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Aloe vera : A Potential Herb and its Medicinal Importance

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  • HIMACHAL PHARMACY COLLEGE

Abstract

__________________________________________________________________ Abstract Aloe vera contains numerous vitamins and minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and agents which may be anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. The combination and balance of the plant's ingredients are what purportedly gives it its healing properties. The part of the Aloe vera which is used are the leaves. The Aloe is an Emollient, Purgative and Vulnerary. It is also used for its antibacterial, anesthetic and antiseptic properties, and is good to use as a tool for restoration of tissue. It is most commonly used on burns and minor cuts, especially good for sunburns, although it is being used for the treatment of skin cancer. Aloe is very useful on rashes caused by Poison Ivy, and it may help to draw out infection. It may help with Vaginal Yeast Infections, although this is not solid at this time. Aloe be made into a warm tea, made from the juice as a wash for eyes. The washing of eyes with Aloe may protect the eyes from ultraviolet rays from the sun. It can be used as a purgative. Aloe is also an extremely powerful laxative, and it is not recommended that it is taken internally. It is recommended that the fresh juice from the plant is used, and not the store bought juice within other products or on its own. The reason for this is that the medicinal use of the plant diminishes with time, and there is much questioning about whether or not you can receive benefits from the store bought aloe, even if the product has been filled with preservatives. It gives a healthy and supple look to the skin by reducing wrinkles, curing acne, rejuvenating and giving it a youthful glow.
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Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research
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ISSN No: 0975-7384
J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 2010, 2(1): 21-29
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Aloe vera : A Potential Herb and its Medicinal Importance
K. P. Sampath Kumar*
1
, Debjit Bhowmik
2
, Chiranjib
2
, Biswajit
2
1
Dept. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore
2
Rajeev Gandhi College of Pharmacy, Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh
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Abstract
Aloe vera contains numerous vitamins and minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and
agents which may be anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. The combination and balance of the
plant's ingredients are what purportedly gives it its healing properties. The part of the Aloe vera
which is used are the leaves. The Aloe is an Emollient, Purgative and Vulnerary. It is also used
for its antibacterial, anesthetic and antiseptic properties, and is good to use as a tool for
restoration of tissue. It is most commonly used on burns and minor cuts, especially good for
sunburns, although it is being used for the treatment of skin cancer. Aloe is very useful on rashes
caused by Poison Ivy, and it may help to draw out infection. It may help with Vaginal Yeast
Infections, although this is not solid at this time. Aloe be made into a warm tea, made from the
juice as a wash for eyes. The washing of eyes with Aloe may protect the eyes from ultraviolet
rays from the sun. It can be used as a purgative. Aloe is also an extremely powerful laxative, and
it is not recommended that it is taken internally. It is recommended that the fresh juice from the
plant is used, and not the store bought juice within other products or on its own. The reason for
this is that the medicinal use of the plant diminishes with time, and there is much questioning
about whether or not you can receive benefits from the store bought aloe, even if the product has
been filled with preservatives. It gives a healthy and supple look to the skin by reducing wrinkles,
curing acne, rejuvenating and giving it a youthful glow.
Key words: Skin disorders, burning healing, coronary heart disease.
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K. P. Sampath Kumar et al J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 2010, 2(1): 21-29
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Introduction
Aloe vera has properties which has many medicinal uses. It has been observed through research
that taking Aloe vera in food or drink has reduced the glucose level in the blood which has been
useful in controlling diabetes. Most of the people who suffered from diabetes consumed Aloe
vera mixed with yoghurt or in the form of herbal tea. It has also been used in anti aging and anti
wrinkle creams and moisturizers. The moisturizer or the cream is preferred as it is not oily or
sticky but dries up quickly as it is easily absorbed by the skin and does not have any type of odor.
