Cosmologies are developed by physicists and philosophers to explain our experiences of the evolving cosmos. Intelligent deep-learning metaheuristics provide original frameworks for cosmologies which are founded on quantum information. Mathematical standard models of physical cosmology and particle physics formalize an abundance of observations, yet there is no scientific consensus about how these models include our conscious experiences and fundamental philosophies of information. Furthermore, Naturalness in physics is coupled to the related problem of fine-tuning. To address these foundational problems, within the quantum information paradigm, whilst aligning with standard scientific models, I introduce a topological deep-learning cosmology metaheuristic. Braided, 3-coloured, world-strands are proposed to be the fundamental quantum information tracts (ethereal fibre bundles) of our evolving Triuniverse. This Braided Loop Metaheuristic comprises eternally evolving deep-learning feedback loops of superposed, braided, 3-coloured, quantum information world-strands, which process (in 3-level qutrit states) foundational properties coined Algebrus (labelled red), Algorithmus (labelled green) and Geometrus (labelled blue). Braids split from 1→2→3 (in knot representation respectively: closed loop→trefoil knot→Borromean loops) thence combine from 3→2→1 to form eternally evolving deep-learning loops. This cosmology metaheuristic simultaneously incorporates initial Laws of Form; Emergentism (from substrate Mathematics, through Quantum Physics to Life); Consciousness (as a superposed triunity of Implicate Order, Process Philosophy and Aesthetic Relationalism); Reductionism (from Life, through Quantum Physics to Pure Mathematics expressed as Logical Axioms, Laws of Parsimony and Ideal Form); and the Braided Loop Metaheuristic reboots its eternal cycle with the initial Laws of Form. An agent’s personal anthropic Braided Loop Metaheuristic represents one of many-worlds, a meridional loop in a multiverse with horn-torus topology, where Nature’s physical parameters vary equatorially. Fundamental information processing is driven by ψ-Epistemic Drive, the Natural appetite for information selected for advantageous knowledge. The meridional loops are ψ-Epistemic Field lines emanating from an epistemic dipole at the horn-torus core. Equatorial parameter fine-tuning in many-worlds quantum physics and the many-species of Darwinian Life are similar deep-learning optimizations in the Braided Loop Metaheuristic.

... An original quantum cosmology model is introduced which extends the author's quantum intelligent cosmology research programme [1] [2] [3] [4]. The motivation is to further formalize the programme's original quantum foundational concepts whilst exploring encouraging new paths. ...

... Euler observed that the surprizing sum of the Natural numbers to infinity is 1 1 2 3 4 12 ...

Degrees of freedom in deep learning, quantum cosmological, information processing are shared and evolve through a self-organizing sequence of optimal, non-antipodal, spherical codes. This Tribonacci Quantum Cosmology model invokes four codes: 1-vertex, 3-vertex (great circle equilateral triangle), 4-vertex (spherical tetrahedron) and 24-vertex (spherical snub cube). The vertices are einselected centres of coherent quantum information that maximise their minimum separation and survive environmental decoherence on a noisy horizon. Twenty-four 1-vertex codes self-organize into eight 3-vertex codes which self-organize into one 24-vertex code, isomorphic to dimensions of 24-spacetime and 12(2) generators of SU(5). Snub cubical 24-vertex code chirality causes matter asymmetries and the corresponding graph-stress has normal and shear components relating to respective sides of Einstein’s tensor equivalence. Cosmological scale factor and Hubble parameter evolution is formalized as an Ostwald-coarsening function of time, scaled by the tribonacci constant (T ≈1.839) property of the snub cube. The 24-vertex code coarsens to a broadband 4-vertex code, isomorphic to emergent 4-spacetime and antecedent structures in 24-spacetime metamorphose to familiar 4-spacetime forms. Each of the coarse code’s 4-vertices has 6-fold parallelized degrees of freedom (conserved from the 24-vertex code), so 4-spacetime is properly denoted 4(6)-spacetime. Cosmological parameters are formalized:
CMB h=H_0⁄100=Tlog(3)/3≈0.674, Distance Ladder h=4Tlog(3)/11≈0.735, z_da=3e^(1-3/T)-1≈0.596, Ω_b h^2=arccos(√(T/2))/4π≈0.023 and γ_t^o/γ_t^c=(T-1)/2≈0.420. Due to 6-fold parallelization, the total matter density parameter is 6-fold heavier than the baryon density parameter, Ω_m=6Ω_b=27arccos(√(T/2)) / 2πlog^2 (3) T^2≈0.302. A torrent of information-equivalent energy downloads from 6-fold faster 24-spacetime to 4(6)-spacetime. Consequent stress on 4(6)-spacetime causes it to resize its dynamic memory, expanding its cosmological scale. Ultimate coarsening of reality to a 1-vertex code, isomorphic to eternal time, is imminent for each observing agent in a Wheelerian participatory universe. DNA perhaps evolved from an 8 × 3-nucleotide primeval molecular code on the model’s 24 shared dimensions.

