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The tourism sector has an important place in the sustainable development of a country; therefore, the objective of this research is to characterize the factors and the methodologies most used in the evaluation of such sites by researchers worldwide. To reach this aim, a literature review focused on the methodologies used for the selection and evaluation of tourism projects were carried out. As a result, 9 factors are proposed, consisting of multiple hierarchical levels which condense the characteristics of the methodologies studied: Natural Factors, Cultural Factors, Tourism Plant, Infrastructure, Superstructure, Accessibility, Human Capital and Tourism, Security and Price/Quality. In addition, a correspondence study is carried out in which the methodologies are classified according to their relationship to the proposed factors.
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/****.****.****
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Key factors characterization in tourism projects evaluation: A
literature review
Caracterización de los factores clave en la evaluación de proyectos
turísticos: Una revisión de la literatura
Duarte-Duarte, Juan Benjamína; Talero-Sarmiento, Leonardo Hernánb y Rodríguez-
Padilla, Diana Carolinac
a Ingeniero Industrial. Doctor en Finanzas de Empresas. Profesor titular de la Universidad Industrial de
Santander, Facultad de Ingenierías Físico Mecánicas, Escuela de Estudios Industriales y Empresariales,
Bucaramanga, Colombia. Dirección de correspondencia: carrera 27 con calle 9, Ciudad Universitaria,
Edificio de Ingeniera Industrial, oficina 207-25, Bucaramanga, Colombia. Correo electrónico:
jduarte@uis.edu.co http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3630-7683
b Ingeniero Industrial. Candidato a Magíster en Ingeniería Industrial de la Universidad Industrial de
Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia. Correo electrónico: leonardo.talero@correo.uis.edu.co
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4129-9163
c Candidata a Ingeniera Industrial de la Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
Correo electrónico: diana.rodriguez15@correo.uis.edu.co http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3266-8000
Abstract
The tourism sector has an important place in the sustainable development of a
country; therefore, the objective of this research is to characterize the factors
and the methodologies most used in the evaluation of such sites by researchers
worldwide. To reach this aim, a literature review focused on the methodologies
used for the selection and evaluation of tourism projects were carried out. As
a result, 9 factors are proposed, consisting of multiple hierarchical levels
which condense the characteristics of the methodologies studied: Natural
Factors, Cultural Factors, Tourism Plant, Infrastructure, Superstructure,
Accessibility, Human Capital and Tourism, Security and Price/Quality. In
addition, a correspondence study is carried out in which the methodologies
are classified according to their relationship to the proposed factors.
Keywords: Review, factors, methodologies, correspondence analysis
Key factors characterization in tourism projects evaluation: A literature review
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Resumen
El sector turismo ocupa un lugar importante en el desarrollo sostenible de un
país, por tal motivo, el objetivo de la presente investigación es caracterizar los
factores y las metodologías más utilizados en la evaluación de dichos sitios
por investigadores a nivel mundial. Con este fin, se llevó a cabo una revisión
de literatura enfocada en las metodologías usadas para la selección y
evaluación de proyectos turísticos. Como resultado se encuentran 9 factores
constituidos por múltiples niveles jerárquicos los cuales condensan las
características de las metodologías estudiadas, éstos son: Factores Naturales,
Factores Culturales, Planta Turística, Infraestructura, Superestructura,
Accesibilidad, Capital Humano y Turístico, Seguridad y Precio/Calidad,
adicionalmente se realiza un estudio de correspondencia con el cual se
clasifican las metodologías según su relación con los factores propuestos
Palabras clave: Revisión, factores, metodologías, análisis de correspondencia
1. Introduction
Tourism can be defined as the movement of people to places that are outside their habitual
residence site, whether to spend holidays, conduct business, or for personal reasons. (OMT,
2007). Therefore, tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon that has effects on
the natural environment of the visited places and on the visitors.
This phenomenon has a special interest considering that touristic activity can directly or
indirectly influence the country growth due to the economic benefits that this sector
commonly offers: job creation, currency generation, use of existing infrastructure, and use of
local products. In addition, tourism complements other economic activities and has multiplier
effects generating socio-cultural benefits such as improving education, reducing linguistic,
sociocultural, racial, political, and religious barriers, strengthening culture and heritage
preservation and improving the appreciation of their own culture (Jafari, 2005).
