Horticultural Therapy Activities Reduce Stress

Abstract and Figures

Horticultural therapy is an emerging practice in India conducted in small pockets. In this paper we focused on determining the importance of Horticultural Therapy activities in stress reduction, improved productivity and increased self-confidence. The session was conducted with a group of employees ranging from 22 to 50 years (n = 21; male = 11, female = 10). We used the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) to measure levels of depression and stress. Participants with higher stress and anxiety were uplifted by the different gardening and related activities. All activities aided in reducing the stress and tension, and boosting their self-esteem and self-confidence in the work place, which encourage more interaction among family members and other relations. The corporate employees showed improved productivity by relieving stress through the gardening activities. Participants were a lot more relaxed and able to use creativity and focus for complex problem solving. From our study it is clear that the human emotional system is highly correlated with Nature. Senses becoming easily open and sharp when they where in a plant rich area. In this study we concluded that Horticultural Therapy activities could make significant impact on people who are suffering with stress, tension, depression and anxiety. Keywords Horticultural Therapy, Human emotional system, Gardening activities
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Prediction of mortality has focused on disease and frailty, although antecedent biomarkers may herald broad physiological decline. Olfaction, an ancestral chemical system, is a strong candidate biomarker because it is linked to diverse physiological processes. We sought to determine if olfactory dysfunction is a harbinger of 5-year mortality in the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project [NSHAP], a nationally representative sample of older U.S. adults. 3,005 community-dwelling adults aged 57-85 were studied in 2005-6 (Wave 1) and their mortality determined in 2010-11 (Wave 2). Olfactory dysfunction, determined objectively at Wave 1, was used to estimate the odds of 5-year, all cause mortality via logistic regression, controlling for demographics and health factors. Mortality for anosmic older adults was four times that of normosmic individuals while hyposmic individuals had intermediate mortality (p<0.001), a "dose-dependent" effect present across the age range. In a comprehensive model that included potential confounding factors, anosmic older adults had over three times the odds of death compared to normosmic individuals (OR, 3.37 [95%CI 2.04, 5.57]), higher than and independent of known leading causes of death, and did not result from the following mechanisms: nutrition, cognitive function, mental health, smoking and alcohol abuse or frailty. Olfactory function is thus one of the strongest predictors of 5-year mortality and may serve as a bellwether for slowed cellular regeneration or as a marker of cumulative toxic environmental exposures. This finding provides clues for pinpointing an underlying mechanism related to a fundamental component of the aging process.
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