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Pocket Identification Guide of the Primates of East Africa

Authors:
  • Eastern Africa Primate Diversity and Conservation Program, Kenya
  • Lolldaiga Hills Research Programme, Sustainability Centre Eastern Africa

Abstract

70 taxa • 32 distribution maps • 73 drawings
GLOBAL WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
TROPICAL POCKET GUIDE SERIES
East Africa
Primates
Primates of East Africa Pocket Identication Guide
Pocket Identication Guide
Yvonne A. de Jong &
Thomas M. Butynski
Series Editors
Russell A. Mittermeier & Anthony B. Rylands
Illustrations & Design
Stephen D. Nash
of
Kikuyu small-eared
galago
Komba masikio madogo
Otolemur garnettii
kikuyuensis
Pangani small-eared
galago
Komba masikio madogo
Otolemur garnettii
panganiensis
White-tailed small-
eared galago
Komba masikio
madogo
Otolemur garnettii
lasiotis
Zanzibar small-eared
greater galago
Komba masikio madogo
Otolemur garnettii garnettii
Northern silver galago
Komba masikio
makubwa
Otolemur crassicaudatus
argentatus
Miombo silver galago
Komba masikio makubwa
Otolemur crassicaudatus
monteiri
Eastern potto
Kami
Perodicticus ibeanus
ibeanus
Mount Kenya potto
Kami
Perodicticus ibeanus
stockleyi
L’Hoest’s monkey
Kima wa L’Hoest
Allochrocebus lhoesti
De Brazza’s monkey
Kalasinga
Cercopithecus
neglectus
Dent’s monkey
Kima wa Dent
Cercopithecus
denti
Schmidt’s red-tailed
monkey
Kima mkia mwekundu
Cercopithecus
ascanius schmidti
Owl-faced monkey
Mutuba,
Fuya
Cercopithecus hamlyni
Zanzibar Sykes’s monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis albogularis
Tanzania Sykes’s monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis monoides
Stuhlmann’s blue monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni
Moloney’s monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis moloneyi
Kolb’s monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis kolbi
Golden monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis kandti
Doggett’s silver monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis doggetti
Pousargues’s monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis
albotorquatus
Matundu dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago zanzibaricus
udzungwensis
Zanzibar dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago zanzibaricus
zanzibaricus
Spectacled
lesser galago
Komba
Galago
matschiei
Mahale silver monkey
Kima
Cercopithecus mitis ssp.?
Thomas’s dwarf
galago
Komba
Galagoides thomasi
Rondo dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago rondoensis
Somali lesser
galago
Komba
Galago gallarum
Demidoff’s
dwarf galago
Komba
Galagoides
demidovii
F,W A,O
0-2000m
F,W A,O
1150-2300m
F A,O
600-2300m
F A,O
1830m
F A,O
1400-2300m
F A,O
0-2400m
F A,O
0-1900m
F A,O
0-120m
W A,O
0-1250m
F A,O
670-2500m
F A,O
0-1100m
F A,O
100-900m
F A,O
0-120m
F A,O
620-2350m
F A,O
620-2000m
F A,O
0-350m
F A,O
0-1800m
Mozambique
dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago granti
F A,O
600-2600m
East Africa with some protected areas shown in olive
Mountain dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago orinus
Kenya coast
dwarf galago
Komba
Paragalago cocos
F A,O
770-2500m
F A,O
0-3000m
F A,O
0-2590m
F A,O
1600-3800m
F A,O
500-2600m
F A,O
1000-2900m
F A,O
0-300m
F A,O
2100-3550m
F A,O
770-2700m
F A,O
770-2475m
F S,O
1460-3000m
F A,O
600-1900m
F S,O
900-2200m
F S,O
1000-2700m
Uganda
lesser galago
Komba
Galago
senegalensis
sotikae
Senegal lesser galago
Komba
Galago senegalensis
senegalensis
Ethiopia
lesser galago
Komba
Galago
senegalensis
dunni
W A,O
250-2100m
W A,O
1000-2100m
F,W A,O
0-2400m
W A,O
1140-1900m
Moholi lesser
galago
Komba
Galago moholi
moholi
W A,O
500-1500m
Kenya lesser galago
Komba
Galago senegalensis
braccatus
Biomes of East Africa
Melanistic
form
USD $7.00
Tail of dark-
tailed variant
Printed by
Colourprint Ltd,
Nairobi, Kenya
2018
www.wildsolutions.nl
Mountain gorilla
Ngagi
Gorilla beringei beringei
Mount Kilimanjaro guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus caudatus
Rwenzori Angola
colobus
Mbega mweupe
Colobus angolensis
ruwenzorii
Peters’s Angola
colobus
Mbega mweupe
Colobus angolensis
palliatus
Mount Uarges guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus guereza
percivali
Mount Kenya
guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus guereza
kikuyuensis
Mau Forest
guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus guereza
matschiei
Western guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus guereza
occidentalis
Udzungwa red
colobus
Mbega mwekundu
Piliocolobus
gordonorum
Semliki red colobus
Mbega mwekundu
Piliocolobus
semlikiensis
Johnston’s
grey-cheeked
mangabey
Kima kishungi
kahawia
Lophocebus
albigena johnstoni
Uganda grey-cheeked
mangabey
Kima kishungi kahawia
Lophocebus albigena
ugandae
Tana River mangabey
N’krau magogo
Cercocebus galeritus
Sanje mangabey
Sanje
Cercocebus sanjei
Budgett’s tantalus
Tumbili
Chlorocebus tantalus budgetti
Reddish-green vervet
Tumbili
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
rufoviridis
Hilgert’s vervet
Tumbili
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
hilgerti
Pemba vervet
Tumbili
Chlorocebus pygerythrus nesiotes
Eastern patas monkey
Kima mwekundu
Erythrocebus patas pyrrhonotus
Southern
patas monkey
Kima mwekundu
Erythrocebus
patas
baumstarki
Southern yellow baboon
Nyani njano
Papio cynocephalus cynocephalus
Kinda yellow baboon
Nyani njano
Papio kindae
Bwindi gorilla
Ngagi
Gorilla beringei ssp.?