Evidence of the impact of the tourism sector is reflected in historical economic growth. In
2000, it generated world revenues of $ 495 billion dollars, which increased in the year 2,015
to $ 1,260 billion dollars, in addition, generated an income of US $ 211 billion for
international passenger transport services rendered to non-residents in 2015 (OMT, 2016)
and, since 2010, OMT aimed at alleviating poverty by providing a manual which will help
and guide for this purpose. (OMT, 2010)
An effect of the above mentioned, developing countries have decided to bet on this sector as
a significant increase in tourist arrivals (46% of visitor arrivals in 2011 went to
underdeveloped countries); Positioning tourism as the second source of foreign exchange for
Duarte-Duarte, Juan Benjamín; Talero-Sarmiento, Leonardo Hernán y Rodríguez-Padilla, Diana
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20 out of the 48 least developed countries in the world, and contributing (in some cases) more
than 25% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in small island developing states. (OMT,
2010)
On the other hand, due to the formation, transformation, and tourism contributions, the sector
has properties and tools that are generally associated with developed research fields, for
example, tourism is considered as a scientific discipline which generates interest in this type
of community (economic sector), as well as in the academic community (Jafari, 2005)
Finally, considering that the characteristics of tourism (scientific discipline and economic
developer) it is possible to propose strategies in order to find the appropriate use of this sector
in a specific geographic site. Therefore, the present research aim is to characterize Factors
and Methodologies that have been applied to the selection of a site with tourism potential in
order to develop the local economy, seeking to contribute directly or indirectly to alleviate
poverty. To do this, the structure of this research consists of a first section related to the
methodology applied for the literature review, followed by a second one, where the results
obtained are shown, and finally, a third section focused on the research conclusions.
2. Methodology
The present research is divided into three stages that support a narrative literature review, the
first stage corresponds to compiling, analyzing, synthesizing and organizing information
related to factors and methodologies used for the tourist potential evaluation of a place. The
Second is related to grouping the collected information per its grammatical structure. Finally,
in the third stage, a statistical technique called correspondence analysis is used to study and
describe possible relationships between the variables (Factors and Methodologies).
The first stage focuses on a literature review which consists of four phases: 1) Database
research which includes: Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCO HOST, Crossref, GoogleScholar,
Emerald Insight, Digitalia España and the academic community Research Gate. 2) Document
selection endorsed by the academic community published in the form of scientific articles,
books and case studies. 3) Language delimitation (Spanish and English) and 4) Time window,
(publications starting in 2000), this lapse is based on social changes, globalization, the
information society (ICT) and new ideological trends such as the concern for environmental
sustainability, Cultural authenticity and social equity of the 21st century. (Fallis, 2013)
In addition, the articles found using the protocol described above are selected per their
availability in the databases (free access or institutional access) and the quality of their
content (related to the objective of this research). Finally, a documents refining is done, for
this purpose, academic sources are consulted through a snowball review and they are chosen
based on the selection criteria (availability and quality).
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In the second stage, we propose the factors formation through the characteristics relation, for
which, we selected words and phrases related to potential tourism evaluation of a site, which
are merged according to their affinity, grammatical category, similarity and type of total
synonymy (Used when two terms can be exchanged in the same context), conceptual
synonymy (used when related terms refer to the same referent and mean exactly the same),
and contextual synonymy (when related terms can be switched only in the context of analysis)
(Ríos, 2009).
Subsequently, the characteristics obtained are grouped, thus subfactors generation, and these
in turn as factors. As the methodologies, those are grouped in a deductive way for those that
it recognizes by the academic community through their publication, entities or organizations,
and of inductive form for the others (Lecanda, 2002), in addition, the variables (Factors and
Methodologies) are organized considering the number of documents that name them or use
them.
In the third stage, a correspondence analysis is performed in order to identify relationships
between factors and methodologies. To do this, a contingency table is constructed between
the variables (Factors and Methodologies) with the objective of doing a group analysis using
a biplot scatter plot, in which the relative positions of the variables represent the affinity or
interaction between them, in other words, the closer the variables are, the more related they
are.
