To describe and analyze the variability in carboplatin dosing strategies in Spanish hospitals.
We designed a questionnaire consisting of 19 multiple-choice items structured in two sections (hospital characteristics and carboplatin dosing data). The questionnaire was sent by e-mail to all the oncology pharmacists included in the register of the Spanish Oncology Pharmacy Group (GEDEFO), and we analyzed the completed questionnaires.
Response rate was 33.5% from a total of 185 pharmacy services invited to take part in the survey. All hospitals used the Calvert formula to calculate carboplatin dose with glomerular filtration rate estimated by a formula, most commonly the Cockcroft-Gault equation (80.7%). Carboplatin doses were capped in most hospitals (91.9%): 54.8% capped creatinine clearance at 125 mL/min, 11.3% capped serum creatinine, and 19.3% capped both creatinine clearance and serum creatinine. Serum creatinine cut-off values ranged from 0.36 mg/dL to 1 mg/dL. The most commonly used body weight was actual body weight for underweight, normal weight, and overweight patients. The use of adjusted ideal body weight increased in obese and especially in morbidly obese patients.
The results from this survey show the variability that exists in carboplatin dose calculation methods among Spanish hospitals and the need to continue investigating to find the optimum dose calculation method and unify criteria to avoid differences between sites that can affect effectiveness and toxicity of carboplatin-containing treatments.