It can be applied to get relief from sunburn or other kind of burn as it reduces the pain and the
inflammation and gives relief from the burning sensation and heals the wound very quickly. The
sap from inside the leaf can be used directly or the product that is made of pure Aloe vera extract
can be used for application on the burn or the wound. The extract from Aloe vera can also be
used for treating ulcers in the stomach. The extract can be taken in juice form or with any food
and it will help to reduce the inflammation and heal the wound in the stomach that is caused by
the ulcer. If Aloe vera juice is consumed directly or with any other type of liquid it gives relief
from many kinds of stomach ailments like irritable bowel, reflux, Crohn’s disease, indigestion,
heartburn, and many other problems. It helps to maintain the balance of the acids in the stomach
which has a soothing effect on the stomach. Aloe vera has the anti bacterial property along with
the anti inflammatory property which helps to cure mouth and gum problems and severe gum
diseases. It can be used in the form of gel or toothpaste for rubbing the gums. It also has the
property of curing skin problems like eczema, burns and wounds caused by cuts
Properties of Aloe vera
Family: Liliaceae
Botanical Name(s): Aloe barbadensis, Aloe indica, Aloe barbados, Aloe vera
Popular Name(s): Aloe, Aloe Vera, Indian Alces, Kumari, Ghirita, Gawarpaltra, Barbados aloe,
Curacao aloe and Lu hui etc.
Description:
It is a stemless or very short-stemmed plant growing to 80-100 cm tall, spreading by offsets and
root sprouts. The leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated
margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm tall, each flower pendulous, with a
yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long. The tissue in the center of the aloe leaf contains a gel which
yields aloe gel or Aloe vera gel.
Aloe vera contains an array of materials, including the following.
Acids - antimicrobial, anti-helminitic (anti-parasitic worms), wound healing for skin tissue and
ulcers.
Amino Acids - required for repair and growth. Aloe vera contains twenty of the twenty two
essential amino acids.
Enzymes - catalysts enabling chemical reactions to take place.
Lectin - anti-tumour effects.
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Lipids - principle structural components of living cells.
Minerals - calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium are all present in significant quantities.
Lactates and Salicylates - analgesic properties.
Phenolics - mild antiseptics and antimicrobials.
Polysaccharides - long chain sugars broken down to smaller ones via enzymes.
Urea-Nitrogen - pain killing effect.
Vitamins - contains 8 of the 13 recognised vitamins.
Contra-indications/Precautions
Not recommended during pregnancy
.
Health Benefits of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera has been used from time immemorial to aid in smooth functioning of the
gastrointestinal tract, mainly because of its properties of soothing, cleansing and helping the
body to maintain healthy tissues. Aloe vera gel is famous for facilitating digestion, aiding blood
and lymphatic circulation, as well as improving kidney, liver and gall bladder functions. Aloe
vera has a minimum of three anti-inflammatory fatty acids, which help in smooth functioning of
the stomach, small intestines and colon. It has a natural property to alkalize digestive juices and
prevents over-acidity, which is one of the common causes of digestive ailments. Aloe vera juice
concentrates are high in essential enzymes, which stimulate digestion and liver functions. The
synergistic effect of Aloe vera juice used in combination with a few other herbs does wonders as
a liver-cleansing agent. Aloe vera supplements also contain a rare natural ingredient called
Saponins, which is provided by nature to cleanse and flush out waste products and toxins. More
medicinal uses of Aloe vera are described in the following sections. Aloe vera could be used to
reduce the burning sensation of burns and blisters. Applying the pure gel of Aloe vera would
quell the sting of herpes. Juice or gel of Aloe vera is used to reduce warts, psoriasis and eczema.
Today, skin doctors prescribe skin gels and creams made from Aloe era. The fresh juice of Aloe
vera is used to cure and heal rashes, vaginal infections, foot sores and fungus attack of various
types. It is one of the home remedies for these problems. Aloe vera is used in hair loss treatment.
The enzyme content of Aloe vera prevents hair loss by protecting the scalp against any diseases.