3. Results
The results obtained are divided into three categories according to the methodology proposed.
These are:
3.1. Literary Review Results
Considering the protocol, in this work are identified a total of 88 documents, including books,
case studies, and scientific articles (62.5% in Spanish and 37.5% in English). After refining
the search, 50 documents (34 study cases, 8 articles, and 8 books are selected (Annex 1 shows
the list of documents consulted), that is, 68% of the documents are case studies). Out of which
80% are in Spanish, 76% are published between 2003 and 2015 (see Figure 1) and 72% are
made in countries such as Spain, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, and Brazil. (See
Figure 2).
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Figure. 1. Histogram of the distribution of articles by year
Figure. 2. Representation of the documents distribution by country
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
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3.2. Results of the formation of groups of factors and methodologies
3.2.1. Factors
In the documents selected, a total of 887 characteristics (words and phrases) related to the
tourism potential assessment are found, which indicated a different concept or idea (per their
affinity, grammatical category, similarity, and synonymy), by grouping them (considering
the concept which they describe), 36 subfactors are generated, and these in turn 9 factors (see
Annex 2). The description of the factors is recorded in Table 1.
Tabla 1. Stated Factors
Factor
Natural
Cultural
Tourist
Facilities
Infrastructure
Superstructure
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Human and
Tourist Capital
Accessibility
Safety
Price and
Quality
3.2.2. Methodologies
In the literary review, some documents use different methodologies, either for the selection
of factors to consider to evaluate the site with touristic potential and/or methodologies that
help analyze the factors already stated. Considering the present study aim, 28 methodologies
are found which are classified into 9 large groups (See Table 2)
Tabla 2. Methodologies Groups
Methodologies
Description
Multicriteria
Assessment
Techniques
It is the decision-making process that, through the application of
weighted comparison methods, helps the decision making. (Pacheco,
2008). In this category, there are different multicriteria types and
assessments tools such as fuzzy logic, Geographic Information
Systems (GIS) etc.
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LEADER
(I, II)
It is a community initiative that responds to the modern conception of
rural development approaches, which proposes a guide to carrying out
the evaluation of the tourist potential of a place. (Zimmer & Grassman,
1996)
Methodologies
proposed by
authors
It is a compilation of methodologies proposed by various authors who
seek to improve the process of assessing the touristic potential of a
place, the above according to their research knowledge
Statistical
Methods
It covers techniques that integrate statistics as a tool to support decision
making, in this category, there are methodologies such as a structural
equations model, analysis of correspondences, among others.
SOTW
A study tool that consists of the systematic identification of latent
opportunities, strengths, threats, weaknesses, and dangers that might
arise in the future. (Ramírez-Rojas, 2009)
Analysis of
tourism
competitiveness
(ACT)
It is a model based on the dynamic capacities and tourist implications
of a destination. (Pascarella & Fontes, 2010)
Methodology
proposed by
the OAS
It is a methodology proposed by the Organization of American States
to carry out an analysis of a place with tourist potential.
Methodologies
proposed by
other
organizations
In this group, there are methodologies of organizations such as the
World Tourism Organization (WTO), Land Management and
Territorial Ordering Plans (LMTOP), among others.
Molding of
Tourism Flows
(MTF)
It is an infrastructure planning tool, currently used as a general-purpose
tool to understand tourism at the local and national levels. (Prideaux,
2005)
3.3. Results of correspondence analysis
In this stage, are found different relations between the factors and the methodologies under
study. In the first instance, from a cross-table (see Figure 3), it can be observed that the most
representative factors are: Natural, Tourist Facilities, Cultural Factors, and Infrastructure;
taking into account that out of the 887 characteristics found in the Literary review, most of
them are related to characteristics of factors such as: flora, fauna, landscapes, relief,
hydrography (Natural Factors); accommodation, restaurants, entertainment, shopping centers
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(Tourist Facilities); monuments, temples, folklore, traditions (Cultural Factors) and network
of roads, aqueducts, electricity and transport services (Infrastructure Factor).
