The radically expanded concept of space, the so-called spatial turn found in the cultural and social sciences since the late 1980s, opens new possibilities for artistic practices that respond to the multilayered spaces of cities: the physical space with its built structures; the archive with its collected and catalogued documents as well as their systems of representation; and the imaginary space of certain cultural and ideological visions. Based on theories that assume these spaces not only determine each other and are mutually dependent, but overlap, and together create the space we experience, the article brings together two projects that map and explore urban settlements in London and Los Angeles by setting out a trail from the database of the archive: the historical records of the interdisciplinary British social research project Mass Observation (on London's housing situation in the early 1940s) and collected data found on the social housing debate in Los Angeles during the early 1950s.
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The global city-regions under study have been thoroughly examined for decades (though rarely compared), particularly London and Los Angeles; so much so that they have become touchstones for global city-region theorization, to the detriment of knowing and comparing other, more ‘ordinary cities’, especially in the Global South. However, this does not mean that we know everything about London, Los
... [Show full abstract] Angeles and Sydney, especially with regards to overlooked service hubs in backwater inner-city space. The overall aim in this chapter is to flesh out the critical exogenous dimensions of resilience. This is first done by embedding the global city-regions within their larger national political context. Second, the local welfare and voluntary sector settlements is traced in each global city-region, which also involved tracking the dramatic reinventions from the 1980s onwards, when London, Los Angeles and Sydney all attained a certain global city status. Third and finally, a place typology is offered for the ten inner-city areas that will structure the empirical analysis from Chapter Six onwards. Read more December 2006 · JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association
The United States and the United Kingdom are, as Bernard Shaw is said to have put it, “Two nations divided by a common language.” There is certainly a voluminous and fascinating literature on transatlantic mutual miscomprehension. Christopher Lawrence's new book may be regarded as, among much else, a welcome addition to this stock. Lawrence (who is professor at the Wellcome Trust Centre for the
... [Show full abstract] History of Medicine, University College London, and a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh) reveals that medicine is as fertile a ground for Anglo-American misunderstanding as sport, politics, or pronunciation. Read more November 2005 · Journal of Applied Corporate Finance
The recent merger of the New York Stock Exchange with Archipelago, a publicly listed electronic exchange, can be viewed as the final phase of a wave of organizational transformation that has swept across most of the world's major financial exchanges in the last ten years. Until the early 1990s, almost all stock and derivatives exchanges were organized as non-profit, mutual organizations owned by
... [Show full abstract] their members. But starting with the demutualization of the Stockholm Stock Exchange in 1993, the number of stock exchanges that have adopted a for-profit, publicly listed organizational form has grown steadily. At the same time, the largest derivative exchanges such as the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange, the Chicago Board of Trade, and Eurex are either already publicly listed or are part of publicly listed parent companies. 2006 Morgan Stanley. Read more September 1996 · Leader to Leader
Years before globalism became a buzzword, business analyst Joel Kotkin was writing about trade and immigration as forces for economic and social vitality. His 1992 book, Tribes, offers an original and insightful view of business, history, and culture. His premise: that dispersed ethnic or national groups who share a strong sense of common identity, a culture of mutual self-help, and a desire to
... [Show full abstract] use knowledge for group and personal advancement have powerfully influenced today's global economy. Among the “tribes” he has studied are the Jews, Chinese, Japanese, Indians, and British.In a world that is both shrinking and splintering, these groups have shown how communities can thrive by looking outward while drawing on inner strengths. We spoke recently with the author at his Los Angeles home. Read more Chapter Full-text available January 2012
Observation is used in the social sciences as a method for collecting data about people, processes, and cultures. Observation, particularly participant observation, has been the hallmark of much of the research conducted in anthropological and sociological studies and is a typical methodological approach of ethnography. It is also a tool used regularly to collect data by teacher researchers in
... [Show full abstract] their classrooms, by social workers in community settings, and by psychologists recording human behaviour. In this chapter, the objectives are to: provide a brief historical view of observations as a data collection method, illustrate how observations may be used to collect data, discuss the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of observation methods, show how to develop observation guides, discuss how to record observation data in field notes, and provide exercises to assist students in practicing their observation skills. Observation has been documented as a tool for collecting data for more than one hundred years. Anthropologists of the late 19 th century have illustrated in their works the importance of observation as a social science method. Early studies, such as Frank Cushing's work with the Zuni Pueblo people, Beatrice Potter Webb's study of poor neighbourhoods in London, and Margaret Mead's research with Samoan women, are examples of how observation has been used to collect data to study various cultures in the field of anthropology. These studies set the standard for how one conducts observations today to answer research questions in many disciplines. Whether you, as a researcher, are interested in studying an educational setting, a Observation is the systematic description of the events, behaviors, and artifacts of a social setting (Marshall & Rossman, 1989, p. 79). View full-text November 1977 · SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal
Editor's Note: The following paper was presented first at Film ′77 in London on 11 July 1977. The author was subsequently invited to address the opening session of the SMPTE's 119th Technical Conference in Los Angeles on 17 October 1977.
