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Collision Free Navigation of a MultiRobot Team for Intruder Interception

  • Engineering Institute of Technology

Abstract and Figures

The ability of mobile robots to work as a team in hard and hazardous environments and consequently their widespread use in various industries is a strong incentive for researchers to develop practical algorithm and methods for increasing the performance of mobile robots. The ability of autonomous decision-making for navigation and path planning is the important problem, which has been investigated by researchers to improve the performance of a team of mobile robots in a certain mission. The contribution of this study is classified as follows; In the first stage, we propose a decentralised motion control algorithm for the mobile robots to intercept an intruder entering (k-intercepting) or escaping (e-intercepting) a protected region. In continue, we propose a decentralized navigation strategy (dynamic-intercepting) for a multi-robot team known as predators to intercept the intruders or in the other words, preys, from escaping a siege ring which is created by the predators. A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a solution of this problem is obtained. At the second stage, we propose an intelligent game-based decision-making algorithm (IGD) for a fleet of mobile robots to maximize the probability of detection in a bounded region. We prove that the proposed decentralised cooperative and non-cooperative game-based decision-making algorithm enables each robot to make the best decision to choose the shortest path with minimum local information. Third, we propose a leader-follower based collision-free navigation control method for a fleet of mobile robots to traverse an unknown cluttered environment. Fourth, we propose a decentralised navigation algorithm for a team of multi-robot to traverse an area where occupied by multiple obstacles to trap a target. We prove that each individual team 3 member is able to traverse safely in the region, which is cluttered by many obstacles with any shapes to trap the target while using the sensors in some indefinite switching points and not continuously, which leads to saving energy consumption and increasing the battery life of the robots consequently. And finally, we propose a novel navigation strategy for a unicycle mobile robot in a cluttered area with moving obstacles based on virtual field force algorithm. The mathematical proof of the navigation laws and the computer simulations are provided to confirm the validity, robustness, and reliability of the proposed methods. 4
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This paper presents a collision-free navigation control algorithm for a fleet of mobile robots to traverse an unknown obstacle-ridden environment. The proposed leader-follower-based navigation rule guarantees that the robots maintain the minimum-allowed distance from the obstacles while in motion. In this algorithm, the leader plans the safest path based on the information received in each switching period, which results in fewer computations and fast motion. Computer simulation performed confirms the reliability and robustness of the proposed algorithm. 
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