In the following paper, we analyze Gerónimo de Vivar's Cronica. In this, we identify the influence of classical models through three categories: explicit, structural, and interpretative. In the first case, characters, stories, circumstances or theories of the Ancient World are mentioned as analogies in order to understand the reality, or as authorities to give veracity. In the second case, we notice an emulation in the narrative disposition, which is the outcome of a process of reception and resignification to the Greco Roman works. Finally, the interpretative level refers to the way the autor represented the American reality from a classical mentality.