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A Critical Evaluation of Conservation and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
This 7 volume book begins with pre-historic man and finishes at the beginning of the 21st century. It covers both terrestrial and aquatic conservation issue and suggests a possible way forward. Parks and protected areas are rapidly becoming hard-edged, surrounded by a human population living a subsistence life style, and expected to increase from 622 million to between 1.5-1.8 billion people in the next 50 years. The soils and savannas of the subcontinent, as currently used, have far exceeded their capacity to provide an acceptable quality of life for the majority of rural inhabitants. Undernourishment and malnutrition, poverty, high infant mortality, a lack of educational opportunities and poor health care are endemic. To make matters worse, economies tend to be stagnant or declining with negative per capita Gross Domestic Products (GDPs). Given these pressures, one has to ask, how the natural systems and revered mega-fauna of Sub-Saharan Africa can possibly be expected to survive this human wave flowing over the continent. Already, there are only scattered pockets of wildlife left across the Sahel, a condition which is the combined result of man-induced climate change and habitat degradation linked to agriculture and livestock. This book delves into how the subcontinent has ended up in this precarious situation. The book draws on the authors’ combined 50 years of experience in ecological policy and planning for the U.S. government in the U.S., East and Southern Africa and the Caribbean, as well as for Sub-Saharan African governments, especially those of Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea and South Africa. It furthermore benefits from their representation of the sport hunting/conservation fraternity on the subcontinent, as well as from what has been learned from traditional hunters and other resource users in countries ranging from Senegal to Zambia. This book assesses the successes and failures of conservation and development to both conserve Sub-Saharan Africa’s wildlife and other natural resources, as well as to sustainably use these resources as catalysts for development of the subcontinent and advancement of its people. Color and B&W photo figures in back of document.