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Civil democracy: How partition led into this crisis and what we need to fix it
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Abstract and Figures
The first decades of the 21st century see a world in crisis not less than the early 20th century did. Sociology describes a ’second modernity’ emerging, and a loss of institutional performance and legitimacy, globalizations, social inequalities, economic crises, political violence and terrorism in times of hugely shifting global resource distributions are much the same in both century starts. Behind this similarity, this paper sees one common cause: The Europe of Western Christianity had a specific ‘groups under roofs’ structure that partitioned individuals but linked them as groups in open instutional structures. This model was especially successful and spread its heritage in the form of partitioning forms of democracy across the globe. But partitioning democracy is successful only in ‘groups under roofs’ societies, and hence it did not properly work outside the West, and does neither work on the global level nor in contemporary individualized Western societies. An adequate problem solution capacity can only be (re-)gained with Civil democracy that stores and uses trust not in the form of one-every-four-years ballot mark, but in a (not necessarily but adequately IT-based) system that allows for the flexible storage of trust relations to diverse kind of civil society actors and the support of direct democratic decision making as the norm. As systemic solution, Civil democracy demands a social movement for its realization.
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