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Intractable Conflict in Southern Thailand

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Abstract

Konflik di Thailand Selatan antara pemerintah Thailand dan kelompok muslim Pattani menjadi satu gambaran konflik berkepanjangan ketika tidak adanya pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator dalam konflik ini. Jika dilihat dari durasinya, tuduhan satu dengan lainnya pada pihak yang berkonflik dan kematangan dari konflik itu sendiri maka, konflik Thailand Selatan sudah dapat dikategorikan sebagai intractability conflict. Kondisi konflik Thailand Selatan menjadi potret ketidakmaksimalan negosiasi yang dilakukan oleh kedua belah pihak berkonflik tanpa ada pihak ketiga yang menjadi mediator. Tulisan ini menawarkan strategi lain yang dapat dipergunakan dalam penyelesaian konflik dengan melibatkan pihak ketiga. Kata-kata Kunci: Intractability Conflict, Thailand Selatan, resolusi konflik, pihak ketiga

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Article
The conflict between the Malay Muslim and the Thailand government in Southern Thailand has become one of the ethno-religion conflicts that effects the security of the Southeast Asian region. Various actors, both local and international, have attempted to broker peace between the parties in the conflict. Based on the conflict transformation theory, this study aims to discover the role of MA Daarul Uluum PUI Majalengka as a non-state actor in promoting peace through efforts of conflict transformation in the Southern Thailand ethno-religion conflict. The research method used is qualitative type research with descriptive analysis technique, through primary and secondary type data management. Primary data was obtained from interview and secondary data was obtained from written sources that support the study. This research shows there is an effort made by MA Daarul Uluum PUI Majalengka to conduct peace education through a student and teacher exchange scheme with several schools in Thailand that have Buddhist identity backgrounds in order to grow tolerance between ethnicities and religions in Thailand.
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