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A review of biotechnology processes applied for manganese recovery from wastes

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The global consumption of manganese is rising due to its growing industrial requirement while the natural reserves of manganese are diminishing at an alarming rate. Consequently, recovery of manganese from metal containing wastes has become highly crucial. Bioleaching of metal from wastes using microbes provides an adequate advantage over the traditional method of recovery. A molecular level understanding of microbial catalyzed manganese recovery is essential for the exploitation of novel microorganisms for similar applications. In current scenario, the application of bioleaching concentrates on cost effective and eco-friendly recovery of precious metals from mining and industrial wastes. This review encompasses the modern improvements in biomining, highlights the comprehensive factors that emphasize the selection of manganese recovery technique, shed insights into spectacular progress in developing molecular based technologies and also identifies the applicability of different models in metal bioremediation which will not only aid in pollution abatement but also in the prevention of occupational health disorder.
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REVIEW PAPER
A review of biotechnology processes applied for manganese
recovery from wastes
Sansuta Mohanty .Shreya Ghosh .Bhubaneswari Bal .Alok Prasad Das
Published online: 29 September 2018
ÓSpringer Nature B.V. 2018
Abstract The global consumption of manganese is
rising due to its growing industrial requirement while
the natural reserves of manganese are diminishing at
an alarming rate. Consequently, recovery of man-
ganese from metal containing wastes has become
highly crucial. Bioleaching of metal from wastes using
microbes provides an adequate advantage over the
traditional method of recovery. A molecular level
understanding of microbial catalyzed manganese
recovery is essential for the exploitation of novel
microorganisms for similar applications. In current
scenario, the application of bioleaching concentrates
on cost effective and eco-friendly recovery of precious
metals from mining and industrial wastes. This review
encompasses the modern improvements in biomining,
highlights the comprehensive factors that emphasize
the selection of manganese recovery technique, shed
insights into spectacular progress in developing
molecular based technologies and also identifies the
applicability of different models in metal bioremedi-
ation which will not only aid in pollution abatement
but also in the prevention of occupational health
disorder.
Keywords Manganese Biodegradation
Recovery Recycling Recent trends
1 Introduction
Manganese is a naturally occurring element that
basically originates from rock crust, infertile soil,
mining deposits and deep marine nodules. Manganese
is an ubiquitous compound found in every possible
surrounding and comprises around 0.1% of the earth
crust. Chemical compounds of manganese are found in
3 different forms; first is oxides such as psilomelane,
birnessite, pyrolusite and carbonates, second is man-
ganite and third is silicates. They are deposited as a
chief constituent in more than 100 natural reserves of
mining effluent as described by Gadd (2010). Pyro-
lusite (MnO
2
) is the most widespread form in which
manganese is broadly scattered in the earth (Zhu et al.
2010). Predominantly, crustal rock and mining ore is
considered as the primary source of manganese
reserve in the biosphere (Barboza et al. 2016),
obtained due to volcanic action, woodland fires,
aquatic or terrestrial vegetation (Das et al. 2015a).
Developing countries like Australia, Russia, India,
Gabon, Brazil and South Africa possess the leading
S. Mohanty S. Ghosh
Bioengineering and Biomineral Processing Laboratory,
Centre of Biotechnology, Siksha O Anusandhan Deemed
to be University, Bhubaneswar, India
B. Bal A. P. Das (&)
Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering,
Tripura University (A Central University),
Suryamaninagar, Tripura, India
e-mail: alok1503@gmail.com
123
Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol (2018) 17:791–811
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-018-9482-1(0123456789().,-volV)(0123456789().,-volV)
Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. Rights reserved.
... Manganese is one of the most strategic metals. The metal and its compounds are used extensively in metallurgy, chemistry, batteries, fertilizers, feed additives, particularly in the ferroalloy industry, for 90 percent of consumption (Mohanty et al. 2018a;An et al. 2021). The production of manganese ore in 2020 was 58.8 million tons due to higher steel production (Rozhikhina et al. 2020). ...
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... There has been increasing interest in efficient techniques for manganese extraction from secondary sources, such as e-waste (Niu et al. 2016;Mohanty et al. 2018a). However, despite the rapid development of the manganese industry, there is limited information on the secondary manganese resources Bal et al. 2019) and extraction methods. ...
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