This project has received funding from the
European Union’s Horizon 2020 research
and innovation programme under grant
agreement No 731166
T.N. Debacker1, K. Piessens2, H. Ferket1, B. Laenen3, J. Ten Veen4, R. Meyer5, F. De Mesquita Lobo Veloso6, G. Diepolder7, M. Salamon8, F. Jaehne-Klingberg9, R.
Colbach5, K. De Nil1, J. Deckers3, H. Doornenbal4, T. Le Guenan6, Y. Vanbrabant2, M. Van Damme1, K. Welkenhuysen2
1. VPO - Bureau for Environment and Spatial Development, Belgium. 2. GSB - Geological Survey of Belgium - Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Belgium. 3. VITO - Flemish Institute for Technological Research,
Belgium. 4. TNO - Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek, The Netherlands. 5. SGL - Service Géologique du Luxembourg, Luxembourg. 6. BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et
Minières , France. 7. LfU - Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, Germany. 8. NRW - Geologischer Dienst Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. 9. BGR - Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Germany
Study area (AOI)
Geographic: Border regions between Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France.
Geologic: Onshore southern North-Sea Basin, Roer Valley Graben, Variscan Front zone, western
Eifel area, and Upper Rhine Graben (Fig. 2).
Task 3.1: Structural Framework
Building a cross-border structural framework for the AOI and linking existing models to this
framework. Framework will be derived from existing 2D and 3D models and geophysical data
(aeromagnetic and gravity data) (Fig. 2).
It is NOT the intention to build a 3D model for the AOI. It is about creating a coherent, structural
backbone to which and via which models of different scale and resolution can be linked and
connected (cf. Google maps).
For this task there is a strong bi-directional link with GE4-HIKE.
Task 3.2: Geomanifestations
Doing a cross-border inventory of selected (harmonized) geomanifestations data indicative of
fault activity, elevated geothermal gradients, fluid and heat flow, and tying these to the
structural framework (Fig. 3).
Resulting new insights will allow improving the structural framework.
Geomanifestations of particular interest:
•Seismic activity / seismicity
•Variations in hydraulic head
•Mineral springs and water chemistry at surface and at depth
•Temperature anomalies at surface and at depth
•Gas seeps (e.g. CH4, CO2) at surface and at depth
•Ore deposits, including lead-zinc-copper deposits
Task 3.3: Subsurface Management
Making the geological information readily accessible,understandable
and tailored to the regional needs of stakeholders and end-users (cf.
EGDI) (Fig. 4). Examples of regional policy needs to be addressed:
•Sustainable subsurface use
•Access to geological information
Fig. 3: Examples of geomanifestations in the R2R study area. A) water
temperature anomalies (BE & NL); B) Pb-ore, Plombières (BE); C) Thermae
2000, Valkenburg (NL); D) historic thermal springs in Aachen (GE); E)
Peelrandfault in outcrop (NL); F) CO2-geyser, Andernach (GE); G) CO2-seep,
Maria Laach (GE); H) Red wood ant mounds on faults (GE).
Within context of Geoconnect³d (Fig. 1),WP3 -
Roer-to-Rhine (R2R) is one of two bottom-up case
studies to test and implement workflows to
•Cross-border, cross-thematic evaluation of
geological resources and applications
•Subsurface management and policy support for
the exploitation of georesources.
Fig. 1: R2R within the Geoconnect³d project workflow.
Fig. 4: Illustrating geology and different potential subsurface
activities, tailored to the needs of stakeholders and end-
users. Example here: potential subsurface activities and their
position relative to specific horizons or structures (3D
SubsurfaceViewer, DOV - https://www.dov.vlaanderen.be).
Fig. 2: Geological map with R2R study area outline in yellow. Also shown are
outlines of existing 3D geological models that will be used in R2R (labelled and
red outlines). Country outlines in white.
WP3 - ROER-TO-RHINE (R2R)
Cross-border, cross-thematic multiscale framework
for combining geological models and data for
resource appraisal and policy support