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Critical Analysis of Passive Design Techniques employed in Indus Valley Civilization A CASE OF MOHENJO-DARO AND HARAPPA

Authors:
  • Amity University Lucknow

Abstract

Life existed in sync with natural resources of energy, in prehistoric era. As Napoleon said, 'men are moved by two levers: fear and self interest'. Hence in the journey for finding alternative for his needs, he started looking towards sun, wind and water and his immediate environment for his physical and psychological comfort. Now a day, varieties of artificial means are being used for achieving the human thermal comfort, hence extensive usages of these means are having negative impact over the life cycle of natural environment. This forcefully intended us to adopt the concept of ‘Green Architecture and Sustainability’, which aims to reduce the environmental impact of buildings through energy efficient designs and healthy indoor environment for providing thermal comfort to the users. Thermal comfort is defined in British Standard BS EN ISO 7730 as: that condition of mind which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment.’ i.e the condition when someone is not feeling either too hot or too cold. Today, the study and analysis of indigenous architecture can help in developing a workable model for ‘Green Architecture’. But for the development, it is necessary to study and analyze the models used for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in the glorious past of our ancient civilizations. As an example, Indus Valley Civilization is a good case where passive techniques have been extensively used for achieving the human thermal comfort and due to its successful past, it is very important to know the reason behind its existence for long period. In this paper the climate responsiveness and appropriateness of passive techniques employed in the Harrappa and Mohanjo daro civilization, are analyzed in order to understand the indigenous responses to the issues of thermal comfort.
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