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Artavachakra: An Ayurvedic Perspective on Menstrual Cycle

Authors:
  • Gopabandhu Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya,puri

Abstract

In womanhood, important physiological manifestation is Artavachakra, i.e. menstrual cycle, which gives her identity of motherhood. The concept of Garbhotpatti is compared with Ankurotpatti of plants. For the proper growth and development of any crop, four suitable conditions are required which are: Proper Rutu (Season), Proper Kshetra (cultivated land), Proper Ambu (Water supply), and Proper Beeja (Uncontaminated seeds). From the four essential factors for Garbha, i.e., Rutu, Kshetra, Ambu, and Beeja, the woman is responsible for the two important factors i.e. Kshetra and Beeja. In female, the period which is most favorable to conceive is called as Rutu Kala. It is also called as fertile period. Rutu (Period of conception) is of 12 days when Artava is manifested. The meaning of Artavachakra means a wheel or a cycle which works repeatedly. In Stree Sharir, it is seen in the form of bleeding through vagina or the term menstruation and it occurs in every month for the purpose of reproduction.
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