Aloe vera also helps in the reduction of dandruff. You can mix the juice of Aloe vera with
coconut milk and wheat germ oil and massage your scalp before shampooing your hair. If used
continuously it helps in hair re-growth. There are on-going researches in the medical use of Aloe
vera in the treatment and cure of AIDS and cancer. In the cure of cancer, there are many signs
that medicines with Aloe vera content help in the activation of WBCs and in promoting the
growth of non-cancerous cells. If people with HIV positive take regular doses of Aloe Vera, it
helps in increasing the immunity of the body. The juice of Aloe vera mixed with milk is
consumed for kidney infections. In Japan, Aloe vera is a main ingredient in the yogurt. In India,
Aloe vera is used to make certain food dishes. Aloe vera was used as medicine by the people of
the ancient world. The Greeks believe Alexander the Great conquered the island of Socotra, an
island in Indian Ocean, because this island had ample growth of Aloe vera plants. Aloe vera is
widely used for the following: Boosting of the immune system, As an anti-inflammatory for
treating cuts and burns, Providing nutritional supplements.
External Benefits:
Burn and Wound Healing: Aloe vera is best known for its soothing and healing effects on
burns and other wounds. Studies show that Aloe vera when applied to a wound increases both the
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rate of wound closure and the tensile strength of the wound via the proliferation of cells,
including skin, liver, nerve and blood cells. Aging Of The Skin: Aging of the skin is
characterized by thinning and wrinkling of the epidermis, combined with the appearance of lines,
creases, age spots and furrows in the face. Components of Aloe vera have been found to reverse
degenerative skin changes by stimulating collagen and elastin synthesis, in essence turning back
the clock on the effects aging has on skin.
Immune System Restoration: Research has proven that Aloe vera prevent suppression of the
skin's immune system. This suppression may be one of the causes of skin cancer. In addition,
topical application of the Aloe vera can be made up to 24 hours after exposure to ultraviolet light
without reducing the degree of prevention regarding immune system suppression.
Moisturizer: One of the main reasons Aloe vera has become so popular among consumers is
that it possesses incredible moisturizing properties. Studies show that Aloe vera improves the
skin's ability to hydrate itself, aids in the removal of dead skin cells and has an effective
penetrating ability that helps transport healthy substances through the skin. Each of these factors
make Aloe vera an ideal ingredient in cosmetic and dermatological products. In fact, Aloe vera is
currently one of the most important ingredients in the cosmetics industry, being utilized in over
95% of the dermatologically valuable extracts manufactured worldwide.
Arthritis, Joint and Muscle Pain: Aloe vera is believed to reduce severe joint and muscle pain
associated with arthritis, as well as pain related to tendinitis and injuries. When applied directly
to the area of pain, Aloe vera penetrates the skin to soothe the pain. Studies have also found that
ingestion of Aloe vera on a daily basis can help prevent and cause a regression of adjutant
arthritis.
Anti-Inflammatory: Aloe vera promotes a variety of anti-inflammatory responses in the body,
reducing swelling from injuries and promoting recovery from infections. Such anti-inflammatory
responses not only aid in the relief of pain and discomfort, but also enhance the overall wound
process.
Biological Vehicle: Acts as a biological vehicle to aid penetration and absorption of other bio-
active ingredients into deep tissue.
Internal Benefits:
Arthritis, Joint and Muscle Pain: Aloe vera is believed to reduce severe joint and muscle pain
associated with arthritis, as well as pain related to tendinitis and injuries. When applied directly
to the area of pain, Aloe vera penetrates the skin to soothe the pain. Studies have also found that
ingestion of Aloe vera on a daily basis can help prevent and cause a regression of adjutant
arthritis.
Relieve Gastrointestinal Problems: Aloe vera juice can relieve gastrointestinal problems and
may be one of the plant's most ancient uses. Even today, people drink the juice to help relieve
ulcerous, gastrointestinal and kidney problems. People have described improved regularity,
greater intestinal comfort and enhanced energy levels after ingesting Aloe vera juice. In addition,
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many who have suffered from indigestion, irritable bowel syndrome, increased stomach acid,
peptic and duodenal ulcers, and colitis have reported relief from these conditions following
ingestion of Aloe vera juice.
