Innovare Journal of Health Sciences, Vol 5, Issue 1, 2017, 3-5
Yadav et al.
According to Loo, an experienced negotiator and an expert in conflict
resolution, there are two sources of anger: Insidious and outer source,
earlier one stems from irrational perceptions of reality, and low
frustration point. Psychologists have put forward four types of thinking
that lead to internal sources of anger:
and often become irritated and apprehend these things as attacks
on themselves .
is inevitable in everyone life at some point. Assertion is stress-related
anxiety tends to lower our tolerance.
unnecessarily without knowing the exactness of the condition.
Unable to have things go their way or have others act a certain
way, lowers the tolerance for frustration and causes people to get
frustrated and angry .
• People-rating:Reasontocause angertriggersderogatorylabeling,
dehumanizes and makes it easier become angry at other people .
As for extrinsic sources, psychologists have come up with hundreds
of events which cause people to get angry and assembled the point as
• Confrontingwith cut and paste of anotheridea,opinionand
• Peoplethreaten other people’s basic needs family, life, workand
another thing, etc.
toward frustration diminishes.
Both external and internal sources of play an important role in terms
of anger issue recognizing and thence resolving is vital for smooth
continuation, though following factors invariably tends to lower
frustration tolerance level .
HOW ANGER IMPACTS THE BODY
Many biological reaction jump up as one get angry, the changes is
brought in the body is due to brain neural activating system such as
noradrenergic system release brush of catecholamine that has systemic
effect such depicted as an alteration in physiology such as acceleration
of heart, rising of blood pressure, and rate of respiration as well as
flushing of face due to increased blood flow attributed to physical action
in addition that energizes musculature to brush with energy lasting up
to several minutes so-called adrenaline rush which is executed to take
an immediate protective action of angry desire energizing the level that
one become ready to fight due to adrenaline rush .
Experiencing psychological effects of anger causes chemical as well as
sometimes excessive feeling stressed, and anger provokes eating that it
leads to weight gain. In addition, stress, as a reaction to anger, provokes
our stomach parietal cell to produce too much acid making us victim
of gastric ulcers and gastrooesophageal reflux disease , anger state
being one of the stressful conditions releases stress hormone cortisol
which contribute to deplete glucose uptake and increase its availability
in the blood thus playing role to disturb the balance of blood sugar level,
on the contrary the same glucose will be effective in facing with stressful
situation by providing it to heart and brain as an immediate energy
source. Moreover, this stress hormone suppress thyroid function hence
one can have hypothyroid symptoms during progressing exacerbated
stressful situation, decrease bone density and suppresses Immune
system making one more susceptible to get infection at the moment
of stressful condition. Research have demonstrated that chronic-angry
peoplearemore susceptibleandsufferfrequentcolds, flu’sinfections,
asthma, skin disease flare-ups, and arthritis, as compared to non-
chronic-angry people .
Fear also sometimes can trigger anger multitude of response will be
on action so-called domino effect as similar to aforementioned state
stress hormone cortisol, adrenaline and noradrenaline will be released
that can jump up to 220/130) or higher that fearsof possible heart
it can rise up to 180) muscle tense up which are actively involved in
fight and flight response escalate respiratory rate that tries to get more
oxygen in the circulation so as to supply to heart and brain. Further
worsening can lead to tension headaches, insomnia, chest pain, and
even stroke .
When we become angry or stressed, our body releases chemicals that
clot the blood. These blood clots can create serious health problems.
The clots can travel up the blood vessels thus reaching brain or heart
causing a stroke or heart attack, both of which can be fatal .
MECHANISM OF PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (PSNS)
VERSUS SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (SNS) IN ANGER
PSNS releases the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to prevent arousal of
the emotion of anger by neutralizing stress hormone so that body can
relax and calm down. People with dominating PSNS are under less risk
of heart disease this concludes that people with Type A personalities
are higher in risk of heart disease duets their weaker PSNS responses
with less life time period in relaxation [16,17].
Evidenced of anger being hazardous to health
A review documented based on 44 studies published in 2009 in the
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, disclosing connection
demonstrating anger and hostility being significantly associated with
cardiac disease also revealing the secrecy that adults without history of
heart disease, but incessantly having chronic anger are 19% more likely
to develop heart problems as compared to those who rarely experience
these personality traits . It also depicted gender wise difference
in heart problem suggesting more effect would be to men linking the
fact that women stress and pressure on daily life be less compared to
According to Dr. Johan Denollet from CoRPS Researcher Center at Ilburg
University in the Netherlands, Coronary Heart Disease Development
and Progression is associated with psychological elements. Therefore,
clinician are suggested to take symptoms of anger and hostility seriously,
and do not ignore to consider referring their patient to relevant health
expert for their behavioral intervention preceding to, close monitoring
and studying the personality traits of the patient to do a better job in
identifying high-risk patients who are more liable to future fatal and
non-fatal coronary events  the most difficult aspect of it is the stress
unmeasurable as cholesterol or sugar as it is a behavioral subjective
trait that depend on moods .
Freidman and Rosenman classified Type A and Type B attitude
personalities, being early one are those who exhibit immediate anger
and demonstrate explosive reactivity, competiveness, impatience,
irritability, hostility and more likely to display aggressive and
competitive personality traits and to achieve great professional success
while later one personalities, have a more easygoing attitude toward
life [17,18]. Physiologically studies demonstrated that men with Type A
personalities depicted relatively lower parasympathetic (calm down)
response than Type B personalities. Thus, with the conclusion that
Type A personalities people exhibit arousal and invokes heavy anger
responses by overflowing the body with cortisol, adrenaline and
noradrenaline due to reactivity of SNS [19,20].