In the case of methodologies, the most representatives are Multicriteria Evaluation,
LEADER, Methodologies Proposed by Authors and Statistical Methods. In addition, it can
be visualized that the methodology Multicriteria evaluation is the most related to the Natural
Factors, this proximity is given because out of the 50 scientific documents analyzed, 20
(40%) of them use the Multicriteria evaluation and out of the 281 characteristics found in
these 20 documents 104 (37%) are associated with the natural factor category. This finding
allows concluding that Multicriteria is the most indicated methodology to evaluate the
tourism potential in a place with strong natural conditions.
From the cross-table (and its distance matrix), the biplot scatter plot is constructed, in which
it is evident that there are factors and methodologies that may possibly be related due to the
relative distances between them.
Those factors in the upper right quadrant, have a soft relationship with the LEADER
methodology (as such factor Touristic Facilities), due to the approximation that exists
between these variables, this is because 37% of the characteristics that were selected from
the documents that analyze the factors with the LEADER methodology is associated with the
Touristic Facilities factor.
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Figure. 3. Contingencies Table between factors and methodologies
Moreover, variables with a little more approximation are found near to the two axes intersection, these are: The Methodologies Proposed
by Organizations, the SWOT Matrix and the Cultural Factor, these variables are related because 22% of the terms found in the documents
(which use these methodologies) are associated with the Cultural Factor, the remaining 78% include terms associated with the other
factors proposed. Another result to be analyzed is in the lower quadrant of the graph, the Human and Tourist Capital Factors and Price
and Quality are further away from the other study variables, because the associated terms are mentioned by different methodologies that
are far because they are more related to other factors and/or methodologies (see Figure 4).
Factor
Multicriteria
Assessmeant
Techniques
LEADER (I,II) By Authors
Statistical
Methods
SOTW ATC OAS By
Organizations MTF
Total
Natural 104 17 36 20 17 7 8 4 3 216
Touristic
Facilities
21 61 40 33 14 1 4 3 2 179
Cultural 42 36 20 26 19 4 6 4 1 158
Infraestructure 44 39 17 14 11 1 2 3 131
Accessibility 36 230 4 2 3 2 1 80
Human and
Tourist Capital
16 216 1 3 3 1 1 43
Superestructure 4 4 9 8 7 4 1 1 38
Safety 12 2 5 1 1 1 22
Price and
Quality 2 4 12 1 1 20
Total 281 163 156 138 73 24 23 16 13 887
Metodologies
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.
Figure. 4. Two-dimensional scatter graphic
4. Conclusions
There are a remarkable trend and interest in the tourism application in different places of the
world due to the benefits that it generates; however, identifying or evaluating the tourist
potential of a place entails the use of various resources such as time, trained personnel, data
acquisition, information analysis, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to frame the evaluation
process using the best possible methodology (to carry out an appropriate analysis)
considering specific place characteristics.
Besides, another problem related to a methodology selection, is the identification
characteristics related to the place of interest, because, it can be arbitrarily chosen or there is
not enough information related to the factors, thus generating biased results due to the
incorrect identification of the Characteristics or limitations of the researcher's knowledge (i.e.
decision maker).
Consequently, the structure of factors proposed in this research can be helpful to generate
future guidelines or frameworks, since they collect in a hierarchical way 887 characteristics
identified in the literature and in the more flexible methodologies for their study. On the other
hand, from the correspondence analysis developed during the present work, it will be possible
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to generate indicators that compare the flexibility of applying one (or more) methodologies
per the available information of the place of interest.