Coronary Heart Disease: Coronary heart disease is one of the major causes of death in the
United States. However, studies suggest that the ingestion of Aloe vera gel may have a beneficial
effect to the accumulation of blood fat lipids associated with the disease. Test groups given Aloe
vera showed a decrease in total cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and nonesterified fatty
acid levels, each of which, when elevated, seem to accelerate the accumulation of fatty material
in large and medium sized arteries, including the coronary arteries of the heart.
Antioxidant: Antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-viral--Aloe vera contains vitamin C, E, zinc
and seven superoxide dismutases.
Blood circulation-a number of constituents have beneficial effects on blood pressure and
coagulation.
Digestion-One of its most popular usages these days is in helping any type of digestive or bowel
disorder. Aloe vera has received an enormous amount of positive Press for its benefits in helping
IBS, irritable bowel syndrome. It is also useful with other digestive problems, including peptic
ulcers or any type of stomach inflammation. Its properties are those of healing and soothing and
so it is worth using as a part of a healing programme on any digestive complaint.
Immune system-contains many ingredients providing antibacterial, antiviral and analgesic
elements.
Burns and Sunburn - The soothing and healing quality of Aloe vera are well known for any
type of burn and is especially popular for sunburn.
Laxative-It has a gentle laxative effect on the bowels.
Detoxification-amino acids assist the liver and kidneys.
The precise method by which Aloe vera works is not yet fully understood, but it is a great
stimulator of the body's own immune system, which counteracts disease and disorder.
Medicinal Uses of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera plays an important role in maintaining the healthy functioning of the major organs, and
preventing diseases.
Aloe vera releases pepsin, which aids digestion, soothes digestive tract irritations, colic pain
and ulcers. It also heals heart burns. This has come down from the traditions of folk medicine
of Europe, and proved in recent clinical trials in Japan.
Aloe vera acts as a general tonic, raises immunity and fights diseases. Research reveals its
efficacy in conditions like HIV and cancer, especially leukemia, due to its ability to produce
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white blood cells. Consequently, it can minimize the side effects of chemotherapy and
radiation.
It boosts circulation, and thus increases the supply of oxygen to the cells. Therefore, it could
play a major role in alleviating the condition of thalasemmia patients.
Aloe vera is also beneficial for Asthma patients.
It helps to maintains healthy joints and muscles, and thus, prevents arthritis.
Aloe vera detoxifies the body, and is considered the best colon cleanser. It prevents
constipation; therefore, it is an effective blood purifier.
It is beneficial in kidney and liver problems, like jaundice.
Aloe vera also reduces blood sugar, and controls diabetes.
It reduces cholesterol and triglycerides, leading to a healthy heart, and preventing cardiac
problems.
Aloe vera reduces inflammation and infection of the eye and ear.
Finally, it provides energy, and acts as a restorative. Moreover, it is said to alleviate
depression.
Aloe Vera for A healthy skin
Apart from its effect on the internal organs, Aloe vera has a beneficial effect on the skin.
It is rich in anti-oxidants, which neutralize free radicals. As a result, Aloe vera wards off
wrinkles and age related changes.
It nourishes the skin, by boosting the circulatory system.
Aloe vera is effective in treating skin disorders, like dermatitis, and even psoriasis.
It heals cuts and wounds, blisters and burns, including sunburns, and even minor second
degree burns.
Aloe vera clears acne and skin allergies, dark spots and skin blemishes, and makes the skin
clearer.
It is also good for the hair and scalp.
In the scientific community there has been a divergent theory on the application and workability
of Aloe Vera. But in the last 20 years with the advent of intensified scientific research, evidence
has been fully established, demonstrating it’s diverse medicinal properties. Some of these
evidential Aloe vera medicinal uses and Aloe vera Juice health benefits are for the treatment of
the following health conditions:-
Canker Sores (Aphthous stomatitis) Aloe vera Gel may treat recurrent aphthous ulcers, reduce
pain and increase the amount of time between the appearances of new ulcers.
Dry Skin: Traditionally Aloe has been used as a moisturizer. Studies suggest that Aloe may
effectively reduce skin dryness.
