ArticlePDF Available

RASAVAHA SROTAS AND THEIR PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: AN AYURVEDA REVIEW

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

Srotas are channels or pores which provides nourishment to the whole body and responsible for some particular function with respect to specific body parts. The Ayurveda samhitas described anatomical and physiological concepts of srotas broadly. Srotas mainly regulates process of circulation in human body. The srotas not only perform various functions but disturbance in srotas may also impart some pathological manifestation, therefore it is very essential to understand physiological concepts of srotas. This article presenting ayurveda perspective of Rasa vaha srotasa and their physiological considerations. Keywords: Ayurveda, Srotas, Rasa vaha srotasa, Dhatu, Circulation.
Content may be subject to copyright.
Mariya Husain Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics. 2018; 8(5):115-117
ISSN: 2250-1177 [115] CODEN (USA): JDDTAO
Available online on 15.09.2018 at http://jddtonline.info
Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics
Open Access to Pharmaceutical and Medical Research
© 2011-18, publisher and licensee JDDT, This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited
Open Access Review Article
RASAVAHA SROTAS AND THEIR PHYSIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE:
AN AYURVEDA REVIEW
Dr Mariya Husain
MD (Kriya Sharir), Associate Professor, Department of Kriya Sharir, Parul institute of Ayurveda, Vadodara, Gujrat, India.
ABSTRACT
Srotas are channels or pores which provides nourishment to the whole body and responsible for some particular function with
respect to specific body parts. The Ayurveda samhitas described anatomical and physiological concepts of srotas broadly. Srotas
mainly regulates process of circulation in human body. The srotas not only perform various functions but disturbance in srotas may
also impart some pathological manifestation, therefore it is very essential to understand physiological concepts of srotas. This article
presenting ayurveda perspective of Rasa vaha srotasa and their physiological considerations.
Keywords: Ayurveda, Srotas, Rasa vaha srotasa, Dhatu, Circulation.
Article Info: Received 15 Aug, 2018; Review Completed 07 Sep 2018; Accepted 07 Sep 2018; Available online 15 Sep 2018
Cite this article as:
Husain M, Rasavaha Srotas and their physiological importance: an ayurveda review , Journal of Drug Delivery and
Therapeutics. 2018; 8(5):115-117
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22270/jddt.v8i5.1899
INTRODUCTION
Rasa: Rasa means ‘movement’, as per this definition
any liquid element in body which flows may be treated
as Rasa including Rakta and lymph etc. The digested
food finally contributed to Rasa-Dhatu which performs
many vital functions of body. Rasa is Jala Mahabhoota
predominant and possessing Tanu, Swachchha and
Snigdha properties it travels through Dhamanis 1-4.
Rasa Savhana: Vyana Vayu having ability to move
liquid quickly, this Vyana Vayu causes circulation of
rasa in entire body.
Srotas are channels or micropores which mainly perform
functions of transportation, ayurveda described many
types of Srotas and Rasa vaha srotas are one of them.
There are seven srotas (out of 13) which associated with
tissues (dhatus) and Rasa vaha srotas comes first in this
category as follows:
Srotas related to dhatus
1. Rasa vaha srotas: carrying plasma and lymph
2. Rakta vaha srotas: carrying blood cells and
hemoglobin
3. Mamsa vaha srotas: carrying muscle nutrients and
wastes
4. Meda vaha srotas: supplying to various adipose
tissues of body
5. Asthi vaha srotas: nutrients to the bones
6. Majja vaha srotas: supplying the bone marrow and
nerves
7. Sukra vaha srota: carrying the sperm and ova and
their nutrients
As mentioned above it was clearly indicated that Rasa
vaha srotas considered as one of the important
circulatory system of body transporting nutrients to the
dhatu3-7. Ayurveda also describes concept of Rasadhatu
as precursor of Raktdhatu since blood circulation
depends upon total level of fluid in blood stream. The
Mulasthana of Rasavaha Srotas is Dhamani and Hrdaya
as mentioned below:
Mariya Husain Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics. 2018; 8(5):115-117
ISSN: 2250-1177 [116] CODEN (USA): JDDTAO
Rasavaha srotas
Mula: Heart and great vessels.
Marga: Venous and lymphatic systems.
Mukha: Arteriole, venous junction in capillaries.