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EDITORIAL UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE VALÈNCIA
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6. Annexes
Annex 1. 50 paper reviewed
Authors
Title
year
Country
Raúl Alvarez
Cuervo
Jerarquización de los recursos turísticos
1987
ESP
Peter Zimmer
Evaluar el potencial turístico de un territorio
1996
ESP
Paul F.J. Eagles
Guidelines for Tourism in Parks and Protected Areas of East
Asia
2001
CHN
Laguna Marín-
Ysali
La potencialidad turística del medio natural en sierras ibéricas
Riojanas mediante evaluación Multicriterio
2001
ESP
Jinyang Deng
Evaluating natural attractions for tourism
2002
GBR
Carmen Ocaña
Ocaña
Un Modelo de Aplicación de SIG y Evaluación Multicriterio, al
Análisis de las Capacidad del Territorio en Relación a Funciones
Turísticas
2002
ESP
Carmen
Delgado Viñas
Turismo y desarrollo local en algunas comarcas de la montaña
cantábrica recursos y planificación
2003
ESP
Bruce Prideaux
Factors affecting bilateral tourism flows
2005
AUS
Oscar Reyes
Pérez
Metodologia para determinar el potencial de los recursos
turísticos naturales en el estado de Oaxaca Mexico
2005
MEX
Marina Novelli
Networks, clusters and innovation in tourism: A UK experience
2005
GBR
Fabiana
Manzato
Turismo cultural Evaluación del potencial turístico de sitios
arqueológicos
2007
BRA
Glauber
Eduardo de
Oliviera Santos
Modelos teóricos aplicados al turismo
2007
BRA
María Elena
Valdez
Recursos turísticos regionales del municipio de tandil
2007
ARG
Jesús Aranguren
Evaluación de la capacidad de carga turística en la playa
Conomita, Municipio Guanta, Estado Anzoátegui
2008
VEN
Marvin Blanco
M
Guía para la elaboración del plan de desarrollo turístico de un
territorio
2008
CRI
Anupriya Kaur
Abhilasha
Chauhan Yajulu
Medury
Destination image of Indian tourism destinations: An evaluation
using correspondence analysis
2009
IND
Sergio Franco-
Maass
Evaluación de los recursos turísticos Parque Nacional Nevado de
Toluca - México
2009
MEX
Beatriz Román
Alzérreca
Evaluación Turística Ochovenado
2009
MEX
Roberto
Pascarella
Competitividad de los destinos turísticos. Modelo de evaluación
basado en las capacidades dinámicas y sus implicancias en las
políticas públicas
2010
BRA
Duarte-Duarte, Juan Benjamín; Talero-Sarmiento, Leonardo Hernán y Rodríguez-Padilla, Diana
Carolina
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
EDITORIAL UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE VALÈNCIA
Fernando Peña-
Cortés
Diagnóstico del sistema turístico en la cuenca del Lago Ranco
2010
CHL
Mario Alberto
Enríquez
Martínez
Evaluación Multicriterio de los recursos turísticos del Parque
Estatal Sierra de Nanchititla, Estado de México
2010
MEX
Rebeca Serrano
Barquín
Una vision desde Sistemas Complejos para la evaluación
Multicriterio Multiobjetivo
2011
MEX
Sergio Moreno
Gil
Entender la imagen de un destino turistico, factores que la
integran y la influencia de las motivaciones
2012
COL
Alfredo Conti
Evaluación de atractivos para la identificación de nuevos
productos turísticos. Caso de estudio: región Capital de la
provincia de Buenos Aires.
2012
ARG
Ctirad Schejbal
Evaluation of tourist destination attractivness
2012
CZE
Ana Vera
Martín
La toma de decisiones en la localización de la actividad turística
en áreas de montaña
2012
ESP
Manuel
Fuenzalida Díaz
Evaluación de la aptitud territorial para el turismo de naturaleza
y rural, Reserva de la Biosfera La Campana Lago Peñuelas,
Chile
2013
CHL
Gleini Gallardo
García
Evaluación del potencial turístico de las playas del departamento
del Atlántico Colombia, desde la perspectiva ambiental
2013
COL
María José Solís
Evaluación Multicriterio de la potencialidad turística de un
territorio. caso de estudio parque nacional pan de azúcar, región
de Atacama. Chile
2013
CHL
José Manuel
Sánchez Martín
La evaluación del potencial para el desarrollo del turismo rural.
aplicación metodológica sobre la provincia de cáceres
2013
ESP
Gustavo
Aravena
Paillalef
Manual para el desarrollo de circuitos de turismo de intereses
especiales
2013
CHL
Charles Jean
Camara
Metodología para la identificación, clasificación y evaluación de
los recursos territoriales turísticos del centro de ciudad de Fort-
de-France
2013
FRA
Ricardo Medina
Covarrubias
Validación de recursos, motivaciones y emociones para el
desarrollo de productos turísticos integrales
2013
MEX
Elena del Pilar
Infante Sánchez
Elementos determinantes en Cundinamarca para el desarrollo del
turismo como actividad estratégica regional
2014
COL
Yandy Cejas
Castellanos
Evaluación del índice de desarrollo turístico en la ciudad de
Matanzas
2014
COL
Eduardo
Lizarralde
Mapa de los recursos turísticos de la provincia de huelva
2014
ESP
Mildred Joselyn
Mikery
Gutiérrez
Métodos para el análisis del potencial turístico del territorio rural
2014
MEX
Rubén Molina
Martínez
Políticas públicas y factores que determinan la competitividad
turística de Morelia, México y de Alcalá de Henares, España
2014
ESP
Xulio X.