Lichen Planus: Studies suggest that Lichen Planus, which is a chronic inflammatory disease that
affects the lining of the mouth, may be treated by Aloe.
Skin Burns/Skin Ulcers: It has been found that Aloe vera may aid healing of mild to moderate
skin burns and ulcers. Extensive research carried out since the 1930’s has shown that the clear
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Aloe Gel has a dramatic ability to heal wounds, ulcers and burns by putting a protective coating
on the affected areas and speeding up the healing rate.
Radiation Dermatitis: Reports in the 1930s of tropical Aloe’s beneficial effects on skin after
radiation exposure, lead to widespread use in skin products. Currently Aloe vera Gel is
sometimes recommended for skin irritation caused by prolonged exposure to radiation.
Constipation: Dried latex from the inner lining of Aloe leaves has been used traditionally as a
laxative taken by mouth. Although few studies have been conducted to assess this effect on Aloe
in human, the laxative properties of Aloe components such as aloin are well supported by
scientific evidence.
Genital Herpes: Evidence from human studies suggest that extracts from Aloe vera in a
hydrophilic cream may be an effective treatment of genital herpes in men.
Psoriasis Vulgaris: Early evidence suggests that an extract from Aloe in hydrophilic cream may
be an effective treatment of psoriasis vulgaris.
Seborrheic Dermatitis(Seborrhea, Dandruff): A study of Aloe vera lotions suggests
effectiveness for treating seborrheic dermatitis when applied to the skin.
Cancer Prevention: There is early evidence that oral Aloe may reduce the risk of developing
lung cancer. Aloe vera is used in alternative medicines and in home first aid.
Side Effects of Aloe vera
Some people do experience side effects when using aloe vera. Some of these are:
Dehydration due to frequent stools
Stomach cramping
Irregular heartbeat
Lowered potassium levels
In addition you should not take Aloe vera internally if you have:
Kidney problems
Heart disease
Diabetes
Pregnant
Nursing
Allergies to onions, garlic, or tulips
Effect on HIV
Aloe vera contains Gluco-mannan, a special complex polysaccharide composed largely of the
sugar Mannose. It interacts with special cell-surface receptors on those cells which repair
damaged tissues, called fibroblasts, stimulating them, activating their faster growth and
replication. An extract of Mannose, one of the sugars in Aloe vera can inhibit HIV-1, the virus
associated with AIDS.In a 1991 study in Molecular Biotherapy, HIV-1 cells were treated in vitro
outside the body with the Mannose extract. Virus reproduction was reduced by as much as
30% by Aloe Vera, viral load – total amount of the virus – as well was reduced, the spread of the
virus from the infected cells was suppressed and the viability – chance of survival of infected
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cells was increased. The Aloe vera gel also proved to be an effective part of a nutritional support
program for HIV+ patients according to the Journal of Advancement in Medicine. For 4 months,
29 patients were given 100% pure Aloe vera gel (5 ounces, 4 times daily) along with an essential
fatty acid supplement and another supplement containing vitamins, minerals and amino acids.
Patients were told to continue with their normal diet and not to take other supplements. After 90
days all of the patients had fewer occurrences of opportunistic infections, thrush, fatigue and
diarrhoea, as well as increased white blood cell counts meaning their immune systems were
responding positively. Their assessment of overall quality of health also improved. In 255 of the
patients, Aloe vera apparently knocked out the virus’s ability to reproduce. Researchers found
that Aloe vera stimulates the body’s immune system, particularly T4 helper cells white blood
cells that activate the immune response to infection. The medicinal uses of Aloe vera extend to
protection against radiation burns.
