Gaza, Black Face and Islamophobia: Intersectionality of Race and Gender in (Counter-) Discourse in the Netherlands: Dehumanisation, Belonging, and the Normativity of European Whiteness

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Applying and advocating a transdisciplinary ethnographic approach, this chapter critically explores the intersectionality and friction of race and gender within the racialised context of hegemonic- and counter discourse in the Netherlands.

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Frankenberg explores the unique intersection of race and sex as she examines the way that white women relate to racism. She writes from the assumption that whiteness is socially constructed rather than naturally pre-existing. She theorizes "from experience" to offer a unique perspective that retains the strength of a theoretical foundation as well as the relatability of personal narratives. She interviews thirty white women to get their perspectives on various racial topics and gain a critical standpoint for thinking about individual and social forces that construct and maintain whiteness in contemporary society. She begins with the question, "What is white women's relationship to racism?" The women discuss various aspects of interracial courtship, the role of power in acknowledging racial differences, and the function of language in facing and overcoming the negative effects of this difference.
Originally conceived by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989 as a tool for the analysis of the ways in which different forms of social inequality, oppression and discrimination interact and overlap in multidimensional ways, the concept of 'intersectionality' has attracted much attention in international feminist debates over the last decade. Framing Intersectionality brings together proponents and critics of the concept, to discuss the 'state of the art' with those that have been influential in the debates that surround it.Engaging with the historical roots of intersectionality in the US-based 'race-class-gender' debate, this book also considers the European adoption of this concept in different national contexts, to explore issues such as migration, identity, media coverage of sexual violence against men and transnational livelihoods of postcolonial migrants. Thematically arranged around the themes of the transatlantic migration of intersectionality, the development of intersectionality as a theory, men's studies and masculinities, and heteronormativity, this book draws on empirical case studies as well as theoretical deliberations to investigate the capacity and the sustainability of the concept and shed light on the current state of intersectionality research. Presenting the latest work from a team of leading feminist scholars from the US and Europe, Framing Intersectionality will be of interest to all those with interests in gender, women's studies, masculinity, inequalities and feminist thought. © Helma Lutz, Maria Teresa Herrera Vivar and Linda Supik 2011 All rights reserved.
In this article, two queer men, one Black American and the other Palestinian, theorize “reciprocal solidarity” as a model of solidarity that thrives on love, friendship, storytelling, reciprocity, shared experiences, struggles, and queer kinship.
Contents: Introduction / Saskia E. Wieringa and Evelyn Blackwood -- Sapphic shadows: challenging the silence in the study of sexuality / Evelyn Blackwood and Saskia E. Wieringa -- The politics of identities and languages: lesbian desire in ancient and modern India / Giti Thadani -- Lesbians, men-women, and two-spirits: homosexuality and gender in Native American cultures / Sabine Lang -- "What's identity got to do with it?" rethinking identity in light of the Mati work in Suriname / Gloria Wekker -- Let them take ecstasy: class and Jakarta lesbians / Alison J. Murray -- Women in Lesotho and the (western) construction of homophobia / Kendall -- Tombois in West Sumatra: constructing masculinity and erotic desire / Evelyn Blackwood -- Desiring bodies or defiant cultures: butch-femme lesbians in Jakarta and Lima / Saskia E. Wieringa -- Negotiating transnational sexual economies: female Māhū and same-sex sexuality in "Tahiti and her islands" / Deborah A. Elliston -- How homosexuality became "un-African": the case of Zimbabwe / Margrete Aarmo -- Women's Sexuality and the discourse on Asian values: cross-dressing in Malaysia / Tan beng hui -- Sexual preference, the ugly duckling of feminist demands: the lesbian movement in Mexico / Norma Mogrovejo.
A wheel turns because of its encounter with the surface of the road; spinning in the air it goes nowhere. Rubbing two sticks together produces heat and light; one stick alone is just a stick. In both cases, it is friction that produces movement, action, effect. Challenging the widespread view that globalization invariably signifies a "clash" of cultures, anthropologist Anna Tsing here develops friction in its place as a metaphor for the diverse and conflicting social interactions that make up our contemporary world. She focuses on one particular "zone of awkward engagement"--the rainforests of Indonesia--where in the 1980s and the 1990s capitalist interests increasingly reshaped the landscape not so much through corporate design as through awkward chains of legal and illegal entrepreneurs that wrested the land from previous claimants, creating resources for distant markets. In response, environmental movements arose to defend the rainforests and the communities of people who live in them. Not confined to a village, a province, or a nation, the social drama of the Indonesian rainforest includes local and national environmentalists, international science, North American investors, advocates for Brazilian rubber tappers, UN funding agencies, mountaineers, village elders, and urban students, among others--all combining in unpredictable, messy misunderstandings, but misunderstandings that sometimes work out.
Assesses the limitations of the structural paradigm for the investigation of the networkparticipation link, and invokes a greater role for cultural analysis in the identification of recruitment and mobilization mechanisms. This general point is illustrated with reference to three specific 'facts' regarding the origins of protest and contention, conventionally associated with the standard structuralist argument: prior social ties as a basis for movement recruitment; established social settings as the locus of movement emergence; the spread of movements along existing lines of interaction. For each of these cases, the author identifies social mechanisms, which combine structural and cultural elements. Rather than rejecting the formalization and the quest for systematic patterns, to which network concepts and methods have so much contributed in recent years, the author calls for a more dynamic integration of cultural analysis and structuralist research strategies.
This article examines the contribution Tocqueville’s work can make to recent scholarly debates on political friendship in modernity. Tocqueville, unlike most modern classical social theorists, does not treat friendship as a private bond devoid of political significance. For him, political friendship contributes to the success of democracy and is so crucial that its absence leads to despotism. The reason Tocqueville is attuned to the political significance of personal bonds when most modern theorists are not is his interpretation of ‘the social.’ This article investigates Tocqueville’s account of political friendship relative to his analysis of the new social basis of modern democracies. I argue that, in linking friendship to the social, Tocqueville provides an account of political friendship apposite to a modern society of strangers.
This article examines what race has meant in and to Europe. If Europe has different, if related, histories of racial thinking, expression, imposi-tion, and exclusion, how has it been shaped, in part, as specific region in the figure of race even as race, in the aftermath of World War II, is largely denied as a category applicable to human groups? And what today does Europe as a region, and the societies constituting it with all their internal variations, contribute, especially in the popular imaginary, to the extensions of racial meanings and to thinking critically about the racial ordering of social structure, racist exclusions, and social markings? This study is concerned with mapping the racial contours of contemporary European self-conception, historically understood, tracing the figures in the European imaginary of the European, the black, the Jew, and the Muslim.
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Law as Movement Strategy: How the Islamophobia Movement Institutionalizes Fear Through Legislation, Social Movement Studies
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Afterword: A Second Wave of Dutch Resistance Against Racism
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Black Power: The Politics of Liberation
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