Pardellas de
Blas
Una propuesta de turismo sostenible para el municipio de caldas
de reis (pontevedra)
2014
ESP
Ali Göksu
Ranking of tourist destinations with multi-criteria decision
making methods in bosnia
2014
BIH
Nilsen
Kundakçi
Tourist hotel location selection with analytic hierarchy process
2014
TUR
Key factors characterization in tourism projects evaluation: A literature review
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
EDITORIAL UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE VALÈNCIA
Claudia Patricia
Castellanos
Menjura
“Evaluación de los recursos turísticos con vocación ecoturistica
y caracterización de la demanda turística en las zonas de uso
público de la reserva forestal protectora del cerro Quininí
(Tibacuy-Cundinamarca)
2015
COL
Paloma Blanco
López
Inventario de recursos turísticos como base para la planificación
territorial en la zona altiplano de San Luis Potosi México
2015
MEX
Sergio Andrés
Cabello
La construcción del turismo en nuevos destinos: Luces y
Sombras. El caso de la Rioja (España)
2015
ESP
Diego Navarro
Recursos turísticos y atractivos turísticos: conceptualización,
clasificación y valoración
2015
ARG
Halima Begum
The Factors of Selecting Malaysia as Tourist Destination
2015
MYS
María Laura
Rubio
Análisis de localización de emprendimientos turísticos en el
sector norte del partido de villarino (Argentina)
2016
ARG
Daniela
Arciniega
Camarena
Evaluación de los recursos turísticos naturales del municipio de
San Pedro Lagunillas, Nayarit, México, a partir de la
metodología Multicriterio
2016
MEX
Juan Gabriel
Vanegas
Evaluación Multicriterio e inventario de atractivos turísticos:
Caso de Estudio
2016
COL
Zarei Morteza
Selection of the optimal tourism site using the ANP and fuzzy
TOPSIS in the framework of Integrated Coastal Zone
Management: A case of Qeshm Island
2016
IRN
Duarte-Duarte, Juan Benjamín; Talero-Sarmiento, Leonardo Hernán y Rodríguez-Padilla, Diana Carolina
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EDITORIAL UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE VALÈNCIA
Annex 2. Factors and main subfactors
Factors
Accessibility
Human and Tourist
Capital
Cultural Factor
Natural Factor
Infraestructure
Touristic Facilities
Price and Quiality
Safety
Superestructure
Touristic Activities
Accomodation Touristic Attractions
Information and Communication Channels
Local Community (guides, atention in
another language, etc)
Folklore (music y dance, gastronomy,
ethnic groups, handicrafts, etc)
Natural Sites (number of: mountains,
coastlines, thermal baths, rivers, nature
conservation parks, etc)
Basic Services (water services, electricity,
garbage collection, etc)
Food Facilities.
Accommodation Facilities.
Feeding
Accommodation
Recreation
Supporting Services
Transport System
Environmental Safety
Economic Safety
Health Safety
Recreation and Events Safety
Medical Safety.
Public Safety.
Social Safety.
Tourist Services Safety
Transportation Safety
Private (tourism service providers, user
associations, etc)
Restaurants
Transport Systems (massive transport)
Festivities ans Festivals
Road system (highways, roads, pedestrian
zones, etc)
Recreation Facilities
Supporting Services
Public (tourism organizations, support
institutions)
Transport System (depots, airports, buses,
taxis, etc)
Natural Sites (number of mountains,
coastlines, thermal baths, rivers, nature
conservation parks, etc)
Museums and Cultural Events (number of
museums, and archaeological sites)
Native Community (guides, attention in
another language, etc)
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
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