Protection against radiation
With the invention of the atom bomb it was discovered early in the search for protection against
radiation burns that the best treatment was Aloe vera gel. It is rumored that the U.S.A. and the
U.K. have huge stockpiles of Aloe vera for use in the event of a nuclear attack and doctors have
even prescribed it for intravenous use when treating radiation burns. The Aloe vera gel has a
dramatic ability to heal wounds, ulcers and burns by putting a protective coating on the affected
areas, speeding up the healing rate, relieving pain and preventing blisters. It can also reduce
inflammation, decrease swelling and redness and accelerate wound healing. Aloe vera increases
availability of Oxygen to the skin and also increases the synthesis and strength of tissue. Aloe
vera protects against skin damage from X-rays according to researchers at Hoshi University in
Japan publishing in the journal Yakugaku Zasshi. They found that Aloe vera was an effective
antioxidant, mopping up the free radicals caused by radiation, and that it protected two of the
body’s healing substances, Superoxide Dismutase (an antioxidant enzyme) and Glutathione (an
amino acid which stimulates the immune system).The medicinal uses of Aloe vera also include
protection against frostbite damage.
Conclusion
While there are many claims as to Aloe vera benefits and its uses, It is belonging to the
Asphodelaceae family, and is related to onions and asparagus. The Aloe genus appears naturally
in Africa, although many members of the genus are popular houseplants and can be found around
the world. The most famous member of the genus is Aloe Vera, known for its medicinal uses and
applications. Though there are several common medical uses for Aloe Vera, the most frequent
use of the plant is in the form of a topical gel. Gels made from Aloe are used to treat burns and
minor scrapes. Aloe vera benefits range from soothing inflammation, pain relief, and a reduction
in the likelihood of infection. Studies have also shown that regular use of an Aloe vera based gel
will actually speed the healing process in minor wounds, and even severe burns. It has been used
in this capacity for hundreds of years. The thick leaves can be snapped open, and the moist open
ends of the leave can be rubbed onto a burn or scrape directly. In industrialized areas, the
moisture form the Aloe leaves are extracted and made into the popular gel most people are
familiar with. In more recent years, it has become more popular than ever and has found its way
into skin lotions, cosmetic products, shampoos, lip balms, soaps and sunscreens. Some Aloe vera
benefits include a strong moisturizing capacity, and its extract contains a number of vitamins and
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minerals that are believed to promote healthy skin. It is a very gentle substance in itself, so one
of the benefits of Aloe vera is that it can be used in sensitive areas, such as around the eyes. Aloe
plants, have also found medicinal uses internally. Used in this way primarily as a laxative, the
juice from aloe can be dried into a dark powder composed of yellowish granules that are quite
bitter to taste. Internal use of Aloe is marketed as a treatment for coughs, ulcers, muscle pain,
headaches, and even cancer and HIV. The only proven Aloe vera benefit in internal use is the
relief of constipation. Additionally, even in this use, internal use of the plant has a number of
side effects, can cause nausea, and should not be taken by women who may be pregnant.
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... In recent years, the potential antimicrobial activity of plant extracts has been reported in many studies especially against bacterial pathogens. [9][10][11] The activity of the Aloe vera gel extract was reported in many studies and was attributed to the synergistic effect of various compounds in the Aloe exudate [9]. It is shown to have a wide range of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Propionibacterium acne, Salmonella typhi and Helicobacter pylori. ...
... In recent years, the potential antimicrobial activity of plant extracts has been reported in many studies especially against bacterial pathogens. [9][10][11] The activity of the Aloe vera gel extract was reported in many studies and was attributed to the synergistic effect of various compounds in the Aloe exudate [9]. It is shown to have a wide range of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Propionibacterium acne, Salmonella typhi and Helicobacter pylori. ...