Since the discovery of Bell’s theorem, the physics community has come to take seriously the possibility that the universe might contain physical processes which are spatially nonlocal, but there has been no such revolution with regard to the possibility of temporally nonlocal processes. In this article, we argue that the assumption of temporal locality is actively limiting progress in the field of quantum foundations. We investigate the origins of the assumption, arguing that it has arisen for historical and pragmatic reasons rather than good scientific ones, then explain why temporal locality is in tension with relativity and review some recent results which cast doubt on its validity.

Conscious agency is considered to be founded upon a quantum state of mind . An original synthesis, called “Lithium Quantum Consciousness” (LQC), proposes that this quantum state utilises lithium-6 (spin-1) qutrit nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) quantum information processing (QIP) in the connectome (brain-graph). In parallel to the connectome’s processing of physiological controls, perception, cognition and intelligence via quantum electrodynamics (QED), the connectome also functions via its dynamic algebraic topology as a unitary transceiver antenna laced with lithium-6 nuclei which are spin-entangled with each other and with the environmental vortical gluon field via quantum chromodynamics (QCD). This unitary antenna (connectome) bestows the self its unity of consciousness within an intertwined-history multi-agent environment. An equivalence is proposed between Whitehead’s occasions of experience and topological spacetime instantons in the vortical gluon field. Topological spacetime instantons pervade the vortical gluon field in a quantum information network of vortex interactions, herein termed the “instanton-net”, or “Instanet” [sic]. The fermionic isotope lithium-6 has a very low nuclear binding energy and the smallest non-zero nuclear electric quadrupole moment of any stable nucleus making it susceptible to quantum chromodynamic (QCD) interaction with the vortical gluon field and ideal for spin-1 qutrit NMR-QIP. The compact spherical atomic orbital of lithium provides ideal rotational freedom inside tetrahedral water cages in organo6Li+(H2O)4 within which the lithium nucleus rapidly tumbles for NMR motional narrowing and long decoherence times. Nuclear spin-entanglement, among water-caged lithium-6 nuclei in the connectome, is a spin-1 qutrit NMR-QIP resource for conscious agency. By contrast, similar tetrahedral xenon cages in organo6Li+Xe4 excimers are postulated to decohere the connectome’s NMR-QIP due to xenon’s NMR signal being extremely sensitive to its molecular environment. By way of this quantum neurochemistry, lithium is an effective psychiatric medication for enhancing mood and xenon is an effective anaesthetic.

Entropic gravity theories propose that spacetime and gravity emerge from quantum information entanglements. Vacuum spacetime emerges in the ground state and its area law for entanglement entropy is due to short-range entanglement of neighbouring microscopic degrees of freedom. Matter changes the entanglement entropy in this vacuum and leads to Einstein gravity. Additionally, in a positive dark energy de Sitter Universe, where each conscious agent has a cosmological horizon, a volume law contribution to entanglement entropy is divided evenly over the same degrees of freedom and is caused by long-range entanglement. I propose these complementary short-range and long-range entanglement contributions form a nested small-world network which provides the topological quantum computing foundation for relativistic multi-agent correlations which weave together a universal physics of Nature. The volume law contribution to entanglement entropy surpasses the area law for entanglement entropy at an agent's cosmological horizon. Verlinde interprets gravitational "dark matter" phenomena as polymer-like memory effects caused by the volume contribution to the entanglement en-tropy. I propose these phenomena are instead multi-agent quantum computational consensus effects due to an equivalent volume contribution to the entanglement entropy. Life is correlated with its environment. Phenomena attributed to unseen " dark matter " particles are proposed here to be founded upon nested observer halos, "spheres of influence or correlation" , caused by the consensus Agency of Life. Suitable cosmological conditions for earliest Life in the Universe occurred some 10 billion years ago and older galaxies do not exhibit "dark matter" phenomena. Also, galactic rotation curves flatten beyond their high-radiation centres, due to astrobiology and the Agency of Life living in outlying low-radiation habitable zones. Where baryonic matter is in motion, then the Agency of Life stores its baryonic matter-lagging memory in skewed trails of apparent "dark matter" phenomena in spacetime.

We review aspects of twistor theory, its aims and achievements spanning the last five decades. In the twistor approach, space-time is secondary with events being derived objects that correspond to compact holomorphic curves in a complex threefold-the twistor space. After giving an elementary construction of this space, we demonstrate how solutions to linear and nonlinear equations of mathematical physics-anti-self-duality equations on Yang-Mills or conformal curvature-can be encoded into twistor cohomology. These twistor correspondences yield explicit examples of Yang-Mills and gravitational instantons, which we review. They also underlie the twistor approach to integrability: the solitonic systems arise as symmetry reductions of anti-self-dual (ASD) Yang-Mills equations, and Einstein-Weyl dispersionless systems are reductions of ASD conformal equations. We then review the holomorphic string theories in twistor and ambitwistor spaces, and explain how these theories give rise to remarkable new formulae for the computation of quantum scattering amplitudes. Finally, we discuss the Newtonian limit of twistor theory and its possible role in Penrose's proposal for a role of gravity in quantum collapse of a wave function.

