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An Application of Ergonomics in Workstation Design in Office: Volume VIII: Ergonomics and Human Factors in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, Sustainable Development and Mining



This study sought to insert the systemic view provided by the ergonomic approach in the design practice of the office workspace, particularly in the aspect of delimiting the amount of area occupied by the user. It was verified that technical publications and regulatory norms provide data to mark office space, but it was identified in the specialized literature deficiency in the application of specific data of identification of the activities and the quantification of space. A methodology based on the Hypothetical-deductive research method was developed. As a case study, an office of a public office was proposed. From the analysis of the workspaces, it was noticed that, besides the dimension, the form of distribution influenced directly in the functionality of the same, concluding that not only the quantity of space determined its functionality, but that the form of distribution and use of work surfaces directly influences the functionality of the workspace. This article was extracted from the doctoral thesis of the author Costa.
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Technical Report
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This guide provides practical advice on the design and management of open-plan offices to create an office that supports organizational productivity.
First published in 1991, this book is about applications and issues relating to the visual environment. The content pertains to the understanding of human behaviour in the environment by recording behaviour and actions or by direct interaction with people. The author examines research and planning methods that primarily stress the visual features of the physical environment. Traditionally, environmental research has relied on verbal descriptions and perceptions of the physical environment, virtually ignoring the visual component and the potential application of the social sciences for gathering this data. Various strategies that can expand the visual information base have been explored here: diagramming, photo-interviewing, photo-sorting, mapping, notation, simulation, videotaping, and CADD.
This chapter is concerned with the basic mechanics of the programme of empirical research reported in the remainder of the book. Its primary purpose is to describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the various research instruments employed in the study. Readers who are less interested in the precise technical details of the study may wish to by-pass or skim this chapter on first reading, returning to it for reference purposes, as and when necessary.
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