Sharpe’s Angola
colobus
Mbega mweupe
Colobus angolensis
sharpei
Kipunji
Kipunji
Rungwecebus
kipunji
Mahale Angola
colobus
Mbega mweupe
Colobus angolensis
ssp.?
Eastern chimpanzee
Sokwe mtu
Pan troglodytes
schweinfurthii
Ashy red colobus
Mbega mwekundu
Piliocolobus
tephrosceles
Olive baboon
Nyani
Papio anubis
W S,O
600-1500m
W S,O
0-1900m
W S,O
0-2140m
W S,O
0-95m
W S,O
650-2050m
W S,O
800-1600m
W S,O
0-1900m
W S,O
770-1500m
F A,O
620-2350m
F A,O
1150-1700m
F A,O
1300-2450m
W S,O
540-2740m F,W S,O
300-1800m
F,W S,O
20-40m
F A,Fo
0-120m
F A,Fo
250-2200m
F A,Fo
800-2420m
F A,Fo
620-900m
F A,Fo
700-3000m
F A,Fo
630-3010m
F A,Fo
1700-2900m
F A,Fo
1380-2080m
F A,Fo
290-2600m
F A,Fo
0-2600m
F A,Fo
660-3050m
F A,Fo
1150-2415m
F A,Fo
1850-2350m
F S,O
615-2950m
F S,H
1400-2500m
F S,H
1850-4100m
Northern yellow
baboon
Nyani njano
Papio cynocephalus
ibeanus
F A,Fo
20-40m
F A,Fo
1700-2500m
Dodinga Hills guereza
Mbega mweupe
Colobus guereza dodingae
Tana River red colobus
Mpalawasi
Piliocolobus rufomitratus
Zanzibar red
colobus
Kima punju
Piliocolobus
kirkii
W S,O
0-550m
Scientic name Red
List
status
Date
observed
Locality observed
Galagoides thomasi LC
Galagoides demidovii LC
Paragalago cocos LC
Paragalago granti LC
Paragalago orinus LC
Paragalago rondoensis CR
Paragalago zanzibaricus
udzungwensis
LC
Paragalago zanzibaricus
zanzibaricus
EN
Galago matschiei LC
Galago gallarum LC
Galago moholi moholi LC
Galago senegalensis
senegalensis
LC
Galago senegalensis
braccatus
LC
Galago senegalensis dunni LC
Galago senegalensis
sotikae
LC
Otolemur garnettii garnettii VU
Otolemur garnettii lasiotis LC
Otolemur garnettii
panganiensis
LC
Otolemur garnettii
kikuyuensis
LC
Otolemur
crassicaudatus monteiri
LC
Otolemur
crassicaudatus argentatus
LC
Perodicticus ibeanus
ibeanus
LC
Perodicticus ibeanus
stockleyi
CR
Cercopithecus mitis
stuhlmanni
LC
Cercopithecus mitis
doggetti
LC
Cercopithecus mitis kandti EN
Cercopithecus mitis ssp.? NA
Cercopithecus mitis kolbi LC
Cercopithecus mitis
albotorquatus
LC
Cercopithecus mitis
albogularis
LC
Cercopithecus mitis
monoides
LC
Cercopithecus mitis
moloneyi
LC
Cercopithecus ascanius
schmidti
LC
Cercopithecus denti LC
Cercopithecus hamlyni VU
Cercopithecus neglectus LC
Allochrocebus lhoesti VU
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
rufoviridis
LC
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
hilgerti
LC
Chlorocebus pygerythrus
nesiotes
EN
Chlorocebus tantalus
budgetti
LC
Erythrocebus patas
pyrrhonotus
VU
Erythrocebus patas
baumstarki
CR
Papio cynocephalus
ibeanus
LC
Papio cynocephalus
cynocephalus
LC
Papio kindae LC
Papio anubis LC
Lophocebus albigena
ugandae
VU
Lophocebus albigena
johnstoni
NT
Rungwecebus kipunji EN
Cercocebus sanjei EN
Cercocebus galeritus CR
Piliocolobus kirkii EN
Piliocolobus
gordonorum
VU
Piliocolobus
semlikiensis
VU
Piliocolobus
tephrosceles
VU
Piliocolobus
rufomitratus
CR
Colobus guereza dodingae VU
Colobus guereza
occidentalis
LC
Colobus guereza matschiei LC
Colobus guereza
kikuyuensis
LC
Colobus guereza percivali CR
Colobus caudatus EN
Colobus angolensis
palliatus
VU
Colobus angolensis sharpei VU
Colobus angolensis
ruwenzorii
VU
Colobus angolensis ssp.? VU
Pan troglodytes
schweinfurthii
EN
Gorilla beringei beringei CR
Gorilla beringei ssp.? NA
Checklist and Conservation Status of East African Primates
Key to Status in IUCN Red List: LC, Least Concern; NT, Near Threatened; VU, Vulnerable; EN, Endangered; CR, Critically Endangered
Arboreality:
A Arboreal, usually in trees
S Semi-terrestrial, on the ground
and in trees
Habitat:
F Typically in forest (including bamboo)
W Typically in woodland, bushland and savanna
(including riverine and gallery forest)
Diurnal animal Nocturnal animal
Diet:
Fo Folivore
H Herbivore
O Omnivore (including gum-eating)
Key to symbols
and abbreviations
accompanying the
illustrations:
Altitude range in East Africa:
m (meters above sea level)
