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Abstract

Nuestra experiencia y visión respecto al desarrollo de la recreación y el turismo en las áreas silvestres protegidas del Estado (ASP), que administra la Corporación Nacional Forestal (Conaf), es que estos servicios que ofertan las ASP a toda la comunidad, también son considerados como herramientas de manejo que contribuyen a la protección y puesta en valor de la diversidad biológica y cultural contenida en dichos espacios naturales protegidos. No obstante, para que sea efectivo lo anteriormente expuesto, su gestión debe estar supeditada a la necesaria planificación territorial - tanto global como específicade manera que se asegure la compatibilidad con los objetivos esenciales que motivaron la instauración de las áreas protegidas. En este contexto, la planificación específica concerniente al uso público (Plan de Uso Público), por cierto, compatible con la planificación de todo el territorio de un área protegida (Plan de Manejo), debe contemplar la participación de agentes locales desde el inicio del proceso de elaboración del respectivo Plan de Uso Público. La planificación tanto global como específica, no debe estar ajena a este enfoque de trabajo en equipo, con énfasis en la búsqueda del bien común y progreso en la triple vinculación del ASP con su entorno local, básicamente los tres componentes de la sustentabilidad (ecológico, social y económico). Enfoque de trabajo, que a su vez promueve la formación planificada del clúster (encadenamientos productivos) de turismo comunitario sustentable, para beneficio de los habitantes locales, turistas y de las propias ASP. La Región de Aysén posee el mayor sistema de Áreas Silvestres Protegidas del país con un tercio del total nacional (de 14,6 millones de Ha. a nivel nacional y en la región hay más de 5,3 millones de Ha.), con un enorme potencial de desarrollo turístico. En la Región de Aysén existen 18 áreas silvestres protegidas estatales, de las cuales 5 son Parques Nacionales, 11 Reservas Nacionales y 2 Monumentos Naturales, que totalizan 5.344.488 Ha. De todas ellas, solo diez poseen presencia de Conaf. Las visitas al SNASPE Aysén han experimentado un importante incremento, y si bien estas cifras pueden ser corregidas (dadas diversas debilidades en el sistema de registros de ingresos de Conaf), claramente muestran una tendencia al alza, con tasas de crecimiento superiores a la media nacional. En consecuencia, contar con Planes de Uso Público que permitan modelar el desarrollo en las áreas silvestres protegidas es de suma importancia, puesto que estos regulan íntegramente la ejecución de actividades en las zonas de uso público identificadas previamente en cada plan de manejo, en beneficio de proyectar y desarrollar un uso público adecuado y que asegure la mantención de los procesos ecológicos y conservación de los recursos protegidos en cada ASP. El presente Plan de Uso Público es un instrumento técnico para ordenar, priorizar y optimizar el desarrollo de los servicios y actividades de uso público en la Reserva Nacional Coyhaique, teniendo presente los componentes principales del uso Público; la recreación y turismo, la educación ambiental y la investigación. Esta planificación es compatible y se enmarca dentro de los lineamientos generados en el Plan de Manejo elaborado en 2009, por lo cual se nutre significativamente desde los instrumentos normativos sobre la gestión del SNASPE, y los principios plasmados al momento de la creación de la Reserva Nacional.
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... However, the dialogue and debate helped to identify the need for better territorial integration between regional "green spaces, " including SNASPE protected areas, municipal and provincial parks, and private recreational initiatives. The development of an integrated green space plan for the area was identified as one of the action items within the Coyhaique National Reserve Visitor Use Plan and subsequently included in the Simpson River National Reserve Visitor Use Plan (Gale et al., 2017a). This particular mountain bike example demonstrates how the conceptualization methodology provided important insights of particular relevance to center-periphery development concerns. ...
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