Rasavaha Srotas are considered as main Srotas since
they supply nutrients to all body parts, they also give
Poshana to Rasa Dhatu and Rakta Dhatu. Yakrit and
Hrdiya contributes significantly towards Ahara Rasa
Poshanta through this Srotas since food first goes to
Yakrit then through the circulatory system of Hrdiya it
will circulate to all body parts. Therefore the concept of
Rasavaha Srotas in Ayurveda may be correlated with
modern functions of heart, lungs and liver. Rasa vaha
srotasa circulates Rasa including lymphatic system and
plasma, this process offers nourishment to other dhatus.
Rasavaha srotas perform vital functioning of body
related to circulatory process and physiological
disturbances to their functioning may leads some
pathological manifestation as mentioned in Figure 1.
The rasa vaha srotasa originated mainly from hrudaya
and connected to all over the body through Dhamanis.
These dhamanis circulated rasa all over the body using
pumping of hrudaya. 5-10
Figure 1: Symptoms associated with disturbed physiological functioning of rasa vaha srotasa:
Physiological Importance of Rasa Vaha Srotas
Paushaka Dhatu are transported to the Sthayi Dhatu
through Srotas.
Dhatu-Vaha Srotas is specific to Sthayi Dhatu to
which they transport nutrition.
Srotas carries Bhava Padarth from one place to
another place.
It transports materials and impulses also.
Helps in the absorption of fats and minerals through
lymph and utilizing pressure of blood.
It served as place of transformation of Ahararasa to
Rasadhatu.
It offers pathways for transporting Rasadhatu in the
body.
The proper functioning of this Srotas offers
excellence of Twak characterized by Snigdha,
Shlakshna, Mrudu, Prasanna, Sukshma, Alpa,
Gambhira and Sukumara appearance.
The physiological normalcy of Rasavaha srotas
offers happiness, power, enjoyment, intellect and
longevity.
Rasavaha srotas carry nutrient and other important
material which serve important role in normal
physiological functioning of tissue.
The thermostat of body maintained by appropriate
circulatory process of Rasavaha srotas.
The assimilation and digestion of ahara take places
with the help of biochemical process of Rasa which
transport through Rasavaha srotas.
Rasavaha srotas contributed towards immune
response of body.
The healing and defensive mechanism of body act at
the site of injury with the help of Rasavaha srotas.
CONCLUSION
The major function of Rasa is Prinana; providing
nutrition to other dhatu. The function of Rasavaha
Srotas is very important to maintain physiology of all
body tissue, if this Srotas not work properly then Dhatus
nourishment not take places which may results severe
illness. Therefore it may be concluded that the proper
functioning of Rasavaha Srotas is very important for the
nourishment and functioning of vital tissues. The
Rasavaha Srotas not only transport important materials
throughout body but also help in defense mechanism.
Mariya Husain Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics. 2018; 8(5):115-117
ISSN: 2250-1177 [117] CODEN (USA): JDDTAO
REFERENCES
1. Charak samhita, Vimana sthana, Srotasam vimanam, 5/3,
Sharma RK and Dash B. English translation based on
Chakrapani datta’s Ayurveda dipika, Volume- II, 6th edition,
Chowkhambha Sanskrita Series, Varanasi, 2007; 171.
2. Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Dhamani Vyakarana
Shariram, 9/13, English translation by Prof. Srikantha Murti
KR, Volume-I, 3rd edition, Chaukhambha Orientalia
Publishers, Varanasi, 2007; 151.
3. Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Ayurvedarahasya
Dipikakhakya Hindi commentary by Dr.Ghanekar BG, 4th
edition, Meharcanda Laksamana Dasa, 1972;153.
4. Charaka Samhita, Vol-I Vimana Sthana, Edited with Charaka
Chandrika Hindi commentary by Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi,
Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakshan, Varanasi, Reprint edition
2009, 5/4-5.
5. Charaka Samhita, Vol-I Vimana Sthana, Edited with Charaka
Chandrika Hindi commentary by Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi,
Chaukhamba Surbharti Prakshan, Varanasi, Reprint edition
2009, 5/3.
6. Charaka Samhita, Vimana Sthana, Chapter-5, Sashtri
Kashinath Pt, Chaturvedi Gorakhnath Dr., Chaukhamba Bharti
Academy; Varanasi, 2004, verse-8.
7. Susruta Samhita edited by Kaviraj Ambikadatta Sastri, Sutra
Sathana, chapter 14/26, on Dalhana Chakhamaba Sanskrit
Sansthan,Varanasi, 2007, P- 61.
8. Charaka Samhita,Ayurveda-Dipika commentary by
Chakrapanidutta, revised ed., Vimana Sthana, Chaukhambha
Surbharati Prakashan, Varanasi, 2005, 251.