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Background: Aloe vera is known as a miracle plant belonging to the Lily (Liliaceae) family, The exudate of Aloe vera is utilized as a natural drug as it can be used for many medicinal purposes. Aims: The present work has been undertaken with the aim to prepare a topical gel containing Aloe vera exudate and to evaluate its physical properties in addition to its anti-microbial potency in light of the orientation towards plant-based treatment for being more acceptable and preferred in the belief that they are safer with fewer side effects than synthetic ones. Aloe vera has been proved its great medicinal and cosmetic benefits. Materials and Methods: Two sets of gel formulas were prepared; the first set containing carbopol-934 (F1-F4) and the second set containing carboxymethylcellulose (F5-F10) with varied concentrations to achieve the best formula that has been selected according to various physicochemical evaluations; like homogeneity, transparency, appearance, consistency, color, odor, pH, phase separation and others. The selected formula was further subjected to in vitro study for its anti-microbial activity. Results and Discussion: There was a significant difference (p≤0.05) in physical parameters between the two sets of formulas except in pH. Results showed that (F2) containing 1.5% m/v carbopol-934 is considered the promising formula which showed better physicochemical properties and exhibited good anti-microbial activity against both (E.coli) and (Staphylococcus aureus). Conclusion and recommendations: The selected formula (F2) of Aloe vera exudate could be considered as a suitable medicinal herbal candidate for treatment of topical bacterial infections. In addition, it is recommended to use higher concentration of antioxidants to preserve the stability of the product, also it is recommended to add water soluble fragrance (perfume) for better odor.
... Aloe is recognized for its antiseptic, antibacterial and anesthetic property (Kumar et al., 2010). Aloe can be used in case of burns, small wounds also can be used to treat cancer also. ...
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During ancient as well as in modern culture, medicinal plants are considered to be the main source to cure, heal and alleviate various diseases. Medicinal plants contain several bioactive compounds of therapeutic value thus they are used as drugs or formulations to treat deadly diseases. pharmaceutical sector. The chief bioactive compounds present in plant body which has the efficacy to cure diseases come under polyphenol group. Polyphenols are classified into different groups based on their chemical structure. Each group has specific functions and curative properties in human health. The present study focuses on sources of polyphenols in different medicinal plants and scientific investigations on their medicinal properties to tackle diseases of public health importance.
... Zingiber officinale was cited as the most widely used herbal medicine by many authors [13,21]. Aloe and ginger have several therapeutic properties [22,23]. However, the use of medicinal plants is not without risk, especially during pregnancy. ...
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Objective: To assess the effects of self-medication during pregnancy. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study took place from April to June 2021 in the city of Yaounde-Cameroon. The Central Hospital, the Hospital of the Cameroonian Presbyterian Church of Djoungolo and the Social and Health Center of Nkolndongo were selected. Pregnant women who came as outpatient consultations were interviewed. The data collected concerned socio-demographic variables and the practice of self-medication. Results: A total of 280participants were recruited, with a mean age of 28 years and most of them had higher education levels. More than half of the participants were in the third trimester of pregnancy and 80.71% of these women had not prepared their pregnancy. Married women made up just over a third of the population. Self-medication with conventional and traditional medicines is practiced by thirty-five percent of the population. The medicines used belonged to categories B (81.31%), A (6.59%) and C (6.59%). Paracetamol was the most used medicine; Zingiber officinale and Aloes vera were the most used phyto-medicines in traditional medicine. Conclusion: Self-medication during pregnancy involved both conventional and traditional medicines. The latter present a potential risk for the pregnant woman as well as for the fetus.
... Zingiber officinale was cited as the most widely used herbal medicine by many authors [13,21]. Aloe and ginger have several therapeutic properties [22,23]. However, the use of medicinal plants is not without risk, especially during pregnancy. ...
... Aloe vera has also been commonly used to treat burns, like sunburns and poison oak, poison ivy, and poison sumac infections and eczema (Mishra et al., 2015) [20] . Aloe vera has the antibacterial property along with the anti-inflammatory property which helps to cure mouth and gum problems and severe gum diseases (Kumar et al., 2010) [15] . ...
... The leaves are thick and fleshy due to water storage tissue in the leaves to survive in dry areas of low rainfall. [48]. Aloe vera is cultivated in large quantities because of its high demand in industrial, cosmetics and pharmaceutical sector. ...
