion free and
chemical stability, can be employed

electronics for wearable technology
[1]
Algae
storage
Apt storage
and conservation/
preservation of
microalgal cells
Immobilizing on cotton cloth
Can store for a long time and

preserved using this method can be

[15]
Crop and
harvesting
procedure
Laboratory
Sorghum (tropical
crop belong to grass
famiy) germinating
test
The sorghum was placed apart
on moist cotton cloth substrate and

To minimize cost of importing other
paper, locally available, low price [12]
Conclusion
The current study contributes to our knowledge by

o Cotton cloth has been used extensively in many
areas other than apply in fashion and wearable cloth, it
is also included in wastewater treatment, energy storage
devices, crop and harvesting procedure, enzyme and lipase

o Cotton cloth have a variety of unique features and
versatile include light weight, environmental friendly,
     
good breathability, abundance, renewability, high porosity,
large surface area, relatively inexpensive, locally available,
      

o Thus, this have given a big opportunity for the textile
industries to manufacture and supplied more fabric as
       
promising arenas are expected with more advances and


The authors would like to acknowledge the Research
University Grant (1001/PJKIMIA/814269) and Kementerian
        
007 How to cite this article: Suzylawati Ismail and Syahida Farhan Azha. Cotton Cloth: Diversied Applications beyond Fashion and Wearable Cloth. Curr
Trends Fashion Technol Textile Eng . 2018; 2(3): 555587. DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587.
Current Trends in Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering

References
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and wearable body warmer using RGO sheets coated on cloth substrate
as heating element,” 2017 IEEE 12th    

        

   

      
        
        

 Azha SF, Shahadat M, Ismail S (2017) Acrylic polymer emulsion
         

          
      

 
and property of a MnO2/carbonized cotton textile hybrid electrode for

          
capacitors based on Ni-coated cotton textile with low-crystalline Ni-
 

          

         

Albayrak N, Yang ST (2002) Production of galacto-oligosaccharides
    󰆀  

Karimpil JJ, Melo JS, D’Souza SF (2012) Immobilization of lipase on


 



ions adsorption on the morphological and chemical properties of



Prasad R, Shabnam N, Pardha-Saradhi P (2016) Immobilization on


            
     

           
into synergistic antimicrobial and antifouling cotton fabrics via dually





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
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DOI: 10.19080/CTFTTE.2018.02.555587
... Cotton fabrics are derived from cotton fibers formed by cellulose polymer [13]. Due to the high degree of polymerization of cellulose polymers, cotton fibers have excellent properties such as strength, air permeability, and absorbency [14]. These properties of cotton fiber make it more widely used as a textile material, compared to the other natural fibers (e.g., silk, wool, etc.) [15]. ...
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