An original quantum foundations concept of a deep learning computational Universe is introduced. The fundamental information of the Universe (or Triuniverse) is postulated to evolve about itself in a Red, Green and Blue (RGB) tricoloured stable self-mutuality in three information processing loops. The colour is a non-optical information label. The information processing loops form a feedback-reinforced deep learning macrocycle with trefoil knot topology. Fundamental information processing is driven by ψ -Epistemic Drive, the Natural appetite for information selected for advantageous knowledge. From its substrate of Mathematics, the knotted information processing loops determine emergent Physics and thence the evolution of superemergent Life (biological and artificial intelligence). RGB-tricoloured information is processed in sequence in an Elemental feedback loop (R), then an Operational feedback loop (G), then a Structural feedback loop (B) and back to an Elemental feedback loop (R), and so on around the trefoil in deep learning macrocycles. It is postulated that hierarchical information correspondence from Mathematics through Physics to Life is mapped and conserved within each colour. The substrate of Mathematics has RGB-tricoloured feedback loops which are respectively Algebra (R), Algorithms (G) and Geometry (B). In Mathematics, the trefoil macrocycle is Algebraic Algorithmic Geometry and its correlation system is a Tensor Neural Knot Network enabling Qutrit Entanglement. Emergent Physics has corresponding RGB-tricoloured feedback loops of Quantum Mechanics (R), Quantum Deep Learning (G) and Quantum Geometrodynamics (B). In Physics, the trefoil macrocycle is Quantum Intelligent Geometrodynamics and its correlation system is Quantum Darwinism. Super-emergent Life has corresponding RGB-tricoloured loops of Variation (R), Selection (G) and Heredity (B). In the evolution of Life, the trefoil macrocycle is Variational Selective Heredity and its correlation ecosystem is Darwin’s ecologically “Entangled Bank”.

This book describes the phenomena that arise from the interaction between quantum systems and their environment. Since the first edition appeared in 1996, the concepts of decoherence have become firmly established experimentally and are now widely used in the literature. Its major consequences are the emergence of "classicality", superselection rules, the border line between microscopic and macroscopic behavior, the emergence of classical spacetime, and the appearance of quantum jumps.
Most of the new developments in this rapidly evolving field are discussed in this second edition: chaos theory, quantum information, neuroscience, primordial fluctuations in cosmology, black holes and string theory, experimental tests, and interpretational issues. While the major part of the book is concerned with environmental decoherence derived from a universal Schrödinger equation, later chapters address complementary or competing approaches, such as consistent histories, open system dynamics, algebraic methods, and collapse models.

We present a new solution to the electroweak hierarchy problem. We introduce N copies of the standard model with varying values of the Higgs mass parameter. This generically yields a sector whose weak scale is parametrically removed from the cutoff by a factor of 1/N. Ensuring that reheating deposits a majority of the total energy density into this lightest sector requires a modification of the standard cosmological history, providing a powerful probe of the mechanism. Current and near-future experiments can explore much of the natural parameter space. Furthermore, supersymmetric completions that preserve grand unification predict superpartners with mass below mWMpl/MGUT∼10 TeV.

Huw Price has proposed an argument that suggests a time-symmetric ontology for quantum theory must necessarily be retrocausal, i.e. it must involve influences that travel backwards in time. One of Price's assumptions is that the quantum state is a state of reality. However, one of the reasons for exploring retrocausality is that it offers the potential for evading the consequences of no-go theorems, including recent proofs of the reality of the quantum state. Here, we show that this assumption can be replaced by a different assumption, called $\lambda$-mediation, that plausibly holds independently of the status of the quantum state. We also reformulate the other assumptions behind the argument to place them in a more general framework and pin down the notion of time symmetry involved more precisely. We show that our assumptions imply a timelike analogue of Bell's local causality criterion and, in doing so, give a new interpretation of timelike violations of Bell inequalities. Namely, they show the impossibility of a (non-retrocausal) time-symmetric ontology.

We examine how to construct a spatial manifold and its geometry from the entanglement structure of an abstract quantum state in Hilbert space. Given a decomposition of Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ into a tensor product of factors, we consider a class of "redundancy-constrained states" in $\mathcal{H}$ that generalize the area-law behavior for entanglement entropy usually found in condensed-matter systems with gapped local Hamiltonians. Using mutual information to define a distance measure on the graph, we employ classical multidimensional scaling to extract the best-fit spatial dimensionality of the emergent geometry. We then show that entanglement perturbations on such emergent geometries naturally give rise to local modifications of spatial curvature which obey a (spatial) analog of Einstein's equation. The Hilbert space corresponding to a region of flat space is finite-dimensional and scales as the volume, though the entropy (and the maximum change thereof) scales like the area of the boundary. A version of the ER=EPR conjecture is recovered, in that perturbations that entangle distant parts of the emergent geometry generate a configuration that may be considered as a highly quantum wormhole.