Crude Extract of Potato Ameliorates Clinical Impacts of Infection with Helicobacter pylori: Case Study

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Peptic ulcer disease is a problem of global concern and the infection of Helicobacter pylori is the main cause of this disease. Non-pharmacological approaches to improve the outcome of this disease have been reported. The purpose of this study was to report our experience in using fresh potato juice to ameliorate clinical impacts of peptic ulcer disease in three patients who were diagnosed for Helicobacter pylori. They reported that after daily use of fresh potato juice for 10 days to one month, their clinical symptoms including stomach-ache, and vomiting after meal intake disappeared and accordingly their quality of life indicators including eating what they want, non-stressful episodes have been improved. Quality of life has broad meanings that include what we are deficient in, or what we cannot do due to health alterations. Peptic ulcer impacts such quality life indicators.

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Background: Peptic ulcer disease, including its complications and functional dyspepsia, are prevalent gastrointestinal diseases, etiopathogenesis of which is associated with mucosal inflammation. Research into new therapeutics capable of preventing or curing gastrointestinal mucosal damage has been steadily developing over past decades. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether a spray-dried preparation of potato juice is applicable for treating and preventing gastrointestinal mucosal damage. Methods: We assessed potential protective effects of spray-dried potato juice (SDPJ) against gut inflammation in the co-culture Caco-2/RAW264.7 system, as well as a gastroprotective activity in a rat model of gastric ulceration. Results: The obtained results indicated that SDPJ down-regulates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mRNA expression and protein production of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α in the co-culture model. Moreover, SDPJ provided dose-dependent protection against LPS-induced disruption of intestinal barrier integrity. In rats, five-day pretreatment with SDPJ in doses of 200 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg suppressed HCl/ethanol-induced TNF-α expression in gastric mucosa by 52% and 35%, respectively. In addition, the pretreatment with the lower dose of SDPJ reduced the incidence of ulcers (by 34%) expressed as ulcer index. Conclusion: The spray-dried potato juice appears to be an attractive candidate for ameliorating inflammation-related diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
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Potatoes have shown promising health promoting properties in human cell culture, experimental animal and human clinical studies including antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, antiinflammatory, antiobesity, anticancer and antidiabetic effects. Compounds present such as the phenolics, fiber, starch, and proteins as well the compounds considered antinutritional such as glycoalkaloids, lectins and proteinase inhibitors are believed to contribute to the health benefits of potatoes. However, epidemiologic studies exploring the role of potatoes in human health have been inconclusive. Some studies support a protective effect of potato consumption in weight management and diabetes while other studies demonstrate no effect, and a few studies suggest a negative effect. Because there are many biological activities attributed to the compounds present in potato, some of which could be beneficial or detrimental depending on specific circumstances, a long term study investigating the association between potato consumption and diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer while controlling for fat intake is needed.
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Helicobacter pylori infection is considered the most common infection worldwide and is associated with many other disorders. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of this infection among patients undergoing endoscopy in Northern Jordan. Between November 1998 and September 2000, all patients referred from the Gastro-esophageal Clinic to the Endoscopy Unit at Princess Basma Teaching Hospital, Irbid, Northern Jordan were enrolled in this prospective study. For each patient clinical and epidemiological data was collected and endoscopy was performed. At least 3 antral biopsies were obtained from each patient, and these were examined histologically for the presence of gastritis and stained for Helicobacter pylori using modified Giemsa stain. A total of 197 consecutive patients (113 females) with a mean age of 40.2 years (range 15-91 years) were studied. Abdominal pain was the highest presenting symptom. Gastritis 91% and esophagitis 42% were the most frequent endoscopic findings. Gastritis was documented histologically in 183 (93%) of patients. Helicobacter pylori was found in 161 patients (82%), with all of these having histological gastritis. The 11 patients with gastric ulcer, compared to the 51 out of the 59 (86%) patients with duodenal ulcer, showed Helicobacter pylori in their biopsies. The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients subjected to an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in Jordan is high. This study confirms that Helicobacter pylori is significantly associated with gastritis and peptic ulcer. Further studies are needed to determine the types of Helicobacter pylori strains present in Jordan.
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Pigmented potatoes contain high concentrations of antioxidants, including phenolic acids, anthocyanins, and carotenoids. These bioactive compounds have been implicated in the inhibition or prevention of cellular oxidative damage and chronic disease susceptibility. We assessed the effects of pigmented potato consumption on oxidative stress and inflammation biomarkers in adult males. Free-living healthy men (18-40 y; n = 12/group) consumed 150 g of cooked white- (WP), yellow- (YP), or purple-flesh potatoes (PP) once per day for 6 wk in a randomized study. Blood was collected at baseline and wk 6 to analyze total antioxidant capacity (TAC), DNA damage as assessed by plasma 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation, C-reactive protein (CRP), inflammatory cytokines, lymphoproliferation, NK cytotoxicity, and phenotypes. Potatoes were analyzed for TAC, phenolic acids, anthocyanins, and carotenoids. Compared with the WP group, the YP group had higher concentrations of phenolic acids (P < 0.002) and carotenoids (P < 0.001), whereas the PP group had higher concentrations of phenolic acids (P < 0.002) and anthocyanins (P < 0.001). Men who consumed YP and PP tended to have lower (P < 0.08) plasma IL-6 compared with those consuming WP. The PP group tended to have a lower plasma CRP concentration than the WP group (P = 0.07). The 8-OHdG concentration was lower in men who consumed either YP or PP compared with WP. Pigmented potato consumption reduced inflammation and DNA damage in healthy adult males. This offers consumers an improved nutritional choice in potato consumption.