... It may be used as a counter-call with trailing calls, or as a mild alarm. The Taita Hills are situated near the transition zone between the ranges of two small-eared greater galago subspecies, Otolemur garnettii lasiotis and O. g. panganiensis [96]. We thus compared the trailing calls of O. g. panganiensis [13], O. g. lasiotis [11], and the Otolemurs from the Taita Hills (Table 5). ...
Article
Full-text available
Three poorly known nocturnal mammal species from the montane forests of the Taita Hills in Kenya, were studied via vocalization analysis. Here, their acoustic behaviour is described. The studied animals were the tree hyrax (Dendrohyrax sp.), the small-eared greater galago (Otolemur garnettii), and the dwarf galago (Paragalago sp.). High-quality loud calls were analysed using RAVEN PRO, and compared to calls of presumed closest relatives. Our findings include the first detailed descriptions of tree hyrax songs. Moreover, our results suggest that the tree hyrax of Taita Hills may be a taxon new to science, as it produces a characteristic call, the ‘strangled thwack’, not previously known from other Dendrohyrax populations. Our data confirms that the small-eared greater galago subspecies living in the Taita Hills is Otolemur garnettii lasiotis. The loud calls of the elusive Taita Hills dwarf galago closely resemble those of the Kenya coast dwarf galago (Paragalago cocos). Thus, the population in the Taita Hills probably belongs to this species. The Taita Hills dwarf galagos are geographically isolated from other dwarf galago populations, and live in montane cloud forest, which is an unusual habitat for P. cocos. Intriguingly, two dwarf galago subpopulations living in separate forest patches in the Taita Hills, Ngangao and Mbololo, have clearly different contact calls. The Paragalagos in Mbololo Forest may represent a population of P. cocos with a derived call repertoire, or, alternatively, they may actually be mountain dwarf galagos (P. orinus). Hence, differences in habitat, behaviour, and contact call structure suggest that there may be two different Paragalago species in the montane forests of the Taita Hills.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022. Available at: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/174391079/217739569
Article
Despite its small geographical size and its tumultuous recent political history, Rwanda is home to a diverse mammal fauna. Having reviewed 53 published books and papers, including the six volumes of Mammals of Africa, I have developed a simple checklist of all mammals recorded within Parc National des Volcans, Akagera National Park, Nyungwe National Park, and along the eastern shore of Lake Kivu. With a few exceptions, almost all of Rwanda's mammal species are represented in these four areas. A total of 205 species were identified within these four areas, though the presence of some species may be in doubt, some may become locally extirpated, and a few additional species may be found with more ground surveys.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Butynski, T.M. & de Jong, Y.A. 2020. Colobus angolensis ssp. ruwenzorii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T5147A17983385. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T5147A17983385.en.
Technical Report
Full-text available
De Jong, Y.A., Rylands, A.B. & Butynski, T.M. 2020. Erythrocebus patas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T174391079A17940998. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T174391079A17940998.en.
Technical Report
Full-text available
De Jong, Y.A. & Butynski, T.M. 2020. Erythrocebus baumstarki. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T92252436A92252442. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T92252436A92252442.en.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Bi-monthly newsletter of the Lolldaiga Hills Research Programme, Laikipia, Kenya
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