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XI JEAIL 1 (2018)
unknown. Only recently have they attracted the attention of some international
organizations and media outlets. Abundant data and information have been
published by international organizations, such as the International Organization for
the International Labor Organization (“ILO”),
and the Environmental Justice Foundation (“EJF”).
This is, in addition to investigative media reports, published by The Associated Press
However, academic publications still very rarely mention slavery in fishing
industry. Kevin Bales’ monumental book, Disposable people,
for example, refers to
the modern-day slavery in Thailand as the main case for his book, but he does not
mention the phenomena of slavery in shing industry at all. Nicola Piper’s review
on the research on trafficking in Southeast Asia and Oceania also fails to mention
the slavery in seafood industry.
Tom Obokata’s book, Trafficking of Human beings
5 ioM, TrafficKinG of fiSherMen in ThaiLanD (2011), available at https://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/shared/shared/
mainsite/activities/countries/docs/thailand/Trafficking-of-Fishermen-Thailand.pdf (last visited on Apr. 17, 2018).
6 UNODC, Transnational Organized Crime in the Fishing Industry (2011), available at http://www.unodc.org/
documents/human-trafficking/Issue_Paper_-_TOC_in_the_Fishing_Industry.pdf (last visited on Apr. 17, 2018).
7 The following are the reports from ILO: The Mekong Challenge, Underpaid, Overworked and Overlooked: The realities
of young migrant workers in Thailand (Vol. 1, 2006), available at http://www.ilo.org/asia/publications/WCMS_
BK_PB_67_EN/lang--en/index.htm; Caught at Sea--Forced Labor and Trafficking in Fisheries (2013), available at
Employment Practices and Working Conditions in Thailand’s Fishing Sector (2014), available at http://www.ilo.org/
dyn/migpractice/docs/184/Fishing.pdf (all last visited on Apr. 17, 2018).
8 hUMan riGhT WaTch, froM The TiGer To The crocoDiLe abUSe of MiGranT WorKer in ThaiLanD (2010), available at
https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/thailand0210_insert_low.pdf (last visited Apr. 17, 2018).
9 Greenpeace, SUppLy chaineD-hUMan riGhTS abUSeS in The GLobaL TUna inDUSTry (2015), available at http://www.
greenpeace.org/usa/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Supply-chained.pdf (last visited on Apr. 17, 2018).
10 The EJF published a series of report as follow: Sold to the Sea--Human Trafficking in Thailand’s Fishing Industry
(2013), available at http://un-act.org/publication/view/sold-sea-human-trafficking-thailands-fishing-industry; Slavery
at Sea: The Continued Plight of Trafficked Migrants in Thailand’s Fishing Industry (2014), available at https://
ejfoundation.org/resources/downloads/EJF_Slavery-at-Sea_report_2014_web-ok.pdf (all last visited on Apr. 17, 2018).
11 ap, Seafood from Slaves (2015-16), available at http://www.ap.org/explore/seafood-from-slaves (last visited on Mar.
12 F. Lines, A trafficked fisherman’s tale: ‘My life was destroyed,’ aLjazeera, Mar. 5, 2016, available at http://www.
aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/03/trafficked-fisherman-tale-life-destroyed-160303122451399.html (last visited
on Mar. 5, 2018).
13 Staff reporter, Thailand accused of failing to stamp out murder and slavery in fishing industry, GUarDian, Mar. 30,
2017, available at https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/mar/30/thailand-failing-to-stamp-out-
murder-slavery-fishing-industry-starvation-forced-labour-trafficking (last visited on Mar. 5, 2018).
14 See What Does Modern Slavery Look Like?, bbc, May 31, 2016, available at http://www.bbc.com/news/world-
asia-36416751 (last visited on Mar. 5, 2018).
15 K. baLeS, DiSpoSabLe peopLe: neW SLavery in The GLobaL econoMy (2000).
16 N. Piper, A Problem by a Different Name? A Review of Research on Trafficking in South-East Asia and Oceania, 43
inT’L. MiGraTion 203 (2005).