9. Chouhan Mahesh. A Clinical Study to Establish the
Importance of Srotomoola Chikitsa W.S.R Tamak Shwasa,
(dissertation). Dr. Sarvapelli Radhakrishan Rajasthan
Ayurveda University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 2014.
10. Dewan Shweta. A Fundamental and Clinical Study of
“Rasvahanam srotasama hridyamoolam dashacha dhamanya”
to prove the functional utility of srotomoola (dissertation). Dr.
Sarvapelli RadhakrishanRajasthan Ayurveda University,
Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 2014.
Article
Full-text available
Butea monosperma (BM) is a well-known medicinal plant which is a moderate sized deciduous tree and widely distributed in India, Ceylon and Burma. It has been used in traditional medicine practice from ancient time. It is also known as flame of forest commonly known as Palash or Dhak. Palash is described in Charaka Samhita, Susruta Samhita, Upanisads, Vedas, Astanga Sangraha and Astanga Hridaya. BM belonging to the family Leguminosae has a wide range of active principles like coreopsin, isocoreopsin, sulphurein, butein, butin, isobutrin, monospermoside and isomonospermoside, aurones, chalcones, flavonoids (palasitrin, prunetin) and steroids. BM contains phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, amino acids, glycosides, steroids etc. The pharmacological activity is mainly shown by flowers, seeds, barks, fruits, leaves etc. The current review focused on following pharmacological actions like hepatoprotective, antifertility, antifilarial, anti-diabetic, antiviral, anthelmintic, anticonvulsant, antifungal, antimicrobial, antiestrogenic, anticancer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antiulcer, wound healing, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-implantation, antidopaminergic, antimycobacterial, osteogenic and osteoprotective activity. These medicinal properties may provide potential active principles with higher efficacy and minimum side effects as compared to available synthetic drugs.
Srotasam vimanam, 5/3, Sharma RK and Dash B. English translation based on Chakrapani datta's Ayurveda dipika
  • Charak Samhita
  • Vimana
Charak samhita, Vimana sthana, Srotasam vimanam, 5/3, Sharma RK and Dash B. English translation based on Chakrapani datta's Ayurveda dipika, Volume-II, 6th edition, Chowkhambha Sanskrita Series, Varanasi, 2007; 171.
Dhamani Vyakarana Shariram, 9/13, English translation by Prof
  • Sushruta Samhita
  • Sharira
Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Dhamani Vyakarana Shariram, 9/13, English translation by Prof. Srikantha Murti KR, Volume-I, 3rd edition, Chaukhambha Orientalia Publishers, Varanasi, 2007; 151.
  • Sharira Sushruta Samhita
  • Sthana
Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Ayurvedarahasya Dipikakhakya Hindi commentary by Dr.Ghanekar BG, 4th edition, Meharcanda Laksamana Dasa, 1972;153.
A Clinical Study to Establish the Importance of Srotomoola Chikitsa W.S.R Tamak Shwasa, (dissertation). Dr
  • Chouhan Mahesh
Chouhan Mahesh. A Clinical Study to Establish the Importance of Srotomoola Chikitsa W.S.R Tamak Shwasa, (dissertation). Dr. Sarvapelli Radhakrishan Rajasthan Ayurveda University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 2014.
Rasvahanam srotasama hridyamoolam dashacha dhamanya" to prove the functional utility of srotomoola (dissertation). Dr
  • Dewan Shweta
Dewan Shweta. A Fundamental and Clinical Study of "Rasvahanam srotasama hridyamoolam dashacha dhamanya" to prove the functional utility of srotomoola (dissertation). Dr. Sarvapelli RadhakrishanRajasthan Ayurveda University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, 2014.
Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Dhamani Vyakarana Shariram, 9/13, English translation by Prof
  • Charak Samhita
  • Vimana Sthana
  • Srotasam
  • R K Sharma
  • B Dash
Charak samhita, Vimana sthana, Srotasam vimanam, 5/3, Sharma RK and Dash B. English translation based on Chakrapani datta's Ayurveda dipika, Volume-II, 6th edition, Chowkhambha Sanskrita Series, Varanasi, 2007; 171. 2. Sushruta samhita, Sharira sthana, Dhamani Vyakarana Shariram, 9/13, English translation by Prof. Srikantha Murti KR, Volume-I, 3rd edition, Chaukhambha Orientalia Publishers, Varanasi, 2007; 151.