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The aloe vera pulp contains more than 98% water and less than 1% total soluble solids (TSS). Blending of pineapple juice and roselle extract with aloe vera may not only increases the TSS level but also add other nutritional properties in the final mixed products. The current study was carried out to investigate the different formulations and the quality of various types of mixed beverages prepared from aloe vera, roselle herb and pineapple juice. Developed products were evaluated for their chemical properties as well as sensory attributes. In addition, selected products were tested for shelf-life potentials. Formulated drinks and juices were found as highly nutritious (maximum of 6.86 mg/100 ml ascorbic acid, 0.045% Ca, 0.26% Mg, 0.154% K, 0.034%Na, and 12.09 ppm Fe). Sensory evaluation revealed that products with 20% and 40% aloe vera pulp with pineapple and roselle extract were highly liked by the consumers. With the storage time, pH and ascorbic acid content decreased (maximum around 40% for pH and around 10% for ascorbic acid respectively) in all the formulated beverages, while TSS increased regardless of the formulations. In addition, aloe vera with pineapple and sugar blend exhibited an acceptable level of microbial load during the shelf-life study. Results from this study suggest that it could be possible to commercially produce aloe vera based value added products, which in turn could play an important role in addressing socioeconomic as well as health conditions.
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The aloe vera pulp contains more than 98% water and less than 1% total soluble solids (TSS). Blending of pineapple juice and roselle extract with aloe vera may not only increases the TSS level but also add other nutritional properties in the final mixed products. The current study was carried out to investigate the different formulations and the quality of various types of mixed beverages prepared from aloe vera, roselle herb and pineapple juice. Developed products were evaluated for their chemical properties as well as sensory attributes. In addition, selected products were tested for shelf-life potentials. Formulated drinks and juices were found as highly nutritious (maximum of 6.86 mg/100 ml ascorbic acid, 0.045% Ca, 0.26% Mg, 0.154% K, 0.034%Na, and 12.09 ppm Fe). Sensory evaluation revealed that products with 20% and 40% aloe vera pulp with pineapple and roselle extract were highly liked by the consumers. With the storage time, pH and ascorbic acid content decreased (maximum around 40% for pH and around 10% for ascorbic acid respectively) in all the formulated beverages, while TSS increased regardless of the formulations. In addition, aloe vera with pineapple and sugar blend exhibited an acceptable level of microbial load during the shelf-life study. Results from this study suggest that it could be possible to commercially produce aloe vera based value added products, which in turn could play an important role in addressing socioeconomic as well as health conditions.
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Now-a-days, the most occurring problem is hair fall, so the main aim of the study is to reduce hair fall and promote hair growth. The main ingredient in this study is fermented rice water (Oryza sativa) which contains many antioxidants when compared to the plain rice water. Inositol is the major constituent which helps in decreasing hair fall. The herbal shampoo was formulated using some of the traditional herbs like Hibiscus-rosa-sinensis, Phyllanthus emblica, Aloe vera, Trigonella foenum graceum along with fermented rice water in different concentrations and evaluated for various parameters. The prepared herbal shampoo was evaluated with physico-chemical parameters like pH, foam formation, dirt dispersion, surface tension, viscosity and wetting test. The results states that the herbal shampoo possess the following characteristics such as good foam ability, good cleansing, low surface tension, viscosity and soothing property. The evaluation results of the herbal shampoo had shown better results, which is ideal to use, safe and effective in the treatment of hair fall. Keywords: Herbal shampoo, Oryza sativa, Hair fall.
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Hypersensitivity, manifested by generalized nummular eczematous and papular dermatitis, and presumably by contact urticaria, developed in a 47-year-old man after four years of using oral and topical aloe. Patch tests for aloe were positive in this patient.
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Cultures of normal chicken spleen cells and HD11 line cells produce nitric oxide (NO) in response to Acemannan, a complex carbohydrate derived from the Aloe vera plant. Neither cell type produced detectable amounts of NO in response to similar concentrations of yeast mannan, another complex carbohydrate. Nitric oxide production was dose dependent and inhibitable by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-methyl-L-arginine. In addition, the production of NO was inhibited by preincubation of ACM with concanavalin A in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that ACM-induced NO synthesis may be mediated through macrophage mannose receptors, and macrophage activation may be accountable for some of the immunomodulatory effects of ACM in chickens.
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