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Abstract

Most robotics and automation scientists believe that many new aspects that currently emerge in robotics and automation (R&A), and aspects that are expected to emerge in future, call for the development of new cultural, ethical and legal regulations that can face efficiently the most delicate issues that may arise in real practice. Over the last two decades the subject of ethics in R&A has received great attention and many important theoretical and practical results were derived in the direction of making robots and automation systems ethical. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the issue of ethics in robotics and automation, and outline major representative achievements in the field.

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... Robotics has a greater connection with traditional and ethical theories such as deontological, valuebased theory, consequentialist theory, case-based theory etc. Deontological theory with respect to robots are human centred since they are bound to operate for the human service (Tzafestas, 2018a). To make a case for robot rights in the deontological convention, at that point, is to make a case for solid moral consideration. ...
... The major ethical principles for robots in the healthcare sector are: Autonomy, Beneficence, Justice, Non-maleficence, Truthfulness and Dignity (Tzafestas, 2018a). There are various social impacts related to robots since there is a shift in the structure of the economy and the displacement of workers due to robot"s employment. ...
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From machines to artificial intelligence and digital currencies, things are moving complex and fast. As we enter into this new era, it is essential to develop a new set of morale. In the present scenario, the pace of the technological developments are such that there comes a situation where humans have to co-exist with robots. Roboethics is an emerging research field which has not been explored much by researchers till date. It is the area of study which revolves around the ethical behaviour of robots and also the designing of ethical robots. It is gaining importance these days since robots are interacting with humans without age specifications, from children to the elderly. This paper traces the concept and emergence of roboethics, ethical and unethical issues relating to robotics and its impact in education and health sector. The last phase of the paper revolves around the main social and ethical issues encountered by the society due to the application of robots in different sectors. The paper does not focus on all types of robots. This being a conceptual paper establishes the relationship between robots and ethics, and shows an analysis of the significant ethical and societal issues in robotics.
... A branch of IoT of particular importance for the well-being of modern digital society is that of IoT-based robotics and industrial automation [51,52]. Overviews of the ethical issues related to robotics and automation are provided in [53,54]. Two important papers, worth mentioning here, are given in [55,56]. ...
... Similarly A branch of IoT of particular importance for the well-being of modern digital society is that of IoT-based robotics and industrial automation [51,52]. Overviews of the ethical issues related to robotics and automation are provided in [53,54]. Two important papers, worth mentioning here, are given in [55,56]. ...
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1. Presentation Recently, many instances in the world culture are pushing towards the rediscovery of the ethical dimension of technology. It is of paramount importance now to foster a debate, similar to what is being done in the area of bioethics, aimed at the formulation of a series of common principles that would serve as a basis for what could be called Technoethics (TE). Without pretensions to completeness or systematicity, this brief treatise wishes to propose basic elements fundamental to the debate in question. 2. Definition TE could be defined as a sum total of ideas that bring into evidence a system of ethical reference that justifies that profound dimension of technology as a central element in the attainment of a "finalized" perfection of man. This definition presupposes a positive view of technology as anthropologically relevant, which notwithstanding it being one of the first truths known to mankind, has been strongly questioned within many sectors of culture in these last decades. For this reason, distinction should first be made between TE and what is generally known as the professional code of ethics of the engineer. This important subject specifically concerns the free and responsible action of these professionals in so far as it forms part of the whole of human activity through the tasks proper to the profession. Though TE has to do primarily with the activities of the engineer, its scope should be considered as more ample, arriving at illuminating all technical activity in so far as this can result in a positive end for the person and technics itself with respect to the objective value of its products.
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