Article

La logique hégélienne et la vie

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La logique hégélienne et la vie

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Abstract

What are, according to Hegel, the original features of logic, and what means its characterisation as “living” ? The hypothesis is that logic should not be understood as a “first philosophy” nor as an “organon”, but instead as the strictly autonomous development of a thought which has only itself as a reference point. More precisely, logic can be interpreted as living inasmuch as it is a self-developing logic, which progresses in a negative manner and comes to justify itself by itself.

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Chapter
Logic has long been seen as a natural and universal human ability, as much as a series of skills that only “sane,” “educated,” and “civilized” men can master. The volume investigates this tension. It explores how various logical skills have been established as social norms and have been attributed, or denied, to some actors or groups in different spaces throughout history. Written by historians, philosophers, and sociologists, and drawing on several case studies, it examines how these skills were defined, taken as standards and identified in some individuals, while they were deemed missing in others. It studies how they have been mobilized in educational theories, practices, and policies. It examines the dynamics of valuation (i.e. assessment and valorization) and implementation of these skills across different epochs, ranging from the Middle Ages until the present day. It specifies the different conceptions of logic underpinning these approaches, as well as their social and political stakes. This introduction presents the approach adopted by the editors of the volume. Such approach is based on the view that anthropology, sociology, and history share a common project. The editors explain how they wish to promote a historical sociology and anthropology of logic while addressing the issue of logical skills. The contributions to the volume are summarized in the last section of this introduction.
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