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INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, LABOUR MOBILITY AND HRM

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Abstract

This chapter presents to the generalist HRM reader a background to migration studies in order to understand the challenges and opportunities that labour mobility creates for organisations. Theoretical, empirical and historical tools are provided to interpret the context of contemporary labour migration from a critical perspective. Despite the growth of mobility and its greater significance at societal level, scholarship on this subject in HRM and cognate disciplines remains quantitatively and qualitatively limited. Here we employ an interdisciplinary approach, which highlights the social, gendered and multinational dimensions of labour mobility. This review affords a more realistic picture of migration patterns and possibly a better understanding of the demands it makes on organisations.

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... In this article, when speaking about starting up an individual firm as a strategy for a migrant to improve his situation and retain his regular status, I mean that one construction worker might become a self-employed worker without employees, without investment of own capital, with ambiguous autonomy in the labour market and responsibility for and control of his own work. Recently, many academic studies (Jandl et al, 2009;Ruhs & Anderson, 2010;Krings et al., 2011;Morrison et al., 2014) have shed light on bogus or false self-employed; that is, autonomous workers who usually describe their employment status/relation as " employee " rather than as " self-employed ". It concerns objectively ambiguous or disguised employment relationships, such as when self-employed work only (or mainly) for their previous employer with similar conditions to when they were employees, without obviously having the rights and protection provided by labour law and collective agreements. ...
Article
In contrast to the main body of literature focusing on irregular migrants' counterstrategies, this article explores regular migrant workers' practices to renew their residence permit in an attempt to circumvent structural hurdles due to the restrictive Italian legislative framework. Studying migrants' agency in a socioeconomic context, characterized by high unemployment rates and extensive informal working patterns, I thus distinguish three main counterstrategies: (1) the use of their informal networks to falsify their working relations; (2) the possibility of starting up an individual firm; and (3) taking advantage of structural “loopholes.”
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