Read more January 1985
in D. Currie
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OF THE DISSERTATION Three Essays on Repeated Games by Pedro Dal B Doctor of Philosophy in Economics University of California, Los Angeles, 2002 Professor David K. Levine, Chair This thesis consists of three chapters. The ...rst chapter analyzes the outcomes that can be supported in a society through reward and punishment schemes that operate through community enforcement (social norms). I
... [Show full abstract] consider a society of in...nitely long-lived and very patient agents that are randomly matched in pairs every period to play a given game. I ...nd that any mutually bene...cial outcome can be supported by a self-enforcing social norm under both perfect information and a simple local information system. These Folk Theorem results explain not only how social norms can provide incentives to forestall opportunistic behavior and support cooperation in a community but also how they can support outcomes characterized by inequality. Read more December 2017
The co-construction of learning is an important part of education in the early years, but new research using digital technologies is showing that supervising student projects can also impact the learning of the supervisor/teacher by creating mutual zones of proximal development. This paper uses evidence from three case studies to demonstrate how multimodality can expand the possibilities for
... [Show full abstract] project-based learning with students of all ages. Read more Article Full-text available May 2013 · Urban Geography
This study contributes to the current literature on the welfare state, the voluntary sector, and immigrant communities in two ways. It compares two immigrant groups who immigrated to London and Los Angeles in the 1980s (Bangladeshis and Central Americans, respectively), in terms of how their immigrant-serving, nonprofit sector mediates the larger welfare state, itself pluralistic and
... [Show full abstract] neoliberalizing. Results suggest that although each community experienced similar grassroots origins that expanded to assume the functions of an unaccommodating welfare state, development trajectories have diverged considerably since the 1980s. For London Bangladeshis, the sector is smaller because of much stronger national and local welfare state settlements, whereas for the Central-Americans in L.A., the sector is larger and has been forced, due to a residualized welfare state, to shoulder far greater burdens. View full-text October 2014 · Eighteenth-Century Life
Maria Edgeworth, in her novel Harrington (1817), was one of the first proponents of religious and cultural tolerance of the small but growing Jewish population in Great Britain. Edgeworth suggested that the best method of counteracting the irrational biases reinforced by drama and fiction was by gaining positive, firsthand experience of the lives of individuals within London’s Jewish community.
... [Show full abstract] Ironically, however, in depicting Jewish characters, she relied almost entirely on the representations of Jews offered by books. The inspiration for Harrington had been the introductory letter from an American Jew, Rachel Mordecai Lazarus; their twenty-three year correspondence, although postdating the novel’s publication, nevertheless helps to explain the limitations of Harrington and points toward some of the reasons why Edgeworth never moved beyond a text-based understanding of Judaism and, after one foray, never wrote on Jewish subjects again. In their mutual inability to probe Judaism, Edgeworth and Lazarus revealed key facets of the “Jewish Question” at the turn of the nineteenth century. Hampered by her own cultural barriers, like Richard Cumberland before her, and Walter Scott after, Edgeworth adopted a technique that rendered her novel an inaccurate account of Anglo-Jewish life and that disappointed her readers; Harrington finally managed only to depict Jewish assimilation instead of achieving Edgeworth’s initial aim of fostering tolerance for Jewish difference. Read more Last Updated: 05 Jul 2022
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