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The Polysemy of Suffix “-ɑne”: A Construction Morphology Approach

The Polysemy of Suffix “- ne”: A Construction Morphologyɑ
Parsa Bamshadi, Ph.D Student of Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti
Shadi Ansarian, Ph.D Student of Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti
Negar Davari Ardakani, Associate Professor of linguistics, Shahid
Beheshti University3
The purpose of the present research is to analyze the Persian suffix ‘-
ne’ and to examine its various structural and semantic/functionalɑ
aspects. The study adopts a construction-based approach and uses the
framework of Construction Morphology theory which tries to explain
the word formation patterns using the notions of “construction” and
“constructional schemas” and to shows hierarchical relations among
constructional schemas and subschemas in a systematic manner. The
data includes 944 derivative words with the suffix ‘- ne’ which areɑ
adapted from author’s own morphological corpus (including more
than 10000 Persian compound and affixed words), Farhang-e Zānsoo
(Reverse Dictionary, Keshani 1993) and Farhang-e Pasvand dar
Zabān-e Fārsi (The Dictionary of Persian Suffixes, Ravaghi 2009).
The findings of the research show that the suffix “- ne” has aɑ
remarkable semantic diversity and can appears in 12 constructional
subschemas to form new nouns, adjectives or adverbs. This polysemy
is not explainable at the level of concrete words but at the level of
abstract constructional schemas, and therefore is called
“constructional polysemy”.
Keywords: suffix ‘- ne’, affixation, construction morphology,ɑ
constructional polysemy, construction-based approach
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