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Politicko-bezpečnostní rizika pro cestovní ruch: prostorová percepce Blízkého východu potenciálními českými turisty

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Abstract

Safety and security aspects represent crucial factors that influence tourist behavior. This process is not always rational but rather based on perception. Tourism in the examined area of the Middle East operates in an environment of political security risks, but the region also represents some geographic and geopolitical ideas that are still absent in the Czech scientific milieu. Our research analyzes the perception of political security risks for incoming tourism in the Middle East from the perspective of potential Czech tourists. The main research tool, a questionnaire, collected data (2016) that were analyzed with the help of descriptive statistics and statistical inference. Findings indicate that potential Czech tourists spatially do not generalize risks in the Middle East. Nevertheless, an inner circle with spill-over effect can be identified. Surprisingly, results show a relatively optimistic perception of risks. Sociodemographic features, such as gender, age, and travel characteristics (especially psychographic type of tourist) play an important role in the perception.
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WŽƎĂĚş
WŽƎĂĚşĚůĞ'ůŽďĂůWĞĂĐĞ/ŶĚĞdžƵ WŽƎĂĚşĚůĞƌĞƐƉŽŶĚĞŶƚƽ
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




Bahrajn
Egypt
Írán
Irák
Izrael
Jordánsko
Kuvajt
Libanon
Omán
Katar
SA
Sýrie
Ture c k o
Jemen
SAE
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
1.00 1.40 1.80 2.20 2.60 3.00 3.40 3.80
Vnímání rizikovosƟ (xȐrespondenƟ)
Global Peace Index



 























0.69
0.29
–0.73
–2.43 –0.17
–0.49
–1.26
–1.47
–1.16
–0.97
–0.43
–0.55
–1.10
–0.52
–1.04
–2.5 –2 –1.5 –1 –0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
Egypt
Izrael
Jordánsko
Sýrie
Libanon
Ture ck o
Irák
Kuvajt
Írán
Saudská Arábie
Bahrajn
Katar
SAE
Omán
Jemen
WŽĚĐĞŸŽǀĄŶş WƎĞĐĞŸŽǀĄŶş
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   
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This explanatory dictionary does not bring only consistent and interrelated interpretation of tourism terminology but it also briefly desribes applied scientific methods and approaches in tourism studies as well as the way of interpretation with discovering of diverse connections and meanings encourages deep insight in tourism as more and more important part of human activity. In this dictionary, interpretation of problems related to tourism is strictly based on perception of tourism as a markedly cross-section, dynamic and highly complex social phenomenon with interdisciplinary character.**************************************************************** V návaznosti na vydání první vychází druhé vydání slovníku ze stejného pojetí výkladu problematiky cestovního ruchu, který vnímá jako výrazně průřezový, dynamický a vysoce komplexní sociální jev mezioborového charakteru. Na první pohled může mít čtenář pocit, že je zahlcen velkým množstvím vyložené terminologie a především pro něj doposud neznámých pojmů. Množství termínů, jejich předmětová struktura, vzájemná propojenost a někdy i hloubka výkladu jejich významu však přirozeně vyplývá z uvedeného pojetí cestovního ruchu. Vedle interdisciplinarity je základní charakteristikou výkladu důraz na hledání a objasňování souvislostí podle autorů neoddělitelných sfér lidského života. Proto není slovník vyčerpávající a zároveň nepřijatelně zredukovanou formou výkladu cestovního ruchu jakožto oboru pohostinství, průvodcovství, dopravy, cestovních kanceláří a techniky a metodiky služeb. Naopak rovnocenně a ve vzájemném prolínání jsou vysvětlovány i termíny jak z oblasti kulturologie, dějin umění, územního plánování, geografie, ekonomie, filosofie, sociologie, psychologie, ekologie a environmentalistiky, tak i ze samotné techniky a metodiky cestovního ruchu. Způsob výkladu s využitím odkazů a srovnávání směřuje i k hledání příčin, podobností, opakovatelností, pravidelností a zákonitostí v popisovaných jevech a vztazích. Teoretický výklad je prokládán praktickými příklady a textová forma výkladu je pro lepší názornost doprovázena grafickou formou, zejména množstvím fotografií. ******cite as: Zelenka, J., Pásková, M. (2012): Výkladový slovník cestovního ruchu (Tourism - explanatory dictionary). Linde Praha, 768 s., ISBN 978-80-7201-880-2.
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