Purpose of review: Functional dyspepsia affects 10% of the population. Emerging data are beginning to unravel the pathogenesis of this heterogeneous disorder, and new data on treatment are helping to guide evidence-based practice. In this review, the latest advances are summarized and discussed. Recent findings: The Rome IV criteria were published in 2016 and are similar to Rome III but further emphasize the subtypes (postprandial distress syndrome and epigastric pain syndrome) rather than focussing on the syndrome as a whole, and conclude that gastroesophageal reflux disease and irritable bowel syndrome are part of the functional dyspepsia spectrum. Environment is dominant in the pathogenesis. New data implicate herbivore pets and antibiotic exposure for a nongastrointestinal infection but require confirmation. Further experimental data suggest duodenal eosinophils and mast cells can alter enteric neuronal structure and function in functional dyspepsia. Summary: Advances in our understanding of functional dyspepsia are changing clinical practice.
The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE) revised the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for peptic ulcer disease in 2014 and has created an English version. The revised guidelines consist of seven items: bleeding gastric and duodenal ulcers, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy, non-eradication therapy, drug-induced ulcer, non-H. pylori, non-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ulcer, surgical treatment, and conservative therapy for perforation and stenosis. Ninety clinical questions (CQs) were developed, and a literature search was performed for the CQs using the Medline, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi databases between 1983 and June 2012. The guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Therapy is initially provided for ulcer complications. Perforation or stenosis is treated with surgery or conservatively. Ulcer bleeding is first treated by endoscopic hemostasis. If it fails, surgery or interventional radiology is chosen. Second, medical therapy is provided. In cases of NSAID-related ulcers, use of NSAIDs is stopped, and anti-ulcer therapy is provided. If NSAID use must continue, the ulcer is treated with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or prostaglandin analog. In cases with no NSAID use, H. pylori-positive patients receive eradication and anti-ulcer therapy. If first-line eradication therapy fails, second-line therapy is given. In cases of non-H. pylori, non-NSAID ulcers or H. pylori-positive patients with no indication for eradication therapy, non-eradication therapy is provided. The first choice is PPI therapy, and the second choice is histamine 2-receptor antagonist therapy. After initial therapy, maintenance therapy is provided to prevent ulcer relapse.
In the traditional medicine of Europe, raw potatoes are used for gastrointestinal disorders, and topical potato preparations as a hot pack for pain or for softening furuncles. The aim of this study was to review the literature and summarize the data on the medicinal use of potato-derived products. Several databases and other sources were searched to identify clinical trials investigating potato-derived preparations. The trials were analysed for quality. Five trials were identified; two open uncontrolled studies, two open controlled studies and one double-blind study. These results stimulate further investigation of oral potato juice concentrate in patients with dyspeptic complaints, of potato proteinase inhibitor II for weight reduction, and of topical potato proteins for preventing protease-induced perianal dermatitis. We recommend that future studies have a confirmatory design.
Biopsy specimens were taken from intact areas of antral mucosa in 100 consecutive consenting patients presenting for gastroscopy. Spiral or curved bacilli were demonstrated in specimens from 58 patients. Bacilli cultured from 11 of these biopsies were gram-negative, flagellate, and microaerophilic and appeared to be a new species related to the genus Campylobacter. The bacteria were present in almost all patients with active chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcer, or gastric ulcer and thus may be an important factor in the aetiology of these diseases.
Frequent diarrhoea after intestinal resections and faecal incontinence in healthy infants may lead to perianal injury. A causative agent may be a high concentration of pancreatic proteases in faeces. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protease inhibitors are applicable for treating and preventing peri-anal dermatitis by inhibiting the initial cause of the inflammation, the faecal proteases. Proteolytic activity was estimated in faeces of subjects frequently suffering from peri-anal dermatitis: patients with intestinal resections and healthy infants. The development of perianal dermatitis was studied after the construction of a reservoir with ileoanal anastomosis. The inhibitory effect of crude and partly purified potato juice on proteolytic activity of faecal output from patients with intestinal resections and healthy infants was investigated in vitro and in vivo (skin tests). Faecal protease activity in faeces from patients with intestinal resections and healthy infants was found to be significantly higher than in healthy adults. After the construction of an ileum reservoir, 46 of 48 patients developed a protease-related peri-anal dermatitis. The partly purified protein fraction from potatoes inhibited the larger part of faecal proteases in vitro and completely prevented skin irritation by pancreatic proteases dissolved in sterilized faecal fluid, in a 24-h skin test, on the back of healthy human volunteers. Potato proteins contain protease inhibitors, which suppress almost the complete proteolytic activity in faeces. Topical application of potato protease inhibitors might be a novel approach in preventing protease-induced peri-anal dermatitis, and therapeutic studies are needed to confirm our results.
The prevalence of Helicbacter pylori among patients complaining from abdominal pain
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